Shahin Isha, Rohan Sharma, Rachel M Hannon, Devang K Sanghavi
Carditis is a rare complication of Lyme disease and usually presents in the early dissemination phase, several weeks after exposure to a tick bite. Conduction abnormalities are the most common manifestation of Lyme carditis. The presentation can vary from atrioventricular conduction delay (first-degree atrioventricular conduction block) to life-threatening situations, such as a complete heart block. Although such manifestations occur late, our case report describes an interesting case where the patient developed a complete heart block in the setting of acute Lyme disease...
September 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Muhammad Akbar Baig, Sadia Asad
Carotidynia is a rare presentation of atypical neck and face pain, which is due to inflammation around the carotid artery. Symptoms can get aggravated by head and neck movements, jaw movements and deglutition. It is usually a self- limiting illness, and it is treated conservatively with analgesics. Because of it is rarity, and partly due to physician's lack of understanding, it remains underdiagnosed. Our case report aims to shed light on the importance of how its diagnosis cannot be missed.
September 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
A Armas-Salazar, F X Cid-Rodríguez, E Abarca-Rojano, J D Carrillo-Ruiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Yohei Kawatani, Kentaro Hoshi, Hitoshi Yamada, Takaki Hori
Licorice can cause pseudoaldosteronism and QT prolongation as its side effect. Trigeminal nerve stimulation, including surgical intervention involving the face, can cause transient bradycardia, known as the trigeminocardiac reflex. Although rare, a combination of these two etiologies can cause ventricular tachycardia. A 50-year-old female patient with a history of hypertension and intake of an herbal drug containing licorice underwent impacted wisdom tooth extraction under general anesthesia. Immediately after placing a month-long prop for visualization in the oral cavity, sinus bradycardia occurred, followed by ventricular tachycardia and torsade de pointes...
September 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/omcr/omad021.].
September 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Mohammad Yassine Chérif, Ioannis Raftakis, Marjolaine Weynand, Elena Dragan, Carole Nagant, Sophie Lecomte, Valérie Badot
Statins competitively inhibit the activity of HMGCR (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase), which is a key enzyme in cholesterol synthesis. These are effective drugs for the management of cardiovascular disease and are generally well tolerated but several side effects have been reported. Muscular adverse symptoms are various and, rarely, statin exposure may lead to authentic immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy (IMNM), namely anti-HMGCR myopathy. However, cases of IMNM associated with cancer have been described...
September 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Hiroto Tamura, Shingo Kurimoto, Takaomi Harada, Shinobu Hosokawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Trung V Hoang, Hoang Anh T Van, Huan T Hoang, Hoai T Vo, V Chansomphou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Aseel Abuhammad, Osama N Dukmak, Diya Asad, Izzeddin A Bakri, Saed I Y Attawna
Different types of vasculitis have been reported after various vaccine administrations. Recently, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine was one of the most common vaccine-induced vasculitis. Herein, we describe a 56-year-old male patient with chronic hepatitis B who presented with abdominal pain for 2 days, which was associated with vomiting and bloody diarrhea. He had a history of petechial rash for 25 days, multiple joint pain and lower limb weakness after the second dose of the COVID-19 vaccine...
September 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Jitendra Singh, Anju Dinkar
A 35-year-old Indian male office worker presented with complaints of progressive weakness, fatigability, and diminished vision. The patient followed a strict vegetarian diet. Clinical examination revealed pallor. Fundoscopy revealed a bilateral macularbleed. Vitamin B12 deficiency was determined to be the cause based on the clinical and laboratory results. Three months later, he reported a near-normal vision in both eyes and a normal complete hemogram. The present clinical picture demonstrates an unusual facet of clinical feature in vitamin B12 deficiency, an event rarely encountered...
September 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Aida Soufiani, Samah El-Mhadi, Hamza Chraibi, Zineb Agoumy, Zineb Fassi Fehri, Sanae Es-Sebbani, Hasnaa Leghlimi, Omar Ech-Cherif El Kettani, Fadoua Lachhab, Mohammed Tribak, Rokya Fellat, Nesma Bendagha, Said Moughil
A 70-year-old woman was referred to our cardiology department for the management of dyspnoea. Cardiovascular examination revealed a loud P2, with no sign of right-sided heart failure. Chest X-ray showed a convex left medium cardiac border and a double contour along the right cardiac border. Transthoracic echocardiogram revealed a cystic mass attached to the right ventricle apex. Computed tomography scan showed cyst with fluid density on the apex of the right ventricle; and a honeycomb-like aspect cyst with partial occlusion in the left pulmonary artery...
September 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Brandtly Yakey, Varun Vohra, Amarilis Martin, Andrew M King
Antimuscarinic drug toxicity is a common pediatric emergency, which produces central and peripheral symptoms. Treatment of agitation and hyperactive antimuscarinic delirium, with first-line agents like cholinesterase inhibitors or benzodiazepines, is imperative to prevent severe toxicity. Intravenous physostigmine salicylate is a cholinesterase inhibitor that is commonly used to treat central antimuscarinic delirium. Its chemical structure facilitates crossing of the blood-brain barrier. Overlapping nationwide physostigmine and benzodiazepine shortages have prompted consideration of therapeutic alternatives...
September 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
D Bontempo, A M Frydrych, O Kujan, D Gebauer, M Fallon, P K Panegyres
We report a patient with a novel presentation of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody positive (ANCA+) vasculitis of the brain and oral mucosa. ANCA+ vasculitis of the brain is usually associated with pachymeningitis and hypophysitis, and there are no cases reported with simultaneous brain and oral mucosal involvement. A 35-year-old African Zambian man presented with headache and bleeding swollen gingiva. He was myeloperoxidase (MPO) antibody positive with cytoplasmic staining. His MRI showed stable small callosal, periventricular and subcortical white matter non-enhancing lesions, without change over 15 months-compatible with vasculitis...
September 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Agnimshwor Dahal, Bhim Chauhan, Jeevan Gyawali, Astha Thapa, Prakash Dhungel, Saroj Yadav
Hyponatremia is one of the most common electrolyte abnormalities encountered in medical practice and is caused by multiple conditions. SIADH is the most common cause of hyponatremia, however, careful workup must be performed on all patients as mere supplementation may cause recurrent hyponatremia and serious side effects. Adrenal insufficiency is a principal culprit that mimics the clinical picture of SIADH and tends to worsen when treated in the line of SIADH. In addition, individuals may have various comorbidities, such as hypothyroidism in our case, which can also cause hyponatremia, making it difficult to determine precise etiology...
September 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Masoumeh Mohkam, Mahnaz Jamee, Nafiseh Mortazavi, Mahbubeh Mirzaee, Mahboubeh Mansouri
BACKGROUND: Post-infectious glomerulonephritis (PIGN) is one of the most common causes of pediatric acute glomerulonephritis. Immune system dysregulation manifesting as food allergy may predispose PIGN patients to nephrotic-range proteinuria. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 3-year-old male that presented with edema, gross hematuria and reduced urine output following a mild fever, rhinorrhea and lethargy. Due to the persistence of proteinuria and hematuria, he underwent a kidney biopsy...
August 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Mehran Razavipour, Hadi Akhlaghi, Amirsaleh Abdollahi
Desmoplastic fibroma (DF) is an aggressive benign tumor that commonly affects long tubular bones. Also, the skull, mandible, pelvis and spine involvement have been reported. However, its occurrence in the scapula is extremely rare. In this case report, we present the challenging diagnosis and successful treatment of DF in a 27-year-old woman who had been experiencing worsening pain in her right shoulder for 5 years. Plain radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a lucent, trabeculated and expansile infiltrative lesion, disrupting the posterior cortex and extended to the posterior soft tissue...
August 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Abdullah Omar, Houda Alassil, Duha Alloush
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is an uncommon, fast-growing tumour, classified as a neuroendocrine neoplasm that affects the skin and spreads quickly to other parts of the body. It often affects aged, immunosuppressed people with a history of sun exposure and has a slight tendency to affect men. This report represents a case of multiple MCC nodules distributed on the chest and head of a 65-year-old Syrian male. The lesions occurred 1 year before presentation. The excisional biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of MCC...
August 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Motoya Sato, Kenji Toyoshima, Yoshiaki Tamura, Atsushi Araki
A 41-year-old woman was referred to our emergency department with a 3-day history of upper abdominal pain. We diagnosed her with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) after laboratory tests indicated a blood glucose level of 569 mg/dL, positive urine ketone bodies and metabolic acidosis. Plain computed tomography (CT) scan revealed free gas surrounding the porta hepatis and gastric pylorus, which disappeared on the subsequent contrast-enhanced CT scan. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy demonstrated no perforations; therefore, we assumed that the free gas was caused by spontaneous pneumoperitoneum...
August 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Wirapatra Iamwat, Krit Cheawcharnprapan, Patcha Yenjabog, Oranooj Lertkovit, Daranee Isaranimitkul, Thiraporn Kanjanaphan
This case report highlights the infrequent occurrence of coinfection involving invasive aspergillosis and Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) in pediatric patients. We present the case of a 9-year-old Thai girl diagnosed with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, who experienced prolonged febrile neutropenia lasting 1 month during chemotherapy. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed lung nodules with an air crescent sign, while CT angiography of the brain detected an infected ruptured brain aneurysm, which exhibited septate hyphae with acute angle branching, consistent with invasive aspergillosis...
August 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Leen J Doya, Mohammad F Mohammad, Aria Mohammad, Ali Ibrahim
Foreign body (FB) ingestion is a common emergency among the pediatric population. They usually pass spontaneously through the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. In rare cases, it may cause complications because of the impaction. That depends on the type of an FB, its location, the patient's age and the duration of impaction. Colonoscopy as management of FB ingestion in the ileocecal valve (IC) is rare in the medical literature review. Herein, we reported a case of an FB (thin needle-shaped FB 4 cm long) in the IC that was removed from the IC by colonoscopy...
August 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
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