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Emergency (Tehran, Iran)

Fatemeh Ramezani, Amir Bahrami-Amiri, Asrin Babahajian, Kavous Shahsavari Nia, Mahmoud Yousefifard
Introduction: Ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase-L1 (UCH-L1) is one of the promising candidates, with an acceptable diagnostic value for predicting head computed tomography (CT) scan findings. However, there has been a controversy between studies and still, there is no general overview on this. Therefore, the current systematic review and meta-analysis attempted to estimate the value of UCH-L1 in predicting intracranial lesions in traumatic brain injury. Methods: Two independent reviewers screened records from the search of four databases Medline, Embase, Scopus and Web of Science...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Fatemeh Ramezani, Sajjad Ahmadi, Gholamreza Faridaalee, Alireza Baratloo, Mahmoud Yousefifard
Introduction: There is still no consensus on the value of Manchester Acute Coronary Syndromes (MACS) decision rule in detecting acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Therefore, the purpose of the present systematic review and meta-analyzes is to summarize the clinical evidence in the evaluation of the value of MACS in the diagnosis of ACS. Methods: A literature search was performed on the Medline, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science databases. Outcomes included acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and major adverse cardiac event (MACE)...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Amir Mirhaghi, Mohsen Ebrahimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Parisa Eizadi, Mohammad Jalili, Ahmadreza Dehpour
Introduction: Appropriate pain relief enhances patient satisfaction and reduces patient anxiety. This study aimed to compare oral oxycodone with intravenous (IV) morphine sulfate (MS) in pain management of acute limb trauma. Method: In this randomized double-blind clinical trial, patients over 14 years old, with acute isolated limb trauma were randomized to receive either 5mg IV MS or 5 mg oral oxycodone. Pain intensity and adverse effects of medications were recorded 0, 30 and 60 minutes after drug administration and compared between the groups...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Shahrzad Ghiyasvandian, Afshin Khazaei, Masoumeh Zakerimoghadam, Rasoul Salimi, Ali Afshari, Abbas Mogimbeigi
Introduction: Infrequency and low exposure to critically ill patients requiring airway management will lead to reduction in the skills and performance of the Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) over time. The present study was conducted primarily aiming to evaluate airway management in stationary ambulance simulations and identify the factors affecting Endotracheal Intubation (ETI) success rate. Method: This is a simulation study. The study population comprised of active EMTs in prehospital emergency bases in Hamadan province...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Afshin Amini, Ali Arhami Dolatabadi, Hamid Kariman, Hamidreza Hatamabadi, Elham Memary, Sohrab Salimi, Shahram Shokrzadeh
Introduction: Need for procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) is felt in emergency department (ED) more and more each day. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of low-dose fentanyl, propofol, midazolam, ketamine and lidocaine combination with regular dose of propofol and fentanyl combination for induction of deep sedation. Methods: In this single-blind clinical trial, candidate patients for sedation and analgesia aged more than 15 and less than 60 years old, with pain score ‚Č•6 were allocated to one of the groups using block randomization and were compared regarding onset of action, recovery time, and probable side effects...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Abdolkarim Pajoum, Farshid Fahim, Meisam Akhlaghdoust, Nasim Zamani, Zeinab Amirfirooz, Mahnaz Dehdehasti
Introduction: Some studies have reported creatinine phosphokinase (CPK) as a new emerging way in predicting the outcomes of poisoned patients. This study aimed to evaluate the association of serum CPK level in the first 24 hours with outcomes of poisoned patients. Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study was performed using the medical profiles of poisoned patients aged between 13 and 70 years old who were referred to the emergency department of a big referral medical toxicology center during 6 years and whose necessary data for this study was available...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Saeed Abbasi, Hossein Shaker, Fariba Zareiee, Davood Farsi, Peyman Hafezimoghadam, Mahdi Rezai, Babak Mahshidfar, Mani Mofidi
Introduction: Chest ultrasonography is routinely used in evaluation of chest trauma for diagnosis of pulmonary injury. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of B-Lines for diagnosing lung contusion in patients with blunt trauma of the chest. Methods: Trauma patients who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study and underwent ultrasonography by trained emergency medicine residents. Ultrasound results were recorded in terms of number of B-lines and the existence of peripheral parenchymal lesion (PPL)...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Arash Beiraghi-Toosi, Roya Askarian, Faezeh Sadrabadi Haghighi, Mohammad Safarian, Fereshteh Kalantari, Seyed Isaac Hashemy
Introduction: Several studies have shown the role of oxidative stress in pathophysiology of burn injuries. This study aimed to evaluate the changes of oxidant-antioxidant levels during the week following burn injuries and its correlation with grade of burn. Methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study, changes of total glutathione, reduced glutathione (GSH), oxidized GSH (GSSG), GSH/GSSG ratio, as well as Pro-oxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB) were investigated on the 1st , 2nd and 7th days of admission in patients with > 15 % burns...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Majid Hajimaghsoudi, Mehdi Bagherabadi, Ehsan Zarepur, Vahid Ahmadi Hanzaei
Introduction: The quality of interventions in children is largely dependent on their control. Hence, this study compared the sedative effects of subcutaneous (SC) and intravenous (IV) Midazolam in pediatric sedation induction. Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on children aged 1-6 years presenting to emergency departments of Shahid Sadoughi and Shahid Rahnemoon Hospitals, Yazd, Iran. Participants were randomly assigned to IV or SC midazolam using a jet injector and success rate, degree of sedation, and satisfaction of parents and physician were compared between groups...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Mauro Giordano, Tiziana Ciarambino, Pietro Castellino, Lorenzo Malatino, Giuseppe Signoriello, Giuseppe Paolisso, Luigi Elio Adinolfi
Introduction: Early detection is crucial for prompt management of acute kidney injury (AKI) patients in emergency department (ED). This study aimed to investigate the usefulness of hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis (HCMA) levels in this regard. Methods: In this retrospective observational study, > 18 years old critically ill patients presenting to ED of Marcianise Hospital, Italy, were divided into non-AKI and AKI group according to KDIGO guideline. The level of HCMA ((arterial pH x bicarbonate)/chloride) was compared between groups and correlation of HCMA with estimated glomerular filtration rate (e-GFR) in ARF patients was evaluated...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Mohammad-Reza Motie, Anvar Soleimani, Arash Soltani, Seyed Isaac Hashemy
Introduction: Finding an accurate diagnostic test can reduce the rate of unnecessary abdominal surgery in cases of suspected acute appendicitis (AA). This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of serum lactoferrin (LF) and procalcitonin (PCT) in detection of patients with acute appendicitis. Methods: In this diagnostic accuracy study, screening performance characteristics of PCT and LF were calculated in patients suspected with acute appendicitis and healthy volunteers as control group...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Mohammad Khani, Fariba Bayat, Atoosheh Rohani, Mehdi Pishgahi
Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is usually asymptomatic; however, it could be quite dangerous for patients with right side clot in which thrombus can transmit the PFO and paradoxically emboli to systemic circulation. Here we present a patient with ankle fracture and paradoxical embolus to the brain, who was successfully treated with emergent thrombectomy, inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement and anticoagulation therapy. Despite the high rate of mortality in these patients, fortunately our patient survived with surgical treatment...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Forod Salehi, Hamidreza Riasi, Hamideh Riasi, Arvin Mirshahi
Torsades de pointes (TdP) is a rare but hazardous ventricular dysrhythmia caused by an increase in the QT interval of the heart rhythm and is categorized into congenital or acquired types. Signs and symptoms of TdP include syncope, seizure, ventricular fibrillation, and even sudden death. According to statistics, among these symptoms, syncope and the seizure can be considered as signs that make the TdP diagnosis difficult. Here, we present an infant referring to Vali-e-Asr Hospital in Birjand with frequent seizures and aspiration pneumonia...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Fares Najari, Babak Mostafazadeh, Asadollah Akbari, Ideh Baradaran Kaya, Dorsa Najari
Introduction: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is introduced as the third major cause of death after trauma in those who survive more than 24 hours . This study aimed to describe the characteristics of mortalities due to trauma related PE in cases referred to the forensic medicine department. Methods: The present cross sectional study was conducted on medical profiles of cadavers that were registered as trauma related mortality in the dissection department of the Forensic Medicine Organization, Tehran, Iran, during 2011 to 2016...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Saeed Reza Ghanbarizadeh, Hossein Dinpanah, Reza Ghasemi, Yaser Salahshour, Samaneh Sardashti, Mostafa Kamali, Seyed Reza Khatibi
Introduction: About 5% of visits to emergency departments are made up of conversion disorder cases. This study was designed with the aim of comparing the effectiveness of quetiapine and haloperidol in controlling conversion disorder symptoms. Methods: The present single-blind clinical trial has been performed on patients with conversion disorder (based on the DSM-IV definition) presenting to emergency department of 9-Day Hospital, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran, from January 2017 until May 2018...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Ali Vafaei, Amin Shams Akhtari, Kamran Heidari, Somayeh Hosseini
Introduction: Adhering to existing guidelines on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can increase the survival rate of the patients. The present study has been designed with the aim of determining the quality of CPR performed in the emergency department based on the latest protocol by the American heart association (AHA). Methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study CPR process was audited in patients above 18 years old in need of CPR presenting to the emergency departments of 3 teaching hospitals based on the AHA 2015 guidelines...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Zana Ramezani, Asrin Babahajian, Vahid Yousefinejad
Zinc phosphide (ZnP) is low-cost, accessible, and very effective as a rodenticide. It has been used for many human suicide poisonings around the world, including Iran. Nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms and cardiotoxicity are the most serious complications of ZnP poisoning, which are associated with a high mortality rate. The aim of this paper was to report a poisoned patient that ingested ZnP with suicidal attempt and faced complications due to hemolysis.
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Mehdi Mesri, Fares Najari, Ideh Baradaran Kayal, Dorsa Najari
Industrial lead toxicity is more common among miners. This type of toxicity occurs in two forms: acute and chronic. Chronic toxicity is associated with different levels of brain dysfunction, motor impairment, cognitive dysfunction, and neuropsychiatric problems, including depression, anxiety, irritability, and emotional disorders. However, quadriplegia induced by chronic toxicity is very rare. Here we report a 37-year-old male patient with a history of desert hunting, where he used to roll lead bullets in his mouth, who was admitted with sensory impairment, muscle weakness, and quadriplegia and final diagnosis of lead toxicity...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Mohammadali Jafari, Amir Aliheidari Biuki, Majid Hajimaghsoudi, Mehdi Bagherabadi, Ehsan Zarepur
Introduction: Conversion disorder is a condition in which the patient shows psychological stress in physical ways. This study aimed to compare the effects of haloperidol versus midazolam in patients with conversion disorder. Methods: This double-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted on patients with conversion disorder who had presented to the emergency department, throughout 2015. Patients were randomly divided into two groups and were either treated with 2...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
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