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Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30993150/does-mental-health-differ-by-alcohol-use-in-elderly-male-veterans
#1
Sarah E Shaffer, Kristin J Shaffer, Kenzie D Perryman, Jasey K Patterson, Jessica L Hartos
Introduction: With limited research for mental health and alcohol use among veterans in the general population and none for elderly male veterans only, the purpose is to assess whether mental health differs by alcohol use in elderly male veterans in the general population. Method: This cross-sectional analysis uses 2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for male veterans aged 65 and older in general population samples from Florida ( n = 1,700), Maryland ( n = 1,060), New York ( n = 552), and Washington ( n = 1,031)...
January 2019: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30891470/efficacy-and-safety-of-elbasvir-grazoprevir-in-hepatitis-c-virus-gt1-and-gt4-infected-people-aged-65-years-or-older
#2
Steven Flamm, Cheng-Yuan Peng, Oren Shibolet, Ronald Nahass, Peggy Hwang, Eliav Barr, Michael N Robertson, Barbara A Haber
Background: In elderly individuals aged ≥65 years with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, efficacious and safe HCV therapy is complicated by frequent comorbidities and concomitant medications. The aim of this analysis was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of elbasvir/grazoprevir (EBR/GZR) in people aged ≥65 years. Methods: This is an integrated retrospective analysis of EBR/GZR administered for 12 weeks in participants with HCV genotype 1 or 4 infection enrolled in 12 Phase 2/3 clinical trials. The primary end point was sustained virologic response 12 weeks after completing therapy (SVR12; HCV RNA below the lower limit of quantification)...
January 2019: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30886880/older-women-s-experiences-of-aging-and-health-an-interpretive-phenomenological-study
#3
Dympna Tuohy, Adeline Cooney
Objective: This interpretive phenomenological study explored older Irish women's experiences of aging and health related issues. Method: Data were collected using in-depth interviews with 23 older women (coresearchers). Data analysis followed the "Vancouver school of doing phenomenology" framework and included a meta-synthesis of individual case constructions. Results: "Retaining autonomy within a process of adaptation and continued engagement" describes the essential meaning of coresearchers' experiences...
January 2019: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30815513/what-matters-at-the-end-of-life-a-qualitative-study-of-older-peoples-perspectives-in-southern-denmark
#4
Stine Hanson, Mikkel Brabrand, Annmarie T Lassen, Jesper Ryg, Dorthe S Nielsen
What matters at the end of life (EOL) among the older population in Denmark is poorly investigated. We used focus groups and in-depth interviews, to identify perspectives within the EOL, along with what influences resuscitation, decision making, and other treatment preferences. We included eligible participants aged ≥65 years in the Region of Southern Denmark. Five focus groups and nine in-depth interviews were conducted, in total 31 participants. We found a general willingness to discuss EOL, and experiences of the process of dying were present among all participants...
January 2019: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30733977/adherence-to-exercise-programs-in-older-adults-informative-report
#5
REVIEW
Solymar Rivera-Torres, Thomas D Fahey, Miguel A Rivera
This informative report focuses on filling information gaps regarding adherence to physical activity and exercise in the health care spectrum of older adults (OA) and an overview of the benefits of physical activity for OA. Healthy People 2000, 2010, and 2020 are public health programs from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that set national goals and objectives for promoting health and preventing disease. The programs include 10 leading health indicators that reflect major health problems, which concern OA...
January 2019: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30733976/health-care-services-and-the-elderly-utilization-and-satisfaction-in-the-aftermath-of-the-turkish-health-transformation-program
#6
Asena Caner, Seyit Mumin Cilasun
With the implementation of the health transformation program, Turkey has gone through substantial changes in its health system in the last decade. This study relies on two nationally representative data sets to investigate health service utilization and satisfaction of the elderly. In particular, it examines the share of elderly who have an unmet need for medical care and who could not afford a medical examination or treatment over the years 2006 to 2015, using data from the Turkish Survey of Income and Living Conditions...
January 2019: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729151/2018-reviewer-thank-you
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729150/dementia-literacy-issues-in-the-care-of-chinese-american-immigrants
#8
Benjamin K P Woo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729149/illness-management-in-older-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-couples-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Alexandra C H Nowakowski, Alan Y Chan, Jordan Forrest Miller, J E Sumerau
More openly sexually and gender diverse people are aging into later life across the world as generational transitions occur. People identifying many different ways beyond cisgender and heterosexual are diverse with respect to many other characteristics and sociopolitical locations across the globe and may thus experience a wide array of health journeys both individually and as partners in intimate relationships. In this review article, we summarize the major contributions of and ongoing gaps in existing studies about such couples' experiences of chronic disease management in later life...
January 2019: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719489/detecting-self-neglect-a-comparative-study-of-indicators-and-risk-factors-in-a-spanish-population
#10
Carmen Touza, Carmen Prado
Objective: To provide information relevant for detecting potential self-neglecting elders in a Spanish population. Method: This study analyzed the records of 269 social services clients. They were classified in three groups: presumed adequate treatment (AT), at increased risk of abuse (RA), and at increased risk of self-neglect (SN). Social service professionals assessed these cases. Results: Elders at SN presented greater problems in terms of their personal hygiene and appearance, their living conditions, and their ability to look after themselves, to attend to their own health, to realistically assess their situation, and to accept help from others...
January 2019: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671493/memory-and-confusion-complaints-in-visually-impaired-older-adults-an-understudied-aspect-of-well-being
#11
Moon Jeong Lee, Varshini Varadaraj, Pradeep Y Ramulu, Heather E Whitson, Jennifer A Deal, Bonnielin K Swenor
Objective: To determine the prevalence of cognitive (memory or confusion) complaints in older adults with visual impairment (VI). Method: We assessed the relationship between VI (corrected visual acuity [VA] < 20/40) and self-reported confusion or problems with memory among participants aged 60 years to 85 years in the 1999-2006 cycles of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ( n = 5,795). Prevalence estimates of cognitive complaints were calculated using Current Population Surveys. Results: Memory/confusion complaints were reported in 22% of the VI group and 11% of the no VI group ( p < ...
January 2019: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30574534/erratum
#12
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2333721418812246.].
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30574533/impact-of-tai-chi-on-peripheral-neuropathy-revisited-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Melinda Hermanns, Barbara K Haas, Linda Rath, Brittany Murley, Arturo A Arce-Esquivel, Joyce E Ballard, Yong T Wang
Exercise may be beneficial to older persons living with peripheral neuropathy (PN), but maintaining an exercise program is challenging. After participating in a 12-week tai chi (TC) study, 12 participants requested classes continue. A mixed-methods design was used to explore long-term engagement of older persons with bilateral PN enrolled in a TC class for 18 months beyond the original 3-month study. Pre- and posttest measures of functional status and quality of life (QOL) were conducted. Focus groups were held after 18 months of twice-weekly classes...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30560148/trauma-consults-by-geriatricians-looking-into-the-black-box
#14
Stephan F Duran, Lauren Mazzurco, Robert M Palmer
The conceptual framework, targeting of older adults, and content of a targeted geriatric trauma consult (GTC) performed by geriatricians at a Level 1 trauma center are highlighted. The GTC is designed to optimize patient care through comprehensive assessment and to interrupt the disablement process. In a performance improvement study, fellowship-trained and certified geriatricians conducted the GTC in 98 patients ranging in age from 68 to 100 years. Most common recommendations by the geriatricians were for transitions of care (e...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30560147/the-giant-geriatric-syndromes-are-intensified-by-diabetic-complications
#15
REVIEW
Andrzej Lewandowicz, Paweł Skowronek, Agnieszka Maksymiuk-Kłos, Paweł Piątkiewicz
By 2015, diabetes has affected more than 415 million people over the world. It is anticipated that 640 million adults will suffer from diabetes in 2040. The elongation of the life expectancy, as the result of better general health care, extends also the time when diabetic complications may develop together with other senility-specific problems. The Giant Geriatric Syndromes (Geriatric Giants) have been qualified by the original Nascher's criteria defined more than 100 years ago, but they are becoming more and more relevant in connection with the aging of societies...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30515451/conducting-research-with-older-adults-with-vision-impairment-lessons-learned-and-recommended-best-practices
#16
Corinna Trujillo Tanner, Michael S Caserta, Julia J Kleinschmidt, Margaret S Clayton, Paul S Bernstein, Jia Wen Guo
Older adults are underrepresented in research, and a potential barrier to their participation may be the increasing prevalence of vision loss and lack of accommodation for this challenge. Although vision loss may initially pose a challenge to research participation, its effects can be mitigated with early, in-depth planning. For example, recruitment is more inclusive when best practices identified in the literature are used in the preparation of written materials to reduce glare and improve readability and legibility...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30515450/pharmacy-staff-perspectives-on-alcohol-and-medication-interaction-prevention-among-older-rural-adults
#17
Faika Zanjani, Hannah Allen, Rachel Vickers Smith, Demetra Antimisiaris, Nancy Schoenberg, Catherine Martin, Richard Clayton
Older adults are at high risk for alcohol and medication interactions (AMI). Pharmacies have the potential to act as ideal locations for AMI education, as pharmacy staff play an important role in the community. This study examined the perspectives of pharmacy staff on AMI prevention programming messaging, potential barriers to and facilitators of older adult participation in such programming, and dissemination methods for AMI prevention information. Flyers, telephone calls, and site visits were used to recruit 31 pharmacy staff members who participated in semistructured interviews...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30505890/how-is-literacy-being-defined-and-measured-in-dementia-research-a-scoping-review
#18
REVIEW
Seul Ki Choi, India D Rose, Daniela B Friedman
Literacy plays an important role in Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD); however, less is known about how literacy is being used and defined in ADRD studies. This study reviewed terminology being used to describe types and definitions of literacy and instruments used to assess literacy in ADRD research. Among the 219 studies retrieved from 3 databases, 50 met our inclusion criteria. Literacy terms used in ADRD studies varied: literacy ( n = 28), health literacy ( n = 9), and dementia literacy ( n = 7) were the most often used terms, followed by financial literacy ( n = 4), dementia knowledge ( n = 3), AD knowledge ( n = 2), mental health literacy ( n = 2), AD literacy, digital literacy, health literacy about incontinence, and financial knowledge ( n = 1 each)...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30480042/training-neurodegenerative-disease-support-group-leaders-a-new-support-group-functioning-scale
#19
Therese V Cash, Christopher Kilbourn, Sarah K Lageman
Support group leaders play pivotal roles in maintaining healthy community support groups; however, these leaders also have personal support needs and typically lack formal training in managing complex behaviors of neurodegenerative disorders. A support group well-being questionnaire, assessing support group functioning, was developed and piloted among participants of an educational training program designed for support group leaders of various neurodegenerative disorder-specific support groups. An exploratory factor analysis evaluated the questionnaire's psychometric properties and identified a reliable single factor five-item solution, which was titled the Support Group Functioning Scale (SGFS)...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30450370/effect-of-pain-severity-on-executive-function-decline-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#20
Shunsuke Murata, Sho Nakakubo, Tsunenori Isa, Yamato Tsuboi, Kohtaroh Torizawa, Akimasa Fukuta, Maho Okumura, Naoka Matsuda, Rei Ono
Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the reciprocal relationship between pain severity and executive function in community-dwelling older adults. Method: In this prospective cohort study, 64 Japanese community-dwelling older adults aged 60 years or older (mean age 72.8 years; women, 68.8%) were analyzed. Pain severity was assessed by self-reported questionnaire while executive function was assessed by the Trail Making Test at baseline and at 1-year follow-up assessment. A mixed effect model was conducted to analyze the effect of baseline executive function on change in pain severity and effect of baseline pain severity on change in executive function...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
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