journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873691/the-covalent-immobilization-of-%C3%AE-galactosidase-from-aspergillus-oryzae-and-alkaline-protease-from-bacillus-licheniformis-on-amino-functionalized-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-in-milk
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alan Yaseen Taher, Mohammad Alizadeh, Yakup Aslan
This study aimed was to covalently immobilize β-galactosidase from Aspergillus oryzae and protease from Bacillus licheniformis on amino-functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes. In this study, a two-level factorial design was employed to investigate the impact of seven continuous variables (activation pH, glutaraldehyde molarity, activation time (0-8 h), buffer solution pH (8-0), buffer solution molarity, MWCNT-NH 2 -glutaraldehyde quantity, and stabilization time (0-180 h)) on the immobilization efficiency and enzymatic activity of protease and β-galactosidase ...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873690/comparison-of-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-alone-and-dexmedetomidine-chloral-hydrate-combination-sedation-for-electroencephalography-in-children-a-large-retrospective-cohort-study-and-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Liang Wang, Hezhi Wang, Wen Tang, Linlin Tang, Ying Xu, Ling Xiong
AIM: To compare the safety and efficacy of intranasal high-dose dexmedetomidine (DEX) versus a combination of intranasal low-dose dexmedetomidine and oral chloral hydrate (DEX-CH) sedation during electroencephalography (EEG) in children. METHODS: Unadjusted analysis, 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM), and inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) were used to compare the sedation success rate, adverse effects, onset time, and recovery time of these two sedation methods for 6967 children who underwent EEG...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873689/health-related-quality-of-life-among-moroccan-women-after-vaginal-birth-and-cesarean-section-cross-sectional-study
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amal Boutib, Samia Chergaoui, Asmaa Azizi, Doha Achak, El Madani Saad, Abderraouf Hilali, Chakib Nejjari, Ibtissam Youlyouz-Marfak, Abdelghafour Marfak
BACKGROUND: During the postpartum period, understanding women's well-being, specifically their Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL), is vital for comprehensive healthcare. OBJECTIVES: Our study aims to explore the HRQoL and its associated factors in Moroccan women after vaginal birth (VB) and cesarean section (CS). STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study we assessed the HRQoL and its associated factors among Moroccan women who gave birth at the provincial hospital center of Settat...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873688/optimization-method-for-capacity-configuration-and-power-allocation-of-electrolyzer-array-in-off-grid-integrated-energy-system
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaoou Liu
Hydrogen production using renewable energy is in line with China's the goal of carbon peak and carbon neutrality. The construction of off-grid hydrogen energy industrial park can effectively achieve local utilization of renewable energy and develop the green hydrogen industry. However, off-grid hydrogen energy industrial park has not the compensation and sustentation from large power grid, the stable operation and economic production of electrolyzer are affected by significant factors, such as power fluctuation and frequent start stop...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873687/the-impact-of-magnesium-on-shivering-incidence-in-cardiac-surgery-patients-a-systematic-review
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Haiyang Ding, Chuanguang Wang, Hamzeh Ghorbani, Sufang Yang, Harutyun Stepanyan, Guodao Zhang, Nan Zhou, Wu Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This scientific review involves a sequential analysis of randomized trial research focused on the incidence of shivering in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The study conducted a comprehensive search of different databases, up to the end of 2020. Only randomized trials comparing magnesium administration with either placebo or no treatment in patients expected to experience shivering were included. The primary objective was to evaluate shivering occurrence, distinguishing between patients receiving general anesthesia and those not...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873686/thermal-responsive-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-based-magnetic-hydrogel-as-a-de-novo-nanomedicine-for-chemo-hyperthermia-treatment-of-cancerous-cells
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Morteza Eskandani, Rana Jahanban-Esfahlan, Mohammad Mehdi Sadughi, Mehdi Jaymand
A novel thermal-responsive β-cyclodextrin-based magnetic hydrogel [β-cyclodextrin- graft -poly( N -isopropylacrylamide)/Fe3 O4 (β-CD- g -PNIPAAm/Fe3 O4 )] was fabricated as a novel nanomedicine for chemo/hyperthermia treatment of cancer cells. Firstly, β-CD was modified by maleic anhydride (MA) followed by copolymerization with NIPAAm monomer and thiol-end capped Fe3 O4 nanoparticles (NPs) in the presence of a crosslinker through acrylamide-thiol polymerization system to afford a magnetic hydrogel...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873685/hsa-mir-342-3p-and-hsa-mir-360-may-be-the-key-molecules-that-promote-periodontitis-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shaobing Yu, Ruxin Wang, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis (PD) has been acknowledged as a complication associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the precise mechanism through which T2DM fosters the development of PD remains elusive. Our objective is to elucidate the connection between these two conditions by conducting bioinformatics analysis. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed miRNA datasets pertaining to T2DM and PD sourced from GEO. Through differential expression analysis, we identified common differentially expressed miRNAs (DE-miRNAs) and subsequently analyzed the functional enrichment of these common DE-miRNAs...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873684/development-and-application-of-an-urban-solar-photovoltaic-opportunity-mapping-tool
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
R McGhee, J A Clarke, K Svehla
A Geospatial Opportunity Mapping (GOMap) tool was created to identify policy unconstrained land in urban cities that is technically feasible for the deployment of solar photovoltaic power stations; and identify buildings with north- or south-facing orientation for the installation of building integrated PV (BIPV). Collaboration with a local Governing authority and a local electricity provider enabled the process to elicit comprehensive policy and technical aspect information respectively that would impact the site selection process...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873683/a-comprehensive-evaluation-of-linear-and-non-linear-hrv-parameters-between-paced-breathing-and-stressful-mental-state
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kulbhushan Chand, Shilpa Chandra, Varun Dutt
BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV) is a crucial metric that provides valuable insight into the balance between relaxation and stress. Previous research has shown that most HRV parameters improve during periods of mental relaxation, while decreasing during tasks involving cognitive workload. Although a comprehensive analysis of both linear and non-linear HRV parameters has been carried out in existing literature, there still exists a need for further research in this area. Additionally, limited knowledge exists regarding how specific interventions may influence the interpretation of these parameters and how the different parameters correlate under different interventions...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873682/assessing-soil-pollution-concerns-in-proximity-to-fence-type-solar-photovoltaic-system-installations
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hasnain Yousuf, Muhammad Aleem Zahid, Polgampola Chamani Madara, Jaljalalul Abedin Jony, Sangheon Park, Jae Chun Song, Junsin Yi
This study conducted in the Kyungpook National University Eco-friendly Agriculture Research Centre between 2022 and 2023 investigates the environmental implications of fence-type solar photovoltaic (PV) systems in diverse agricultural settings. Despite the increasing adoption of solar energy for climate change mitigation, there is a noticeable gap in research regarding the potential environmental impact of these specific PV systems. Focusing on heavy metal concentrations, including Cadmium (Cd), Copper (Cu), Arsenic (As), Mercury (Hg), Lead (Pb), Hexavalent Chromium (Cr+6 ), Zinc (Zn), and Nickel (Ni), across distinct fields, the study reveals significant fluctuations...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873681/analysis-of-the-effect-of-vibrational-stress-relief-process-parameters-on-2024aluminium-alloy
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hamidreza Mohammadhoseini Servak, Mehdi Jafari Vardanjani, Shahrouz Yousefzadeh
In principle, after all manufacturing processes are performed, a set of residual stresses occur in the product that have their particular distribution given the manufacturing process performed. The residual stresses must be removed to achieve the desired dimensional accuracy and quality. Among stress-relieving processes performed for a piece following the manufacturing process, we can refer to thermal and vibratory stress relief (VSR). Both methods perform the same function as they enter a part or all of a piece into the plastic phase, causing a fracture of residual stresses to be released with local plastic deformations...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873680/enhancing-vaccination-strategies-for-epidemic-control-through-effective-lockdown-measures
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abhi Chakraborty, K M Ariful Kabir
Evolutionary epidemiology models have substantially impacted the study of various infections and prevention methods in the biology field. These models are called Susceptible, Lockdown, Vaccinated, Infected, and Recovered (SLVIR) epidemic dynamics. We explore how human behavior, particularly in the context of disease transmission, is influenced by two intervention strategies: vaccination and lockdown, both of which are grounded in the principles of evolutionary game theory (EGT). This comprehensive study using evolutionary game theory delves into the dynamics of epidemics, explicitly focusing on the transition rate from susceptibility to immunity and susceptibility to lockdown measures...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873679/the-influence-of-an-agricultural-intervention-on-social-capital-and-water-insecurity-coping-strategies-qualitative-evidence-from-female-smallholder-farmers-living-with-hiv-in-western-kenya
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Patrick M Owuor, Joshua D Miller, Samanvi S Kanugula, Joohee Yeam, Shalean Collins, Valeria Obure, Titus Arunga, Phelgona Otieno, Beatrice Olack, Lisa M Butler, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Craig R Cohen, Sheri D Weiser, Sera L Young
BACKGROUND: Greater social capital is associated with positive health outcomes and better HIV management. The ways by which social capital may influence household water insecurity (HHWI), a critical determinant of health among persons living with HIV, remain underexplored. Further, despite the importance of reliable water access and use for health and agricultural productivity, few studies have described the strategies smallholder farmers living with HIV use to manage water insecurity...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873678/microwave-assisted-atmospheric-alkaline-leaching-process-and-leaching-kinetics-of-rare-earth-melt-electrolysis-slag
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yusufujiang Mubula, Mingming Yu, Delong Yang, Heyue Niu, Hongju Gu, Tingsheng Qiu, Guangjun Mei
This study focuses on the difficulty of converting fluorinated rare earth elements into hydroxylated rare earth elements in rare earth melt electrolysis slag (RMES) and proposes the use of a microwave-assisted atmospheric alkaline leaching method for the treatment of RMES. The leaching behavior of RMES under microwave-assisted atmospheric alkaline leaching was studied, and the optimal reaction conditions were determined. Under the conditions of a reaction temperature of 150 °C, initial NaOH concentration of 60 %, NaOH-to-slag mass ratio of 4:1, microwave power of 700 W, reaction time of 120 min, and stirring speed of 300 r/min, the conversion rate of fluorinated rare earths reached 99...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873677/emulsification-and-stabilisation-technologies-used-for-the-inclusion-of-lipophilic-functional-ingredients-in-food-systems
#15
REVIEW
Alejandra Henao-Ardila, María Ximena Quintanilla-Carvajal, Fabián Leonardo Moreno
Food industry is increasingly using functional ingredients to improve the food product quality. Lipid-containing functional ingredients are important sources of nutrients. This review examines the current state of emulsification and stabilisation technologies for incorporating lipophilic functional ingredients into food systems. Lipophilic functional ingredients, such as omega-3 fatty acids, carotenoids, and fat-soluble vitamins, offer numerous health benefits but present challenges due to their limited solubility in water-based food matrices...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873676/effect-of-human-heart-valve-derived-ecm-and-np-pcl-electrospun-nanofibrous-sheet-on-mice-bone-marrow-mononuclear-cells-and-cardiac-repair
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yao Chen, Zhanghao Huang, Cheng Ji, Jia-Hai Shi
BACKGROUND: Biomaterials can improve cardiac repair combined with transplantation of bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNCs). In this study, we compared the phenotype and cardiac repair between human heart valve-derived scaffold (hHVS) and natural protein/polycaprolactone (NP/PCL) anchored BMNNCs. METHODS AND RESULTS: BMMNCs were obtained from mice five days following myocardial infarction. Subsequently, BMMNCs were separately cultured on hHVS and PCL. Proliferation and cardiomyogenic differentiation were detected in vitro...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873675/alterations-in-the-fillet-quality-of-myostatin-knockout-red-sea-bream-pagrus-major-preliminary-insights-into-nutritional-compositional-and-textural-properties
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yu Murakami, Masashi Ando, Kenta Kishimoto, Mitsuki Ohama, Yuto Uemura, Reoto Tani, Atsushi Akazawa, Kentaro Matsumiya, Kenji Sato, Masato Kinoshita
Myostatin (MSTN) is a negative regulator of skeletal muscle growth and a popular target for enhancing the productivity of farmed fish. We previously developed an mstn -knockout breed of the aquaculture fish red sea bream ( Pagrus major ) using genome editing technology. However, little is known about the effects of mstn disruption on the fillet quality of red sea bream and other fish species. In this study, we used fillets of mstn -deficient red sea bream to evaluate their compositional and textural changes during refrigeration...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873674/korean-radiographers-awareness-experiences-and-education-needs-in-forensic-medicine-and-forensic-radiology
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kyeonghwan Jeong, Jeongmin Seo, Mihyun Han, Dongkyung Jung
This study assesses the need for education in forensic medicine and forensic radiology among radiographers by investigating the perceptions and experiences of Korean radiographers working in medical institutions. A structured questionnaire was administered to participants, collected, and analyzed. The results showed that despite receiving frequent forensic cases, Korean radiographers face difficulties in taking appropriate measures about forensic radiology due to a lack of awareness and knowledge of its forensic aspects...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873673/the-impact-of-cleaner-energy-sources-advanced-technology-firms-and-economic-expansion-on-ecological-footprints-is-critical-in-sustainable-development
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Meng Lian
The environmental degradation accompanying economic growth, despite the potential mitigating effects of technological advancements and cleaner energy sources. This study examines the critical impact of cleaner energy sources, advanced technology firms, and economic expansion on ecological footprints within the context of sustainable development, focusing on the period between 2010 and 2022. By comparing the E7 (emerging seven) and G7 (Group of Seven) economies, the research aims to delineate how these factors collectively influence environmental sustainability in both developing and developed nations...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873672/using-sherpa-to-predict-human-error-on-the-maritime-sar-helicopter-hoist-task
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chih-Lung Hung, Melody Dzwo-Min Dai
In the realm of air-maritime SAR missions, technical errors are relatively rare compared to human errors due to the multifaceted nature of these missions that standard checklists may not fully encompass. Thus, prioritizing pilot training and implementing a systematic approach are vital to mitigate pilot errors in SAR missions. To mitigate and predict human errors during maritime SAR helicopter hoist tasks, SHERPA methodology is applied in this study. This analysis uncovered a comprehensive total of 54 potential errors, most applicable to countries utilizing rescue aircraft similar to those in Taiwan...
June 15, 2024: Heliyon
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