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BMJ Quality Improvement Reports

Reshmee Doolub
Medicines reconciliation is integral to patient safety, symptom control and reducing patient anxiety. During a 3-month period on the respiratory ward at St. Peter's Hospital, 54% of drug charts were not reconciled with pre-admission medicines at the point of discharge for admissions up to 17 days. Only 18% were reconciled within 24 hours of admission. 50% of drug charts were missing 0-2 pre-admission medicines and 50% were missing 3-5 pre-admission medicines. The most common medicines that were not reconciled included topical applications which included eye, ear, nasal and skin applications (14%); vitamins i...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
James Olivier, Michael Stoddart, Katie Miller, Robbie McLintock, Mark Dahill
The assessment of post-operative patients is vital to identify early complications and ensure patient safety. Good clinical record keeping is essential for effective continuity of care and patient safety in the post-operative period. A group of foundation year 2 (FY2) doctors noted a disparity in levels of confidence and ability in performing this assessment. The aim of the project was to improve documentation and understanding of day one lower limb arthroplasty reviews by FY2 doctors. The Plan-Do-Study-Act model for continuous improvement was adopted from September 2015 to July 2016...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Cindy J Flores, Farah Sethna, Ben Stephens, Ben Saxon, Frank S Hong, Trish Roberts, Tracey Spigiel, Maria Burgess, Belinda Connors, Philip Crispin
Iron deficiency and anaemia are common in pregnancy. Audit data from our tertiary obstetrics unit demonstrated 22% of maternity patients experiencing a postpartum haemorrhage received a transfusion; a third of whom were anaemic on admission intrapartum. Australian Patient Blood Management (PBM) Module 5 Obstetrics guidelines focuses on maximising red cell mass at the time of delivery and reducing the reliance on transfusion as a salvage therapy to treat blood loss. A clinical practice improvement partnership began in February 2015 and completed in April 2016; which aimed to implement systems to improve antenatal identification and management of iron deficiency, and improve postpartum anaemia management...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Victoria Barbour, Shobhan Thakore
Stroke thrombolysis is an important treatment in the management of acute strokes. Its' effectiveness is reliant on prompt administration after stroke onset. Disability free survival at 3-6 months increases by 10% when administered within 3 hours. There is also an economic benefit from early administration with reduced institutional care. New Scottish care standards have been introduced which suggest a target that 50% of suitable patients should receive thrombolysis within 30 minutes, and 80% within one hour 6...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Milfi Al-Onazi, Ahmed Al Hajri, Angela Caswell, Maria Leizl Hugo Villanueva, Zuhair Mohammed, Vania Esteves, Faith Vabasa, Khaled Al-Surimi
Prolonged waiting times and length of stay in Pediatric Emergency Department, are the two of the most challenging patient and clinical outcomes of healthcare institution. These emerged due to various reasons, namely: the use of triaging process and patient flow criteria that eventually lead to bottlenecks and overcrowding in the ED. After realizing the root causes of the prolonged waiting times and length of stay, the KASCH ED instigated a team to study the factors and thereby arrive at a considerable conclusion that will result in an improvement...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Paul Baker, Beverley Tytler, Angela Artley, Khalid Hamid, Rajat Paul, William Eardley
Patient experience is central to the delivery of excellent healthcare. As such it is enshrined within the 2015 NHS outcomes framework, a set of indicators against which quality in healthcare is measured. A variety of tools are available to quantify patient experience across clinical settings. When combined with a framework for continued data collection and suitable mechanisms for analysis, feedback, and intervention, these tools allow improvements in patient care and clinical services to be realised. In response to an increasing number of patient complaints and friends and family scores below the trust average within our orthopaedic department we instituted an improvement programme in March 2015...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Clemency Nye, Suzanna Lake
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common but preventable event in secondary care. It is known to be associated with poorer outcomes for the patient's future health. Patients therefore require specific after-care in the community following an AKI, both in the short and long term. However, information about an inpatient AKI is often not communicated to primary care at discharge. Only 11.0% of discharge summaries contained full information about an AKI (including stage of AKI, changes to medications and follow-up required) in August 2015...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Lynn Sinitsky, Joe Brierley
Between January and October 2014, Great Ormond Street Hospital Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) was spending an average £23,392 on blood tests per month. Blood tests should be requested based on previous results and the patient's clinical condition, medication and nutritional status. However, more blood tests were being ordered than clinically indicated: an audit in October 2014 showed liver function tests (LFTs) were requested daily on most patients, even with previous normal results. A driver diagram identified three primary drivers for blood test requesting: decision-making, situational awareness and computer-based ordering...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Liliana Risi, Juliette Brown, Paul Sugarhood, Babalal Depala, Abi Olowosoyo, Cynthia Tomu, Lorena Gonzalez, Maloles Munoz-Cobo, Oladimeji Adekunle, Okumu Ogwal, Eirlys Evans, Amar Shah
Cost effective care requires comprehensive person-centred formulation of solutions. The East London NHS Foundation Trust Community Health Services in Newham have piloted models of Integrated Care called 'Virtual Wards' which aim to keep people living with multiple long-term conditions, well at home by minimising system complexity. These Virtual Wards comprise Interdisciplinary Teams (IDTs) with a General Practitioner (GP) seconded to provide leadership. Historically assessments have been dominated by biomedical approaches with disability emphasised over personal aspirations and ability...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Tumseela Masoud, Amar Shah, Shameem Joomun, Amar Shah
The Chronic Fatigue Service at East London NHS Foundation Trust recognised and coalesced around its major issue of engaging its service users. Using the systematic approach of quality improvement, and the infrastructure provided within East London NHS FT's quality improvement programme, it tested a number of change ideas which saw a significant reduction in non-attendance at appointments, an increase in patient cancellations when they could not attend, and an increase in positive contacts with the service. All these improvements surpassed the initial aims set within the project, and have been sustained over the course of 18 months...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Afke van de Plas, Mariëlle Slikkerveer, Saskia Hoen, Rick Schrijnemakers, Johanna Driessen, Frank de Vries, Patricia van den Bemt
In this controlled before-after study the effect of improvements, derived from Lean Six Sigma strategy, on parenteral medication administration errors and the potential risk of harm was determined. During baseline measurement, on control versus intervention ward, at least one administration error occurred in 14 (74%) and 6 (46%) administrations with potential risk of harm in 6 (32%) and 1 (8%) administrations. Most administration errors with high potential risk of harm occurred in bolus injections: 8 (57%) versus 2 (67%) bolus injections were injected too fast with a potential risk of harm in 6 (43%) and 1 (33%) bolus injections on control and intervention ward...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Leonard Ebah, Prasanna Hanumapura, Deryn Waring, Rachael Challiner, Katharine Hayden, Jill Alexander, Robert Henney, Rachel Royston, Cassian Butterworth, Marc Vincent, Susan Heatley, Ged Terriere, Robert Pearson, Alastair Hutchison
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is now widely recognised as a serious health care issue, occurring in up to 25% of hospital in-patients, often with worsening of outcomes. There have been several reports of substandard care in AKI. This quality improvement (QI) programme aimed to improve AKI care and outcomes in a large teaching hospital. Areas of documented poor AKI care were identified and specific improvement activities implemented through sequential Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycles. An electronic alert system (e-alert) for AKI was developed, a Priority Care Checklist (PCC) was tested with the aid of specialist nurses whilst targeted education activities were carried out and data on care processes and outcomes monitored...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Syed Anjum Gardezi, Clare Tibbatts
Colonoscopy is a key investigation used to exclude large bowel pathologies including surveillance for CRC (Colorectal cancer) Poor bowel preparation (bowel prep) is one of the most important factors affecting its diagnostic yield. Different formulations of bowel prep are currently in use depending upon patient tolerance, indication & co-morbidities. In University Hospital Llandough we retrospectively reviewed the outcome of colonoscopies performed over period of 3 months, in relation to the type and outcome of bowel preparations used...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Judith R Harrison
Dementia is a common condition, and people with dementia occupy around 25% of hospital beds. Commissioning for Quality and Innovation (CQUIN) is an NHS payment framework that links part of English healthcare providers' income to quality improvement. The dementia CQUIN goals are designed to encourage the recognition of dementia in hospital. The Royal Surrey County Hospital, Guildford, introduced new procedures to meet the dementia CQUIN targets. Adherence to the changes was a problem. This project aimed to improve hospital's implementation strategy...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Alysha Bhatti, Javier Ash, Shyam Gokani, Suveer Singh
Dehydration is a growing problem among elderly patients in hospital wards. Incidents such as those raised in the Francis Report highlight a problem that may not have been sufficiently addressed by current schemes. This improvement project aimed to identify the barriers faced by staff in improving oral hydration and to design and implement an effective solution. A 33 patient pilot study carried out at Chelsea & Westminster Hospital NHS Trust, United Kingdom, revealed that a significant proportion of patients were reported to be dehydrated on admission, with few having their hydration needs addressed...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Nazia Imambaccus, Samuel Glace, Rory Heath
Electronic prescribing is a form of paperless prescribing that is reported to reduce prescription mistakes and increases the cost effectiveness of the process. In England, around 1.5 million prescriptions are generated in general practice daily. Thus by reducing costs and increasing efficiency of this system through electronic prescribing, costs can be driven down. In this Quality Improvement project, a GP practice in London with approximately 3000 patients on record was assessed for its electronic prescribing rates throughout 3 intervention cycles over a period of 2 months...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
David S Spar, Wayne A Mays, David S Cooper, Lucille Sullivan, Terra Hicks, Jeffrey B Anderson
Electrocardiograms (ECGs) are performed to determine an individual's cardiac rhythm. Approximately 25,000 ECGs are performed yearly throughout our hospital system. Historically only 68% of all ECGs were performed with the proper order linked to the electronic ECG reading system (MUSE). Failure to link the orders to the electronic reading system leads to problems in patient safety, reporting and hospital revenue. Our aim was to increase the percentage of linked ECG orders in MUSE compared to total ECGs performed from 68% to 95%...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
John Matulis, Stephen Liu, John Mecchella, Frederick North, Alison Holmes
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center is a rural, academic medical center in the northeastern United States; its General Internal Medicine (GIM) division performs about 900 low and intermediate surgical risk preoperative evaluations annually. Routine preoperative testing in these evaluations is widely considered a low-value service. Our baseline data sample showed unnecessary testing rates of approximately 36%. A multi-disciplinary team used a micro-systems approach to analyze the existing process and formulate a rapid cycle improvement strategy...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Ryan Andres, Elan Hahn, Steffen de Kok, Rafi Setrak, Jeffrey Doyle, Allison Brown
The Niagara Health System (NHS) in Ontario, Canada is comprised of three non-designated trauma center (NTC) hospitals which provide primary care to approximately 100 trauma patients annually. NTCs often lack standardized resources such as trauma surgeons, trauma-trained emergency room physicians, Advanced Trauma Life Support certified staff, trauma protocols, and other resources commonly found at designated trauma centers. Studies indicate that these differences contribute to poorer outcomes for trauma patients treated at community hospitals in Ontario, including the NTC hospitals of the NHS...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Brendan A McGrath, James Lynch, Barbarella Bonvento, Sarah Wallace, Val Poole, Ann Farrell, Cristina Diaz, Sadie Khwaja, David W Roberson
Tracheostomies are predominantly used in Head & Neck Surgery and the critically ill. The needs of these complex patients frequently cross traditional speciality working boundaries and locations and any resulting airway problems can rapidly lead to significant harm. The Global Tracheostomy Collaborative (GTC) was formed in 2012 with the aim of bringing together international expertise in tracheostomy care in order to bring about rapid adoption of best practices and to improve the quality and safety of care to this vulnerable group...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
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