Journals Journal of Experimental Orthop...

Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Paolo Arrigoni, Martina Archinà, Francesco Luceri, Mattia Radici, Carlo Zaolino, Gianluca Folco, Chiara Foschini, Simona Regazzoni, Paul Muriithi Miano, Andrea Zagarella, Alessandra Colozza, Pietro Randelli
PURPOSE: Traumatic elbow dislocation is the second most frequent joint dislocation, even though the elbow is a congruent and stable joint. Individual variability in anatomical congruence of the elbow and how it relates to simple or complex instability has rarely been studied in the literature; we hypothesized that a greater articular coverage by the humeral trochlea would be more likely to result in complex dislocation. The aim of this study is to analyze trochlear morphology in simple (SED) and complex elbow dislocation (CED), to assess whether the degree of humeroulnar joint congruence influences the incidence of coronoid fractures in elbow dislocation...
March 15, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Yong Sang Kim, Sun Mi Oh, Dong Suk Suh, Dae Hyun Tak, Yoo Beom Kwon, Yong Gon Koh
PURPOSE: This study evaluated outcomes in patients with knee osteoarthritis following stromal vascular fraction implantation and assessed the associated prognostic factors. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 43 patients who underwent follow-up magnetic resonance imaging 12 months after stromal vascular fraction implantation for knee osteoarthritis. Pain was assessed using the visual analogue scale and measured at baseline and 1-, 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up appointments...
March 15, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Guang Yang, Shangzhe Li, Chunyan Jiang, Hailong Zhang, Yi Lu
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether RCR (rotator cuff repair) with BMS (bone marrow stimulation) can provide a lower retear rate and better shoulder function than arthroscopic RCR alone in rotator cuff tear (RCT) patients. METHOD: The PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE and Web of Science databases were searched until Feb 2022. Risk of bias for randomized controlled trials was evaluated by two independent reviewers with Cochrane collaboration risk bias of tool, and that for cohort studies was evaluated with the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS)...
March 15, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Louise Karlsson, Philip Quist, Katarina Nilsson Helander, Thorkell Snaebjörnsson, Anders Stålman, Ida Lindman, Axel Öhlin
PURPOSE: Greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) is a term covering different conditions generating lateral hip pain. Recalcitrant cases may require surgery but there are only a few studies evaluating endoscopic treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the outcome of endoscopically treated GTPS at minimum two years postoperatively using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), and to assess the complication rate associated with endoscopic surgery. METHODS: A total of 33 patients, mean age 43...
March 15, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Bettina Hochreiter, Michel Meisterhans, Christoph Zindel, Anna-Katharina Calek, Christian Gerber
PURPOSE: Functional internal rotation (IR) is a combination of extension and IR. It is clinically often limited after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) either due to loss of extension or IR in extension. It was the purpose of this study to determine the ideal in-vitro combination of glenoid and humeral components to achieve impingement-free functional IR. METHODS: RTSA components were virtually implanted into a normal scapula (previously established with a statistical shape model) and into a corresponding humerus using a computer planning program (CASPA)...
March 14, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Wouter Van Genechten, Annemieke Van Haver, Stijn Bartholomeeusen, Toon Claes, Nathalie Van Beek, Jozef Michielsen, Steven Claes, Peter Verdonk
PURPOSE: Contemporary medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) still seems to struggle with inconsistent accuracy outcomes. Our objective was to assess surgical accuracy and short-term clinical outcomes when using 3D planning and a patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) kit to prepare customized bone allografts. METHODS: Thirty subjects (age 48y ± 13) were included in a double-center prospective case series. A low-dose CT-scan was performed to generate 3D bone models, a MOWHTO was simulated, and PSI was designed and 3D printed based on the complementary negative of the planned osteotomy gap...
March 14, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Sohil S Desai, Jennifer A Kunes, Michael B Held, Mark Ren, Alirio J deMeireles, Jeffrey A Geller, Roshan P Shah, H John Cooper
PURPOSE: Robotic-assisted total knee arthroplasty typically necessitates use of tracking pins, which can vary in diameter. Complications such as infections and fractures at the pin-site have been observed, but clarification of the effect of pin diameter on complication is needed. The aim of this study is to compare the pin-related complication rates following robotic-assisted total knee arthroplasty between 4.5 mm and 3.2 mm diameter pins. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, 90-day pin-site complication rates after robotic-assisted total knee arthroplasty were compared between 4...
March 10, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Jasper G Steverink, Floris R van Tol, Suzanne Bruins, Andre J Smorenburg, Marianna A Tryfonidou, Bas J Oosterman, Marijke R van Dijk, Jos Malda, Jorrit-Jan Verlaan
PURPOSE: Various sustained-release formulations incorporate high bupivacaine concentrations but data on local toxicity is lacking. This study explores local toxic effects of highly concentrated (5%) bupivacaine compared to clinically used concentrations in vivo following skeletal surgery, to assess the safety of sustained-release formulations with high bupivacaine concentrations. METHODS: Sixteen rats underwent surgery, in which screws with catheters affixed were implanted in the spine or femur in a factorial experimental design, allowing single-shot or continuous 72 h local administration of 0...
March 8, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Leland van Deventer, Amy Bronstone, Claudia Leonardi, Matthew Bennett, Peter Yager, Vinod Dasa
PURPOSE: Modern multimodal analgesia has been shown to significantly reduce opioid use following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study was conducted to determine if changing TKA discharge opioid prescriptions from automatic to upon request resulted in more opioid free recoveries without compromising pain control. METHODS: Between December 2019 and August 2021, an orthopedic surgeon performed 144 primary unilateral TKAs; patients received the same multimodal analgesia protocol except for postoperative opioid prescribing...
February 20, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Raj Kanna, S M Murali, Ashok Thudukuchi Ramanathan, Lester Pereira, C S Yadav, Sumit Anand
PURPOSE: There has been a long standing debate regarding superiority of cruciate retaining total knee arthroplasty over posterior stabilized total knee arthroplasty regarding the short-term outcomes as well as long-term survivorship. The proponents of both the techniques have published vast evidence in favor of their respective surgical method and early outcome in meta-analyses does not seem to be significantly different. The decision to select either design should depend on their long-term survivorship but the literature comparing their long-term survival is sparse...
February 17, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Joongwon Hwang, Seung Yeon Lee, Chris Hyunchul Jo
PURPOSE: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) react dynamically with the surrounding microenvironment to promote tissue-specific differentiation and hence increase targeted regenerative capacity. Extracellular matrix (ECM) would be the first microenvironment to interact with MSCs injected into the tissue lesion. However, degenerative tissues would have different characteristics of ECM in comparison with healthy tissues. Therefore, the influence of degenerative ECM on tissue-specific differentiation of MSCs and the formation of matrix composition need to be considered for the sophisticated therapeutic application of stem cells for tissue regeneration...
February 14, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Ahmed A Khalifa, Sarah M Hussien
PURPOSE: Total hip and knee arthroplasty periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) poses a management dilemma owing to the emergence of resistant organisms. A promising option is Bacteriophage therapy (BT) was used as an adjuvant for PJI management, aiming at treating resistant infections, decreasing morbidity, and mortality. The current review aimed to demonstrate the role and safety of using BT as an adjuvant to treat PJIs. METHODS: A systematic search was performed through four databases (Embase, PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus) up to March 2022, according to the predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 14, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Pier Francesco Indelli, Michele Giuntoli, Karlos Zepeda, Stefano Ghirardelli, Rosa Susanna Valtanen, Ferdinando Iannotti
PURPOSE: Gait analysis was used to evaluate knee kinematics in patients who underwent successful primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using two modern bi-cruciate substituting designs. The knee joint was balanced intraoperatively using real-time sensor technology, developed to provide dynamic feedback regarding stability and tibiofemoral load. The authors hypothesized that major differences exist in gait parameters between healthy controls and post-TKA patients. METHODS: Ten patients who underwent successful TKA using bi-cruciate substituting designs were evaluated at a minimum of 9 months postoperatively using three-dimensional knee kinematic analysis; a multi-camera optoelectronic system and a force platform were used...
February 14, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Andrea Tecame, Andrea Gambineri, Pierangelo Za, Paolo Adravanti
Clinical outcomes and overall alignment after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) depend on femoral component positioning in the sagittal and the coronal plane, making choice of the distal femoral cutting guide crucial. Currently, there is no consensus on the potential advantage of an extramedullary (EM) guide compared to an intramedullary (IM) guide in TKA. The IM guide is the most widely used system for making the distal femoral cut although evidence for its superiority over the EM guide is lacking. However, inaccuracies arising with the IM guide include location of the rod entry point in the coronal plane, femoral canal diameter, femoral bowing, and structural features of the rod...
February 14, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Matthias Sukopp, Maoz Shemesh, Elena Pruech, Eran Linder-Ganz, Scott Hacker, Vincenzo Condello, Jonas Schwer, Anita Ignatius, Lutz Dürselen, Andreas Martin Seitz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this in-vitro study was to examine the kinematics of an artificial, free-floating medial meniscus replacement device under dynamic loading situations and different knee joint states. METHODS: A dynamic knee simulator was used to perform dynamic loading exercises on three neutrally aligned and three 10° valgus aligned (simulating a medial openwedge high tibial osteotomy - MOWHTO) left human cadaveric knee joints. The knee joints were tested in three states (intact, conventional notchplasty, extended notchplasty) while 11 randomised exercises were simulated (jump landing, squatting, tibial rotation and axial ground impacts at 10°, 30° and 60° knee joint flexion) to investigate the knee joint and implant kinematics by means of rigidly attached reflective marker sets and an according motion analysis...
February 9, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Constant Foissey, Hichem Abid, Benjamin Freychet, Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet, Mathieu Thaunat, Jean-Marie Fayard
PURPOSE: To investigate the minimum use that correlates with the best outcomes in term of complications associated with self-directed rehabilitation mobile application and to explore the user profile and usage habits. METHODS: This was a single-center retrospective study of 356 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction surgery between November 2019 and August 2020. Complications were defined as the presence of an extension deficit ≥ 5° after 6 weeks and/or the presence of cyclops syndrome...
February 9, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Theofylaktos Kyriakidis, Charalampos Pitsilos, Jacques Hernigou, René Verdonk, Michael Hantes
PURPOSE: Extensor mechanism disruption is an uncommon and devastating complication after total knee arthroplasty. It negatively affects patients' quality of life and leads to significant functional limitations and the inability to stand and walk. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the outcomes of the extensor mechanism reconstruction using Achilles' tendon allograft after infected total knee arthroplasty. It was hypothesized that it is a safe procedure and that patients will present good clinical and functional results...
February 8, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Leonardo Previ, Edoardo Monaco, Alessandro Carrozzo, Gianluca Fedeli, Alessandro Annibaldi, Matteo Romano Cantagalli, Giorgio Rossi, Andrea Ferretti
PURPOSE: The anterior cruciate ligament is probably one of the ligaments with the lowest healing potential. Many authors have reported cases of spontaneous healing but nowadays it is difficult to predict successful healing of an anterior cruciate ligament rupture and, even more, residual functionality and capability to return to sport. The aim of this study was to investigate cases of spontaneous healing in a population that received non-surgical treatment after anterior cruciate ligament rupture and to perform an updated review of contemporary literature...
February 4, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
S Hodel, A K Calek, N Cavalcanti, S F Fucentese, L Vlachopoulos, A Viehöfer, S H Wirth
PURPOSE: The use of total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is increasing over time, as so will the need for revision TAAs in the future. Restoration of the ankle joint line (JL) in revision TAA is often difficult due to severe bone loss. This study analyzed the accuracy of a three-dimensional (3D) registration of the contralateral tibia and fibula to restore the ankle joint line (JL) and reported side-to-side differences of anatomical landmarks. METHODS: 3D triangular surface models of 96 paired lower legs underwent a surface registration algorithm for superimposition of the mirrored contralateral lower leg onto the original lower leg to approximate the original ankle JL using a proximal, middle and distal segment...
February 3, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Tizian Heinz, Felix Meller, Karsten Sebastian Luetkens, Philip Mark Anderson, Ioannis Stratos, Konstantin Horas, Maximilian Rudert, Stephan Reppenhagen, Manuel Weißenberger
PURPOSE: The Area Measurement And Depth Underlying Structures (AMADEUS) classification system has been proposed as a valuable tool for magnetic resonance (MR)-based grading of preoperatively encountered chondral defects of the knee joint. However, the potential relationship of this novel score with clinical data was yet to determine. It was the primary intention of this study to assess the correlative relationship of the AMADEUS with patient reported outcome scores in patients undergoing medial open-wedge high tibial valgus osteotomy (HTO)...
January 27, 2023: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
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