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Open Veterinary Journal

Christopher L Norkus, Amy L Butler, Sean D Smarick
This study aims to determine whether the use of the word, Quiet increases veterinary emergency service triage traffic or hospital admissions. Days were randomized to be a control or test phrase day. On control days, the phrase, Have a nice day ! was announced to the entire hospital staff. On test days, the phrase, Have a quiet day ! was announced. No statistical difference in mean number of the patients presenting to the emergency service for triage (test phrase 30.1 ± 10.4 cases vs control phrase 30.3 cases ± 10...
April 2019: Open Veterinary Journal
Pinki Saini, Madhumeet Singh, Pravesh Kumar
Fungus is well capable of producing reproductive failures in bovines. As fungus is an opportunistic pathogen, there are more chances for fungus to cause infection in the uterus when certain predisposing factors like prolonged intra-uterine antibiotic therapy, persistent endometritis, presence of necrotic foci, immunosuppression, and pneumovagina are available. Various authors have reported the incidence of fungal endometritis in repeat breeder endometritic cows and buffaloes. Uterine culture along with the cytological examination of the uterine secretions considered being best way to diagnose this condition; however, endometrial biopsy can be used to access the efficacy of treatment to invasive yeast...
April 2019: Open Veterinary Journal
Enrico P Spugnini, Bruno Vincenzi, Bruno Amadio, Alfonso Baldi
Electrochemotherapy (ECT) couples the administration of anticancer drugs with the delivery of electric pulses that increase the drug uptake through the cell membranes, thus resulting in an improved efficacy. This study has evaluated the tolerability and efficacy of the combination of systemic bleomycin and local cisplatin as ECT agents for incompletely excised canine soft tissue sarcoma (STS). Thirty dogs with incompletely excised STSs were enrolled. The dogs received intravenous 20 mg/m2 bleomycin, and the tumor bed and margins were infiltrated with cisplatin at the dose of 0...
April 2019: Open Veterinary Journal
Massimo Giangaspero, Lorenzo Domenis, Serena Robetto, Riccardo Orusa
In 2015, a young female Alpine chamois ( Rupicapra rupicapra rupicapra ), originated from the Aosta Valley Region, Northernwestern Italy, was conferred to the National Reference Centre for Wild Animal Diseases for pathologic examinations. Histological analysis revealed a severe meningoencephalitis characterized by lymphocytic and plasmacellular infiltration, gliosis, perivascular cuffs, and leptomeningitis at the level of brain and brain stem. Laboratory investigations included polymerase chain reaction, sequencing and characterization by phylogenetic analysis, and evaluation of the internal ribosome entry site secondary structure in the 5' untranslated region...
April 2019: Open Veterinary Journal
Ismaila Shittu, Dorcas A Gado, Clement A Meseko, Davou C Nyam, Kayode A Olawuyi, Gyang D Moses, Chinonoyerem N Chinyere, Tony M Joannis
A flock of 54 wk-old layer birds exhibiting signs of respiratory distress, greenish diarrhea, and drop in egg production was investigated. A marked drop in egg production (55%) was recorded with eggs appearing white and soft-shelled. Mortality was in the range of 1%-2% with post-mortem lesions revealing cloudy air sacs, frothy, and congested lungs. Viral RNA was extracted from pooled tissue samples (trachea, lungs, spleen, and liver) and tested for Avian influenza virus (AIV), Newcastle disease virus (NDV), and infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
April 2019: Open Veterinary Journal
Ramón A González Pasayo, Marcelo E Sanz, Nora L Padola, Ana R Moreira
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is the most common and global cause of neonatal calf diarrhea, but there is a little information regarding calf ETEC strains in Argentina. In this study, five ETEC isolates from diarrheic dairy calves (2-10 d old) from Buenos Aires and Cordoba, Argentina were characterized on the basis of virulence gene (VG) pattern, O:H serotyping, hemolytic phenotype, phylogenetic group affiliation, antimicrobial (AM) resistance profile, and presence of integron class 1 and 2. The five isolates were examined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the presence of 18 bovine VGs and showed the following genotypes: F5+ /F41+ / sta + (D242), F5+ / sta + (D158), F5+ / sta + (D157), F5+ (D151-9), and F5+ / iucD + (D151-5)...
April 2019: Open Veterinary Journal
Mariana Damazio Rajão, Carol S Leite, Kaique Nogueira, Roberta F Godoy, Eduardo Maurício Mendes Lima
The aim of this study was to understand the bone response against the exercise adaptations to reduce the occurrence of orthopedic injuries in endurance horses. To this end, the objective of the present work was to investigate how the bone adaptation on adult equines that were trained for 4-5 yr to endurance races responds to the long-term exercise of moderate intensity by comparing to non-athlete horses. For this purpose, 14 Arabian horses were selected and divided equally into two groups; a control group formed by animals that had never practiced physical activity nor been tamed and an exercise group formed by athlete animals...
April 2019: Open Veterinary Journal
Srinath Kamineni, Alan Ruggles, Hamza Ashfaq
Ultrasonic debridement as a treatment for tendinopathy and desmitis is a relatively new approach in orthopedic surgery. Previously only used in limited cases, this procedure shows promise for treating ligament-bone and tendon-bone interface injuries. We present a case study of a 2-yr-old thoroughbred male horse, unable to train due to recalcitrant symptoms after extensive conservative management of suspensory branch desmitis. It was then treated with ultrasonic debridement and concurrent manubrial stem cell autograft injection, to treat the ultrasound visualized lesion...
April 2019: Open Veterinary Journal
Federica Poli, Maurizio Calistri, Maria Teresa Mandara, Massimo Baroni
An 8-yr-old French Bulldog was presented with a non-ambulatory tetraparesis. Magnetic resonance showed an intradurally located mass at the level of the right second cervical nerve root. The mass was surgically removed and the dog was ambulatory within 4 d. A 10-mo post-surgical imaging follow-up revealed a recurrence of the primary mass and another intradural/intramedullary mass at the level of the first thoracic vertebral body. Overall histological features were suggestive of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) for both masses...
April 2019: Open Veterinary Journal
Kurt Zimmerman, Frederic Almy, Geoff Saunders, Mark Crisman, Leonardo Leonardi
Fine needle aspiration and tissue biopsy samples were taken from a subcutaneous mass in the cranial stifle region of a 10-yr-old horse. Key cytologic features included numerous mildly to moderately pleomorphic histiocytic cells admixed with mononuclear inflammatory cells, occasional fibroblasts, multinucleated cells, and hemosiderin-laden macrophages. Based on these features, cytologic differentials included granulomatous inflammation with reactive fibroplasia, histiocytic sarcoma, giant cell tumor of soft parts (GCTSPs), and giant cell tumor of bone...
April 2019: Open Veterinary Journal
Mariella Baldini, Caroline Augusto Roque, Melissa Marcon, Andrea Maranho
Many projects have been developed in the last years for the conservation of sea turtles. Young green turtles ( Chelonia mydas ) often nest on the Brazilian coast. Because they nest in beaches along the coastline and islands, green turtles are susceptible to fishing and accidental ingestion of anthropogenic debris. Early detection of ingested debris is crucial for the survival of rescued sea animals. Ultrasound (US) has emerged as a viable imaging technique for visceral examination in veterinary medicine. Previous studies have suggested the left and right cervicobrachial, axillary, pre- and post-femoral areas as the only viable approaches for US examination, but the acoustic windows available for imaging of coelomic structures are limited...
April 2019: Open Veterinary Journal
Carlos Javier Panei, Alejandra Edith Larsen, Nadia Analía Fuentealba, German Ernesto Metz, María Gabriela Echeverría, Cecilia Mónica Galosi, Alejandro Rafael Valera
Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is the agent responsible for enzootic bovine leukosis, the most common neoplastic disease in cattle. The horn fly, a major hematophagous pest of cattle, is able to transmit different diseases in cattle. However, its implication in BLV transmission under a natural environment is still discussed. The objectives of this work were to determine the presence of BLV in horn flies (by sequencing) and to evaluate the ability of horn flies to transmit BLV to cattle (through an experimental assay under a natural environment)...
April 2019: Open Veterinary Journal
Gaia Carotenuto, Eleonora Malerba, Costanza Dolfini, Francesca Brugnoli, Pasquale Giannuzzi, Giovanni Semprini, Paolo Tosolini, Federico Fracassi
The epidemiological characteristics of spontaneous hypercortisolism (HC) were derived from 21,281 client-owned dogs selected from four private veterinary clinics and one university reference center for endocrinology. The odds ratio (OR) method was employed to investigate the risk of developing HC related to breed, gender, and sexual status. The estimated prevalence of HC in the four private clinics was 0.20% [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.13-0.27] and was significantly different compared to the university reference center (1...
April 2019: Open Veterinary Journal
Marko Legler, Lajos Koy, Norbert Kummerfeld, Michael Fehr
Doppler echocardiographic examinations are an important technique for evaluating the blood flow also in avian cardiology. The influence of anesthesia on the blood flow in the heart is in detail unknown for the most avian species. The present study investigated the influence of an isoflurane anesthesia on the systolic blood flow of the aorta and the pulmonary artery in the area of the heart valves examined by pulsed wave Doppler sonography in Racing Pigeons ( Columba livia f. domestica, n = 43). Measurements were taken in conscious and anaesthetized birds in the left (aorta) and right (pulmonary artery) parasternal longitudinal horizontal heart view...
April 2019: Open Veterinary Journal
Alexandre Guyonnet, Maud Ménard, Emilie Mongellas, Caroline Lassaigne, Henri-Jean Boulouis, Sabine Chahory
An 8-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat was presented for evaluation of acute respiratory distress. Respiratory auscultation revealed a diffuse and symmetric increase in bronchovesicular sounds. Thoracic radiographs showed a diffuse unstructured interstitial pulmonary pattern with multifocal alveolar foci. Despite an aggressive treatment with supportive care, including oxygenotherapy and systemic antibiotics, progressive respiratory distress increased. Three days after the presentation, acute anterior uveitis was noticed on left eye...
April 2019: Open Veterinary Journal
Ellen S Pierce
An increased rate of diffuse gliomas, including glioblastoma, has been noted in livestock farmers in Western countries. Some researchers have suggested that a zoonotic virus or bacteria present in the livestock animal's feces or manure may be a possible etiologic factor. Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP), the cause of a chronic enteropathy in domestic livestock and a probable zoonosis, is heavily excreted in an infected animal's feces or manure, contaminating soil and ground on the animal's farm...
April 2019: Open Veterinary Journal
Kouidri Mokhtaria, Selles Sidi Mohammed Ammar
In many countries of Mediterranean area, abattoirs are not equipped with incinerators. This led us to find an alternative that may be the freezing of organs before they are thrown into landfills. In this sense, the aim of this study was to evaluate the scolicidal effect of refrigeration at 4°C and freezing at -18°C. Different refrigeration times (24 and 48 h) and freezing times (3, 6, and 9 h) have been used in triplicate. Refrigeration at 4°C was not sufficient to completely kill protoscolex. For 24 h, the mortality rate did not exceed 44...
April 2019: Open Veterinary Journal
Maximiliano J Spetter, Enrique L Louge Uriarte, Erika A González Altamiranda, María R Leunda, Susana B Pereyra, Andrea E Verna, Anselmo C Odeón
Dual infections with both bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV)-1 and -2 seem to be unusual. The aim of this study was to describe an infection with both BVDV genotypes in a stillborn calf. Virus isolation and phylogenetic analyses of the 5´UTR and NS5B regions confirmed the presence of BVDV-1b and -2b in spleen and lung, whereas BVDV-2b was also detected in brain, heart, liver, kidney and, fluid of cavities. These results confirm that dual infections with both BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 species can occur naturally and their tissue distribution can be different...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Rebecca McBride, Helena Rylander, Douglas Lyman
A 12-year old male castrated Siamese cat was evaluated for a one-day history of mild obtundation and decerebellate rigidity. Neurological examination findings were consistent with multifocal disease including lesions within the right cerebellum and right brainstem. Investigations included hematology, biochemistry, urinalysis, and urine culture. A definitive diagnosis was not achieved clinically and differential diagnoses included vascular disease, neoplasia, and infectious disease. About nine hours after admission, the cat had an episode where it became rigid and then limp...
2018: Open veterinary journal
Yasuhisa Oishi, Kenji Tani, Kazuhito Itamoto, Tomoya Haraguchi, Yasuho Taura
Agenesis of a hepatic lobe is an extremely rare congenital anomaly and only one dog have been reported in veterinary literature. We encountered a dog with this anomaly diagnosed by Computed tomography (CT) and portography. A two-year-old, 6.9-kg female Shih tzu dog was presented with vomiting and anorexia. The dog had no history of abdominal surgery or trauma. Biochemical analysis showed elevated plasmatic liver enzymes. CT revealed the absence of the liver parenchyma and vascular system of the left lobe, quadrate lobe and papillary process of the caudate lobe...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
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