Journals Journal of Orthopaedic Case Re...

Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Kuldeep Chand Vatsyan, Amit Kumar Salaria, Punit Katoch, Virender Negi, Lokesh Gupta, Sandeep Kalia
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of ipsilateral fracture of the shaft of the femur and dislocation of the hip are extremely rare injuries. However, the incidence of complex fractures is increasing day by day due to an increasing variety of traumatic mechanisms. This type of injury constitutes various diagnostic and treatment difficulties for the surgeon. Such injuries should be managed on an urgent basis for better functional outcomes. CASE REPORT: We hereby describe two such cases: First case hip was reduced using external fixator pins, stabilization of the shaft femur fracture was done with an external fixator and the second case hip was reduced with bone holding clamps and the shaft femur fracture was fixed with interlocking nail...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Vijay Haribhakti, Shruti Morabia
INTRODUCTION: Malignant tumors afflicting the sub-condylar area and ascending ramus of the mandible without mucosal involvement are extremely rare. Traditional approaches such as lip-split-cheek flap and Visor flap would prove sub-optimal and excessive for such limited lesions and entail salivary contamination and mental nerve sacrifice. To circumvent these limitations, we developed a surgical approach that achieves wide, extra-oral exposure to the condyle and ascending ramus and permits controlled resection, affording protection to the facial nerve branches and mental nerve, while avoiding salivary contamination...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Mathieu Lozouet, St├ęphane Derrey, Elisabeth Garrido, Ould-Slimane Mourad, Pauline Cantogrel, Sophie Curey
INTRODUCTION: Intraspinal extradural arthrosynovial cysts, which belong to the spectrum of degenerative spinal diseases are mainly located at lumbar level and their location at cervical level joint is therefore unusual. The most common surgical approach for symptomatic arthrosynovial cervical cyst remains a direct resection of the cyst by a cervical hemilaminectomy with or without a posterior arthrodesis. However, another surgical approach may also be discussed when considering the cyst as a result of a local spinal instability or hypermobility...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Ethem Burak Oklaz, Ibrahim Kaya, Murat Ciceklidag, Resul Bircan, Muhammed Furkan Tosun, Ulunay Kanatli
INTRODUCTION: Abnormalities of the double-layered meniscus are rare and can be difficult to diagnose. The main pathology in this abnormality, which is predominantly seen in the lateral compartment, is an accessory meniscus lying over the normal meniscus. Anatomically, this structure can appear in different forms. Although other meniscal abnormalities associated with a double-layered meniscus have been reported, this case presents a previously undescribed type in the literature. CASE REPORT: A 12-year-old girl presented to our clinic with complaints of knee locking and pain...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Mohamad Y Fares, Jonathan Koa, Jaspal Singh, Joseph A Abboud
INTRODUCTION: The subacromial balloon is a novel therapeutic device that is used in patients with massive irreparable rotator cuff tears (MIRCTs). The novelty of this device implies that there is still a lot to be known about its mechanism of action and rehabilitation trends. One rehabilitation trend that has been noticed is the "balloon dip", where a patient exhibits exacerbations in pain and function around 3 months following balloon implantation and after having experienced earlier symptomatic relief post-operative...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Gabriella Bucci, Salvatore Ratano, Ryan P McGovern, Steven B Singleton, John J Christoforetti
INTRODUCTION: Greater trochanteric pain syndrome is a common incapacitating hip condition characterized by chronic lateral hip pain. This condition includes a range of pathologies ranging from trochanteric bursitis, hip abductor pathology involving the gluteus medius and minimum, external coxa saltans (snapping hip syndrome), or combinations of these. Hip abductor tendon tears have gained recognition as a main contributor to this condition. This pathology is often misdiagnosed and left untreated because of the frequency of partial-thickness undersurface tears...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Liam McLoughlin, Salman Ahmed, John Agles
INTRODUCTION: Synchondrosis ischiopubic syndrome (SIS), also known as Van Neck-Odelberg disease, is a benign skeletal abnormality in children due to delayed closure in the ischiopubic synchondrosis (IPS). Patients may present with vague groin, hip, or buttock pain that can cause limitation of hip movement or limp. Few descriptions of this disorder exist, and it can easily be mistaken for other pathologies, including stress fracture, osteomyelitis, or tumor. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 9-year-old female gymnast presenting with right hip pain who was diagnosed with SIS...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Iffath Misbah, Arun Aram, Aashika Parveen Amir, Aadithiyan Sekar
INTRODUCTION: Ramp lesions, often associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, exhibit a varied incidence rate of 9-42%, increasing with delayed ACL reconstruction. These lesions, resulting from abnormal tibial movements and semimembranosus muscle contraction, are challenging to diagnose due to their hidden nature in standard magnetic resonance imaging and arthroscopy procedures. CASE REPORT: This report examines the case of a ramp lesion in the context of a multi-ligament injured knee of a 34-year-old male...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Syed Faisal Afaque, Shubham Srivastava, Ajeet Kumar Yadav
INTRODUCTION: Congenital upper limb amelia is one of the extremely rare conditions. It is defined as a complete absence of upper limbs. It may present as isolated or with other associated anomalies. CASE REPORT: We present a case of a 2-year-old male child with congenital complete absence of bilateral upper limb. This male child was born after four female children. With the advancement in modern-era prenatal diagnostic facilities and a better understanding of fetal-maternal drug pharmacology, such cases are rare entity...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Henry Kuechly, Rajul Gupta, Sarah Kurkowski, Zachary Crawford, Toan Le
INTRODUCTION: Prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) are a dreaded complication of joint arthroplasty. Zoonotic organisms such as Pasteurella multocida (PM) rarely cause PJIs. Still, these organisms can be challenging to treat due to a low suspicion index and inadequate growth on culture. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) can be used to identify organisms in culture-negative PJIs. This is the first reported case of a PM positive total hip arthroplasty PJI using NGS. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 70-year-old male presenting with a periprosthetic hip infection...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Kavinan A L Subramaniam, Tey Shen Liang, Phang Zi Hao, Nur Aida Faruk Senan, Mohamad Zaki Bin Haji Mohd Amin, Mantu Jain
INTRODUCTION: Distal junctional failure (DJF) is underreported when compared to proximal junctional failure. DJF arising due to spondylodiscitis has never been reported in the literature. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old lady with a body mass index of 33 presented with a long-standing inability to walk due to myelopathy secondary to continuous ossified posterior longitudinal ligament and ossified ligamentum flavum. Posterior fusion and laminectomy were done from D2 to L2...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Sujit Kumar Tripathy, Paulson Varghese, Shahnawaz Khan, Narayan Prasad Mishra, Mantu Jain
INTRODUCTION: Knee arthrodesis following failed total knee arthroplasty is a viable limb salvage option, and this procedure is reserved for failed two-stage revision surgery in severe comorbid patients with irreparable extensor mechanism disruption, severe instability, and extensive soft tissue loss. Knee arthrodesis using a dual-plate construct has been scarcely reported. We report a case of knee arthrodesis using a dual-plate construct in a male in his 20s who presented to us with a broken distal femur megaprosthesis...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Rajendra Sakhrekar, Carlo Iorio, Samuel Yoon, Maria Pia Monjardino, Stephen Lewis, Randolph Gray
INTRODUCTION: Ewing sarcoma (ES) is a malignant and aggressive bony tumor affecting the most common age group of 5-20 years. It constitutes 10%-15% of all bone sarcomas and is the second most common primary malignant bone tumor after osteosarcoma. It usually presents with pain, which is typically constant and progressive in nature. The primary source of pain is due to the instability of the spine to support the weight of the body, the vertebral body's expanding cortices due to the growing mass, compression of nerve roots due to tumour mass, pathologic fractures, spinal cord compression, and invasion of tissue by the tumour mass...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Junya Shimizu, Hiroki Fujita, Tomoyuki Suzuki, Shinichiro Okimura, Toshihiko Yamashita
INTRODUCTION: Synovial chondromatosis (SC) is very rare among children. We are aware of no reports of patients with SC accompanied by leg length discrepancy (LLD). CASE REPORT: We describe a case of synovial osteochondromatosis of a 7-year-old boy complicated by LLD. We performed epiphysiodesis of the distal femur and arthroscopic resection of loose bodies and total synovectomy. Three years after surgery, LLD had been corrected and there was no sign of recurrence...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Joshua H Chang, Luke Haag, Sanjay Mohanty, Roman M Natoli
INTRODUCTION: Retained rectal foreign bodies (RFBs) can be difficult to extract, forcing the surgeon to get creative. This is the first case report utilizing orthopedic drilling and joystick manipulation techniques for foreign body extraction. CASE REPORT: A 63-year-old male presented to the emergency department with a pool ball in his rectum for two days. Extraction attempts under anesthesia both transanally and through a low midline laparotomy were unsuccessful due to the patient's pelvic anatomy...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Prashant Bhavani, Samir Dwidmuthe, Pratik Shahare, Mainak Roy, Deepanjan Das, Suhas Aradhya Bhikshavarthi Math
INTRODUCTION: ?Introduction: Periosteal chondromas are rare, slow-growing, benign cartilaginous tumors arising from the cortical surface of the bone, beneath the periosteal membrane. Typically affect young males, the most common site being the proximal humerus. There have been no reported cases of periosteal chondroma of the talus in the literature. CASE REPORT: A 9-year-old Indian boy presented with a 1.5-year history of atraumatic right ankle pain and swelling, exacerbated by walking, with limited dorsiflexion...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
John Christian Parsaoran Butarbutar, Albert Riantho, Kevin Fidiasrianto, Elizabeth Angeline
INTRODUCTION: Synovial chondromatosis (SC) is a relatively rare benign disorder characterized by developing many nodules composed of cartilage within the synovial cavities of joints. It impacts several joints, with the knee joint being the most often affected. Extra-articular involvement, such as bursae or tendon sheaths, is rare. Furthermore, the coexistence of intra- and extra-articular SC is an infrequent condition. Hence, we present a rare case of SC with intra- and extra-articular involvement...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Vikram I Shah, Shrikunj Patel, Jayesh Patil, Gautam M Shetty
INTRODUCTION: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) following a primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery is extremely rare, with very few cases reported in the literature. CASE REPORT: We report our clinical experience of a 65-year-old female who developed PG following a primary TKA surgery. Corticosteroids and local wound care with vacuum-assisted closure dressing helped achieve rapid improvement in the wound condition. CONCLUSION: Post-surgical PG in TKA can be challenging with limited evidence for its definitive treatment...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Mark LaGreca, Yash P Chaudhry, Thomas Falconiero, Thomas Muzzonigro, Daniel Lippe, Mitesh Shah
INTRODUCTION: Humeral shaft and distal humerus fractures have several different treatment options, including plate fixation and intramedullary nailing. Each has its own benefits, but typically, they are not used in conjunction. While nail-plate combinations (NPCs) have become more common in the lower extremity, literature on their use in upper extremity fractures remains scarce. CASE REPORT: A 74-year-old right-hand dominant male presented after a fall with a closed left transverse midshaft humerus fracture and an associated supracondylar distal humerus fracture with intercondylar extension through a medial column...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Rohan N Sarode, Sumedh D Chaudhary, Nilesh S Sakharkar, Aniket N Adewar, Prateek Jain, Vishal Giri
INTRODUCTION: To improve hemostasis and visibility, a tourniquet was used throughout the majority of hand and wrist procedures, despite the fact that patient experience unnecessary and excruciating pain from the tourniquet. The more current method known as wide-awake local anesthesia without tourniquet (WALANT) enables intraoperative function evaluation while the patient is completely conscious. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Individuals with displaced distal radius fractures that required surgery and isolated, non-concomitant injuries requiring spinal or general anesthesia were considered for WALANT technique...
March 2024: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
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