journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38689376/application-of-artificial-intelligence-in-hypertension
#1
REVIEW
Jung Sun Cho, Jae-Hyeong Park
Hypertension is an important modifiable risk factor for morbidity and mortality associated with cardiovascular disease. The incidence of hypertension is increasing not only in Korea but also in many Western countries due to the aging of the population and the increase in unhealthy lifestyles. However, hypertension control rates remain low due to poor adherence to antihypertensive medications, low awareness of hypertension, and numerous factors that contribute to hypertension, including diet, environment, lifestyle, obesity, and genetics...
May 1, 2024: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38689333/combined-physical-training-protects-the-left-ventricle-from-structural-and-functional-damages-in-experimental-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Luciano Bernardes Leite, Leôncio Lopes Soares, Alexandre Martins Oliveira Portes, Thayana Inácia Soares, Bruna Aparecida Fonseca da Silva, Taís Rodrigues Dias, Sebastião Felipe Ferreira Costa, Luiz Otávio Guimarães-Ervilha, Mirian Quintão Assis, Victor Neiva Lavorato, Albená Nunes da Silva, Mariana Machado-Neves, Emily Correna Carlo Reis, Antônio José Natali
BACKGROUND: Under the adverse remodeling of the right ventricle and interventricular septum in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) the left ventricle (LV) dynamics is impaired. Despite the benefits of combined aerobic and resistance physical trainings to individuals with PAH, its impact on the LV is not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: To test whether moderate-intensity combined physical training performed during the development of PAH induced by MCT in rats is beneficial to the LV's structure and function...
May 1, 2024: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38556887/when-and-how-to-use-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-and-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-for-managing-hypertension
#3
REVIEW
Eun Mi Lee
Many individuals have different blood pressure (BP) values in the office setting compared to that outside the office setting. Therefore, confirming hypertension based on office BP (OBP) measurement alone can lead to misdiagnosis and mistreatment. The limitations of OBP measurement have led to the complementary use of out-of-office BP measurements, including 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM). This review aims to describe when and how ABPM or HBPM can be used to accurately diagnose and treat hypertension...
April 1, 2024: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38556865/factors-associated-with-electrocardiographic-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-among-patients-with-hypertension-in-thailand
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Boonsub Sakboonyarat, Jaturon Poovieng, Ram Rangsin
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) strongly predicts cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and death. One-fourth of Thai adults suffer from hypertension. Nevertheless, the information on LVH among Thai patients with hypertension is not well characterized. We aimed to identify the prevalence and factors associated with electrocardiographic LVH (ECG-LVH) among patients with hypertension in Thailand. METHODS: The present study obtained the dataset from the Thailand Diabetes Mellitus/Hypertension study, which included hypertension patients aged 20 years and older receiving continuous care at outpatient clinics in hospitals nationwide in 2011-2015 and 2018...
April 1, 2024: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38556854/history-and-evolution-of-blood-pressure-measurement
#5
REVIEW
Su A Noh, Hwang-Soo Kim, Si-Hyuck Kang, Chang-Hwan Yoon, Tae-Jin Youn, In-Ho Chae
Hypertension is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Hypertension mostly accompanies no symptoms, and therefore blood pressure (BP) measurement is the only way for early recognition and timely treatment. Methods for BP measurement have a long history of development and improvement. Invasive method via arterial cannulation was first proven possible in the 1800's. Subsequent scientific progress led to the development of the auscultatory method, also known as Korotkoff' sound, and the oscillometric method, which enabled clinically available BP measurement...
April 1, 2024: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38424656/the-role-of-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-enhancing-medication-adherence-among-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-hypertension-an-analysis-of-the-national-health-insurance-cohort-database
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hack-Lyoung Kim, So-Jeong Park, Yoon-Jong Bae, Sang Hyum Ihm, Jinho Shin, Kwang-Il Kim
BACKGROUND: Improving adherence to antihypertensive medication (AHM) is a key challenge in hypertension management. This study aimed to assess the impact of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) on AHM adherence. METHODS: We utilized the Korean National Health Insurance Service database. Among patients newly diagnosed with hypertension who started AHM between July 2010 and December 2013, we compared clinical characteristics and adherence between 28,116 patients who underwent ABPM prior to starting AHM and 118,594 patients who did not undergo ABPM...
March 1, 2024: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38424634/korea-hypertension-fact-sheet-2023-analysis-of-nationwide-population-based-data-with-a-particular-focus-on-hypertension-in-special-populations
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hyeon Chang Kim, Hokyou Lee, Hyeok-Hee Lee, Dasom Son, Minsung Cho, Sojung Shin, Yeeun Seo, Eun-Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: The Korea Hypertension Fact Sheet 2023, presented by the Korean Society of Hypertension, offers an overview of the prevalence and management of hypertension, along with recent trends. METHODS: Data for the Fact Sheet were derived from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey spanning 1998 to 2021, and the National Health Insurance Big Data from 2002 to 2021. RESULTS: As of 2021, hypertension affected 28.0% of Korean adults aged 20 and older, totaling approximately 12...
March 1, 2024: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38297373/the-mediating-effect-of-sleep-disturbance-on-the-association-between-hypertension-and-depression-a-national-data-analysis
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kamaluddin Latief, Samuel Akyirem, Siriluk Sithichoksakulchai, Dieta Nurrika, Mokh Sujarwadi, Faizul Hasan
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is a common among people with hypertension. However, the mediating role of sleep disturbance in the association between hypertension and depression remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the mediating role of sleep disturbance in the association between hypertension and depression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was cross-sectional study. The data were derived from the Indonesian Family Life Survey Fifth Wave (2014-2015). We include a total of 19,138 adults' participants with age range from 18 to 65 years old who completed response on the variable of hypertension, sleep disturbance, and depression...
February 1, 2024: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38297370/the-association-between-body-mass-index-and-abdominal-obesity-with-hypertension-among-south-asian-population-findings-from-nationally-representative-surveys
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rajat Das Gupta, Ateeb Ahmad Parray, Rohan Jay Kothadia, Orindom Shing Pulock, Susmita Dey Pinky, Shams Shabab Haider, Maxwell Akonde, Mohammad Rifat Haider
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the association between body mass index (BMI) and abdominal obesity with hypertension among the South Asian adults (18-69 years). METHODS: This study utilized the nationally representative WHO STEPwise approach to surveillance data (n = 24,413) from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. Hypertension was defined as having a systolic blood pressure of 140 mmHg or higher, a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mmHg or higher, and/or taking antihypertensive medications...
February 1, 2024: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38297357/elevated-blood-pressure-among-children-born-to-women-with-obstructed-labour-in-eastern-uganda-a-cohort-study
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
David Mukunya, Milton W Musaba, Brendah Nambozo, Faith Oguttu, Brian Tonny Makoko, Agnes Napyo, Ritah Nantale, Solomon Wani, Josephine Tumuhamye, Prossy Auma, Ketty Atim, Joan Wamulugwa, Doreck Nahurira, Dedan Okello, Lawrence Ssegawa, Julius Wandabwa, Sarah Kiguli, Martin Chebet
BACKGROUND: Globally, high systolic blood pressure accounts for 10.8 million deaths annually. The deaths are disproportionately higher among black people. The reasons for this disparity are poorly understood, but could include a high burden of perinatal insults such as birth asphyxia. Therefore, we aimed to assess the incidence of elevated blood pressure and to explore associated factors among children born to women with obstructed labour. METHODS: We followed up children born to women with obstructed labour aged 25 to 44 months at Mbale regional referral hospital that had participated in the sodium bicarbonate trial ( Trial registration number PACTR201805003364421) between October 2021 and April 2022...
February 1, 2024: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38163915/sex-disparities-in-physical-activity-domains-and-hypertension-prevalence
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Min Jeong Cho, Yong Joon Jung, Ho Jeong Min, Hyun Jeong Kim, Setor K Kunutsor, Sae Young Jae
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the associations of leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and occupational physical activity (OPA) with the prevalence of hypertension, while exploring the sex disparities in these associations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2014 and 2019 (n = 26,534). Hypertension was defined as the use of antihypertensive drugs or systolic and diastolic blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mm Hg...
January 2, 2024: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38163867/effect-of-low-sodium-and-high-potassium-diet-on-lowering-blood-pressure-and-cardiovascular-events
#12
REVIEW
Byung Sik Kim, Mi-Yeon Yu, Jinho Shin
Incorporating aggressive lifestyle modifications along with antihypertensive medication therapy is a crucial treatment strategy to enhance the control rate of hypertension. Dietary modification is one of the important lifestyle interventions for hypertension, and it has been proven to have a clear effect. Among food ingredients, sodium and potassium have been found to have the strongest association with blood pressure. The blood pressure-lowering effect of a low sodium diet and a high potassium diet has been well established, especially in hypertensive population...
January 2, 2024: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38037153/arterial-stiffness-and-hypertension
#13
REVIEW
Hack-Lyoung Kim
Arterial stiffness and hypertension are closely related in pathophysiology. Chronic high blood pressure (BP) can lead to arterial wall damage by mechanical stress, endothelial dysfunction, increased inflammation, oxidative stress, and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) activation. Hypertension also increases collagen fiber production and accelerates elastin fiber degradation. Stiffened arteries struggle with BP changes, raising systolic BP and pulse pressure. The resulting increased systolic pressure further hardens arteries, creating a harmful cycle of inflammation and calcification...
December 1, 2023: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38037152/exercise-induced-desaturation-during-a-six-minute-walk-test-is-associated-with-poor-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jung Hyun Choi, Myung-Jun Shin, Byeong-Ju Lee, Jae-Hyeong Park
BACKGROUND: The six-minute walk test (6MWT) is an established exercise test for patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), affording insight into both exercise intolerance and overall prognosis. Despite the widespread application of the 6MWT, the prognostic implications of exercise-induced desaturation (EID) during this test has been inadequately studied in PAH patients. Thus, we evaluated the occurrence of EID and its prognostic significance in PAH patients. METHODS: We analyzed PAH patients in a single-center cohort from April 2016 to March 2021...
December 1, 2023: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38037134/gestational-weight-gain-of-multiparas-and-risk-of-primary-preeclampsia-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-shanghai
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chao Chen, Zhijun Lei, Yaoxi Xiong, Meng Ni, Biwei He, Jing Gao, Panchan Zheng, Xianjing Xie, Chengrong He, Xingyu Yang, Weiwei Cheng
BACKGROUND: In all studies conducted so far, there was no report about the correlation between excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) and the risk of preeclampsia (PE) in multiparas, especially considering that multiparity is a protective factor for both excessive GWG and PE. Thus, the aim of this retrospective cohort study was to determine whether GWG of multiparas is associated with the increased risk of PE. METHODS: This was a study with 15,541 multiparous women who delivered in a maternity hospital in Shanghai from 2017 to 2021, stratified by early-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) category...
December 1, 2023: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37908019/resistant-hypertension-consensus-document-from-the-korean-society-of-hypertension
#16
REVIEW
Sungha Park, Jinho Shin, Sang Hyun Ihm, Kwang-Il Kim, Hack-Lyoung Kim, Hyeon Chang Kim, Eun Mi Lee, Jang Hoon Lee, Shin Young Ahn, Eun Joo Cho, Ju Han Kim, Hee-Taik Kang, Hae-Young Lee, Sunki Lee, Woohyeun Kim, Jong-Moo Park
Although reports vary, the prevalence of true resistant hypertension and apparent treatment-resistant hypertension (aTRH) has been reported to be 10.3% and 14.7%, respectively. As there is a rapid increase in the prevalence of obesity, chronic kidney disease, and diabetes mellitus, factors that are associated with resistant hypertension, the prevalence of resistant hypertension is expected to rise as well. Frequently, patients with aTRH have pseudoresistant hypertension [aTRH due to white-coat uncontrolled hypertension (WUCH), drug underdosing, poor adherence, and inaccurate office blood pressure (BP) measurements]...
November 1, 2023: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37908015/prevalence-of-hypertension-among-antiretroviral-therapy-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-in-lagos-nigeria
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Oluwatosin Odubela, Nkiruka Odunukwe, Nasheeta Peer, Adesola Zaidat Musa, Babatunde Lawal Salako, Andre Pascal Kengne
BACKGROUND: The gains from successful antiretroviral therapy (ART) roll-out could be compromised by the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases among people living with HIV (PLWH). Hypertension remains a significant contributor to cardiovascular diseases. This study aims to determine the prevalence and determinants of hypertension among ART-naïve PLWH in a large ART clinic in Lagos, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study uses data collected from adult ART-naïve PLWH enrolled at an ART clinic over ten years...
November 1, 2023: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37821979/standardized-protocol-of-blood-pressure-measurement-and-quality-control-program-for-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#18
REVIEW
Hack-Lyoung Kim, Sang Min Park, In Jeong Cho, Yu-Mi Kim, Dae-Hee Kim, Sung Hye Kim, Kwang-Il Kim, Ki-Chul Sung, Sang-Hyun Ihm, Jinho Shin, Yoonjung Kim, Kyungwon Oh, Eun Mi Lee
Accurate blood pressure (BP) measurement is crucial for hypertension detection and management. The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) assesses the health of Koreans using representative cross-sectional data. BP measurements were historically done with mercury sphygmomanometers for participants aged ≥10 years. However, KNHANES transitioned to Greenlight 300TM (mercury-free auscultatory device) in 2020 for participants aged ≥6 years and used dual devices (Microlife WatchBP Office AFIB and Greenlight) in 2021-2022...
October 12, 2023: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37777812/the-burden-and-management-strategies-of-hypertensive-crisis-in-adult-patients-presenting-to-emergency-departments-of-district-and-regional-hospitals-in-sub-saharan-africa
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Said S Kilindimo, Ahmed Abdulkarim, Alphonce N Simbila, Raynald Harrison, Lucy Shirima, Farida Abdallah, Aliasghar G Mukhtar, Juma Mfinanga, Joseph Saika, Emanuel Kisanga, Hendry R Sawe
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive crisis is among the causes of morbidity and mortality in adult patients with hypertension in Sub-Saharan Africa. We aimed to determine the burden, risk factors and describe the management strategies of hypertensive crisis among adult patients seen at emergency departments of district and regional hospitals in Tanzania. METHODS: This was a prospective multicenter longitudinal study which included all 162 district and regional hospitals in Tanzania...
October 1, 2023: Clinical Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37777810/relationship-between-the-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-mthfr-rs1801133-snp-and-serum-homocysteine-levels-of-zhuang-hypertensive-patients-in-the-central-region-of-guangxi
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xi-Jiang Hu, Mei-Ru Su, Bao-Wei Cao, Fa-Bang Ou, Rui-Xing Yin, An-De Luo
BACKGROUND: The relationship between the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and serum homocysteine (Hcy) levels or H-type hypertension in different populations is inconsistent. This study aimed to explore the association between the MTHFR rs1801133 SNP and serum Hcy levels of Zhuang hypertensive patients in the central region of Guangxi. METHODS: A total of 606 Zhuang inpatients with essential hypertension were recruited in our hospital from August 2016 to December 2018...
October 1, 2023: Clinical Hypertension
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