journal
Journals Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switz...

Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786721/once-upon-a-time-there-was-a-piece-of-wood-present-knowledge-and-future-perspectives-in-fungal-deterioration-of-wooden-cultural-heritage-in-terrestrial-ecosystems-and-diagnostic-tools
#1
REVIEW
Daniela Isola, Hyun-Ju Lee, Yong-Jae Chung, Laura Zucconi, Claudia Pelosi
Wooden Cultural Heritage (WCH) represents a significant portion of the world's historical and artistic heritage, consisting of immovable and movable artefacts. Despite the expertise developed since ancient times to enhance its durability, wooden artefacts are inevitably prone to degradation. Fungi play a pivotal role in the deterioration of WCH in terrestrial ecosystems, accelerating its decay and leading to alterations in color and strength. Reviewing the literature of the last 25 years, we aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of fungal diversity affecting WCH, the biochemical processes involved in wood decay, and the diagnostic tools available for fungal identification and damage evaluation...
May 20, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786720/the-discovery-of-acremochlorins-o-r-from-an-acremonium-sp-through-integrated-genomic-and-molecular-networking
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ge Cui, Luning Zhou, Hanwei Liu, Xuan Qian, Pengfei Yang, Leisha Cui, Pianpian Wang, Dehai Li, Jaclyn M Winter, Guangwei Wu
The fermentation of a soil-derived fungus Acremonium sp. led to the isolation of thirteen ascochlorin congeners through integrated genomic and Global Natural Product Social (GNPS) molecular networking. Among the isolated compounds, we identified two unusual bicyclic types, acremochlorins O ( 1 ) and P ( 2 ), as well as two linear types, acremochlorin Q ( 3 ) and R ( 4 ). Compounds 1 and 2 contain an unusual benzopyran moiety and are diastereoisomers of each other, the first reported for the ascochlorins. Additionally, we elucidated the structure of 5 , a 4-chloro-5-methylbenzene-1,3-diol with a linear farnesyl side chain, and confirmed the presence of eight known ascochlorin analogs ( 6 - 13 )...
May 20, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786719/development-of-a-combat-relevant-murine-model-of-wound-mucormycosis-a-platform-for-the-pre-clinical-investigation-of-novel-therapeutics-for-wound-invasive-fungal-diseases
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rex J R Samdavid Thanapaul, Yonas A Alamneh, Daniel K Finnegan, Vlado Antonic, Rania Abu-Taleb, Christine Czintos, Dylan Boone, Wanwen Su, Venkatasivasai S Sajja, Derese Getnet, Ashleigh Roberds, Thomas J Walsh, Alexander G Bobrov
Wound-invasive fungal diseases (WIFDs), especially mucormycosis, have emerged as life-threatening infections during recent military combat operations. Many combat-relevant fungal pathogens are refractory to current antifungal therapy. Therefore, animal models of WIFDs are urgently needed to investigate new therapeutic solutions. Our study establishes combat-relevant murine models of wound mucormycosis using Rhizopus arrhizus and Lichtheimia corymbifera , two Mucorales species that cause wound mucormycosis worldwide...
May 20, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786718/-coniocybe-ach-revisited
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stella G Temu, Sanja Tibell, Donatha D Tibuhwa, Leif Tibell
Calicioids form a research field that has encompassed ascomycetous fungi with stalked ascomata similar to those of the lichen genus Calicium . Early generic circumscriptions of calicioid lichens and fungi were mainly based on morphological and secondary chemistry information. After the introduction of molecular data, taxonomy in the group has been reconsidered. Here, based on a broad geographical sampling, Coniocybe Ach. was revised using molecular and morphological features. Three loci (ITS, LSU and rpb1 ) were compared to infer its phylogenetic position, and a total of 52 new sequences (14 ITS, 24 LSU and 14 rpb1 ) were produced...
May 20, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786717/a-mini-review-of-in-vitro-data-for-candida-species-including-c-auris-isolated-during-clinical-trials-of-three-new-antifungals-fosmanogepix-ibrexafungerp-and-rezafungin
#5
REVIEW
Ana Espinel-Ingroff, Nathan P Wiederhold
This mini-review summarizes the clinical outcomes and antifungal susceptibility results, where available, for three new antifungals, including fosmanogepix, ibrexafungerp, and rezafungin, against Candida isolates cultured from patients in clinical trials. When reported, most of the data were generated by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) broth microdilution method or by both the CLSI and European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) methodologies. For fosmanogepix, we summarize the in vitro data for C...
May 20, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786716/influence-of-zinc-on-histoplasma-capsulatum-planktonic-and-biofilm-cells
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ana Carolina Moreira da Silva Pires, Angélica Romão Carvalho, Carolina Orlando Vaso, Maria José Soares Mendes-Giannini, Junya de Lacorte Singulani, Ana Marisa Fusco-Almeida
Histoplasma capsulatum causes a fungal respiratory disease. Some studies suggest that the fungus requires zinc to consolidate the infection. This study aimed to investigate the influence of zinc and the metal chelator TPEN on the growth of Histoplasma in planktonic and biofilm forms. The results showed that zinc increased the metabolic activity, cell density, and cell viability of planktonic growth. Similarly, there was an increase in biofilm metabolic activity but no increase in biomass or extracellular matrix production...
May 20, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786715/transcriptome-analysis-reveals-potential-regulators-of-dmi-fungicide-resistance-in-the-citrus-postharvest-pathogen-penicillium-digitatum
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yue Xi, Jing Zhang, Botao Fan, Miaomiao Sun, Wenqian Cao, Xiaotian Liu, Yunpeng Gai, Chenjia Shen, Huizhong Wang, Mingshuang Wang
Green mold, caused by Penicillium digitatum , is the major cause of citrus postharvest decay. Currently, the application of sterol demethylation inhibitor (DMI) fungicide is one of the main control measures to prevent green mold. However, the fungicide-resistance problem in the pathogen P. digitatum is growing. The regulatory mechanism of DMI fungicide resistance in P. digitatum is poorly understood. Here, we first performed transcriptomic analysis of the P. digitatum strain Pdw03 treated with imazalil (IMZ) for 2 and 12 h...
May 18, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786714/effectiveness-of-several-gras-salts-against-fungal-rot-of-fruit-after-harvest-and-assessment-of-the-phytotoxicity-of-sodium-metabisufite-in-treated-fruit
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohamed Bechir Allagui, Mouna Ben Amara
This study evaluates the efficacy of the salts sodium metabisulfite (SMB), ammonium bicarbonate, sodium bicarbonate, and potassium dihydrogen orthophosphate first in vitro against the main postharvest fruit rot fungi, Alternaria alternata , Botrytis cinerea , Penicillium italicum , and Penicillium digitatum . Results showed that 0.2% SMB completely inhibited the mycelium growth of the fungal species. Ammonium bicarbonate and sodium bicarbonate were less effective at 0.2% in inhibiting mycelial growth, ranging from 57...
May 17, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786713/bio-priming-with-bacillus-isolates-suppresses-seed-infection-and-improves-the-germination-of-garden-peas-in-the-presence-of-fusarium-strains
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dragana Miljaković, Jelena Marinković, Gordana Tamindžić, Dragana Milošević, Maja Ignjatov, Vasiljka Karačić, Snežana Jakšić
Seed infection caused by Fusarium spp. is one of the major threats to the seed quality and yield of agricultural crops, including garden peas. The use of Bacillus spp. with multiple antagonistic and plant growth-promoting (PGP) abilities represents a potential disease control strategy. This study was performed to evaluate the biocontrol potential of new Bacillus spp. rhizosphere isolates against two Fusarium strains affecting garden peas. Six Bacillus isolates identified by 16S rDNA sequencing as B. velezensis (B42), B...
May 17, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786712/comprehensive-review-of-tinea-capitis-in-adults-epidemiology-risk-factors-clinical-presentations-and-management
#10
REVIEW
Rachel C Hill, Jeremy A W Gold, Shari R Lipner
Tinea capitis is a fungal infection of the scalp and hair caused by dermatophyte molds, that most often affects children and may also affect adults. Previous estimates suggest that between 3% and 11% of all tinea capitis cases worldwide occur in adults, although updated epidemiological studies are needed to reassess the prevalence of tinea capitis in adult populations specifically. Postmenopausal adult women are most often affected by tinea capitis, with African American or Black women particularly at risk...
May 16, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786711/evaluation-of-cordyceps-sinensis-quality-in-15-production-areas-using-metabolomics-and-the-membership-function-method
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tao Wang, Chuyu Tang, Hui He, Zhengfei Cao, Mengjun Xiao, Min He, Jianzhao Qi, Yuling Li, Xiuzhang Li
Cordyceps sinensis is a precious medicinal and edible fungus, which is widely used in body health care and disease prevention. The current research focuses on the comparison of metabolite characteristics between a small number of samples and lacks a comprehensive evaluation of the quality of C. sinensis in a large-scale space. In this study, LC-MS/MS, principal component analysis (PCA), hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA), and the membership function method were used to comprehensively evaluate the characteristics and quality of metabolites in 15 main producing areas of C...
May 16, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786710/development-of-highly-efficient-universal-pneumocystis-primers-and-their-application-in-investigating-the-prevalence-and-genetic-diversity-of-pneumocystis-in-wild-hares-and-rabbits
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Liang Ma, Isabella Lin, Summer T Hunter, Barbara Blasi, Patrizia Danesi, Christiane Weissenbacher-Lang, Ousmane H Cisse, Jamie L Rothenburger, Joseph A Kovacs
Despite its ubiquitous infectivity to mammals with strong host specificity, our current knowledge about Pneumocystis has originated from studies of merely 4% of extant mammalian species. Further studies of Pneumocystis epidemiology across a broader range of animal species require the use of assays with high sensitivity and specificity. To this end, we have developed multiple universal Pneumocystis primers targeting different genetic loci with high amplification efficiency. Application of these primers to PCR investigation of Pneumocystis in free-living hares ( Lepus townsendii , n = 130) and rabbits ( Oryctolagus cuniculus , n = 8) in Canada revealed a prevalence of 81% (105/130) and 25% (2/8), respectively...
May 15, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786709/changes-in-black-truffle-tuber-melanosporum-aroma-during-storage-under-different-conditions
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ruben Epping, Jan Lisec, Matthias Koch
The enticing aroma of truffles is a key factor for their culinary value. Although all truffle species tend to be pricy, the most intensely aromatic species are the most sought after. Research into the aroma of truffles encompasses various disciplines including chemistry, biology, and sensory science. This study focusses on the chemical composition of the aroma of black truffles ( Tuber melanosporum ) and the changes occurring under different storage conditions. For this, truffle samples were stored under different treatments, at different temperatures, and measured over a total storage time of 12 days...
May 15, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786708/mapping-the-burden-of-fungal-diseases-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fatima Al Dhaheri, Jens Thomsen, Dean Everett, David W Denning
The United Arab Emirates has very little data on the incidence or prevalence of fungal diseases. Using total and underlying disease risk populations and likely affected proportions, we have modelled the burden of fungal disease for the first time. The most prevalent serious fungal conditions are recurrent vulvovaginitis (~190,000 affected) and fungal asthma (~34,000 affected). Given the UAE's low prevalence of HIV, we estimate an at-risk population of 204 with respect to serious fungal infections with cryptococcal meningitis estimated at 2 cases annually, 15 cases of Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) annually, and 20 cases of esophageal candidiasis in the HIV population...
May 15, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786707/genome-characteristics-of-the-endophytic-fungus-talaromyces-sp-dc2-isolated-from-catharanthus-roseus-l-g-don
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nguyen Duc Quan, Ngoc-Lan Nguyen, Tran Thi Huong Giang, Nguyen Thi Thanh Ngan, Nguyen Thanh Hien, Nguyen Van Tung, Nguyen Hoang Thanh Trang, Nguyen Thi Kim Lien, Huy Hoang Nguyen
Talaromyces sp. DC2 is an endophytic fungus that was isolated from the stem of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don in Hanoi, Vietnam and is capable of producing vinca alkaloids. This study utilizes the PacBio Sequel technology to completely sequence the whole genome of Talaromyces sp. DC2The genome study revealed that DC2 contains a total of 34.58 Mb spanned by 156 contigs, with a GC content of 46.5%. The identification and prediction of functional protein-coding genes, tRNA, and rRNA were comprehensively predicted and highly annotated using various BLAST databases, including non-redundant (Nr) protein sequence, Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COG), and Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes (CAZy) databases...
May 15, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786706/allochthonous-trichoderma-isolates-boost-atractylodes-lancea-herb-quality-at-the-cost-of-rhizome-growth
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kuo Li, Huaibin Lin, Xiuzhi Guo, Sheng Wang, Hongyang Wang, Tielin Wang, Zheng Peng, Yuefeng Wang, Lanping Guo
Atractylodes lancea is a perennial herb whose rhizome (AR) is a valuable traditional Chinese medicine with immense market demand. The cultivation of Atractylodes lancea faces outbreaks of root rot and deterioration in herb quality due to complex causes. Here, we investigated the effects of Trichoderma spp., well-known biocontrol agents and plant-growth-promoters, on ARs. We isolated Trichoderma strains from healthy ARs collected in different habitats and selected three T . harzianum strains (Th2, Th3 and Th4) with the strongest antagonizing effects on root rot pathogens ( Fusarium spp...
May 14, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786705/genome-mining-of-fungal-unique-trichodiene-synthase-like-sesquiterpene-synthases
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zhanren Cong, Qiang Yin, Kunhong Tian, Njeru Joe Mukoma, Liming Ouyang, Tom Hsiang, Lixin Zhang, Lan Jiang, Xueting Liu
Sesquiterpenoids served as an important source for natural product drug discovery. Although genome mining approaches have revealed numerous novel sesquiterpenoids and biosynthetic enzymes, the comprehensive landscape of fungal sesquiterpene synthases (STSs) remains elusive. In this study, 123 previously reported fungal STSs were subjected to phylogenetic analysis, resulting in the identification of a fungi-specific STS family known as trichodiene synthase-like sesquiterpene synthases (TDTSs). Subsequently, the application of hidden Markov models allowed the discovery of 517 TDTSs from our in-house fungi genome library of over 400 sequenced genomes, and these TDTSs were defined into 79 families based on a sequence similarity network...
May 13, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786704/the-autophagy-related-protein-atg8-orchestrates-asexual-development-and-afb1-biosynthesis-in-aspergillus-flavus
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Qingru Geng, Jixiang Hu, Pingzhi Xu, Tongzheng Sun, Han Qiu, Shan Wang, Fengqin Song, Ling Shen, Yongxin Li, Man Liu, Xue Peng, Jun Tian, Kunlong Yang
Autophagy, a conserved cellular recycling process, plays a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis under stress conditions. It also regulates the development and virulence of numerous filamentous fungi. In this study, we investigated the specific function of ATG8, a reliable autophagic marker, in the opportunistic pathogen Aspergillus flavus . To investigate the role of atg8 in A. flavus , the deletion and complemented mutants of atg8 were generated according to the homologous recombination principle. Deletion of atg8 showed a significant decrease in conidiation, spore germination, and sclerotia formation compared to the WT and atg8C strains...
May 13, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786703/four-new-species-and-a-new-combination-of-boletaceae-boletales-from-subtropical-and-tropical-china
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rou Xue, Lin-Jie Su, Tai-Jie Yu, Chang Xu, Hong-Yan Huang, Nian-Kai Zeng, Guo-Li Zhang, Li-Ping Tang
Previous studies have shown that boletes are abundant and diverse in China, especially in tropical and subtropical regions. In the present study, morphological, ecological, host relationship, and a four-locus (28S, tef1 , rpb1 , and rpb2 ) molecular phylogenetic analyses were used to study the family Boletaceae in subtropical and tropical China. Four new bluing species are described from three genera, viz. Boletellus verruculosus (Chinese name), Xerocomellus tenuis (Chinese name), Xer. brunneus (Chinese name), and Xerocomus zhangii (Chinese name)...
May 13, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38786702/sequential-induction-of-drug-resistance-and-characterization-of-an-initial-candida-albicans-drug-sensitive-isolate
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Setrida El Hachem, Nour Fattouh, Christy Chedraoui, Marc Finianos, Ibrahim Bitar, Roy A Khalaf
BACKGROUND: The pathogenic fungus Candida albicans is a leading agent of death in immunocompromised individuals with a growing trend of antifungal resistance. METHODS: The purpose is to induce resistance to drugs in a sensitive C. albicans strain followed by whole-genome sequencing to determine mechanisms of resistance. Strains will be assayed for pathogenicity attributes such as ergosterol and chitin content, growth rate, virulence, and biofilm formation. RESULTS: We observed sequential increases in ergosterol and chitin content in fluconazole-resistant isolates by 78% and 44%...
May 13, 2024: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
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