journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929329/exploring-the-role-of-chatgpt-4-bingai-and-gemini-as-virtual-consultants-to-educate-families-about-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ceren Durmaz Engin, Ezgi Karatas, Taylan Ozturk
BACKGROUND: Large language models (LLMs) are becoming increasingly important as they are being used more frequently for providing medical information. Our aim is to evaluate the effectiveness of electronic artificial intelligence (AI) large language models (LLMs), such as ChatGPT-4, BingAI, and Gemini in responding to patient inquiries about retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: The answers of LLMs for fifty real-life patient inquiries were assessed using a 5-point Likert scale by three ophthalmologists...
June 20, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929328/high-rate-of-change-of-the-foot-in-ecuadorian-children-the-need-for-proper-shoe-design
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Laura Martín-Casado, Inés Palomo-Fernández, Alberto Aldana-Caballero, Ivan Baltasar-Fernandez, Felix Marcos-Tejedor
BACKGROUND: Physiological changes in the foot may be influenced by external factors such as shoe types or demographic parameters, leading to podiatric conditions in adulthood. The aim of this study was to assess the changes in morphological measurements of the feet of boys and girls during childhood and adolescence. METHODS: A total of 1678 Ecuadorian children aged 8 to 17 years participated in the study. The length, width, and height of the foot were analyzed using a 3D scanner to obtain the arch height ratio for the diagnosis of pediatric flat foot...
June 20, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929327/metabolic-bone-diseases-affecting-tooth-eruption-a-narrative-review
#3
REVIEW
Christianna Iris Papadopoulou, Iosif Sifakakis, Symeon Tournis
Tooth eruption is an essential process for the development of the oral and maxillofacial system. Several inherited and acquired diseases might affect this tightly regulated process, resulting in premature, delayed, or even failed tooth eruption. The purpose of this article is to review the literature and the clinical parameters of metabolic bone diseases that affect tooth eruption. It examines the physiological aspects of tooth eruption and the pathophysiological changes induced by metabolic bone diseases, including changes in bone metabolism, density, and structure...
June 20, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929326/correlation-between-early-visual-functions-and-cognitive-outcome-in-infants-at-risk-for-cerebral-palsy-or-other-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Olena Chorna, Giulia Corsi, Sabrina Del Secco, Ada Bancale, Andrea Guzzetta
Early key visual skills, such as tracking objects, sustaining gaze, and shifting attention, rapidly develop within the first 6 months of infant life. These abilities play a significant role in the development of cognitive functions but are frequently compromised in infants at risk of developing neurodevelopmental disorders. This systematic review evaluates the potential of early vision function in the prediction of cognition at or above 12 months. Five databases were searched for relevant articles, and their quality was assessed with the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies tool...
June 19, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929325/selective-mutism-and-comorbidity-with-specific-learning-disorders-evaluation-and-multimodal-intervention-in-a-clinical-case-of-a-female-child-from-7-to-11-years-of-age
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Micaela Capobianco, Alberto Costa
Selective mutism (SM) is an anxiety disorder that is characterized by a child's persistent inability to communicate verbally in some or all contexts of social life. It is often associated with other cognitive-affective disorders. Performing cognitive-behavioral assessments and psychological interventions can be challenging due to the difficulty in administering standardized neuropsychological tests and involving family and teachers in the intervention program. In a single case study, a young Filipina girl with SM underwent a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment and received multimodal therapeutic intervention between the ages of 7 and 11...
June 19, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929324/validity-reliability-accessibility-and-applicability-of-young-children-s-developmental-screening-and-assessment-tools-across-different-demographics-a-realist-review
#6
REVIEW
Stefan Kurbatfinski, Jelena Komanchuk, Aliyah Dosani, Nicole Letourneau
Valid and reliable developmental screening and assessment tools allow professionals to identify disabilities/delays in children, enabling timely intervention to limit adverse lifelong impacts on health. However, differences in child development related to culture, genetics, and perinatal outcomes may impact tool applicability. This study evaluated the validity, reliability, and accessibility of multidomain developmental screening tools for young children, analyzed the applicability of tools across different contexts, and created a compendium of tools...
June 18, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929323/contribution-of-treatment-with-ear-popper-for-hearing-in-children-with-middle-ear-effusion
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ronit Priner, Ophir Ilan
OBJECTIVES: we aim to assess the contribution of the EarPopper device to hearing in children with middle ear effusion (MEE). METHODS: The study has three parts, including 1. tympanometry and audiometry before and six weeks after using the EarPopper to evaluate the treatment's effect over time compared to a control group; 2. tympanometry before and immediately after using the EarPopper to evaluate immediate changes in middle ear pressure (MEP); 3. length of effect 90 min after use to assess pressure fluctuations over time...
June 18, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929322/the-childbirth-experiences-of-pregnant-women-living-with-hiv-virus-scoping-review
#8
REVIEW
Andréa Paula de Azevedo, Jorge Fonte de Rezende Filho, Cristina Barroso Hofer, Francisca Rego
OBJECTIVE: Understand and explore the childbirth experiences of pregnant women living with HIV (PWLWHIV). With the advent of several measures to decrease the intrapartum HIV infection and a strong emphasis on the humanization of childbirth, there is a growing focus on providing positive childbirth experiences for pregnant women. Indeed, a positive childbirth experience is even more important in the group of pregnant women living with HIV (PWLWHIV) as it plays a pivotal role in enhancing the mother's adherence to her postpartum treatment and the newborn's engagement in Infectious Disease services...
June 18, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929321/gastrointestinal-symptoms-and-fermentable-oligosaccharides-disaccharides-monosaccharides-and-polyols-sources-in-schoolchildren-a-pilot-study
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Miguel Saps, Carlos Alberto Velasco-Benitez, Daniela Alejandra Velasco-Suarez, Maura Alvarez-Baumgartner, Amber N Balda, Samantha Arrizabalo
Bothersome gastrointestinal (GI) signs/symptoms, including abdominal pain, distension, nausea, and flatulence, are common in children. A diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPs) is frequently recommended for children with GI symptoms. Currently, there are no studies on the effect of FODMAPs in healthy schoolchildren. In this cross-sectional study, schoolchildren reported an association between FODMAPs and GI symptoms through a standardized questionnaire and images of 20 common staples known to be rich in FODMAPs...
June 18, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929320/intra-and-interobserver-variability-in-ultrasound-measurement-of-testicular-volumes-in-pubertal-boys
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Frank-Mattias Schäfer, Daniel Bürgener, Maximilian Stehr, Oliver Rompel
Accurate measurement of testicular volume (TV) in boys is an important tool in clinical practice, e.g., in varicocele treatment. This study aims to assess the degree of intra- and interobserver variability of testicular volume measurements. In a prospective study, boys between 11 and 17 years of age without testicular pathology were enrolled. Testicular ultrasound was performed by three investigators (A: pediatric radiologist; B: pediatric surgery/urology resident; C: pediatric urologist). Intraobserver variability was calculated in investigators B and C and interobserver variability between all three investigators...
June 17, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929319/skin-reactions-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-associated-with-the-use-of-new-diabetes-technologies-an-observational-study-from-a-regional-polish-pediatric-diabetes-center
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ewa Ledwoń, Paula Zemła-Szten, Thekla von dem Berge, Krzysztof Nalewajko, Stefano Passanisi, Claudia Piona, Tiago Jeronimo Dos Santos, Jannet Svensson, Anna Korsgaard Berg, Agata Chobot
The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of skin problems in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) using insulin pumps (IPs) and/or continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in our center and analyze their association with various factors. As part of the international ISPAD JENIOUS-initiated SKIN-PEDIC project, we interviewed and examined patients who visited the regional pediatric diabetes center in Opole (Poland) for four weeks regarding the use of IP and/or CGM and the presence of skin problems...
June 17, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929318/the-impact-of-parental-involvement-in-the-prevention-and-management-of-obesity-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abdulsalam M Aleid, Noor M Sabi, Ghaida Saleh Alharbi, Atheer A Alharthi, Sarah M Alshuqayfi, Nirmeen S Alnefiae, Gawaher M Ismail, Abdulaziz K Allhybi, Awatif M Alrasheeday, Bushra Alshammari, Yasmine Alabbasi, Abbas Al Mutair
BACKGROUND: Obesity in children is a critical public health issue in developed countries and developing countries. The establishment of health-related behaviors in childhood, significantly influenced by parental involvement, underscores the need for effective intervention measures. AIM: This original research is a systematic review and meta-analysis that aimed to investigate the impact of parental involvement on the prevention and management of childhood obesity, focusing on outcomes such as BMI z-score, exercise levels, screen time, dietary self-efficacy, and percentage body fat...
June 17, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929317/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-healthcare-associated-infections-among-hospitalized-pediatric-patients-point-prevalence-survey-in-thailand-2021
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Visal Moolasart, Chaisiri Srijareonvijit, Lantharita Charoenpong, Winnada Kongdejsakda, Suvaporn Anugulruengkitt, Anond Kulthanmanusorn, Varaporn Thienthong, Sang Usayaporn, Wanwisa Kaewkhankhaeng, Oranat Rueangna, Jiratchaya Sophonphan, Weerawat Manosuthi, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) pose a grave threat to patient safety, morbidity, and mortality, contributing to antimicrobial resistance. Thus, we estimated the point prevalence, risk factors, types, and pathogens of HAIs in hospitalized pediatric patients. METHODS: A point prevalence survey (PPS) of HAIs in hospitalized pediatric patients < 18 years old was conducted from March to May 2021. Outcomes, risk factors, and types of HAIs associated with HAIs in 41 hospitals across Thailand were collected...
June 17, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929316/identifying-key-biomarkers-in-pediatric-pulmonary-hypertension-an-investigative-approach
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Farida Mindubayeva, Lyudmila Akhmaltdinova, Mariya Ospanova, Bibigul Tukbekova, Zhanat Bolatbekuly, Yuliya Niyazova, Yelena Salikhova, Olga Avdienko, Meruert Akhmetova
This study assesses the utility of early biomarkers-5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1)-for diagnosing and monitoring pulmonary hypertension (PH) in children with congenital heart defects (CHD). Due to the risks associated with invasive diagnostics, such as right heart catheterization, non-invasive biomarkers provide a safer alternative for early PH detection. This cohort-based study utilized blood and urine samples to measure 5-HIAA and IGF-1 levels via enzyme immunoassays...
June 17, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929315/application-of-interferon-%C3%AE-release-assay-in-the-assessment-of-t-cell-immunity-to-sars-cov-2-antigens-in-the-cohort-of-pediatric-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Katarzyna Kapten, Krzysztof Orczyk, Elzbieta Smolewska
Background: an accurate assessment of the immunity against SARS-CoV-2 can facilitate a better understanding and management of not only the recent coronavirus but similar pathogens as well. Objective: the aim of this study was to evaluate T-cell immunity with reference to antibody titers in a group of pediatric patients with autoimmune arthritides utilizing the widely known Interferon-γ Release Assay (IGRA). Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in the cohort of 55 children suffering from Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)...
June 16, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929314/younger-children-with-respiratory-tract-infections-are-more-exposed-to-off-label-treatments-an-exploratory-retrospective-study-in-a-pediatric-emergency-setting
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Greta Venckute, Erika Zekaite-Vaisniene, Urte Oniunaite, Lina Jankauskaite
UNLABELLED: Off-label drug use is prevalent in the pediatric population and represents a patient safety concern. We aimed to identify factors for off-label drug use in our pediatric emergency department (PED). METHODS: We performed a retrospective data analysis. All patients aged 0-18 referred to PED from 1 September to 1 October 2022, were included. Further analysis was performed when respiratory tract infections were diagnosed. DATA COLLECTED: gender, age, triage group, chronic diseases, vital signs, and PED-prescribed treatment (medications, dosages, methods of administration)...
June 16, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929313/families-of-children-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-variables-associated-with-family-quality-of-life
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ghaleb H Alnahdi, Susanne Schwab
UNLABELLED: Families of children with intellectual and developmental disabilities often face unique challenges that significantly impact their quality of life. Understanding the predictors of family quality of life (FQOL) is crucial for developing effective support systems and interventions. AIM: This study investigated the predictors that might influence the perception of families having a member with a disability regarding their quality of life (FQOL). METHOD: The sample consisted of 320 family members from the Riyadh region of Saudi Arabia...
June 15, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929312/anatomical-studies-evaluating-pediatric-regional-anesthesia-a-scoping-review
#18
REVIEW
Lucas Ferreira Gomes Pereira, Ricardo Vieira Carlos, Albert van Schoor, Adrian Bosenberg, Natália Mariana Silva Luna, Rebeca da Costa Silva, Bianca de Fátima Bertanha, Maria José Carvalho Carmona, Vinícius Caldeira Quintão
BACKGROUND: Pediatric regional anesthesia has been driven by the gradual rise in the adoption of opioid-sparing strategies and the growing concern over the possible adverse effects of general anesthetics on neurodevelopment. Nonetheless, performing regional anesthesia studies in a pediatric population is challenging and accounts for the scarce evidence. This study aimed to review the scientific foundation of studies in cadavers to assess regional anesthesia techniques in children. METHODS: We searched the following databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of Science...
June 15, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929311/epidemiology-of-pediatric-cardiomyopathy-in-a-mediterranean-population
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alena Bagkaki, Fragiskos Parthenakis, Gregory Chlouverakis, Aris Anastasakis, Ioannis Papagiannis, Emmanouil Galanakis, Ioannis Germanakis
BACKGROUND: Our knowledge regarding the epidemiology of pediatric cardiomyopathy is based on large national population studies reporting an annual incidence of 1 case per 100,000 children, with a higher incidence observed in infancy and among selected populations. The aim here is to document the epidemiology of pediatric cardiomyopathy in a Mediterranean population. METHODS: Children younger than 18 years of age living on the Mediterranean island of Crete, Greece, who have been evaluated since the establishment of tertiary pediatric cardiology services (2002-2022) were included in this retrospective study...
June 15, 2024: Children
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38929310/antibiotic-exposure-of-critically-ill-children-at-a-tertiary-care-paediatric-intensive-care-unit-in-switzerland
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anica Fenner, Melanie Huber, Verena Gotta, Vera Jaeggi, Luregn J Schlapbach, Philipp Baumann
Antibiotic overtreatment fosters multidrug-resistance that threatens healthcare systems worldwide as it increases patient morbidity and mortality. Contemporary data on antibiotic usage on tertiary care paediatric intensive care units for in- and external benchmarking are scarce. This was a single-centre retrospective quality control study including all patients with antibiotic treatment during their hospitalization at a paediatric intensive care unit in the time period 2019-2021. Antibiotic treatment was calculated as days of therapy (DOT) per 100 patient days (DOT/100pd)...
June 15, 2024: Children
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