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JMIR Mental Health

Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Tania Simona Re, Riccardo Zerbetto
BACKGROUND: Information technologies have become an integral part of the modern society, however it is speculated that their overuse would result in addiction. Nomophobia refers to the irrational fear of being out of contact with the virtual communication platforms. Generally upon exposure to stress, humans adjust by employing cognitive mechanisms and behavioral efforts also known as coping strategies. OBJECTIVE: To explore the coping styles implemented in subjects with nomophobia...
February 9, 2019: JMIR Mental Health
Rajesh R Nandy, Karabi Nandy, Emily T Hébert, Michael S Businelle, Scott T Walters
BACKGROUND: Behavior and emotions are closely intertwined. The relationship between behavior and emotions might be particularly important in populations of underserved people, such as people with physical or mental health issues. We used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to examine the relationship between emotional state and other characteristics among people with a history of chronic homelessness who were participating in a health coaching program. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to identify relationships between daily emotional states (valence and arousal) shortly after waking and behavioral variables such as physical activity, diet, social interaction, medication compliance, and tobacco usage the prior day, controlling for demographic characteristics...
February 7, 2019: JMIR Mental Health
Brandon Birckhead, Carine Khalil, Xiaoyu Liu, Samuel Conovitz, Albert Rizzo, Itai Danovitch, Kim Bullock, Brennan Spiegel
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic virtual reality (VR) has emerged as an efficacious treatment modality for a wide range of health conditions. However, despite encouraging outcomes from early stage research, a consensus for the best way to develop and evaluate VR treatments within a scientific framework is needed. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop a methodological framework with input from an international working group in order to guide the design, implementation, analysis, interpretation, and communication of trials that develop and test VR treatments...
January 31, 2019: JMIR Mental Health
Jessica Lipschitz, Christopher J Miller, Timothy P Hogan, Katherine E Burdick, Rachel Lippin-Foster, Steven R Simon, James Burgess
BACKGROUND: Emerging research suggests that mobile apps can be used to effectively treat common mental illnesses like depression and anxiety. Despite promising efficacy results and ease of access to these interventions, adoption of mobile health (mHealth; mobile device-delivered) interventions for mental illness has been limited. More insight into patients' perspectives on mHealth interventions is required to create effective implementation strategies and to adapt existing interventions to facilitate higher rates of adoption...
January 25, 2019: JMIR Mental Health
Nektaria Varfi, Stephane Rothen, Katarzyna Jasiowka, Thibault Lepers, Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli, Yasser Khazaal
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies are concerned with various aspects of cybersex addiction, the difficulty some persons have in limiting cybersex use despite a negative impact on everyday life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess potential links between the outcome variable cybersex addiction, assessed with the Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS) adapted for cybersex use, and several psychological and psychopathological factors, including sexual desire, mood, attachment style, impulsivity, and self-esteem, by taking into account the age, sex, and sexual orientation of cybersex users...
January 21, 2019: JMIR Mental Health
Alan R Teo, Samuel Bl Liebow, Benjamin Chan, Steven K Dobscha, Amanda L Graham
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2196/10078.].
January 9, 2019: JMIR Mental Health
Kathleen Marie Walsh, Bechara J Saab, Norman As Farb
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness training (MT) includes a variety of contemplative practices aimed at promoting intentional awareness of experience, coupled with attitudes of nonjudgment and curiosity. Following the success of 8-week, manualized group interventions, MT has been implemented in a variety of modalities, including smartphone apps that seek to replicate the success of group interventions. However, although smartphone apps are scalable and accessible to a wider swath of population, their benefits remain largely untested...
January 8, 2019: JMIR Mental Health
Antonia Bifulco, Ruth Spence, Stephen Nunn, Lisa Kagan, Deborah Bailey-Rodriguez, Georgina M Hosang, Matthew Taylor, Helen L Fisher
BACKGROUND: Given the criticisms of life event checklists and the costs associated with interviews, life event research requires a sophisticated but easy-to-use measure for research and clinical practice. Therefore, the Computerized Life Events and Assessment Record (CLEAR), based on the Life Events and Difficulties Schedule (LEDS), was developed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to test CLEAR's reliability, validity, and association with depression. METHODS: CLEAR, the General Health Questionnaire, and the List of Threatening Experiences Questionnaire (LTE-Q) were completed by 328 participants (126 students; 202 matched midlife sample: 127 unaffected controls, 75 recurrent depression cases)...
January 8, 2019: JMIR Mental Health
Mark van der Maas, Jing Shi, Tara Elton-Marshall, David C Hodgins, Sherald Sanchez, Daniela Ss Lobo, Sylvia Hagopian, Nigel E Turner
BACKGROUND: This study seeks to give an overview of academic research on internet-based interventions that are used to address problem gambling. The rate of treatment seeking has been demonstrated to be low across several research environments. This is in part because of the systemic barriers that treatment seekers face to accessing traditional face-to-face treatment. Making treatment resources for problem gambling available through the internet is one way to reduce the impact of those systemic barriers...
January 7, 2019: JMIR Mental Health
Donna Moore, Virginia Harrison
BACKGROUND: Many websites are available with information and resources for perinatal anxiety; however, there is limited research on the quality and content of these sites. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify what sites are available on perinatal anxiety, identify any information and therapeutic advice given, and review its accuracy and website design. METHODS: We conducted an evaluation of websites for perinatal anxiety. Eligible websites (N=50) were evaluated for accuracy of information, resources for mothers, website quality, and readability...
December 20, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Camilla Babbage, Georgina Margaret Jackson, Elena Nixon
BACKGROUND: Adaptive coping behaviors can improve well-being for young people experiencing life stressors, while maladaptive coping can increase vulnerability to mental health problems in youth and into adulthood. Young people could potentially benefit from the use of digital technology tools to enhance their coping skills and overcome barriers in help-seeking behaviors. However, little is known about the desired digital technology use for self-management of well-being among young people in the general population...
December 18, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Joanne Woodford, Anna Wikman, Kim Einhorn, Martin Cernvall, Helena Grönqvist, Amanda Romppala, Louise von Essen
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials are often challenged with issues of recruitment and retention. Little is known concerning general attitudes and preferences toward trial design and willingness to participate among parents of children treated for cancer. Furthermore, willingness to participate in internet-administered psychological interventions remains unexplored. In this study, we examined attitudes and preferences of the population regarding study procedures for a hypothetical trial of an internet-administered psychological intervention...
December 18, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Gitta Anne Jacob, Andrea Hauer, Sandra Köhne, Nele Assmann, Anja Schaich, Ulrich Schweiger, Eva Fassbinder
BACKGROUND: Electronic health (eHealth) programs have been found to be effective in treating many psychological conditions. However, regarding borderline personality disorder (BPD), only a few eHealth programs have been tested, involving small interventions based on the dialectical behavior therapy treatment approach. We investigated priovi, a program based on the schema therapy (ST) approach. priovi is considerably more comprehensive than prior programs, offering broad psychoeducation content and many therapeutic exercises...
December 17, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Alexis Bourla, Florian Ferreri, Laetitia Ogorzelec, Charles-Siegfried Peretti, Christian Guinchard, Stephane Mouchabac
BACKGROUND: Recent discoveries in the fields of machine learning (ML), Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA), computerized adaptive testing (CAT), digital phenotype, imaging, and biomarkers have brought about a new paradigm shift in medicine. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore psychiatrists' perspectives on this paradigm through the prism of new clinical decision support systems (CDSSs). Our primary objective was to assess the acceptability of these new technologies...
December 14, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Jorge E Palacios, Derek Richards, Riley Palmer, Carissa Coudray, Stefan G Hofmann, Patrick A Palmieri, Patricia Frazier
BACKGROUND: Many university campuses have limited mental health services that cannot cope with the high demand. One alternative is to use internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) as a way of tackling barriers such as lack of availability and scheduling issues. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess feasibility, acceptability, effectiveness, and satisfaction of a supported iCBT intervention offering 3 programs on depression, anxiety, and stress to university students...
December 14, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Russell Fulmer, Angela Joerin, Breanna Gentile, Lysanne Lakerink, Michiel Rauws
BACKGROUND: Students in need of mental health care face many barriers including cost, location, availability, and stigma. Studies show that computer-assisted therapy and 1 conversational chatbot delivering cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) offer a less-intensive and more cost-effective alternative for treating depression and anxiety. Although CBT is one of the most effective treatment methods, applying an integrative approach has been linked to equally effective posttreatment improvement...
December 13, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Andrea Lynn Murphy, Sophie Peltekian, David M Gardner
BACKGROUND: Men with mental health and addictions problems seek information and help from health service providers and community support less often than women with such problems. Online health resources offer men rapid access to self-care recommendations and resources and anonymity; however, only a few websites are specifically developed for men. Headstrong - Taking Things Head-On was a community pharmacy and online health promotion initiative for men living with mental health and addictions problems...
December 13, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Yulin Hswen, John A Naslund, John S Brownstein, Jared B Hawkins
BACKGROUND: People with schizophrenia experience elevated risk of suicide. Mental health symptoms, including depression and anxiety, contribute to increased risk of suicide. Digital technology could support efforts to detect suicide risk and inform suicide prevention efforts. OBJECTIVE: This exploratory study examined the feasibility of monitoring online discussions about suicide among Twitter users who self-identify as having schizophrenia. METHODS: Posts containing the terms suicide or suicidal were collected from a sample of Twitter users who self-identify as having schizophrenia (N=203) and a random sample of control users (N=173) over a 200-day period...
December 13, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Sandra Fielenbach, Franc Cl Donkers, Marinus Spreen, Stefan Bogaerts
BACKGROUND: Forensic psychiatric patients are often diagnosed with psychiatric disorders characterized by high levels of impulsivity as well as comorbid substance use disorders (SUD). The combination of psychiatric disorders and SUD increases the risk of future violence. Chronic substance abuse can lead to a structural state of disinhibition, resulting in more drug taking and eventually loss of control over drug intake. When treating SUD, it is crucial to address high levels of impulsivity and lack of inhibitory control...
December 11, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Salaha Zaheer, Vanessa Garofalo, David Rodie, Athina Perivolaris, Jenny Chum, Allison Crawford, Rose Geist, Andrea Levinson, Brian Mitchell, David Oslin, Nadiya Sunderji, Benoit H Mulsant
BACKGROUND: Depression, anxiety, and at-risk drinking are highly prevalent in primary care settings. Many jurisdictions experience geographical barriers to accessing mental health services, necessitating the development and validation of alternative models of care delivery. Existing evidence supports the acceptability and effectiveness of providing mental health care by telephone. OBJECTIVE: This analysis assesses patient's acceptability of computer-aided telephone support delivered by lay providers to primary care patients with depression, anxiety, or at-risk drinking...
December 10, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
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