journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38239428/evaluation-of-structural-retinal-layer-alterations-in-retinitis-pigmentosa
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kamil Yavuzer, Mehmet Citirik, Beyza Yavuzer
Objective: This study aimed to analyze retinal layers in the macular region using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Additionally, we examined the retinal vascular plexus densities of the eyes using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A), specifically in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Methods: In the study, 36 eyes from patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and 36 eyes from healthy controls were included. Measurements involved assessing the thicknesses of each retinal layer at the central fovea, parafoveal, and perifovea using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT)...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38239427/isolated-abducens-nerve-palsy-after-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-a-case-report
#2
Rizaldy Taslim Pinzon, Marlyna Afifudin, Isa Karuniawati
Aim: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate a case of herpes zoster in the patient. Methods: Case report. Results: Herpes zoster ophthalmicus is a rare but well-known cause of CN VI palsy that affects an elderly patient due to a reduction in the immunity to the Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV). We reported a case of herpes zoster in our patient, a 67-year-old Javanese female who presented with a VI nerve palsy within 1 week after the vesicular rash. Our patient received Valacyclovir, Gabapentin, and steroid treatment, then responded quite well to the combination of these therapies without side effects as the goals were to diminish acute and chronic pain, fasten the healing of the skin and nerve, and reduce the chances of dissemination...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38239426/centricity-on-patients-using-healthcare-reputation-management-strategies-to-improve-dentistry-image-in-romania
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cristina Stanciu Neculau, Aida Geamănu, Roxana Monica Purcărea, Alin Gabriel Sterian
Reputation is seen as an abstract concept that focuses on patients' perceptions of a particular medical institution. A good image of these practices among patients makes them return to them and also helps attract new patients and increase their reputation and revenue. The paper aimed to explore the respondents' perceptions of the way the image of online dental practices can influence their reputation management. For this purpose, a quantitative study was conducted on a sample of 107 respondents. Data collection was carried out using a questionnaire that was posted on an online platform...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38239425/optical-coherence-tomography-measurements-in-type-1-diabetic-subjects-with-low-and-moderate-daily-physical-activity
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Corina-Iuliana Suciu, Vlad-Ioan Suciu, Simona Delia Nicoară
Background: Physical activity is nowadays recognized as a protective factor against cardiovascular conditions, being cost-effective and easy to implement. Through its positive effects on hemodynamic and oxidative stress, different intensities in daily physical activity could influence diabetic macular edema (DME) in type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (DM). Methods: With the help of a spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) device, we studied the macular thickness and ETDRS map parameters in type 1 DM patients who were classified into two groups: low and moderate intensity routine physical activity status, using the international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ)...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38239424/the-effects-of-an-increased-workload-in-cataract-surgery-since-the-pandemic-in-a-tertiary-care-clinic
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Saadet Gültekin Irgat, Alpaslan Koç, Emine Çakar, Fatih Özcura
Objective: To evaluate the progress of cataract surgery in a training institution providing tertiary care since the removal of pandemic restrictions. To evaluate ocular and demographic characteristics of cataract cases in a tertiary care teaching institution since the lifting of pandemic restrictions. Methods: Patients who underwent cataract surgery in our clinic in the pre-pandemic period September 2019-March 2020 (group 1, n=353) and in the post-pandemic period September 2021-March 2022 (group 2, n=459) were retrospectively screened...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38239423/bilateral-necrotizing-scleritis-with-scleral-melt-associated-with-herpes-simplex-infection-a-case-report
#6
Arti Singh, Ashutosh Maharana, Srishti Nagarajan, Shubhi Sachan
Objective (Aim): The article is a case report of a very rare case of bilateral herpes simplex virus infection associated with bilateral necrotizing scleritis with scleral melt in an elderly north Indian female of lower middle socioeconomic status. Methods: A 65-year-old female presented to our clinic with a wide variety of presentations ranging initially from neurotropic corneal ulcer to necrotizing scleritis with scleral melt for 2 years. The patient records were evaluated and computed. A PubMed literature search on herpes scleritis was conducted and reviewed...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38239422/ai-based-technology-in-ophthalmology-the-key-to-the-future
#7
EDITORIAL
Consuela-Mădălina Gheorghe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38239421/contrast-sensitivity-and-aspects-of-binocular-vision-alteration-in-school-aged-children-after-head-injury
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Victoria Verejan
Aim: The research aimed to establish whether contrast sensitivity is a reliable method of evaluation in the case of school-aged children after head injury, and also to establish aspects of binocular vision alteration in the acute phase of TBI. Materials and methods: Forty-eight individuals with persisting visual symptoms after brain injury have been examined. Results: The rate of contrast sensitivity was determined to be 61%-100% in the research group in 56,3%-58,3% cases, compared to the control group, in which the prevalence was 93,7%-95,8% cases...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38239420/assessing-the-competence-of-artificial-intelligence-programs-in-pediatric-ophthalmology-and-strabismus-and-comparing-their-relative-advantages
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eyupcan Sensoy, Mehmet Citirik
Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the knowledge levels of ChatGPT, Bing, and Bard artificial intelligence programs produced by three different manufacturers regarding pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus and to compare their strengths and weaknesses. Methods: Forty-four questions testing the knowledge levels of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus were asked in ChatGPT, Bing, and Bard artificial intelligence programs. Questions were grouped as correct or incorrect. The accuracy rates were statistically compared...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38239419/the-relationship-between-anthropometric-z-score-measurements-and-ocular-structures-in-turkish-children
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Erkan Bulut, Ahmet Kürşad Sakallioğlu, Özlem Dayi, Goksu Alacamli
Objective (Aim): This study explores the contact between anthropometric Z-score values and ocular parameters in children. Recent studies investigated the relationship, and contact between anthropometric measurements and ocular parameters in children, and height, weight, body mass index, and percentile curves are mostly used as anthropometric data. However, today, different scoring systems such as "Z-score" classify anthropometric values. Methods: Height and body mass index Z-scores were calculated for 725 children...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38239418/advancing-diabetic-retinopathy-diagnosis-leveraging-optical-coherence-tomography-imaging-with-convolutional-neural-networks
#11
REVIEW
H Shafeeqa Ahmed, Chinmayee J Thrishulamurthy
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a vision-threatening complication of diabetes, necessitating early and accurate diagnosis. The combination of optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging with convolutional neural networks (CNNs) has emerged as a promising approach for enhancing DR diagnosis. OCT provides detailed retinal morphology information, while CNNs analyze OCT images for automated detection and classification of DR. This paper reviews the current research on OCT imaging and CNNs for DR diagnosis, discussing their technical aspects and suitability...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38239417/straatsma-syndrome-and-cataract-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Casado-Pelaez Blanca, Pascual-Camps Isabel, Inat-Moreno Sergio, Congost-Laguna Candela, Barranco-Gonzalez Honorio, España-Gregori Enrique
Straatsma Syndrome is known as unilateral myopia, amblyopia, and myelinated retinal nerve fibers (MRNF). The syndrome can be associated with other findings such as nystagmus, strabismus, and optic nerve hypoplasia among others. However, no cases associated with cataract have been reported. The visual prognosis depends on the myelinated retinal nerve fibers extension, the early amblyopia therapy, and the coexistence of other signs. We present the case of a 4-year-old girl with Straatsma Syndrome and cataract in the left eye...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38239416/-partial-open-sky-method-a-novel-technique-to-avoid-the-open-sky-condition-during-triple-procedure-or-penetrating-keratoplasty
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jaya Kaushik, Sunandan Bhatta, Ankita Singh, Rakesh Jha
Penetrating keratoplasty is referred to as an "open-sky" procedure because the intraocular contents are entirely exposed to atmospheric pressure after the diseased cornea has been trephined off and before the donor button is sutured. Suprachoroidal hemorrhage (SCH) is a major vision-threatening complication, associated with this open-sky procedure. While numerous factors may predispose an eye to SCH, like hypertension, myopia, trauma, glaucoma, etc., it is better to be prepared for the worst eventuality. We described a novel technical modification, denoted as the "partial open sky technique", that we used during the surgical steps of trephining and excision of host corneal tissue in seven cases of triple procedure and penetrating keratoplasty in our center over two months...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38239415/efficacy-and-safety-of-combined-xen-gel-stent-45-implantation-and-25-gauge-pars-plana-vitrectomy-a-case-series
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Federica Serino, Enrico Bernardi, Fabrizio Franco
Purpose: To report outcomes in terms of efficacy and safety of patients affected with Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (POAG) and Vitreoretinal Disease, who have undergone Pars Plana Vitrectomy (PPV) and ab-interno XEN gel 45 (Abbvie) implantations. Methods: This is a retrospective, observational, case series on five patients who underwent combined Pars Plana Vitrectomy and XEN gel Stent 45 implantation at "Careggi Hospital" Eye Clinic of Florence. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) evaluation, intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements with Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT), and several glaucoma medications were evaluated at the baseline and at one, three, six, and twelve months after surgery...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38239414/ocular-manifestations-in-head-and-neck-cancer-a-cross-sectional-study-from-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-south-india
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Thanmayashree Sathyanarayana, Chinmayee J Thrishulamurthy, Jasleen Kaur, Vanagondi Aishwarya Prakash, Kusuma Maddarahalli Jagadeesh, H Shafeeq Ahmed
Introduction: Head and neck cancers (HNCs) present a significant global health burden, especially in India, where oral cavity cancers, notably affecting the tongue, are prevalent. A substantial portion of global HNCs (57.5%) is concentrated in Asia, India contributing with 30%. Despite advancements, challenges persist due to HNCs' invasive nature and metastatic potential. This study aims to explore the link between HNCs and ocular manifestations. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute involving 47 patients with diagnosed HNCs and ocular complaints...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38239413/implications-of-neuropathy-and-management-of-the-corneal-surface-in-a-patient-with-stuve-wiedemann-syndrome
#16
María Larrañaga Cores, Ana Boto de Los Bueis
Purpose: To describe the ophthalmological management of a girl diagnosed with Stuve Wiedemann syndrome (SWS). Clinical and in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) are described. Methods: Case report of a 6-year-old girl, who presented with neurotrophic keratitis and was treated with intense lubrication including heterologous serum and tear plugs. Results: In the following months, the evolution of the neurotrophic keratitis was good, but a hypertrophic corneal leukoma persisted with mild neovascularization in the left eye...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37876517/secondary-angle-closure-glaucoma-due-to-iatrogenic-big-bubble-formation-in-manual-dalk-for-stromal-degeneration-an-unusual-presentation
#17
Shreesha Kumar Kodavoor, Pranessh Ravi
A 65-year-old male was planned for Deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) to improve his visual quality from the underlying spheroidal degeneration along the visual axis. An attempt for a big bubble was futile, hence converted to a manual DALK. On postoperative day 1, he developed secondary angle closure glaucoma due to reverse pupillary block by the host DM. Decompression of the big bubble was done and angle closure was resolved with a good visual outcome at 1-month post-op. We present the first case of secondary angle closure glaucoma due to reverse pupillary block by a big bubble in a rigid cornea...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37876516/macular-dynamics-and-visual-acuity-prognosis-in-retinal-vein-occlusions-ways-to-connect
#18
Diana-Maria Dărăbuș, Cristina-Patricia Pac, Cosmin Roşca, Mihnea Munteanu
Background and Objectives: This study aimed to establish possible connections between macular dynamics, various macular features, and visual acuity prognosis among patients with retinal vein occlusions. Materials and Methods: This study included 85 patients with central retinal vein occlusions (CRVO) and 26 with branch retinal vein occlusions (BRVO). We assessed macular features such as central macular thickness (CMT), foveal intraretinal hemorrhage (IRH), the presence and distribution of hyperreflective foci (HF), ellipsoid zone (EZ) disruption, inner retinal layer disorganization (DRIL), and posterior vitreous detachment (PVD), as well as their dynamics over one year of observation and their impact on final visual acuity prognosis, depending on the type of occlusion...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37876515/evaluation-of-the-structural-changes-of-uveitis-patients-by-optical-biometry
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ahmet Kürşad Sakallioğlu, Goksu Alacamli, Samira Sattarpanah, Hande Guclu
Objective (Aim): To observe the ocular structural changes in active and inactive uveitis patients. Methods: This retrospective study involved 30 patients (32 eyes) with anterior and intermediate uveitis cases and 54 eyes of 54 cases in a control group, who were admitted to the Ophthalmology Department at Trakya University. In the study group, 14 patients were females, 16 patients were males and in the control group 26 volunteers were females, and 28 volunteers were male of the 54 volunteers. Anterior chamber depth, axial length, intraocular pressure, lens thickness, central corneal thickness, steep and flat values in keratometry, corrected visual acuity in both eyes, anterior chamber cells, and vitreous cells were measured and compared between three groups (two uveitis groups - active and inactive - and control group)...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37876514/observing-the-factors-affecting-fibrovascular-regrowth-after-pterygium-excision-and-comparing-the-efficacy-and-complications-of-conjunctival-autograft-with-sutures-versus-fibrin-glue
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Arti Singh, Jagriti Rana, Anirrud Sharma, Srishti Nagarajan
Aim: To observe the factors affecting fibrovascular regrowth after pterygium excision and to compare the efficacy and complications of conjunctival autograft with sutures versus fibrin glue. Materials and methods: 65 consenting patients with primary pterygium attending the outpatient department having appropriate indications for surgery were enrolled. Data was collected using personal interviews. Routine pre-operative ophthalmic examination was done, including visual acuity assessment, slit lamp examination, and fundus evaluation...
2023: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
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