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Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association

Donna M Saunders, Jean Leak, Monique E Carver, Selina A Smith
Background: To build on current research involving faith-based interventions (FBIs) for addressing mental and physical health, this study a) reviewed the extent to which relevant publications integrate faith concepts with health and b) initiated analysis of the degree of FBI integration with intervention outcomes. Methods: Derived from a systematic search of articles published between 2007 and 2017, 36 studies were assessed with a Faith-Based Integration Assessment Tool (FIAT) to quantify faith-health integration...
2017: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Mark Ebell, Christian Marchello, Jean O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a serious chronic health condition, and social determinants may affect its prevalence. METHODS: Data from the Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance Survey (BRFSS), the Georgia Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS), and the Georgia hospital and emergency department survey for patients with a diagnosis of asthma were used. All data were from the years 2011 through 2014. SAS and SUDAAN software were used to calculate weighted prevalence estimates and to perform univariate and multivariate analyses of the association between social determinants, other risk factors, and asthma outcomes...
2017: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Jung Hee Chae, Benjamin E Ansa, Selina A Smith
BACKGROUND: The Eating and Cooking Healthy (TEACH) Kitchen was founded at the Medical College of Georgia in 2015 as a nutrition-based intervention to combat the high prevalence of obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases in the area of Augusta, Georgia. Despite the importance of diet in the management of chronic diseases, inadequate nutrition education among patients and healthcare providers presents a barrier. The purpose of TEACH Kitchen is to address this gap. METHODS: TEACH Kitchen is as a student-led initiative that promotes healthy cooking among medical students and patients with chronic diseases...
2017: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Selina A Smith, Mary S Whitehead, Joyce Q Sheats, Brittney Chubb, Ernest Alema-Mensah, Benjamin E Ansa
BACKGROUND: With high rates of obesity, low levels of physical activity (PA), and lack of adherence to physical activity guidelines (PAGs) among African American (AA) breast cancer survivors (BCSs), culturally appropriate interventions that address barriers to participation in PA are needed. METHODS: To develop intervention content, members of an AA breast cancer support group participated in four 1-hour focus group discussions (related to the barriers to PA, strategies for overcoming them, and intervention content), which were audiotaped, transcribed, and analyzed...
2017: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Ernest Alema-Mensah, Selina A Smith, Mechelle Claridy, Victor Ede, Benjamin Ansa, Daniel S Blumenthal
BACKGROUND: Early detection can reduce colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality by 15%-33%, and screening is widely recommended for average-risk adults beginning at age 50 years. Colorectal cancer mortality rates are higher in African Americans than in whites, while screening rates are somewhat lower. Individual social networks can reduce emotional and/or logistical barriers to health-promoting but distasteful procedures such as CRC screening. The aim of this study was to examine social network interactions, and their impact on CRC screening among African Americans...
2017: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Emilia Pasalic, Matthew J Hayat, Roby Greenwald
Background: The airway inflammatory response is likely the mechanism for adverse health effects related to exposure to air pollution. Increased ventilation rates during physical activity in the presence of air pollution increases the inhaled dose of pollutants. However, physical activity may moderate the relationship between air pollution and the inflammatory response. The present study aimed to characterize, among healthy adolescents, the relationship between dose of inhaled air pollution, physical activity, and markers of lung function, oxidative stress, and airway inflammation...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Danielle Broadnax, Reinetta Thompson Waldrop, Mechelle D Claridy, Elaine Archie Booker, Ernest Alema-Mensah
Background: In the United States (U.S.), intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health concern, mainly affecting the health and well-being of women. The objective of this study was to identify the IPV and socio-demographic factors associated with mentally unhealthy days among women in the U.S. of ages ≥18 years. Methods: Data for this study were obtained from the 2007 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Multivariable analyses were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (AORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for factors associated with IPV and 14 or more mentally unhealthy days per month...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Naomi S David, Sophia A Hussen, Dawn L Comeau, Ameeta S Kalokhe
BACKGROUND: Women bear a significant burden of the HIV epidemic in the United States. Women classified as 'HIV high-risk' often bring co-existing histories of intimate partner violence (IPV), drug use, and transactional sex. To help inform future comprehensive HIV prevention strategies, we aimed to explore common motivating reasons and barriers to leaving and/or terminating engagement in each of these risk-promoting situations. METHODS: Between August and November 2014, in-depth interviews were conducted with 14 HIV high-risk women in Atlanta, Georgia who had experienced IPV in the previous 12 months, and used drugs and/or engaged in transactional sex in the previous five years...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Sashia White, Roberto Alva-Ruiz, Lucia Chen, Jason Conger, Christopher Kuang, Cameron Murphy, Najeah Okashah, Eric Ollila, Selina A Smith, Benjamin E Ansa
BACKGROUND: Diet-related chronic diseases, such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia have affected millions of individuals, resulting in disease-related complications and mortality. Strategies that may improve the outcome of chronic disease management include modification of lifestyle risk factors such as unhealthy diets. TEACH Kitchen is an experiential education program related to community nutrition, the goal of which is to teach patients management of chronic disease through dietary change...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Lindsey A Ramirez, Yunmi Chung, Yoo Wonsuk, Brittney Fontenot, Benjamin E Ansa, Mary S Whitehead, Selina A Smith
BACKGROUND: Mortality rate for breast cancer is higher among African American (AA) women than for women of other racial/ethnic groups. Obesity, also higher among AA women, may increase the risk of breast cancer development and recurrence. Lifestyle factors such as healthy nutrition can reduce the rate of obesity and breast cancer. This study examined the determinants of adherence to nutrition-related cancer prevention guidelines among AA breast cancer survivors. METHODS: AA breast cancer survivors (n=240) were recruited from a breast cancer support group to complete a lifestyle assessment tool for this cross-sectional study...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Selina A Smith, Nancy C Webb, Daniel S Blumenthal, Bobbie Willcox, Darra Ballance, Faith Kinard, Madison L Gates
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, the US accounts for a large proportion of journals related to public health. Although the American Public Health Association (APHA) includes 54 affiliated regional and state associations, little is known about their capacity to support public health scholarship. The aim of this study is to assess barriers and facilitators to operation of state journals for the dissemination of local public health research and practices. METHODS: A mixed methods approach will be used to complete the 12-month study...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Anamika Satsangi, Amy DeGroff
BACKGROUND: The Colorectal Cancer Control Program (CRCCP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) funded 30 grantees to partner with health systems with the goal of increasing screening for colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Evaluators applied CDC's Framework for Program Evaluation to design a national level outcome evaluation for measuring changes in CRC screening rates in partner health systems. RESULTS: The resulting evaluation design involves the collection and reporting of clinic-level CRC screening rates supplemented by various tools to support the reporting of high quality, reliable data...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Nancy C Webb, Selina A Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Selina A Smith, Mary S Whitehead, Joyce Q Sheats, Brittney Fontenot, Ernest Alema-Mensah, Benjamin Ansa
BACKGROUND: There is a proliferation of lifestyle-oriented mobile technologies; however, few have targeted users. Through intervention mapping, investigators and community partners completed Steps 1-3 (needs assessment, formulation of change objectives, and selection of theory-based methods) of a process to develop a mobile cancer prevention application (app) for cancer prevention. The aim of this qualitative study was to complete Step 4 (intervention development) by eliciting input from African American (AA) breast cancer survivors (BCSs) to guide app development...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Selina A Smith, Mary S Whitehead, Joyce Q Sheats, Brittney Fontenot, Ernest Alema-Mensah, Benjamin Ansa
BACKGROUND: To develop a culturally appropriate lifestyle intervention, involvement of its intended users is needed. METHODS: Members of an African American (AA) breast cancer support group participated in two 4-hour guided discussions, which were audiotaped, transcribed, and analyzed to guide the content. RESULTS: The support group collaborated with researchers to develop 24 experiential nutrition education sessions using a social cognitive framework and incorporating self-regulation skills (goal-setting, self-monitoring, problem-solving, stimulus control) and social support to enhance self-efficacy for changes in dietary intake...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Selina A Smith, Benjamin Ansa
BACKGROUND: Rural Americans suffer disproportionately from lifestyle-related chronic diseases (e.g., obesity, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and breast cancer). Interventions that consider the distinctive characteristics of rural communities (e.g., access to healthcare, income, and education) are needed. As an initial step in planning future research, we completed a systematic review of dietary intake and physical activity interventions targeting rural populations. METHODS: Manuscripts focused on dietary intake and physical activity and published through March 15, 2016, were identified by use of PubMed and CINAHL databases and MeSH terms and keyword searches...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Kelsey McDavid, Catalina Piedrahita, Patricia Hashima, Emily Anne Vall, Christi Kay, Jean O'Connor
BACKGROUND: In the United States, one in three children is overweight or obese by their fifth birthday. In Georgia, 35 percent of children are overweight or obese. Contrary to popular belief, children who are overweight or obese are likely to be the same weight status as adults, making early childhood an essential time to address weight status. An estimated 380,000 Georgia children attend early care and education environments, such as licensed child care centers, Head Start, and pre-kindergarten programs, which provide an opportunity to reach large numbers of children, including those at risk for obesity and overweight...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Cassandra L Bolar, Natalie Hernandez, Tabia Henry Akintobi, Calvin McAllister, Aneeqah S Ferguson, Latrice Rollins, Glenda Wrenn, Martha Okafor, David Collins, Thomas Clem
BACKGROUND: Among children, there are substantial ethno-racial minority disparities across a broad range of health-related behaviors, experiences, and outcomes. Addressing these disparities is important, as childhood and adolescence establish health trajectories that extend throughout life. METHODS: The current study employed a community-based participatory research approach to gain community insight on child health priorities and to frame an intervention aimed at improving the health of minority children...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Steven S Coughlin, Dale Hardy, Lee S Caplan
BACKGROUND: Approximately 35% of U.S. adults are obese, and this rate is expected to increase by almost 50% by 2030. New media such as smartphone applications (apps) provide a useful and low-cost way to disseminate weight control information. For many culturally distinctive population subgroups, however, there is currently an absence of research-tested smartphone apps for weight control. METHODS: In this commentary, we highlight the need for culturally tailored smartphone apps for weight control and offer recommendations for further research by providing two specific examples: 1) the characteristic dietary patterns and absence of smartphone apps for weight loss for Hispanic Americans, in English and Spanish, and 2) and need for smartphone apps for weight loss for Brazilian Americans, including those who speak Portuguese...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Steven S Coughlin, Selina A Smith
BACKGROUND: As part of the planning process for new research, the literature on community-based participatory research (CBPR) approaches for promoting physical activity in African American communities was systematically reviewed. METHODS: Studies published through October 31, 2015 that employed CBPR methods were identified using PubMed and CINAHL databases and MeSH terms and keyword searches. RESULTS: A total of 15 studies met the search criteria...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
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