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Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670129/proposed-changes-to-the-by-laws
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670128/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670127/dr-hans-guido-mutke-and-the-dive-of-his-me-262-first-to-break-the-sound-barrier
#3
Mark R Campbell, Victor Harsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670126/you-re-the-flight-surgeon
#4
(no author information available yet)
Nolan CF. You're the flight surgeon: scarlet fever. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2019; 90(2):139-143.
February 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670125/fractured-tooth-stabilized-with-auto-body-repair-resin-on-a-1970-royal-navy-polaris-submarine-patrol
#5
Christopher J Brooks
INTRODUCTION: In February 1970, halfway through a Polaris submarine war patrol in SSBN-02 HMS Renown (port crew), a Petty Officer presented to the sick bay in excruciating pain with a broken upper left molar tooth. The zinc oxide/clove oil mixture would not stick on to the vertical face of the fracture. In preparation for such events, Royal Navy (RN) submarine medical officers are taught excellent fundamental dental skills. In this case, it seemed a very difficult job to extract the remains of the tooth. The author reports the first known use of glass fiber/resin in the RN to crown and treat a fractured molar, cover the root, and save the tooth, and to recommend that all military and civilian medical staff working anywhere in isolation with no dental facility locally be given similar training to that which RN submarine medical officers receive before being sent on extended dives...
February 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670124/aeromedical-decision-making-in-internal-jugular-phlebectasia
#6
Sushree Sangita Khatua, Polash Sannigrahi, Mona Dahiya, Prathu Rastogi, Abdul Raheem
BACKGROUND: Internal jugular phlebectasia (IJP) is an uncommon entity with only about 100 reported cases and with very few available cases in the literature. The current case study is about a male trainee fighter pilot incidentally diagnosed to have IJP. With limited literary evidence, it was a complex task to predict the prognosis of IJP and its implications on fighter flying. CASE REPORT: In order to confirm the diagnosis, a preliminary study was carried out to find out the normal and expanded area of the internal jugular vein (IJV) of 30 volunteers...
February 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670123/barodontalgia-among-aircrew-and-divers
#7
Idan Nakdimon, Yehuda Zadik
BACKGROUND: Barodontalgia, barometric pressure-induced dental pain, may jeopardize diving/flight safety. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the rate of barodontalgia among military and civilian divers and aircrews based on previous reports. METHODS: We analyzed the data of 4894 aircrew/divers reported in the literature. Barodontalgia rates (flight vs. diving, military vs. civilian, pressurized vs. non-pressurized aircrafts) were analyzed. The Chi-squared test was used to compare between groups...
February 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670122/hot-air-balloon-tour-accidents-in-the-cappadocia-region
#8
Mehmet Ali Aslaner
BACKGROUND: The incidence of hot-air balloon tour accidents in Turkey is not clear, as published data are scarce. This study aimed to determine the rate of such accidents, including passenger fatalities and injuries, across all flight hours and to also compare these types of accidents to those of other commercial air tour crashes. METHODS: Hot-air balloon tour accident reports in the Cappadocia region were analyzed for 1,415,943 passengers during 81,112 flight hours undertaken between August 2013 and July 2017...
February 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670121/lct-ef258-with-s17i-mutation-in-dpra-exhibits-horizontal-gene-transfer-deficiency-after-spaceflight
#9
Yi Yu, De Chang, Qiang Guo, Junfeng Wang, Changting Liu
BACKGROUND: Space is a special environment in which microgravity and cosmic rays are the primary factors that induce gene mutations of microorganisms. In our previous studies, a single point mutation in the gene dprA was found in an Enterococcus faecium strain of LCT-EF258 after spaceflight. DNA processing protein A (DprA) plays a prominent role in the horizontal transfer of genes among bacteria (such as Streptococcus pneumoniae, Helicobacter pylori, Bacillus subtilis, and Rhodobacter capsulatus ). However, the function of DprA in E...
February 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670120/pilot-sleep-in-long-range-and-ultra-long-range-commercial-flights
#10
Amanda Lamp, David McCullough, Jane M C Chen, Rachelle E Brown, Gregory Belenky
INTRODUCTION: Despite the clear need for understanding how pilot sleep affects performance during long-range (LR; 12-16h) and ultra-long-range (ULR; 16+h) flights, the scientific literature on the effects of sleep loss and circadian desynchronization on pilots' sleep in commercial aviation is sparse. METHODS: We assessed pilots' sleep timing, duration, and post-trip recovery on two LR and two ULR nonstop California to Australasia routes. Pilot's sleep/wake history was measured with actigraphy and verified by logbook across 8-9 d...
February 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670119/emotional-intelligence-and-emotional-state-effects-on-simulated-flight-performance
#11
Jing Dai, Hang Wang, Lin Yang, Zhihong Wen
BACKGROUND: Flight cadets' emotion is a factor of great importance to flight training. So it is of profound significance to address how emotional factors affect flight training performance. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and simulated flight performance (SFP), and explore the mechanism of emotional state as a mediator in the effect of EI on SFP. METHODS: Ninety undergraduates took part in the study. EI (Wong and Law Emotional Intelligence Scale), neuroticism (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised), anxiety (State Anxiety Inventory), and tension (Profile of Mood States) were collected...
February 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670118/dry-eeg-manifestations-of-acute-and-insidious-hypoxia-during-simulated-flight
#12
G Merrill Rice, Dallas Snider, Sabrina Drollinger, Chris Greil, Frank Bogni, Jeffrey Phillips, Anil Raj, Katherine Marco, Steven Linnville
INTRODUCTION: Recently, portable dry electroencephalographs (dry-EEGs) have indexed cognitive workload, fatigue, and drowsiness in operational environments. Using this technology this project assessed whether significant changes in brainwave frequency power occurred in response to hypoxic exposures as experienced in military aviation. METHODS: There were 60 (30 women, 30 men) student Naval Aviators or Flight Officers who were exposed to an intense (acute) high-altitude (25,000 ft) normobaric hypoxic exposure, and 20 min later, more gradual (insidious) normobaric hypoxic exposure up to 20,000 ft while flying a fixed-wing flight simulation and monitored with a dry-EEG system...
February 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670117/carbon-monoxide-levels-in-the-extravehicular-mobility-unit-by-modeling-and-operational-testing
#13
Matthew S Makowski, Jason R Norcross, David Alexander, Robert W Sanders, Johnny Conkin, Millennia Young
INTRODUCTION: Carbon monoxide (CO) is a toxic gas with potential for detriment to spaceflight operations. An analytical model was developed to investigate if a maximum CO contamination of 1 ppm in the oxygen (O₂) supply reached dangerous levels during extravehicular activity (EVA). Occupational monitoring pre- and postsuited exposures provided supplementary data for review. METHODS: The analytical model estimated O₂ and CO concentrations in the extravehicular mobility unit (EMU) based on O₂ and CO flow rates into and out of the system...
February 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670116/intersession-reliability-and-within-session-stability-of-a-novel-perception-action-coupling-task
#14
Christopher Connaboy, Caleb D Johnson, Alice D LaGoy, Gert-Jan Pepping, Richard J Simpson, Zhigang Deng, Luming Ma, Joanne L Bower, Shawn R Eagle, Shawn D Flanagan, Candice A Alfano
BACKGROUND: The perception-action coupling task (PACT) was designed as a more ecologically valid measure of alertness/reaction times compared to currently used measures by aerospace researchers. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability, within-subject variability, and systematic bias associated with the PACT. METHODS: There were 16 subjects (men/women = 9 / 7; age = 27.8 ± 3.6 yr) who completed 4 identical testing sessions. The PACT requires subjects to make judgements on whether a virtual ball could fit into an aperture...
February 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670115/cone-contrast-test-for-color-vision-deficiency-screening-among-a-cohort-of-military-aircrew-applicants
#15
Isaac W Chay, Shawn W Y Lim, Benjamin B C Tan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of the Cone Contrast Test (CCT) as a color vision screening tool in an Asian population of aircrew applicants and compare it against the Ishihara Psuedo Isochromatic Plates (PIP) - Edridge Lantern Test (ELT) screening pathway, assessing its impact on attrition with CCT cut-off scores of 55 and 75. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 862 Republic of Singapore Airforce aircrew applicants tested with CCT and Ishihara PIP-ELT combination as screening. CCT repeatability was analyzed by comparing the subject's interocular (right vs...
February 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670114/the-asma-global-connection-story-with-the-iberoamerican-association-of-aerospace-medicine
#16
Roland Vermeiren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30579383/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30579382/history-of-the-health-maintenance-facility-for-space-station-freedom
#18
Mark R Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30579381/you-re-the-flight-surgeon
#19
(no author information available yet)
Dillard S. You're the flight surgeon: splenic infarct following altitude exposure with sickle cell trait. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2019; 90(1):63-64.
January 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30579380/ultrasound-guided-lumbar-puncture-and-remote-guidance-for-potential-in-flight-evaluation-of-viip-sans
#20
David J Lerner, Ranjit S Chima, Kirang Patel, Allen J Parmet
INTRODUCTION: Changes of visual function/neuro-opthalmic structures during spaceflight have been described as visual impairment and intracranial pressure syndrome (VIIP)/spaceflight-associated neuro-ocular syndrome (SANS). Although theories are suggested, the mechanism is unknown. Only indirect measurements of intracranial pressure (ICP) have been performed in spaceflight. Direct determination of in-flight ICP is crucial to understanding VIIP. Current "gold standard" is lumbar puncture (LP). The only direct evaluation has occurred with postflight LP...
January 1, 2019: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
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