Lakshmi Kannan, Allison Ann Bauman
Purple urine bag syndrome (PUBS) is a visually striking and a rare side effect in a patient with urinary tract infection where urine in the catheter bags and tubing turn purple. The urine in PUBS gets its color from the combination of two pigments, indirubin and indigo, which are breakdown products of tryptophan. The most important risk factors include long-term catheterization, female gender, chronic constipation, old age and being bed bound. Here, we present a case of PUBS in an elderly female with a history of bladder cancer that needed catheterization along with constipation...
February 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Yohanes Wh George, Marilaeta Cindryani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Rion Masaoka, Yasumi Katayama, Yuto Suzuki, Hitoshi Kino, Ryo Masaoka, Masaya Tamamo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Koji Toyoda, Yasumi Katayama, Ikuhiro Kobori, Akihiro Kitahama, Yumi Kusano, Yuko Ono, Shinichi Ban, Masaya Tamano
Eosinophilic pancreatitis (EP) is very rare and characterised by infiltration of eosinophils into the pancreatic parenchyma. A 40-year-old man was diagnosed with total-colitis-type ulcerative colitis at the age of 15 years. He was then diagnosed with steroid-dependent ulcerative colitis. He was given golimumab, which resulted in remission. Ten months after beginning golimumab, he was urgently hospitalised with a diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Hence, endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle biopsy was performed to obtain a definitive diagnosis...
February 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Adrian Y S Lee, Pei Dai, Leslie Burnett, Xiumei Wei, Fakhria Kakar, Thomas Ohnesorg, Ming-Wei Lin
Hyper-IgM syndrome (HIGM) is a rare immunodeficiency phenotype that is usually accompanied by serious infections. We present a curious case of the incidental detection of HIGM in a 45-year-old male with complement C1q deficiency. He had relatively mild sinopulmonary infections, recurrent skin infections and lipomas in his adulthood. Investigations revealed normal enumeration of total peripheral blood B cells and reduced expression of CD40L on his CD4+ T cells. C1q was noted to be absent, due to a peripheral inhibitor such as an autoantibody...
February 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Ali Hossein Samadi Takaldani, Nima Javanshir, Maryam Salimi, Mohammad Negaresh
Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a rare multisystem disorder inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Its prevalence is 1 in 500 000 to 1 000 000 people worldwide. The cause of this disorder is genetic mutations that lead to defective organelles of lysosomes. In this report, a 49-year-old man is introduced who was referred to the medical center with ocular albinism and recently exacerbated shortness of breath. Imaging showed peripheral reticular opacities, ground-glass opacities of the lungs with subpleural sparing in some regions, and thickening of bronchovascular bundles, which were all in favor of non-specific interstitial pneumonia...
February 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Adina Olaru, Suresh V Venkatachalapathy, Martin James, Nicolas Martinez-Calle
Chylous ascites is a rare condition found in 1 in 20 000 patients admitted to hospital with abdominal distention. It is caused by a limited number of pathologies but can, in rare situations, be idiopathic. Its management is difficult and usually involves correcting the primary pathology, making idiopathic chylous ascites particularly difficult to manage. We present a case of idiopathic chylous ascites extensively investigated over a period of several years. An incidental finding of B cell lymphoma was initially suspected to have been the primary cause of the ascites; however, after successful treatment of this condition, the patient's ascites did not resolve...
February 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Gufran Algaly, Ali Alsuyihili, Ayesha Parveen
Congenital absence of inferior vena cava (IVC) and iliac veins is a rare anomaly that can predispose young patients to develop deep vein thrombosis (DVT). This case report highlights the importance of considering this anatomical abnormality in young patients with unprovoked DVT. We present the case of a 17-year-old girl who visited the emergency department (ED) complaining of right leg pain and swelling for 8 days. An ED ultrasound revealed extensive DVT in the right leg veins, and further investigation with abdominal computed tomography revealed that the patient's IVC and iliac veins were absent and showed the presence of thrombosis...
February 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Salwana Ku Md Saad, Karniza Khalid, Sinead Glackin
Scurvy is a rare nutritional deficiency, particularly in developed nations. Sporadic cases are still reported, particularly among alcoholics and malnourished. Herein we present an unusual case of a previously healthy 15-year-old Caucasian girl, who was recently hospitalized for low velocity spine fractures, back pain and stiffness over several months and rash for 2 years. She was later diagnosed with scurvy and osteoporosis. Dietary modifications were instituted together with supplementary vitamin C, supportive treatment with regular dietician review and physiotherapy...
February 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Julie Tronchetti, Rosa E Mercedes, Philippe Astoul, Hervé Dutau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Rong Lin, Tzu-Hsien Lai, Mei-Hsiu Chen
Hemichorea is a unilateral movement disorder caused by acute ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke of contralateral cerebral lesions. It is followed by hyperglycemia, and other systemic diseases. Several cases of recurrent hemichorea associated with the same etiology have been reported, but cases with different etiologies have rarely been reported. We report a case in which the patient experienced both strokes and post-stroke-related hyperglycemic hemichorea. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain appeared different in these two episodes...
February 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Fabrice Boris Awadji, Bryan Richard Sasmita, Bi Huang, Yuying Han, Yuan Yang, Suxin Luo, Gang Liu
Pheochromocytoma presents various clinical manifestations and imprecise signs and symptoms. Along with other diseases, it is considered to be 'the great mimic'. This is the case of a 61-year-old man who on arrival presented with extreme chest pain accompanied by palpitations, and with a blood pressure of 91/65 mmHg. An echocardiogram showed an ST-segment elevation in the anterior leads. The cardiac troponin was 1.62 ng/ml, 50 times the upper limit of normal. Bedside, echocardiography revealed global hypokinesia of the left ventricle, with an ejection fraction of 37%...
February 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Poorvi Agrawal, Harpreet Kaur, Alpana Kondekar, Surbhi Rathi
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a heritable connective tissue disorder characterized by a varying degree of skin hyperextensibility and joint hypermobility. EDS is classified into 13 subtypes according to the most recent classification. These subtypes are clinically and genetically heterogenous. The spondylodysplastic subvariety of EDS (spEDS) is caused by homozygous mutations in B4GALT7, B3GALT6 and SLC39A13. To date, 13 individuals with molecularly diagnosed SLC39A13-related spEDS have been reported. The spEDS caused by biallelic pathogenic SLC39A13 variants are characterized by short stature, protuberant eyes with bluish sclera, finely wrinkled palms, hypermobile joints, hyperextensible skin and characteristic radiological findings...
January 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Kolton Smith, Kelly Tyson, Raeesa Hossain, Alexandra Young, Jillian Melnick
Human monkeypox virus became a burgeoning global health issue when outbreaks were identified in over 100 countries beginning in early 2022. We describe the case of a 38-year-old male with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome who presented one month after the development of painful anal lesions, subsequently confirmed to be monkeypox. The patient was unsuccessfully treated outpatient with multiple courses of oral tecovirimat before presenting to the emergency department for continual lesion progression. Given his AIDS, the patient was at-risk for poor response to oral treatment due to the potential for malabsorption from disruptions in his gut microbiome as well as inability to consume the recommended 25 grams of fat per dose needed for absorption...
January 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Mohamed Elfil, Mohammad Aladawi, Dmitry Balian, Ismail Fahad, Daniel J Zhou, Brian Villafuerte-Trisolini, Thomas Scott Diesing
As COVID-19 vaccines became widely available, there have been reports of neurovascular complications. In this article, we aim to report a case of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) induced by COVID-19 vaccination, with a literature review on similar cases as well as the potential pathophysiological mechanisms. Our case is a healthy male who developed headache, vomiting, photophobia and diplopia after receiving the Ad26.COV2.S vaccine. Fundus examination showed papilledema, and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and cerebral veins showed CVST involving the superior sagittal sinus and right transverse sinus extending into the right jugular vein...
January 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Pasquale Gallina, Maddalena Dardo, Agnese Pedone, Fabrizio Travaglini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Gyan Raj Aryal, Nischal Shrestha, Meenakshi Basnet, Oshan Shrestha, Pratikshya Sharma
Pleomorphic adenoma is the commonest benign salivary glands tumor. Major salivary glands are mainly involved, and there is very low reported incidence of such tumor in minor salivary glands of nasal cavity. We report a case of 69-year-old woman who complaint of chronic left nasal obstruction and recurrent scanty bleeding from left nostril for last 2 months. On anterior Rhinoscopy examination, there was a pinkish non-tender mass in left nasal cavity arising from cartilaginous part of nasal septum. Intranasal endoscopic excision was done under general anesthesia and histopathological examination of excised tissue revealed pleomorphic adenoma...
January 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Riley Gurreri, Paul Poommipanit, Abdullah Alghamdi
Stress-induced cardiomyopathy is caused by neurohormonal release of catecholamines. Although diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a well-known complication of diabetes, diabetes mellitus is usually protective of stress-induced cardiomyopathy. Stress-induced cardiomyopathy secondary to DKA is extremely rare; however, cardiogenic shock is a potential complication of stress-induced cardiomyopathy. We present a rare case describing diabetic ketoacidosis leading to profound acidosis causing stress-induced cardiomyopathy and cardiogenic shock that is successfully managed with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in adults...
January 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Fumikazu Sato, Takahiro Yamano, Yoshimi Manbo, Kimikazu Sakaguchi, Kaori Yamaguchi, Taito Miyake
Seronegative rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is less likely to have extra-articular manifestations than seropositive RA. An 80-year-old man with polyarthritis was diagnosed with seronegative RA in which rheumatoid factors and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptides were not detected. He had multiple pulmonary nodules that diminished in size following treatment for RA, leading to the diagnosis of pulmonary rheumatoid nodules. During his treatment course, he developed scleritis, which could have resulted in blindness. As oral steroids did not improve his condition, topical steroid injections were administered, and his symptoms gradually improved...
January 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Kymmi S Caesar, Dale A Maharaj, Anil Ramlakhansingh, Alexander Sinanan, Richard Ramsingh
Stroke in the young is an uncommon condition resulting in significant morbidity and as result trammels the integrity of healthcare systems [1]. We present an unusual case of a 37-year-old male presenting with neurologic signs of right parietal lobe infarction with evidence of vertebral artery dissection and persistent carotid-vertebrobasilar anastomosis as a conduit for thromboembolism.
January 2023: Oxford Medical Case Reports
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