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Robotics and Biomimetics

Md Muhaimin Rahman, S M Hasanur Rashid, M M Hossain
In this paper, the implementations of two reinforcement learnings namely, Q learning and deep Q network (DQN) on the Gazebo model of a self balancing robot have been discussed. The goal of the experiments is to make the robot model learn the best actions for staying balanced in an environment. The more time it can remain within a specified limit, the more reward it accumulates and hence more balanced it is. We did various tests with many hyperparameters and demonstrated the performance curves.
2018: Robotics and Biomimetics
S M Mizanoor Rahman, Ryojun Ikeura
In the first step, a 1-DOF power-assist robotic system (PARS) is developed for lifting lightweight objects. Dynamics for human-robot co-manipulation of objects is derived that considers human cognition (weight perception). Then, admittance control with position feedback and velocity controller is derived using weight perception-based dynamics. Human subjects lift an object with the PARS, and HRI (human-robot interaction) and system characteristics are analyzed. A comprehensive scheme is developed to evaluate the HRI and performance...
2018: Robotics and Biomimetics
K M Goher, S O Fadlallah
In this paper; three control approaches are utilized in order to control the stability of a novel five-degrees-of-freedom two-wheeled robotic machine designed for industrial applications that demand a limited-space working environment. Proportional-integral-derivative (PID) control scheme, bacterial foraging optimization of PID control method, and fuzzy logic control method are applied to the wheeled machine to obtain the optimum control strategy that provides the best system stabilization performance. According to simulation results, considering multiple motion scenarios, the PID controller optimized by bacterial foraging optimization method outperformed the other two control methods in terms of minimum overshoot, rise time, and applied input forces...
2018: Robotics and Biomimetics
Arthur Seibel, Lars Schiller
Soft robotics is an emerging field in the robotics community which deals with completely new types of robots. However, often new soft robotic designs depend on the ingenuity of the engineer rather being systematically derived. For this reason, in order to support the engineer in the design process, we present a design methodology for general technical systems in this paper and explain it in depth in the context of soft robotics. The design methodology consists of a combination of state-of-the-art engineering concepts that are arranged in such a way that the engineer is guided through the design process...
2018: Robotics and Biomimetics
Saeed Bahrami Moqadam, Seyed Mohammad Elahi, An Mo, WenZeng Zhang
In this research, the combination of fuzzy/PD and EMG signals, as direct command control, is proposed. Although fuzzy/PD strategy was used to control force position of the artificial hand, the combination of that with EMG signaling to voluntary direct command control is a novel method. In this paper, the EMG signal and its role in effective communication between a DC motor with a voltage trigger and neurofeedback are initially explained. Moreover, by introducing a filtration method, EMG pulses are obtained as stepping pulses with a signal-specific height of a voltage between 0 and 6 V, according to EMG domain voltage, with a time interval adapted from the EMG stimulus pulses...
2018: Robotics and Biomimetics
Yuangen Wei, Yini Ma, Wenzeng Zhang
Inspired from flexible bending of octopus' tentacles and outside-driving kind of traditional exoskeletons, this paper proposed a novel self-adaptive underactuated finger mechanism, called OS finger. OS finger is similar to an octopus' tentacle and consists of an artificial muscle which is through all joints and driven by fluid, eight serial-hinged joints, and force-changeable assembly. The force-changeable assembly is mainly composed of a spring and elastic rubber membrane, which is coordinated for stable grasping by a layer of rubber material in the surface of the finger...
2018: Robotics and Biomimetics
Francisco Carreño, Mark A Post
Efforts in the research of tensegrity structures applied to mobile robots have recently been focused on a purely tensegrity solution to all design requirements. Locomotion systems based on tensegrity structures are currently slow and complex to control. Although wheeled locomotion provides better efficiency over distances there is no literature available on the value of wheeled methods with respect to tensegrity designs, nor on how to transition from a tensegrity structure to a fixed structure in mobile robotics...
2018: Robotics and Biomimetics
Jinke Li, Xinyu Wu, Tiantian Xu, Huiwen Guo, Jianquan Sun, Qingshi Gao
Nuclear energy is one of the most important clean energy on earth presently. The steam generator secondary side is the key device of nuclear power station. As an important branch of special robot, nuclear robot is the most convenient and effective mean to inspect the steam generator. This paper describes one robot system which could help users inspecting tubes and locating the robot inside the steam generator. The main part of this system is a climbing robot which can move inside the steam generator carrying a PT or telescopic arm...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
Hong Fu, Haokun Yang, Weishu Song, Wenzeng Zhang
This paper proposes a novel cluster-tube self-adaptive robot hand (CTSA Hand). The CTSA Hand consists of a base, a motor, a transmission mechanism, multiple elastic tendons, and a group of sliding-tube assemblies. Each sliding-tube assembly is composed of a sliding tube, a guide rod, two springs and a hinge. When the hand grasping an object, the object pushes some sliding tubes to different positions according to the surface shape of the object, the motor pulls the tendons tight to cluster tubes. The CTSA Hand can realize self-adaptive grasping of objects of different sizes and shapes...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
Zheng Chen
A novel actuating material, which is lightweight, soft, and capable of generating large flapping motion under electrical stimuli, is highly desirable to build energy-efficient and maneuverable bio-inspired underwater robots. Ionic polymer-metal composites are important category of electroactive polymers, since they can generate large bending motions under low actuation voltages. IPMCs are ideal artificial muscles for small-scale and bio-inspired robots. This paper takes a system perspective to review the recent work on IPMC-enabled underwater robots, from modeling, fabrication, and bio-inspired design perspectives...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
Peng Zhang, Bingbing Bao, Meng Wang
The vibration of robot joint reducer is the main factor that causes vibration or motion error of robot system. To improve the dynamic precision of robot system, the cycloid ball transmission used in robot joint is selected as study object in this paper. An efficient dynamic modelling method is presented-lumped stiffness method. Based on lumped stiffness method, a translational-torsional coupling dynamics model of cycloid ball transmission system is established. Mesh stiffness variation excitation, damping of system are all intrinsically considered in the model...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
Victor Parque, Satoshi Miura, Tomoyuki Miyashita
Route bundling implies compounding multiple routes in a way that anchoring points at intermediate locations minimize a global distance metric to obtain a tree-like structure where the roots of the tree (anchoring points) serve as coordinating locus for the joint transport of information, goods and people. Route bundling is a relevant conceptual construct in a number of path-planning scenarios where the resources and means of transport are scarce/expensive, or where the environments are inherently hard to navigate due to limited space...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
Yi Xiao, You-Fu Li
Shadow and background are two common factors in digital fringe projection, which lead to ambiguity in three-dimensional measurement and thereby need to be seriously considered. Preprocessing is often needed to segment the object from invalid points. The existing segmentation approaches based on modulation normally perform well in pure dark background circumstances, which, however, lose accuracy in situations of white or complex background. In this paper, an accurate shadow and background removal technique is proposed, which segments the shadow by one threshold from modulation histogram and segments the background by the threshold in intensity histogram...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
Qianqian Wang, Lidong Yang, Jiangfan Yu, Li Zhang
Particle-based magnetically actuated microswimmers have the potential to act as microrobotic tools for biomedical applications. In this paper, we report the dynamic behaviors of a three-particle paramagnetic microswimmer. Actuated by a rotating magnetic field with different frequencies, the microswimmer exhibits simple rotation and propulsion. When the input frequency is below 8 Hz, it exhibits simple rotation on the substrate, whereas it shows propulsion with varied poses when subjected to a frequency between 8 and 15 Hz...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
Nazanin Mansouri, Khaled Goher, Seyed Ebrahim Hosseini
The population of ageing is growing significantly over the world, and there is an emerging demand for better healthcare services and more care centres. Innovations of Information and Communication Technology has resulted in development of various types of assistive robots to fulfil elderly's needs and independency, whilst carrying out daily routine tasks. This makes it vital to have a clear understanding of elderly's needs and expectations from assistive robots. This paper addresses current ethical issues to understand elderly's prime needs...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
Bo Sun, Xingjian Jing
For track-based robots, an important aspect is the suppression design, which determines the trafficability and comfort of the whole system. The trafficability limits the robot's working capability, and the riding comfort limits the robot's working effectiveness, especially with some sensitive instruments mounted on or operated. To these aims, a track-based robot equipped with a novel passive bio-inspired suspension is designed and studied systematically in this paper. Animal or insects have very special leg or limb structures which are good for motion control and adaptable to different environments...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
Rong Tan, Xiong Yang, Yajing Shen
The rapid development of robotics offers new opportunities for the traditional biofabrication in higher accuracy and controllability, which provides great potentials for the intelligent biomedical engineering. This paper reviews the state of the art of robotics in a widely used biomaterial fabrication process, i.e., electrospinning, including its working principle, main applications, challenges, and prospects. First, the principle and technique of electrospinning are introduced by categorizing it to melt electrospinning, solution electrospinning, and near-field electrospinning...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
Weixin Yang, Alexandr Bajenov, Yantao Shen
This paper develops and experimentally validates a 3D-printed snake robot prototype. Its structure is designed to allocate limited room for each functional module (including an external power module, battery power module, the wireless control and transmission module and some detective sensors), so as to ensure the snake robot works in different environments. In order to control and track the snake robot, a low-cost MEMS-IMU (micro-electro-mechanical systems inertial measurement unit)-based snake robot motion tracking system is developed...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
Javier Molina, Shinichi Hirai
In this research, a pruning mechanism for aerial pruning tasks is tested in a real environment. Since the final goal of the aerial pruning robot will be to prune tree branches close to power lines, some experiments related to wireless communication and pruning performance were conducted. The experiments consisted of testing the communication between two XBee RF modules for monitoring purposes as well as testing the speed control of the circular saw used for pruning tree branches. Results show that both the monitoring and the pruning tasks were successfully done in a real environment...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
Kinda Khalaf, Dongming Gan, Hooshang Hemami
This paper explores the dynamics of separable coupled rigid body systems, a special class of constrained rigid body systems. These are defined as two systems that interact with each other by forces of contact, resulting in a reduction in dimensionality and complexity. The mechanics and consequences of this reduction are investigated here. The basic hypothesis and an example of the reduction in two successive steps are formulated. A simple mechanical biped model is developed and analyzed in some details by both system theoretical concepts and simulations...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
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