journal
Journals Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switz...

Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921405/microbial-based-biofungicides-mitigate-the-damage-caused-by-fusarium-oxysporum-f-sp-cubense-race-1-and-improve-the-physiological-performance-in-banana
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Luisa Fernanda Izquierdo-García, Sandra Lorena Carmona-Gutiérrez, Carlos Andrés Moreno-Velandia, Andrea Del Pilar Villarreal-Navarrete, Diana Marcela Burbano-David, Ruth Yesenia Quiroga-Mateus, Magda Rocío Gómez-Marroquín, Gustavo Adolfo Rodríguez-Yzquierdo, Mónica Betancourt-Vásquez
Fusarium wilt of banana (FWB) is the most limiting disease in this crop. The phytosanitary emergency caused by FWB since 2019 in Colombia has required the development of ecofriendly control methods. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of microbial-based biofungicides against FWB caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense race 1 (Foc R1) and correlate such effect with plant physiological parameters. Five Trichoderma (T1 to T4 and T9) and four Bacillus (T5 to T8)-based biofungicides were evaluated in pot experiments...
June 12, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921404/bioprocess-of-gibberellic-acid-by-fusarium-fujikuroi-the-challenge-of-regulation-raw-materials-and-product-yields
#22
REVIEW
Aranza Hernández Rodríguez, Adrián Díaz Pacheco, Shirlley Elizabeth Martínez Tolibia, Yazmin Melendez Xicohtencatl, Sulem Yali Granados Balbuena, Víctor Eric López Y López
Gibberellic acid (GA3 ) is a tetracyclic diterpenoid carboxylic acid synthesized by the secondary metabolism of Fusarium fujikuroi . This phytohormone is widely studied due to the advantages it offers as a plant growth regulator, such as growth stimulation, senescence delay, flowering induction, increased fruit size, and defense against abiotic or biotic stress, which improve the quality and yield of crops. Therefore, GA3 has been considered as an innovative strategy to improve agricultural production. However, the yields obtained at large scale are insufficient for the current market demand...
June 12, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921403/plant-growth-promotion-and-biological-control-against-rhizoctonia-solani-in-thai-local-rice-variety-chor-khing-using-trichoderma-breve-z2-03
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Warin Intana, Nakarin Suwannarach, Jaturong Kumla, Prisana Wonglom, Anurag Sunpapao
Several strains of Trichoderma are applied in the field to control plant diseases due to their capacity to suppress fungal pathogens and control plant diseases. Some Trichoderma strains also are able to promote plant growth through the production of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). In southern Thailand, the local rice variety "Chor Khing" is mainly cultivated in the Songkhla province; it is characterized by slow growth and is susceptible to sheath blight caused by Rhizoctonia solani . Therefore, this research aimed to screen Trichoderma species with the ability to promote plant growth in this rice variety and enact biological control against R...
June 11, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921402/natural-prevalence-molecular-characteristics-and-biological-activity-of-metarhizium-rileyi-farlow-isolated-from-spodoptera-frugiperda-j-e-smith-larvae-in-mexico
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yordanys Ramos, Samuel Pineda-Guillermo, Patricia Tamez-Guerra, Alonso Alberto Orozco-Flores, José Isaac Figueroa de la Rosa, Selene Ramos-Ortiz, Juan Manuel Chavarrieta-Yáñez, Ana Mabel Martínez-Castillo
Entomopathogenic fungi have been considered potential biological control agents against the fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith), the world's most important pest of maize. In this study, we evaluated the natural infection, molecular characteristics, and biological activity of Metarhizium rileyi (Farlow) isolated from S. frugiperda larvae of this insect, collected from maize crops in five Mexican locations. Natural infection ranged from 23% to 90% across all locations analyzed. Twenty-four isolates were evaluated on S...
June 8, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921401/the-performance-and-evolutionary-mechanism-of-ganoderma-lucidum-in-enhancing-selenite-tolerance-and-bioaccumulation
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mengmeng Xu, Qi Meng, Song Zhu, Ruipeng Yu, Lei Chen, Guiyang Shi, Ka-Hing Wong, Daming Fan, Zhongyang Ding
BACKGROUND: Selenium (Se) pollution poses serious threats to terrestrial ecosystems. Mushrooms are important sources of Se with the potential for bioremediation. Pre-eminent Se resources must possess the ability to tolerate high levels of Se. To obtain Se-accumulating fungi, we isolated selenite-tolerance-enhanced Ganoderma lucidum JNUSE-200 through adaptive evolution. METHODS: The molecular mechanism responsible for selenite tolerance and accumulation was explored in G...
June 8, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921400/an-in-depth-study-of-phytopathogenic-ganoderma-pathogenicity-advanced-detection-techniques-control-strategies-and-sustainable-management
#26
REVIEW
Samantha C Karunarathna, Nimesha M Patabendige, Wenhua Lu, Suhail Asad, Kalani K Hapuarachchi
Phytopathogenic Ganoderma species pose a significant threat to global plant health, resulting in estimated annual economic losses exceeding USD (US Dollars) 68 billion in the agriculture and forestry sectors worldwide. To combat this pervasive menace effectively, a comprehensive understanding of the biology, ecology, and plant infection mechanisms of these pathogens is imperative. This comprehensive review critically examines various aspects of Ganoderma spp., including their intricate life cycle, their disease mechanisms, and the multifaceted environmental factors influencing their spread...
June 7, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921399/active-prevalence-of-fusarium-falciforme-and-f-acutatum-causing-basal-rot-of-onion-in-maharashtra-india
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ram Dutta, Krishnappa Jayalakshmi, Auji Radhakrishna, Satish Kumar, Vijay Mahajan
Over the past decade, there have been accumulating reports from researchers, farmers, and field extension personnel on the increasing incidence and spread of onion basal rot in India. Onion basal rot disease is mainly caused by Fusarium spp. This study aimed to validate the information on the active prevalence of F. falciforme and F. acutatum causing Fusarium basal rot (FBR) in Maharashtra. A survey was conducted, and the infected plants/bulbs were collected from fields of 38 locations comprising five districts of Maharashtra, namely, Nashik, Aurangabad, Solapur, Ahmednagar, and Pune, in 2023...
June 7, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921398/investigation-of-the-microbial-diversity-in-the-oryza-sativa-cultivation-environment-and-artificial-transplantation-of-microorganisms-to-improve-sustainable-mycobiota
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yeu-Ching Shi, Yu-Juan Zheng, Yi-Ching Lin, Cheng-Hao Huang, Tang-Long Shen, Yu-Chia Hsu, Bao-Hong Lee
Rice straw is not easy to decompose, it takes a long time to compost, and the anaerobic bacteria involved in the decomposition process produce a large amount of carbon dioxide (CO2 ), indicating that applications for rice straw need to be developed. Recycling rice straw in agricultural crops is an opportunity to increase the sustainability of grain production. Several studies have shown that the probiotic population gradually decreases in the soil, leading to an increased risk of plant diseases and decreased biomass yield...
June 6, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921397/applications-of-the-methylotrophic-yeast-komagataella-phaffii-in-the-context-of-modern-biotechnology
#29
REVIEW
Lidia Maria Pepe de Moraes, Henrique Fetzner Marques, Viviane Castelo Branco Reis, Cintia Marques Coelho, Matheus de Castro Leitão, Alexsandro Sobreira Galdino, Thais Paiva Porto de Souza, Luiza Cesca Piva, Ana Laura Alfonso Perez, Débora Trichez, João Ricardo Moreira de Almeida, Janice Lisboa De Marco, Fernando Araripe Gonçalves Torres
Komagataella phaffii (formerly Pichia pastoris ) is a methylotrophic yeast widely used in laboratories around the world to produce recombinant proteins. Given its advantageous features, it has also gained much interest in the context of modern biotechnology. In this review, we present the utilization of K. phaffii as a platform to produce several products of economic interest such as biopharmaceuticals, renewable chemicals, fuels, biomaterials, and food/feed products. Finally, we present synthetic biology approaches currently used for strain engineering, aiming at the production of new bioproducts...
June 6, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921396/biological-control-of-root-rot-of-strawberry-by-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-strains-cms5-and-cmr12
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ruixian Yang, Ping Liu, Wenyu Ye, Yuquan Chen, Daowei Wei, Cuicui Qiao, Bingyi Zhou, Jingyao Xiao
Strawberry root rot caused by Fusarium solani is one of the main diseases of strawberries and significantly impacts the yield and quality of strawberry fruit. Biological control is becoming an alternative method for the control of plant diseases to replace or decrease the application of traditional chemical fungicides. To obtain antagonistic bacteria with a high biocontrol effect on strawberry root rot, over 72 rhizosphere bacteria were isolated from the strawberry rhizosphere soil and screened for their antifungal activity against F...
June 6, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921395/the-card9-gene-in-koalas-phascolarctos-cinereus-does-it-play-a-role-in-the-cryptococcus-koala-interaction
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hannah P Newton, Damien P Higgins, Andrea Casteriano, Belinda R Wright, Mark B Krockenberger, Luisa H M Miranda
Cryptococcus is a genus of fungal pathogens that can infect and cause disease in a range of host species and is particularly prominent in koalas ( Phascolarctos cinerus ). Like other host species, koalas display a range of outcomes upon exposure to environmental Cryptococcus, from external nasal colonization to asymptomatic invasive infection and, in rare cases, severe clinical disease resulting in death. Host factors contributing to these varied outcomes are poorly understood. Due to their close relationship with eucalypt trees (a key environmental niche for Cryptococcus gattii ) and suspected continual exposure to the pathogen, koalas provide a unique opportunity to examine host susceptibility in natural infections...
June 6, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921394/current-perspectives-of-antifungal-therapy-a-special-focus-on-candida-auris
#32
REVIEW
Arumugam Ganeshkumar, Manickam Muthuselvam, Patricia Michelle Nagai de Lima, Rajendren Rajaram, Juliana Campos Junqueira
Candida auris is an emerging Candida sp. that has rapidly spread all over the world. The evidence regarding its origin and emerging resistance is still unclear. The severe infection caused by this species results in significant mortality and morbidity among the elderly and immunocompromised individuals. The development of drug resistance is the major factor associated with the therapeutic failure of existing antifungal agents. Previous studies have addressed the antifungal resistance profile and drug discovery for C...
June 6, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921393/a-multiomics-perspective-on-plant-cell-wall-degrading-enzyme-production-insights-from-the-unexploited-fungus-trichoderma-erinaceum
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michelle A de Assis, Jovanderson J B da Silva, Lucas M de Carvalho, Lucas S Parreiras, João Paulo L F Cairo, Marina P Marone, Thiago A Gonçalves, Desireé S Silva, Miriam Dantzger, Fernanda L de Figueiredo, Marcelo F Carazzolle, Gonçalo A G Pereira, André Damasio
Trichoderma erinaceum is a filamentous fungus that was isolated from decaying sugarcane straw at a Brazilian ethanol biorefinery. This fungus shows potential as a source of plant cell wall-degrading enzymes (PCWDEs). In this study, we conducted a comprehensive multiomics investigation of T. erinaceum to gain insights into its enzymatic capabilities and genetic makeup. Firstly, we performed genome sequencing and assembly, which resulted in the identification of 10,942 genes in the T. erinaceum genome. We then conducted transcriptomics and secretome analyses to map the gene expression patterns and identify the enzymes produced by T...
June 5, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921392/differential-carbon-catabolite-repression-and-hemicellulolytic-ability-among-pathotypes-of-colletotrichum-lindemuthianum-against-natural-plant-substrates
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Karla Morelia Díaz-Tapia, María Guadalupe Zavala-Páramo, Maria Guadalupe Villa-Rivera, Ma Irene Morelos-Martínez, Everardo López-Romero, June Simpson, Jeni Bolaños-Rebolledo, Horacio Cano-Camacho
Colletotrichum lindemuthianum is a phytopathogenic fungus that causes anthracnose in common beans ( Phaseolus vulgaris ) and presents a great diversity of pathotypes with different levels of virulence against bean varieties worldwide. The purpose of this study was to establish whether pathotypic diversity is associated with differences in the mycelial growth and secretion of plant-cell-wall-degrading enzymes (PCWDEs). We evaluated growth, hemicellulase and cellulase activity, and PCWDE secretion in four pathotypes of C...
June 5, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921391/-pythium-banihashemianum-sp-nov-and-globisporangium-izadpanahii-sp-nov-two-new-oomycete-species-from-rice-paddies-in-iran
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fatemeh Salmaninezhad, Reza Mostowfizadeh-Ghalamfarsa, Santa Olga Cacciola
An investigation into oomycete diversity in rice paddies of Fars Province in Iran led to the identification of two new Pythium sensu lato ( s.l. ) species as Globisporangium izadpanahii sp. nov. and Pythium banihashemianum sp. nov. The identification was based on morphological and physiological features as well as on the phylogenetic analysis of nuclear (ITS and βtub ) and mitochondrial ( cox 1 and cox 2) loci using Bayesian inference and Maximum Likelihood. The present paper formally describes these two new species and defines their phylogenetic relationships with other congeneric species...
June 5, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921390/eleven-new-species-of-the-genus-tarzetta-tarzettaceae-pezizales-from-mexico
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marcos Sánchez-Flores, Jesús García-Jiménez, Tania Raymundo, César R Martínez-González, Juan F Hernández-Del Valle, Marco A Hernández-Muñoz, Javier I de la Fuente, Martín Esqueda, Alejandrina Ávila Ortiz, Ricardo Valenzuela
The genus Tarzetta is distributed mainly in temperate forests and establishes ectomycorrhizal associations with angiosperms and gymnosperms. Studies on this genus are scarce in México. A visual, morphological, and molecular (ITS-LSU) description of T. americupularis , T. cupressicola , T. davidii , T. durangensis , T. mesophila , T. mexicana , T. miquihuanensis , T. poblana , T. pseudobronca , T. texcocana , and T. victoriana was carried out in this work, associated with Abies , Quercus , and Pinus . The results of SEM showed an ornamented ascospores formation by Mexican Taxa; furthermore, the results showed that T...
June 4, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921389/changes-in-the-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungal-community-in-the-roots-of-eucalyptus-grandis-plantations-at-different-ages-in-southern-jiangxi-china
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yao Jiang, Xiao-Yong Mo, Li-Ting Liu, Guo-Zhen Lai, Guo-Wei Qiu
Eucalyptus roots form symbiotic relationships with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in soil to enhance adaptation in challenging environments. However, the evolution of the AM fungal community along a chronosequence of eucalypt plantations and its relationship with soil properties remain unclear. In this study, we evaluated the tree growth, soil properties, and root AM fungal colonization of Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maiden plantations at different ages, identified the AM fungal community composition by high-throughput sequencing, and developed a structural equation model among trees, soil, and AM fungi...
June 4, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921388/inhibitory-effect-and-mechanism-of-carvacrol-against-black-mold-disease-agent-alternaria-alternata-in-goji-berries
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Junjie Wang, Yueli Zhou, Peng Wang, Lunaike Zhao, Huaiyu Zhang, Huan Qu, Fei Xu
Alternaria alternata , as a main decay fungus of goji berry, can produce mycotoxins such as alternariol (AOH), alternariol monomethyl ether (AME), and tenuazonic acid (TeA). Carvacrol (CVR) has exhibited a broad-spectrum antifungal activity in vitro. We assumed that CVR can also be applied to control Alternaria rot on goji berries and mycotoxins produced by the pathogens. To investigate whether CVR impacts the accumulation of mycotoxins and cell membrane damage of A. alternata , the antifungal activity of CVR on the fungal growth and mycotoxin production was evaluated in this study...
June 3, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921387/contrasting-performance-of-two-winter-wheat-varieties-susceptible-to-leaf-rust-under-diverse-pathogen-pressure-fungicide-application-and-cultivation-practices
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Radivoje Jevtić, Vesna Župunski, Dragan Živančev, Emilija Arsov, Sasa Mitrev, Ljupco Mihajlov, Branka Orbović
This study investigated the relationship between yield, thousand kernel weight (TKW), and crude protein of soft white winter wheat-club variety (Barbee) and soft white winter wheat common variety (Zvezdana) susceptible to leaf rust and powdery mildew under different cultivation practices. Results revealed divergence in associations between yield, TKW, and crude protein loss of winter wheat varieties susceptible to obligate pathogens. Under the same level of leaf rust infection, N-input limited yield loss of the two varieties but not to the same extent...
June 2, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38921386/histoplasmosis-in-non-hiv-infected-patients-another-neglected-infection-in-french-guiana
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Houari Aissaoui, Morgane Bourne-Watrin, Benoit Lemarie, Genevieve Guillot, Alolia Aboikoni, Piseth Chhorn, Dana Gaudard, Ghazi Hadj-Amara, Ricardo Manasse, Mahamado Ouedraogo, Charles Salloum, Magalie Demar, Loïc Epelboin, Hatem Kallel, Antoine Adenis, Mathieu Nacher, Kinan Drak Alsibai, Dominique Louvel
(1) Background: Only a few studies on histoplasmosis in immunocompetent patients have been reported in French Guiana. Therefore, we conducted a detailed clinical description of hospitalized patients suffering with histoplasmosis among non-HIV patients. (2) Methods: This is a single-center, retrospective study conducted at Cayenne Hospital Center between 2008 and 2022. (3) Results: Our cohort was composed of 31 (91%) adults (>18 years of age) and 3 (9%) children, with a sex ratio, M:F, of 1:2. The median age was higher among the women than among the men (70 versus 54 years)...
June 1, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
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