journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38872749/incidentally-detected-ectopic-maxillary-tooth-in-an-asymptomatic-adult-male-a-rare-case-scenario
#81
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shritik Devkota, Sugat Adhikari, Samiksha Lamichhane, Bishal Koirala, Asitama Sarkar
Ectopic teeth, growing in abnormal locations like the maxillary sinus, are rare occurrences, with uncertain causes including trauma, infection, and developmental abnormalities. They often appear in the second or third decade of life, sometimes without symptoms. They are often missed as symptoms can mimic chronic sinusitis but may include sinonasal issues like obstruction and facial pain. Complications ranging from recurrence to potential blindness or carcinoma have been reported. Diagnosis involves radiographic imaging, with CT scans providing precise localization...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38872748/image-guided-aspiration-of-a-cystic-mediastinal-teratoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#82
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Craig R Kym, Anoop P Ayyappan, Babith J Mankidy, Mohammad Ghasemi-Rad
A 51-year-old male presented to our tertiary referral hospital with progressive shortness of breath and orthopnea. A computed tomography (CT) of the chest was performed that showed a large cystic middle mediastinal mass. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the chest demonstrated a large, well-circumscribed, T2-hyperintense cystic middle mediastinal mass resulting in significant compression of the trachea, brachiocephalic artery, superior vena cava, and azygos vein. The patient subsequently developed a right hemispheric stroke due to compression of the brachiocephalic artery and was too clinically unstable to undergo or definitive operative management of the mediastinal cyst...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38872747/antenatal-imaging-diagnosis-of-thoraco-omphalopagus-conjoined-twins
#83
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yousra Guelzim, Ismail Halfi Mohamed, Salma Marrakchi, Soumia Krioule, Salma Tahri, Mounia El Yousfi, Fatima El Hassouni, Rachid Maakoul, Nazik Allali, Latifa Chat, Siham El Haddad
Conjoined twins occur in an estimated one in every 200,000 live births. The etiology remains largely speculative, with genetic and environmental factors being considered. The thoraco-omphalopagus type accounts for approximately 40% of cases, making it a focal point for clinical and radiological research. Radiological imaging plays a pivotal role in delineating anatomical details, offering insights into the feasibility of surgical interventions and informing parental counselling regarding prognosis and management options...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38872746/retroperitoneal-leiomyosarcoma-mimicking-an-ovarian-tumor-diagnosed-using-a-negative-ovarian-pedicle-sign
#84
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Koji Mitsuo, Hideki Kaneko, Makoto Tsukamoto, Yuta Asami, Azumi Miyazawa, Keiichi Miyashita, Go Onoda, Hiroshi Yamashita, Mami Hatano, Megumi Kamiyama, Shigeo Okuda
Retroperitoneal leiomyosarcoma (RPLMS) is rare and usually presents as a large abdominal mass with poor clinical symptoms. Radiological findings of an RPLMS arising in the pelvis of a woman resemble those of adnexal tumors. Herein, we present a case of RPLMS mimicking an adnexal tumor which was differentiated from having an ovarian origin as the right ovarian vein was passing through the tumor but there was no direct vascular connection with the tumor. Therefore, it is important to identify the ovarian vein to distinguish between these tumors...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38872745/imaging-appearance-of-ovarian-dysgerminoma-a-report-of-two-cases
#85
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ghita Lahnine, Btissam Benabderrazik, Amal Akammar, Nizar El Bouardi, Badreddine Alami, Moulay Y A Lamrani, Mustapha Maaroufi, Meryem Boubbou, Meriem Haloua
Ovarian dysgerminoma is a rare germ cell tumor accounting for 1%-2% of all malignant ovarian tumors and is generally associated with a good prognosis. The condition is more frequent in young women and can arise in dysgenetic gonads that contain gonadoblastomas. Imaging findings, particularly MRI, have a prominent role in the early and correct identification of ovarian dysgerminoma, the most common ovarian malignant germ cell tumor. On CT and MR images, ovarian dysgerminoma often appears as a large, solid mass...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38872744/a-rare-cause-of-bronchial-obstruction-endobronchial-hamartoma-case-report
#86
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zineb Bouanani, Asmae Raïs, Fatima Zahra Benbrahim, Amal Akammar, Nizar El Bouardi, Meryem Haloua, Youssef My Alaoui Lamrani, Meryem Boubbou, Mounia Serraj, Bouchra Amara, Marouane Lakranbi, Yassine Ouadnouni, Mohammed Smahi, Mustapha Maaroufi, Badreddine Alami
Most of the pulmonary endobronchial lesions are malignant in origin. In rare instances, benign lesions such as endobronchial hamartoma may be the cause of the endobronchial tree obstruction. We present the case of a 57-year-old male patient from North Africa who presents with a history of a 5-month cough. Imaging, particulary CT scan, showed a mass on the right intermediate bronchus whose radiological characteristics are consistent with hamartoma. A biopsy of the mass obtained via bronchoscopy revealed chronic inflammation with no evidence for malignancy...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38872743/diagnostic-approach-and-treatment-of-ventricular-septal-defect-associated-with-pda-coarctation-of-aorta-hypoplastic-aortic-arch-and-multiple-valvular-heart-disease-in-a-tertiary-center-an-infrequent-association
#87
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Varna Ramos-Rosillo, Aldo Cabello-Ganem, Enrique C Guerra, Alejandro Salas-Martinez, Yadira Alany Vazquez Panchos, Santiago Luna-Alcala, Pavel Martinez-Dominguez, Alexis Daniel Aparicio-Ortiz, Neftali Eduardo Antonio-Villa, Nilda Espinola-Zavaleta
Ventricular septal defect is the most common congenital heart disease in children and is associated with patent ductus arteriosus in 1%-7% of cases. The coexistence of both malformities with hypoplastic aortic arch and aortic coarctation is even rarer. We present the case of a 6-year-old girl referred to our hospital because of dyspnea on feeding, recurrent respiratory infections, poor weight gain, and a heart murmur. The image studies revealed a ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, severe hypoplasia of the aortic arch with critical stenosis of the proximal portion, severe dilatation of the pulmonary artery and pulmonary, mitral, tricuspid, and aortic regurgitation...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38872742/prophylactic-splenic-artery-embolization-using-n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate-and-coils-prior-to-endoscopic-necrosectomy-in-a-patient-with-necrotizing-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#88
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hiroki Kamada, Sota Oguro, Tatsuro Fukushi, Hiromitsu Tannai, Hideki Ota, Kei Takase
We present a case of prophylactic endovascular embolization in a 51-year-old man with necrotizing pancreatitis (NP) before undergoing endoscopic necrosectomy (EN). Contrast-enhanced CT imaging revealed the presence of a walled-off necrosis (WON) surrounding the pancreas, with the splenic artery coursing through the cavity. The splenic artery was embolized using n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) and coils to mitigate the risk of massive bleeding in EN. A newly developed polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-coated microcatheter was used to inject NBCA, enabling embolization of a long segment of the splenic artery without adhering to the vessel wall...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38872741/primary-malignant-melanoma-of-the-parotid-gland-a-case-report
#89
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hajar Zebbakh, Abir Lemrabet, Fatima Zohra Benbrahim, Youssef Omor, Rachida Latib, Nadia Cherradi, Hafsa El Ouazzani, Sanae Amalik
The primary malignant melanoma of the parotid is a rare and complex clinical entity, posing numerous diagnostic challenges due to the absence of melanin in the tumor and its histological similarities with other poorly differentiated lesions. Accurate diagnosis often requires advanced imaging techniques and immunohistochemical procedures to identify specific melanoma markers. Therapeutically, total parotidectomy with simultaneous cervical dissection is frequently recommended, although approaches combining surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or even immunotherapy are also being explored...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38872740/diagnostic-dilemma-in-female-genital-tract-tuberculosis-a-case-report
#90
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aalok Kumar Yadav, Anamika Jha, Benu Lohani, Santoshi Yadav, Abhikanta Khatiwada
Female genital tract tuberculosis presents a diagnostic challenge because of its variable clinical presentation and radiological manifestation. Most patients are present with history of infertility, pain in the abdomen, vaginal discharge, and bleeding. These symptoms mimic those of gynecological cancer, such as endometrial carcinoma. Endometrial cancer typically manifests with vaginal bleeding in the post-menopausal age group; however, in less than 10% to 20% patients, it can occur in perimenopausal age groups, which makes it difficult to distinguish between malignancy and tuberculosis...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38872739/an-infrequent-case-of-retroperitoneal-synovial-sarcoma
#91
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ho Xuan Tuan, Trinh Anh Tuan, Nguyen-Thi Tam, Ho Duc Cong, Ngo Quang Duy, Nguyen Duy Hung, Luc Ceugnart, Nguyen Minh Duc
Synovial sarcoma (SS) is an uncommon malignant tumor, ranking third in prevalence within the soft tissue sarcomas group. The vast majority of synovial sarcomas are present in the extremities, with only 15% developing in the retroperitoneal space. Retroperitoneal synovial sarcoma (RSS) is an infrequent case of SS, with only about 20 cases reported in the literature. Diagnosing RSS before treatment remains challenging because of its nonspecific clinical symptoms. The disease is often detected at a later stage, leading to additional damage to other organs as well as complicated and ineffective treatment...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38872738/mechanical-thrombectomy-for-cerebrovascular-occlusion-in-a-patient-with-situs-inversus
#92
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Takaaki Morimoto, Naoya Yoshimoto, Takashi Kuragaichi, Junya Taki, Keisuke Yamada
Situs inversus is a rare congenital abnormality characterized by mirror-image transposition of the major visceral organs and vessels. Few reports have discussed the use of mechanical thrombectomy in acute ischemic stroke with situs inversus. We present such a case, to raise awareness and deepen the knowledge on these cases. A 44-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with sudden-onset dysarthria and left-sided paresis. Computed tomography (CT) angiography revealed situs inversus and occlusion in the internal carotid artery...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38860271/spondylocostal-dysostosis-with-type-ii-split-cord-malformation-a-report-of-a-rare-case-and-brief-review-of-the-literature
#93
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michael Teklehaimanot Abera, Amanuel Aboye Ketema, Abubeker Fedlu Abdela, Tesfaye Gizaw Tefera
Spondylocostal dysostosis (Jarcho Levin syndrome) is a rare costovertebral malformation syndrome that will result in restrictive pulmonary physiology. It manifests its major components at birth. Split cord malformation, together with spondylocostal dysostosis, is even rarer. We hereby report our experience with diagnosing 1 infant with spondylocostal dysostosis and type II split cord malformation using computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. We also present a concise summary of previously published case reports and case series involving patients with concurrent spondylocostal dysostosis and split cord malformations...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38860270/laparoscopic-left-paraduodenal-hernia-repair-a-case-report
#94
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rim H Charara, Rana Ibrahim, Ali Fahda, Ahmad Zaghal, Houssein Haidar Ahmad
Paraduodenal hernias (PDH) pose a diagnostic challenge due to their varied presentations and rarity. We report a rare case report illustrating the clinical course, diagnostic approach, and management of PDH in a 19-year-old female patient with a history of neonatal laparotomy for intestinal atresia. The patient initially presented with chronic, diffuse abdominal pain, which had progressively worsened over 2 years. Physical examination revealed no palpable mass, with normal bowel sounds and vital signs. Imaging studies, including computed tomography of the abdomen, demonstrated protrusion of small bowel loops in the left upper abdominal quadrant consistent with a left paraduodenal hernia...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38860269/minor-s-syndrome-dehiscence-of-the-superior-semicircular-canal-a-case-report
#95
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hajar Zebbakh, Kenza Sidki, Fatima Zahra Laamrani, Laila Jroundi, Omar El Aoufir
Superior semicircular canal (SSC) dehiscence syndrome, also known as Minor syndrome, is a rare condition characterized by vestibular and cochlear symptoms linked to a defect in the bony roof of the SSC. The prevalence is estimated at 0.5%, with a male predominance. Dehiscence may result from abnormal bone development, becoming symptomatic due to minimal trauma or pressure changes. Clinical presentation varies based on dehiscence size and location, with dizziness and oscillatory movements triggered by pressure changes or loud sounds being common symptoms...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38860268/obstructive-sleep-apnea-exaggeration-as-predictor-of-poor-outcome-post-thrombolytic-stroke
#96
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rakhmad Hidayat, Ramadhanti Salma Ulwanda, Aruni Cahya Irfannadhira, Elvie Zulka Kautzia Rachmawati, David Pangeran, Reyhan Eddy Yunus, Taufik Mesiano, Mohammad Kurniawan, Al Rasyid, Salim Harris
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disordered breathing in stroke patients. This case report aimed to show the presence of OSA in stroke can contribute to the increasing chance of mortality and morbidity. We presented a case of first-time stroke in a 64-year-old female with a history of pre-stroke OSA. She underwent intravenous thrombolysis as main therapy within the time limit under 4.5 hours since the stroke onset. She had prolonged hospital stay due to complications from OSA, even though she only had a small ischemic core (9 mL) in follow-up radiological imaging and was discharged with a greater National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score than admission (5 to 10)...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38860267/pulmonary-mediastinal-actinomycosis-with-pound-cake-sign-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-mimicking-an-infiltrative-malignant-tumor-a-case-report
#97
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nahiro Yan, Fumie Sugihara, Nobuhiko Hayashi, Takashi Sasaki, Yosuke Ishii, Hiromitsu Hayashi, Shin-Ichiro Kumita
Actinomycosis is a rare chronic suppurative granulomatous disease. Surgical biopsy is often performed in patients with chest actinomycosis because malignancy is suspected in most cases. A 62-year-old man presented to our hospital with fever and exertional dyspnea that had persisted for several months. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed an irregularly shaped mass with contrast enhancement in the anterior mediastinum and consolidation in the left upper lung lobe contiguous with this mass, as well as multiple nodules in both lungs...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38854910/interlobar-pulmonary-sequestration-with-celiac-aberrant-artery-in-an-elderly-patient-treated-with-combined-endovascular-and-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-approach
#98
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alessandro Monfregola, Leda De Angelis, Rosita Comune, Francesco Arienzo, Giovanni Barbato, Mario Di Stasio, Domenico Pourmolkara, Nicola Rosano, Stefano Giusto Picchi, Michele Galluzzo, Vincenza Granata, Stefania Tamburrini
Pulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital pulmonary anomaly where a portion of the lung parenchyma is supplied by an anomalous systemic artery, usually originating from the thoracic or abdominal aorta. Traditionally surgical resection and ligation of the aberrant feeding vessel are the gold standard treatments of this disease. Hybrid operations consisting in endovascular arterial embolization and surgical resection is a promising treatment option. We report a case of a 69-years-old man with symptomatic intralobular sequestration successfully treated by hybrid approach...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38845629/spontaneous-thrombosis-of-a-large-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysm-causing-ischemic-stroke-due-to-occlusion-of-the-parent-artery-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#99
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ta Vuong Khoa, Truong Minh Thuong, Phan Xuan Quang, Tran Quyet Thang, Nguyen Nhut Linh, Pham-Thi Thu Ngan, Phan Dinh Van, Phi Ngoc Duong, Nguyen Minh Duc
Spontaneous thrombosis of an unruptured large or giant saccular intracranial aneurysm is a well-known phenomenon and can cause ischemic stroke (IS), which is a rare event. The possible pathogenic mechanisms of IS include distal embolic occlusion secondary to migration of the intra-aneurysmal thrombus, occlusion of the parent artery lumen caused by the retrograde extension of the aneurysmal thrombosis, external compression of the parent artery due to the increased aneurysmal mass effect. Among these, IS due to simultaneous thromboses of the aneurysm and its parent artery is extremely rare, with only a few cases reported in the literature...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38845628/a-case-report-of-extra-neurologic-metastasis-of-ventricular-meningioma-with-literature-review
#100
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lan Wu, Shishi Luo
Ventricular meningiomas are neoplastic cells originating from the ependymal lining of the central canal of the spinal cord and the ventricles of the brain. These tumorigenic cells predominantly manifest in the fourth ventricle, followed by the spinal cord. Most intraparenchymal ventricular meningiomas are located within the brain tissue, exhibiting a higher degree of malignancy compared to their intracerebroventricular counterparts. While intracranial dissemination and metastasis to the spinal cord can occur, extra-neurologic metastasis is an exceedingly rare phenomenon that lacks a clear elucidation regarding its underlying mechanism...
August 2024: Radiology Case Reports
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