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Journal of Audiology & Otology

Mehmet İlhan Şahin, Alperen Vural, Aynur Akın, İbrahim Ketenci, Yaşar Ünlü
Background and Objectives: Knowing the ototoxic potential of the agents used in medical treatments is important for the protection of hearing. Although we have knowledge regarding some effects of dexmedetomidine, which is an anesthetic-sparing drug, its influence over the hearing system has never been studied and is obscure yet. The aim of this study is to determine the effects of intravenous dexmedetomidine application during sevoflurane anesthesia on otoacoustic emissions (OAEs). Subjects and Methods: This prospective randomized study was performed on 60 patients (34 male, 26 female, mean age: 30...
March 13, 2019: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Tae Hoon Kong, Jae Woo Lee, Yoon Ah Park, Young Joon Seo
Background and Objectives: Temporal bone fracture (TBF) is a common occurrence in cases of head trauma. Although the incidence of temporal bone concussion (TBC) has increased in cases of head trauma, it has not been extensively studied. We assessed the characteristics of TBF and TBC in patients with head trauma. Subjects and Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of 432 patients with head injury who visited our hospital between January 2011 and April 2016...
March 13, 2019: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Ahmad Aidil Arafat Dzulkarnain, Maryam Kamilah Ahmad Sani, Sarah Rahmat, Masnira Jusoh
Background and Objectives: There is scant evidence on the use of simulations in audiology (especially in Malaysia) for case-history taking, although this technique is widely used in training medicine and nursing students. Feedback is one of the important components in simulations training; however, it is unknown if feedback by instructors could influence the simulated patient (SP) training outcome for case-history taking among audiology students. The aim of the present study is to determine whether the SP training with feedback in addition to the standard role-play and seminar training is an effective learning tool for audiology case-history taking...
March 13, 2019: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Kyurin Hwang, Jae Yong Lee, Hyeon Seok Oh, Byung Don Lee, Jinsei Jung, Jae Young Choi
Background and Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of revision cochlear implant (CI) surgery for better speech comprehension targeting patients with low satisfaction after first CI surgery. Subjects and Methods: Eight patients who could not upgrade speech processors because of an too early CI model and who wanted to change the whole system were included. After revision CI surgery, we compared speech comprehension before and after revision CI surgery...
March 13, 2019: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Jin-A Park, Michelle J Suh
Background and Objectives: To investigate the relationship between hearing impairment and alcohol drinking patterns in South Korean adults. Subjects and Methods: Data collection was performed by Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey from January 1 to December 31, 2012. Data analyses were performed from February 20 to March 3, 2018. Data from 3,860 adults 20 years of age or older without a history of malignancy or chronic otitis media in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012 database who participated in the health questionnaires, and who had available results from otologic examinations that included pure tone audiogram, were included...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Min Young Lee, Lisa L Kabara, Donald L Swiderski, Yehoash Raphael, R Keith Duncan, Young Ho Kim
Background and Objectives: The antioxidant ebselen will be able to limit or prevent the ototoxicity arising from 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD). Niemann-Pick Type C (NPC) disease is a disorder of lysosomal storage manifested in sphingolipidosis. Recently, it was noted that experimental use of HPβCD could partially resolve the symptoms in both animals and human patients. Despite its desirable effect, HPβCD can induce hearing loss, which is the only major side effect noted to date...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Bahram Jalaei, Ayub Valadbeigi, Rasool Panahi, Morteza Hamidi Nahrani, Hossein Namvar Arefi, Maryam Zia, Nastaran Ranjbar
Background and Objectives: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a disorder that usually occurs in the elderly, leading to dementia in some progressive cases. The purpose of this study is to examine the utility of central auditory processing tests as early diagnostic tools for identifying the elderly with MCI. Subjects and Methods: This study was conducted on 20 elderly patients with MCI and 20 healthy matched peers. The speech perception ability in a quiet environment and in the presence of background noise and also temporal resolution were assessed by using Speech Perception in Noise (SPIN) and Gap in Noise (GIN) tests, respectively...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Tengku Zulaila Hasma Binti Tengku Zam Zam, Ahmad Aidil Arafat Bin Dzulkarnain, Sarah Binti Rahmat, Masnira Binti Jusoh
Background and Objectives: A self-reported questionnaire for the hearing-impaired is not yet available in the Malay language, hence, it is important to develop or translate any available existing questionnaires. The aim of this study was to translate, adapt and validate the Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adult (HHIA) to be used by the audiologist among the hearing-impaired population in Malaysia. Subjects and Methods: The HHIAs were translated to Malay language using forward-backward translation techniques by four-panellists (two for each level)...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Han Gyeol Park, Jun Ho Lee, Seung Ha Oh, Moo Kyun Park, Myung-Whan Suh
Background and Objectives: : Dizzy patients with abnormal otolith function tests, despite a normal caloric response, are defined as having specific (isolated) otolith organ dysfunction. This study was performed to compare the differences in clinical presentation between isolated otolith dysfunction (iOD) patients with lab- and Sx-based iOD group and lab-based iOD symptoms. Subjects and Methods: : The medical records of 23 iOD patients with normal caloric response but abnormal cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP), ocular VEMP, or subjective visual vertical were reviewed...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Yihsin Tai, Fatima T Husain
Self-reported difficulties in speech-in-noise (SiN) recognition are common among tinnitus patients. Whereas hearing impairment that usually co-occurs with tinnitus can explain such difficulties, recent studies suggest that tinnitus patients with normal hearing sensitivity still show decreased SiN understanding, indicating that SiN difficulties cannot be solely attributed to changes in hearing sensitivity. In fact, cognitive control, which refers to a variety of top-down processes that human beings use to complete their daily tasks, has been shown to be critical for SiN recognition, as well as the key to understand cognitive inefficiencies caused by tinnitus...
January 2019: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Fatemeh Azadegan-Dehkordi, Tayyebe Bahrami, Maryam Shirzad, Gelareh Karbasi, Nasrin Yazdanpanahi, Effat Farrokhi, Mahbobeh Koohiyan, Mohammad Amin Tabatabaiefar, Morteza Hashemzadeh-Chaleshtori
Background and Objectives: : Autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) with genetic origin is common (1/2000 births). ARNSHL can be associated with mutations in gap junction protein beta 2 (GJB2). To this end, this cohort investigation aimed to find the contribution of GJB2 gene mutations with the genotype-phenotype correlations in 45 ARNSHL cases in the Kurdish population. Subjects and Methods: : Genomic DNA was extracted from a total of 45 ARNSHL families...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Min Young Lee, Hye Ran Son, Yoon Chan Rah, Jae Yun Jung, Myung-Whan Suh
Background and Objectives: : Determination of the lesion side based on the direction of the nystagmus could result in confusions to the clinicians due to mismatch between the vestibular function tests and also between vestibular and audiologic features. To minimize these mistakes, we elucidated the clinical manifestation and vestibular function test results in cases with recovery spontaneous nystagmus (rSN). Subjects and Methods: : Patients who visited ENT clinic of tertiary referral hospital for acute onset continuous vertigo from January 2008 to December 2011 were enrolled...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Dhatri S Devaraju, Ajith Kumar U, Santosh Maruthy
Background and Objectives: : The influence of visual stimulus on the auditory component in the perception of auditory-visual (AV) consonant-vowel syllables has been demonstrated in different languages. Inherent properties of unimodal stimuli are known to modulate AV integration. The present study investigated how the amount of McGurk effect (an outcome of AV integration) varies across three different consonant combinations in Kannada language. The importance of unimodal syllable identification on the amount of McGurk effect was also seen...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Rıza Dundar, İsmail İynen
Background and Objectives: : To determine the efficacy of filling the external auditory meatus with 1% clotrimazole at a single visit for the treatment of otomycosis. Subjects and Methods: : This prospective study included 40 patients who were referred to our clinic with complaints of ear itching, pain, and fullness, and were diagnosed with unilateral otomycosis. After cleaning the mycotic hyphae from the external auditory meatus, the ear canal was filled with 1% clotrimazole, using an intravenous catheter and syringe...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Hossein Talebi, Marziyeh Moallemi, Mitra Ghorbani
Background and Objectives: : Considering important role of vitamin D in many physiological processes including vestibular system in the ear, aim of present study is to evaluate saccule function via cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP), in patients with vitamin D deficiency. Subjects and Methods: : After routine audiological tests, cVEMP were recorded in 15 patients with vitamin D deficiency and 16 normal subjects. The short tone burst (95 dB nHL, 500 Hz) was presented to ears...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Doh Young Lee, Hyun Seok Kim, So Young Kim, Kwang Suk Park, Young Ho Kim
Background and Objectives: : The aim of the present study was to assess the feasibility of a PC-based facial asymmetry assessment program (PC-FAAP) and to compare the results of PC-FAAP with subjective regional scoring by raters in acute unilateral peripheral facial nerve paralysis (FNP). Subjects and Methods: : Participants were divided into 3 groups with 8 participants per group: group I, normal; group II, mild to moderate FNP; and group III, severe FNP. Using the PC-FAAP, the mouth asymmetry ratio (MAR), eyebrow asymmetry ratio (EAR), and complete eye closure asymmetry ratio (CAR) were calculated by comparing the movement of tracking points on both sides...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Mohd Normani Zakaria, Wan Najibah Wan Mohamad, Noor Alaudin Abdul Wahab, Nashrah Maamor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Jijo Pottakkal Mathai
Hearing aids are one of the rehabilitative options for individuals with late onset auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD). There is a growing body of evidence that supports the effectiveness of hearing aids among these individuals. The objective of the study was to review the behavioural and electrophysiological factors that determine the effectiveness of amplification in individuals with late onset ANSD. An intensive search was carried out using the PubMed, SpringerLink and Google Scholar databases using the following keywords: auditory neuropathy, late onset ANSD, hearing aids and amplification...
October 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Sami Obaid, Ioannis Nikolaidis, Musaed Alzahrani, Robert Moumdjian, Issam Saliba
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Controversy related to the choice of surgical approach for vestibular schwannoma (VS) resection remains. Whether the retrosigmoid (RS) or translabyrinthine (TL) approach should be performed is a matter of debate. In the context of a lack of clear evidence favoring one approach, we conducted a retrospective study to compare the morbidity rate of both surgical approaches. Subjects and. METHODS: 168 patients underwent surgical treatment (2007-2013) for VS at our tertiary care center...
October 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Mohan Kumar Kalaiah, Alina Lasrado, Nikita Pinto, Usha Shastri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Strength of medial olivocochlear reflex can be measured reliably using contralateral inhibition of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) when its fine structure is considered. However, measurement of fine structure of DPOAE is difficult with clinical equipment. Thus, this study investigated the clinically relevant test-retest reliability of contralateral inhibition of DPOAEs. Subjects and. METHODS: Twenty-six young adults with normal hearing sensitivity participated...
October 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
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