Journals Tomography : a Journal for Ima...

Tomography : a Journal for Imaging Research
Bandar Alyami, Matthew Santer, Karthik Seetharam, Dhivya Velu, Eswar Gadde, Bansari Patel, Yasmin S Hamirani
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the prevalence of non-calcified plaque (NCP) on computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals. In addition, we seek to compare plaque assessment on CCTA with intravascular ultrasound-virtual histology (IVUS-VH) and to assess the prognostic value of non-calcified plaques (NCPs). BACKGROUND: The CCTA can characterize coronary plaques and help quantify burden. Furthermore, it can provide additional prognostic information which can enable further risk stratification of patients...
September 20, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Livio Vitiello, Giulio Salerno, Alessia Coppola, Giulia Abbinante, Vincenzo Gagliardi, Alfonso Pellegrino
A rarely described condition known as branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) with concurrent obstruction of the central retinal vein (CRVO) is characterized by diffuse retinal hemorrhages, dilated and tortuous retinal veins, macular and disc edema, cotton wool spots, and a generalized delay in arteriovenous transit on fluorescein angiography, together with a retinal whitening in the area of the affected retinal arterial branch. Although BRAO and CRVO may share underlying systemic risk factors, the pathogenesis of combined BRAO + CRVO is still unknown...
September 19, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Rubab F Malik, Renu Berry, Brandyn D Lau, Kiran R Busireddy, Prasan Patel, Sunil H Patel, Elliot K Fishman, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Pamela T Johnson, Farzad Sedaghat
BACKGROUND: Bladder cancer is the sixth most common malignancy in the United States (US). Despite its high prevalence and the significant potential benefits of early detection, no reliable, cost-effective screening algorithm exists for asymptomatic patients at risk. Nonetheless, reports of incidentally identified early bladder cancer on CT/MRI scans performed for other indications are emerging in the literature. This represents a new opportunity for early detection, with over 80 million CT scans performed in the US yearly, 40% of which are abdominopelvic CTs...
September 11, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Luca Peretti, Graziella Donatelli, Matteo Cencini, Paolo Cecchi, Guido Buonincontri, Mirco Cosottini, Michela Tosetti, Mauro Costagli
Synthetic MR Imaging allows for the reconstruction of different image contrasts from a single acquisition, reducing scan times. Commercial products that implement synthetic MRI are used in research. They rely on vendor-specific acquisitions and do not include the possibility of using custom multiparametric imaging techniques. We introduce PySynthMRI, an open-source tool with a user-friendly interface that uses a set of input images to generate synthetic images with diverse radiological contrasts by varying representative parameters of the desired target sequence, including the echo time, repetition time and inversion time(s)...
September 11, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Antonella Meloni, Laura Pistoia, Amalia Lupi, Riccardo Righi, Antonino Vallone, Massimiliano Missere, Stefania Renne, Priscilla Fina, Ada Riva, Maria Rita Gamberini, Valerio Cecinati, Francesco Sorrentino, Rosamaria Rosso, Giuseppe Messina, Paolo Ricchi, Vincenzo Positano, Sophie Mavrogeni, Emilio Quaia, Filippo Cademartiri, Alessia Pepe
BACKGROUND: The E-MIOT (Extension-Myocardial Iron Overload in Thalassemia) project is an Italian Network assuring high-quality quantification of tissue iron overload by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We evaluated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on E-MIOT services. METHODS: The activity of the E-MIOT Network MRI centers in the year 2020 was compared with that of 2019. A survey evaluated whether the availability of MRI slots for patients with hemoglobinopathies was reduced and why...
September 11, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Alessio Congedo, Davide Mallardi, Ginevra Danti, Federica De Muzio, Vincenza Granata, Vittorio Miele
UNLABELLED: Anal cancer is a rare disease, but its incidence has been increasing steadily. Primary staging and assessment after chemoradiation therapy are commonly performed using MRI, which is considered to be the preferred imaging modality. CT and PET/CT are useful in evaluating lymph node metastases and distant metastatic disease. Anal squamous-cell carcinoma (ASCC) and rectal adenocarcinoma are typically indistinguishable on MRI, and a biopsy prior to imaging is necessary to accurately stage the tumor and determine the treatment approach...
September 4, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Satoru Kawauchi, Koichi Chida, Yusuke Hamada, Wataro Tsuruta
There has been an increase in the use of interventional neuroradiology procedures because of their non-invasiveness compared to surgeries and the improved image quality of fluoroscopy, digital subtraction angiography, and rotational angiography. Although cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images are inferior to multi-detector CT images in terms of low-contrast detectability and lower radiation doses, CBCT scans are frequently performed because of their accessibility. This study aimed to evaluate the image quality and radiation dose of two different high-resolution CBCTs (HR CBCT): conventional (C-HR CBCT) and wide-field HR CBCT (W-HR CBCT)...
September 1, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Roberto Minici, Michele Mercurio, Giuseppe Guzzardi, Massimo Venturini, Federico Fontana, Luca Brunese, Pasquale Guerriero, Raffaele Serra, Filippo Piacentino, Marco Spinetta, Lorenzo Zappia, Davide Costa, Andrea Coppola, Mgjr Research Team, Olimpio Galasso, Domenico Laganà
BACKGROUND: Endovascular intervention is now the primary line of therapy for arterial injury brought on by pelvic trauma since it can significantly reduce considerable morbidity associated with surgery and can swiftly access and control bleeding sites. Despite international guidelines and widespread awareness of the role of angioembolization in clinical practice, robust evidence comparing the outcomes of angioembolization in hemodynamically stable and unstable patients is still lacking...
September 1, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Nicolò Ciarmatori, Marco Pellegrini, Francesco Nasini, Pietro Maria Talli, Laura Sarti, Marco Mura
Since its first introduction more than 30 years ago, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has revolutionized ophthalmology practice, providing a non-invasive in vivo cross-sectional view of the structures of the eye. Mostly employed in the clinical setting due to its tabletop configuration requiring an upright patient positioning, the recent advent of microscope-integrated systems now allows ophthalmologists to perform real-time intraoperative OCT (iOCT) during vitreoretinal surgical procedures. Numerous studies described various applications of this tool, such as offering surgeons feedback on tissue-instrument interactions in membrane peeling, providing structural images in macular hole repair, and showing residual subretinal fluid or perfluorocarbon in retinal detachment surgery...
September 1, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Fiona Mankertz, Nadine Bayerl, Ole Gemeinhardt, Norbert Hosten, Marie-Luise Kromrey
PURPOSE: Hyperthermic ablation is a minimally invasive mode of tumour therapy which serves as a viable alternative to surgical intervention. However, one of the major drawbacks, besides the heat sink effect and the risk of damaging adjacent organs, is limited ablation size. The use of a cooling fluid during ablation has been shown to increase the ablation volume and decrease the carbonisation rate. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the composition of the cooling fluid has an effect on ablation size and carbonisation rate during hepatic laser ablation in an ex vivo bovine setting...
September 1, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Andrea Cozzi, Maurizio Cè, Giuseppe De Padova, Dario Libri, Nazarena Caldarelli, Fabio Zucconi, Giancarlo Oliva, Michaela Cellina
This exploratory retrospective study aims to quantitatively compare the image quality of unenhanced brain computed tomography (CT) reconstructed with an iterative (AIDR-3D) and a deep learning-based (AiCE) reconstruction algorithm. After a preliminary phantom study, AIDR-3D and AiCE reconstructions (0.5 mm thickness) of 100 consecutive brain CTs acquired in the emergency setting on the same 320-detector row CT scanner were retrospectively analyzed, calculating image noise reduction attributable to the AiCE algorithm, artifact indexes in the posterior cranial fossa, and contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs) at the cortical and thalamic levels...
August 31, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Jaime E Castellanos-Bermejo, Gabino Cervantes-Guevara, Enrique Cervantes-Pérez, Guillermo A Cervantes-Cardona, Sol Ramírez-Ochoa, Clotilde Fuentes-Orozco, Gonzalo Delgado-Hernández, Jaime A Tavares-Ortega, Erika Gómez-Mejía, Jonathan M Chejfec-Ciociano, Juan A Flores-Prado, Francisco J Barbosa-Camacho, Alejandro González-Ojeda
To compare the diagnostic effectiveness of chest computed tomography (CT) utilizing a single- versus a dual-reviewer approach in patients with pneumonia secondary to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), we conducted a retrospective observational study of data from a cross-section of 4809 patients with probable SARS-CoV-2 from March to November 2020. All patients had a CT radiological report and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) results. A dual-reviewer approach was applied to two groups while conducting a comparative examination of the data...
August 24, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Michael Vaeggemose, Rolf F Schulte, Esben S S Hansen, Jack J Miller, Camilla W Rasmussen, Jemima H Pilgrim-Morris, Neil J Stewart, Guilhem J Collier, Jim M Wild, Christoffer Laustsen
Commercial human MR scanners are optimised for proton imaging, containing sophisticated prescan algorithms with setting parameters such as RF transmit gain and power. These are not optimal for X-nuclear application and are challenging to apply to hyperpolarised experiments, where the non-renewable magnetisation signal changes during the experiment. We hypothesised that, despite the complex and inherently nonlinear electrodynamic physics underlying coil loading and spatial variation, simple linear regression would be sufficient to accurately predict X-nuclear transmit gain based on concomitantly acquired data from the proton body coil...
August 24, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Huawei Liu, Adam W Autry, Peder E Z Larson, Duan Xu, Yan Li
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to develop a time-efficient method of acquiring simultaneous, dual-slice MR spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) for the evaluation of brain metabolism. METHODS: Adaptive Hadamard-encoded pulses were developed and integrated with atlas-based automatic prescription. The excitation profiles were evaluated via simulation, phantom and volunteer experiments. The feasibility of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-edited dual-slice MRSI was also assessed...
August 23, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Patrick Stein, Felix Wuennemann, Thomas Schneider, Felix Zeifang, Iris Burkholder, Marc-André Weber, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor, Christoph Rehnitz
This study evaluates how far T2 mapping can identify arthroscopically confirmed pathologies in the long biceps tendon (LBT) and quantify the T2 values in healthy and pathological tendon substance. This study comprised eighteen patients experiencing serious shoulder discomfort, all of whom underwent magnetic resonance imaging, including T2 mapping sequences, followed by shoulder joint arthroscopy. Regions of interest were meticulously positioned on their respective T2 maps, capturing the sulcal portion of the LBT and allowing for the quantification of the average T2 values...
August 23, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Keisuke Miyoshi, Masahiro Tanabe, Kenichiro Ihara, Masaya Tanabe, Mayumi Higashi, Koji Narikiyo, Yosuke Kawano, Atsuo Inoue, Katsuyoshi Ito
This study investigated the feasibility of both a reduced radiation dose and a 50% of contrast dose in multiphasic CT of the liver with a 70 kVp protocol compared with a standard-tube-voltage protocol derived from dual-energy (DE) CT (blended DE protocol) with a full-dose contrast-agents in the same patient group. This study included 46 patients who underwent multiphasic contrast-enhanced dynamic CT of the liver with both a 70 kVp and a blended DE protocols. For quantitative analysis, median CT values for the liver, aorta, and portal vein, as well as signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), were measured and calculated...
August 23, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Sanjit Shah, Natalie Ivey, Abhijith Matur, Norberto Andaluz
INTRODUCTION: Recent advances in tumor visualization have improved the extent of resection (EOR) of primary and secondary tumors of the central nervous system, while limiting the morbidity and mortality of the surgery. One area of recent interest has been the use of intraoperative fluorophores for tumor visualization such as 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ala) and sodium fluorescein. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis on the utility of fluorophore administration and EOR with each fluorophore to update the current literature...
August 22, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Fernando U Kay, Cynthia Lumby, Yuki Tanabe, Suhny Abbara, Prabhakar Rajiah
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if dual-energy CT (DECT) pulmonary angiography (CTPA) can detect anemia with the aid of machine learning. METHODS: Inclusion of 100 patients (mean age ± SD, 51.3 ± 14.8 years; male-to-female ratio, 42/58) who underwent DECT CTPA and hemoglobin (Hb) analysis within 24 h, including 50 cases with Hb below and 50 controls with Hb ≥ 12 g/dL. Blood pool attenuation was assessed on virtual noncontrast (VNC) images at eight locations...
August 18, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Alessia Guarnera, Andrea Romano, Giulia Moltoni, Tamara Ius, Serena Palizzi, Allegra Romano, Daniele Bagatto, Giuseppe Minniti, Alessandro Bozzao
The 2021 WHO (World Health Organization) classification of brain tumors incorporated the rapid advances in the molecular, genetic, and pathogenesis understanding of brain tumor pathogenesis, behavior, and treatment response. It revolutionized brain tumor classification by placing great emphasis on molecular types and completely splitting adult-type and pediatric-type diffuse gliomas. Brainstem gliomas (BSGs) are the leading primary tumors of the brainstem, although they are quite uncommon in adults compared with the pediatric population, representing less than 2% of adult gliomas...
August 18, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
Juergen Taxis, Lena Ungerboeck, Constantin Motel, Alexander W Eckert, Natascha Platz Batista da Silva, Felix Nieberle, Nils Ludwig, Johannes K Meier, Tobias Ettl, Torsten E Reichert, Steffen Spoerl
Orbital floor fractures (OFFs) are common injuries of the midface and may result in long-term complications. The aim of this study was to compare two restoration materials, PDS foils and titanium meshes, with regards to (1) clinical outcome and (2) reduction in orbital volume. The monocentric discovery cohort was analyzed retrospectively and included 476 patients with OFFs treated between 2010 and 2020. A subcohort of 104 patients (study cohort) with isolated OFFs and available high-resolution imaging material was used for volume measurements...
August 16, 2023: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
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