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Journal of Ultrasonography

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/29844944/anomalous-origin-of-the-right-coronary-artery-from-the-main-pulmonary-artery-treated-surgically-in-a-6-week-old-infant-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Krzysztof Grabowski, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak, Ewa Zacharska-Kokot, Wojciech Mądry, Jacek Pająk
Background: In the present paper, the authors describe a case of a rare congenital defect - anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the main pulmonary artery diagnosed in a 5-week-old infant who was deemed eligible for surgical treatment based solely on echocardiography. Such anatomical abnormalities of the coronary arteries are subtle and thus extremely difficult to visualize, especially in patients in whom permanent extensive damage of the cardiac muscle has not yet occurred...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29844943/bacterial-meningitis-in-neonates-and-infants-the-sonographic-picture
#2
REVIEW
Błażej Littwin, Andrzej Pomiećko, Monika Stępień-Roman, Zeno Spârchez, Wojciech Kosiak
Bacterial meningitis is a major diagnostic and therapeutic problem among children and neonates, with severe, rapidly progressing course and potentially life-threatening complications. Early antibacterial treatment is essential for the patient's favorable prognosis. Cerebral imaging plays an important role in the diagnostic process alongside physical examination and laboratory tests. Magnetic resonance imaging is the gold standard for diagnosing bacterial meningitis. Because of limited availability of magnetic resonance imaging, cranial ultrasound is the first imaging procedure to be performed (if the anterior fontanelle is preserved providing an adequate acoustic window)...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29844942/cesarean-scar-pregnancy-a-new-challenge-for-obstetricians
#3
REVIEW
Piotr Pędraszewski, Edyta Wlaźlak, Wojciech Panek, Grzegorz Surkont
Diagnosis and treatment of ectopic cesarean scar pregnancy has become a challenge for contemporary obstetrics. With an increase in the number of pregnancies concluded with a cesarean section and with the development of transvaginal ultrasonography, the frequency of cesarean scar pregnancy diagnoses has increased as well. The aim of the study is to evaluate various diagnostic methods (ultrasonography in particular) and analyze effective treatment methods for cesarean scar pregnancy. An ultrasound scan, Doppler examination and magnetic resonance imaging are all useful in early detection of asymptomatic cesarean scar pregnancy, thus enabling effective treatment and preservation of fertility...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29844941/current-knowledge-on-the-use-of-ultrasound-measurements-of-fetal-soft-tissues-for-the-assessment-of-pregnancy-development
#4
REVIEW
Aleksandra Warska, Anna Maliszewska, Anna Wnuk, Beata Szyszka, Włodzimierz Sawicki, Krzysztof Cendrowski
Ultrasonography, with its detailed imaging of the fetus, is very widely used in obstetrics. The primary aim of ultrasound scanning in pregnancy is to limit the risk of obstetric complications by early detection of abnormalities, such as intrauterine growth restriction and macrosomia. Currently, morphometric formulae are used for estimating fetal weight. They utilize basic biometric parameters. However, Hadlock formula, used for fetal weight estimation, has an error rate of 20%. For this reason, researchers all over the world have been looking for other sonographic parameters correlating with fetal weight, with a higher predictive value...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29844940/diabetic-foot-syndrome-charcot-arthropathy-or-osteomyelitis-part-i-clinical-picture-and-radiography
#5
REVIEW
Aleksandra Konarzewska, Anna Korzon-Burakowska, Ludomira Rzepecka-Wejs, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Edyta Szurowska, Michał Studniarek
One of significant challenges faced by diabetologists, surgeons and orthopedists who care for patients with diabetic foot syndrome is early diagnosis and differentiation of bone structure abnormalities typical of these patients, i.e. osteitis and Charcot arthropathy. In addition to clinical examination, the patient's medical history and laboratory tests, imaging plays a significant role. The evaluation usually begins with conventional radiographs. In the case of osteomyelitis, radiography shows osteopenia, lytic lesions, cortical destruction, periosteal reactions as well as, in the chronic phase, osteosclerosis and sequestra...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29844939/clinical-applications-of-spleen-ultrasound-elastography-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Rafał Mazur, Milena Celmer, Jurand Silicki, Daniel Hołownia, Patryk Pozowski, Krzysztof Międzybrodzki
In the last few years, notable technical progress has taken place in ultrasound elastography. Qualitative methods have been replaced by quantitative ones, such as: transient elastography, acoustic radiation force impulse and shear wave elastography. Owing to the fact that the spleen is superficially located, it is possible to obtain reliable measuring accuracy of its hardness using sonoelastography. Lately, many researchers have been investigating how spleen elasticity changes in patients infected with hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus and in patients suffering from liver fibrosis, portal hypertension, esophageal varices or myelofibrosis...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29844938/diagnostic-accuracy-of-sonoelastography-in-different-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Iqra Manzoor, Raham Bacha, Syed Amir Gilani
The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of sonoelastography in patients of primary and secondary health care settings. Google scholar, PubMed, Medline, Medscape, Wikipedia and NCBI were searched in October 2017 for all original studies and review articles to identify the relevant material. Two reviewers independently selected articles for evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of sonoelastography in different diseases based on titles and abstracts retrieved by the literature search...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29844937/utility-of-doppler-parameters-at-36-42-weeks-gestation-in-the-prediction-of-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-in-appropriate-for-gestational-age-fetuses
#8
Michał Migda, Katarzyna Gieryn, Bartosz Migda, Marian Stanisław Migda, Marek Maleńczyk
Aim: To investigate the potential value of Doppler ultrasound and to assess cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) in the prediction of adverse perinatal outcome defined as Apgar score < 7 at 1 minute. Material and methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study in selected pregnant women undergoing an ultrasound examination between 36 and 42 weeks of gestation. We measured estimated fetal weight (EFW), mean umbilical artery pulsatility index (UA PI), mean middle cerebral artery pulsatility index (MCA PI), CPR, and Apgar score in 1 minute...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29844936/the-sonoanatomy-of-lumbar-erector-spinae-and-its-iliac-attachment-the-potential-substrate-of-the-iliac-crest-pain-syndrome-an-ultrasound-study-in-healthy-subjects
#9
Plamen Todorov, Rodina Nestorova, Anastas Batalov
Background: Iliac crest pain syndrome is a regional pain syndrome that has been identified in many patients with low back pain. Based on anatomical studies, it was suggested that the potential substrate of this syndrome might be the enthesis of the erector spinae muscle at the posterior medial iliac crest. As there have been no imaging studies of this important enthesis, our aim was to assess its characteristics by ultrasound. Methods: Erector spinae enthesis was first studied in a cadaver...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29844935/cartilaginous-compression-of-the-liver-clinical-and-ultrasonographic-aspects
#10
Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk
Introduction: The musculocartilaginous complex is a structure composed of cartilaginous, osseous and muscular elements, which is located at the thoracoabdominal junction, at the level of the right costal arch. Aim: To determine the ultrasonographic characteristics of this complex under normal conditions as well as to demonstrate its effects on the liver depending on the constitutional body built, respiratory phase and patient's body position. Materials and methods: All abdominal ultrasound scans were performed between 2006 and 2015...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29844934/the-relationship-between-splenic-length-in-healthy-children-from-the-eastern-anatolia-region-and-sex-age-body-height-and-weight
#11
Mete Özdikici
Purposes: The normal limits of spleen size must be known in order for pathological changes to be noticed. The aim of this retrospective study is to determine the normal limits of spleen size in healthy children and to reveal their relation to sex, age, body height and weight. Patients and methods: Three hundred and ten children (150 girls and 160 boys) between 0-16 years of age in Eastern Anatolia Region who had normal spleen ultrasound appearances were included in this study...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763025/two-case-reports-of-synchronous-unilateral-pleomorphic-adenoma-and-cystadenolymphoma-of-the-parotid-gland-with-literature-review
#12
Daniela Heine, Johannes Zenk, Georgios Psychogios
Background: Synchronous unilateral tumors in the parotid glands account for less than 5-10% of all salivary gland neoplasms. Mostly these are cystadenolymphomas, but tumors of different histological types can be found as well. In these cases it is often pleomorphic adenoma in combination with cystadenolymphoma. Ultrasound is the first choice imaging modality. Case report: We present two patients with two simultaneous tumors in a unilateral parotid gland. In each case, B-mode ultrasound showed two hypoechoic masses, one of which was predominantly cystic...
2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763024/portal-vein-tumor-thrombus-from-gastric-cancer
#13
Sidney Ching Liang Ong, Santha Kumari Batumaly, Suryani Md Jusoh
A 53-year-old woman presented with left-sided abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting for the past 3 months with associated loss of appetite and weight. On physical examination, there was a large, ill-defined, firm mass at the epigastrium. Ultrasonography showed heterogeneously hypoechoic filling defect within the dilated main portal vein. The filling defect showed florid signals on Doppler mode and it appeared to be an extension of a larger periportal mass. Contrast enhanced abdominal computed tomography confirmed a large distal gastric mass infiltrating into the periportal structures, including the main portal vein and the splenic vein...
2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763023/iodinated-contrast-induced-sialadenitis-a-review-of-the-literature-and-sonographic-findings-in-a-clinical-case
#14
Antonio Lucarelli, Simone Perandini, Alessandro Borsato, Endrit Strazimiri, Stefania Montemezzi
Swelling of the salivary glands, also known as iodide or iodine mumps, is a rare adverse reaction to administration of iodine, a component steadily present in current contrast media and in a variety of medications. We report and compare with published literature the clinical and sonographic findings in a case of iodide mumps that developed after the intravenous administration of iodine-based contrast media for a contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan. The exact pathogenesis is unknown to date: based on sonographic appearance, we support the hypothesis of an acute inflammatory condition elicited by iodine accumulation in the salivary glands...
2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763022/heterotopic-pregnancy-how-easily-you-can-go-wrong-in-diagnosing-a-case-study
#15
Michał Ciebiera, Aneta Słabuszewska-Jóźwiak, Kornelia Zaręba, Grzegorz Jakiel
Introduction: Heterotopic pregnancy is a rare, but potentially life-threatening pathology. The diagnosis of heterotopic pregnancy is still one of the biggest challenges in modern gynecology. The incidence of those pregnancies in natural conception is about 1:30000. Case presentation: We present an unusual case of a heterotopic pregnancy which was misdiagnosed in the first trimester as a dichorionic twin pregnancy. At 13 weeks of gestation, the patient presented with an acute abdomen, she was diagnosed with a heterotopic pregnancy, and therefore was operated on, with the excision of the ruptured fallopian tube and the ectopic pregnancy performed...
2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763021/recommendations-for-ultrasound-examination-in-ophthalmology-part-ii-orbital-ultrasound
#16
Małgorzata Karolczak-Kulesza, Małgorzata Rudyk, Magdalena Niestrata-Ortiz
Pathological processes within the orbits are a heterogeneous group of diseases of various etiologies, clinical pictures and therapy models. Due to poor access to the orbits in a clinical examination, imaging plays a significant role in both diagnosis and treatment monitoring in patients with an orbital pathology. One of such imaging modalities is ultrasonography. It is relatively well-available, rapid and safe for the patient. This paper enumerates indications for an orbital ultrasound scan, including functional ocular disorders (vision disorders, mobility disorders), autoimmune diseases, inflammatory conditions, proliferative processes, and others...
2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763020/recommendations-for-ultrasound-examination-in-ophthalmology-part-i-ultrabiomicroscopic-examination
#17
Jacek Kosmala, Iwona Grabska-Liberek, Rimvydas Stanislovas Ašoklis
Range of ultrasounds used in medical imaging is between 2 and 80 MHz. The highest frequencies are applied in medical imaging of an anterior segment of an eyeball. This paper covers the newest method of ultrasound imaging - an ultrabiomicroscopic examination. Its name reflects resolution which has so far been unavailable, and which allows for imaging a structure of the examined tissues. The article includes basic information about the structure and principles of operation of ultrabiomicroscopic examination tools...
2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763019/recommendations-for-ultrasonographic-assessment-of-renal-arteries
#18
Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Maryla Kuczyńska, Łukasz Światłowski, Anna Szymańska, Michał Elwertowski, Agnieszka Marianowska
The present clinical practice recommendations are addressed to physicians of all specialties, who perform Doppler ultrasound examinations of the kidneys on a daily basis, and in particular to specialists in radiology and imaging diagnostics. The recommendations were based on the Ultrasonography Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society and current scientific reports consistent with Evidence Based Medicine. The paper discusses patient preparation protocol, examinat ion technique with particular emphasis on patient's position allowing to obtain proper Doppler angle of insonation, as well as diagnostic limitations of the technique...
2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763018/the-use-of-ultrasound-guided-platelet-rich-plasma-injections-in-the-treatment-of-hip-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
Mohammed Ali, Ahmed Mohamed, Hussam Elamin Ahmed, Ajay Malviya, Ismael Atchia
Purpose: This review aims to determine whether ultrasound-guided platelet-rich plasma injection has any role in improving clinical outcomes in patients with hip osteoarthritis. Methods: A search of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence database using the Healthcare Databases Advanced Search tool was conducted. The PubMed database was also utilised to search the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Excerpta Medica database, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health and Allied and Complimentary Medicine databases...
2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763017/the-role-of-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-occult-scaphoid-fractures
#20
Mohammed Ali, Mujtaba Ali, Ahmed Mohamed, Syed Mannan, Farshid Fallahi
Background: Ultrasonography is widely utilized by emergency physicians and radiologists to diagnose various orthopaedic diseases, including fractures. We aim to derive a definitive estimate of the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography in clinically suspected scaphoid fractures. Methods: We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of included diagnostic cohort studies that discussed the use of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of occult scaphoid fractures. We searched the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence database using the Healthcare Databases Advanced Search tool...
2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
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