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Journals International Archives of Otor...

International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618607/electrical-stimulation-for-treatment-of-dysphagia-post-head-neck-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Émille Dalbem Paim, Lica Arakawa Sugueno, Vera Beatris Martins, Virgilio Gonzales Zanella, Fabricio Edler Macagnan
Introduction  Dysphagia induced by radiotherapy in the head and neck region comprises a challenging scenario and sometimes difficult rehabilitation due to the severity of the adverse effects. Some resources such as electrical stimulation have emerged as an alternative to complement the therapeutic process, but there is still no consensus on its use. Objective  The purpose of the present study was to evaluate, through a meta-analysis, the effect of electrical stimulation on the rehabilitation of dysphagia generated after head and neck cancer treatment...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618606/hearing-performance-in-cochlear-implant-users-who-have-facial-nerve-stimulation
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Larissa Veloso Rocha, Maria Valéria Schmidt Goffi-Gomez, Ana Cristina Hoshino, Robinson Koji Tsuji, Ricardo Ferreira Bento
Introduction  Facial nerve stimulation (FNS) is a complication in cochlear implant (CI) when the electrical current escapes from the cochlea to the nearby facial nerve. Different management to reduce its effects are available, although changes might result in a less-than-ideal fitting for the CI user, eventually reducing speech perception. Objective  To verify the etiologies that cause FNS, to identify strategies in managing FNS, and to evaluate speech recognition in patients who present FNS. Methods  Retrospective study approved by the Ethical Board of the Institution...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618605/use-of-k-y-jelly-on-throat-packs-for-postoperative-sore-throat-after-nasal-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ahmed Mahmoud M M Elgarhy, Saeed Mostafa Abdelhameed, Othman Saadeldien Yahia, Wael Mohamed Elmahdy Ibrahim, Tamer Mohamed Ahmed Ewieda, Mahmoud M Elsayed, Marwa M Abdel-Aziz, Naglaa A Elshehawy, Hussein Magdy Abdelkader, Mahmoud Hamdy Al Boghdady, Ayman Yehia Abbas
Introduction  Postoperative sore throat (POST) is a fairly common side effect of general anesthesia. The K-Y jelly is a well-known lubricant used in many medical procedures. Objective  In this randomized study, we evaluated the use of throat packs soaked with K-Y jelly for POST outcomes in patients submitted to nasal surgery. Methods  The present double-blinded, randomized, controlled study included 140 ASA I-II patients undergoing nasal surgery under general anesthesia. Patients received either or K-Y jelly or water-soaked X-ray detectable throat packs fully inserted into the mouth to occlude the oropharynx...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618604/active-bone-conduction-implant-and-adhesive-bone-conduction-device-a-comparison-of-audiological-performance-and-subjective-satisfaction
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maria Fernanda Di Gregorio, Carolina Der, Sofia Bravo-Torres, Mario Emilio Zernotti
Introduction  Atresia of the external auditory canal affects 1 in every 10 thousand to 20 thousand live births, with a much higher prevalence in Latin America, at 5 to 21 out of every 10 thousand newborns. The treatment involves esthetic and functional aspects. Regarding the functional treatment, there are surgical and nonsurgical alternatives like spectacle frames and rigid and softband systems. Active transcutaneous bone conduction implants (BCIs) achieve good sound transmission and directly stimulate the bone...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618603/legal-medicine-and-otorhinolaryngology-related-sciences
#5
EDITORIAL
Ivan Dieb Miziara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618602/cephalometric-evaluation-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-undergoing-lateral-pharyngoplasty
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stephanie Regiane Prata Ferreira Zanco, Bruno Bernardo Duarte, Aurélio Rochael Almeida, José Alexandre Mendonça
Introduction  Lateral pharyngoplasty (LP) has shown promising results. Craniofacial deformity reduces the pharyngeal space, contributing to the etiopathogenesis. The analysis of craniofacial features can be performed using cephalometry. Objective  To verify if craniofacial deformity is associated with worse polysomnographic data in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and to verify if the preoperative cephalometric parameters can interfere with the surgical success of the LP. Methods  The study included 21 patients with OSA aged between 18 and 65 years who underwent LP in a university hospital from 2015 to 2019...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618601/history-of-eugenics-in-otorhinolaryngology-ernst-r%C3%A3-din-and-the-international-eugenics-network
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Beato Suwa
Introduction  The early geneticist and psychiatrist Ernst Rüdin (1874-1952) became one of the key figures in the eugenics movement and in the German health system of the Nazi era. His connections in the international eugenics network have played an important role in the history of eugenics. Objective  To discuss the connections between Ernst Rüdin's scientific group in Munich and Otmar von Verschuer's group in Frankfurt during the Nazi era. Methods  Otorhinolaryngological materials from Ernst Rüdin's former private library are presented, and they show Rüdin's deep involvement in the international eugenics network...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618600/three-dimensional-volumetric-investigation-of-onodi-cells-a-multi-slice-computed-tomography-study
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Flavia Limberg Dieguez, Catharina Simioni De Rosa, Paulo Henrique Braz-Silva, Sergio Lucio Pereira de Castro Lopes, Andre Luiz Ferreira Costa
Introduction  Onodi cells (OCs) are posterior ethmoid cells that are located above the sphenoid sinus, close to or even surrounding the carotid artery and optic nerve. Objective  To investigate and evaluate the volumetric variation of OCs through multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) scans. Methods  We performed a retrospective review of MSCT scans of 79 subjects, 40 male and 39 female patients, Whose age ranged from 18 to 83 (mean: 39.6) years. The volumes of the OCs on the right and left sides were measured using the ITK-SNAP software (open-source) with semiautomatic segmentation...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618599/inflammatory-modifications-in-paranasal-sinuses-and-ostiomeatal-complex-anatomical-variations-in-jet-aircraft-pilots-a-computed-tomography-study
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yeda da Silva, Luciana Munhoz, José Rodrigues Parga Filho, Andreza Gomes Damasceno, Cesar Felipe França da Rosa, Eduardo Bilaqui Zukovski, Erik Zhu Teng, Emiko Saito Arita, Cláudio Campi de Castro
Introduction  Jet aircraft pilots are exposed to huge pressure variation during flight, which affect physiological functions as systems, such as the respiratory system. Objectives  The objective of the present investigation was to evaluate inflammatory changes of paranasal sinuses of jet aircraft pilots before and after a jet aircraft training program, using multislice computed tomography (CT), in comparison with a group of nonairborne individuals with the same age, sex, and physical health conditions...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618598/knowledge-of-and-attitudes-toward-hearing-loss-among-primary-care-physicians-in-the-public-health-sector-of-mauritius
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Taslima Foondun, Lidia Pottas, Maggi Soer
Introduction  Primary care physicians are essential first points of contact for patients with hearing loss. Thus, knowledge of hearing loss and related aspects is essential to ensure the optimal management of individuals with suspected hearing loss. Objective  This study aimed to determine the knowledge of and attitudes toward hearing loss among primary care physicians in the public health sector in Mauritius. Methods  In this cross-sectional descriptive cohort study, 320 primary care physicians completed an online questionnaire adapted from previous questionnaires on knowledge of and attitudes toward hearing loss...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618597/cricothyrotomy-in-unanticipated-difficult-intubation-cases-with-respiratory-compromise
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
S Sathiyabama
Introduction  Cricothyrotomy, percutaneous dilation tracheostomy, and tracheostomy are all cost-effective and safe techniques used in the management of critically ill patients who need an artificial airway other than endotracheal tube ventilation. The present study focused on enlightening on elective and emergency procedures performed on conditions present with difficult airways and also attempts to shed light on the aspects of securing an airway in anticipated and unanticipated difficult intubation...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618596/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-persian-version-of-the-m-d-anderson-dysphagia-inventory
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fardin Sharifi, Zahra Sadat Qoreishi, Jalal Bakhtiyari, Abbas Ebadi, Mohammad Houshyari, Samira Azghandi
Introduction  Dysphagia is a common issue in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) and is known to negatively impact their quality of life. To evaluate the impact of dysphagia on the quality of life of HNC patients, the M. D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI) questionnaire was developed. Objective  The present study aimed to culturally adapt and validate the MDADI for Persian-speaking individuals. The MDADI is a self-administered questionnaire designed to assess the impact of dysphagia on the quality of life of HNC patients...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618595/a-simplified-protocol-for-tracheostomy-decannulation-in-patients-weaned-off-prolonged-mechanical-ventilation
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
K Devaraja, C S Majitha, Kailesh Pujary, Dipak Ranjan Nayak, Shwethapriya Rao
Introduction  The criteria for the removal of the tracheostomy tube (decannulation) vary from center to center. Some perform an endoscopic evaluation under anesthesia or computed tomography, which adds to the cost and discomfort. We use a simple two-part protocol to determine the eligibility and carry out the decannulation: part I consists of airway and swallowing assessment through an office-based flexible laryngotracheoscopy, and part II involves a tracheostomy capping trial. Objective  The primary objective was to determine the safety and efficacy of the simplified decannulation protocol followed at our center among the patients who were weaned off the mechanical ventilator and exhibited good swallowing function clinically...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618594/olfaction-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-eosinophilic-crs-undergoing-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Miguel Soares Tepedino, Richard Louis Voegels, Rogério Pezato, Andrew Thamboo, Eduardo Macoto Kosug, Ana Clara Miotello Ferrão, Raíssa de Figueiredo Neves, Valéria Maria Barcia Castilla, Luis Carlos Gregório
Introduction  Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common inflammatory disease. This high prevalence leads to high direct and indirect public health costs, which include medical visits, laboratory tests and imaging, pharmacotherapy, hospitalizations, and surgical treatment. Furthermore, CRS has a substantial impact on patient quality of life, affecting productivity and being a common cause of absence from work CRS-associated olfactory dysfunction is highly prevalent, the actual effectiveness of surgical intervention remains inconsistent...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618593/cochlear-implant-activation-in-the-immediate-postoperative-period-in-the-operating-room
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gislaine Richter Minhoto Wiemes, Nicole Richter Minhoto Wiemes, Bettina Carvalho, Rogerio Hamerschmidt
Introduction  Cochlear implant (CI) activation usually takes place at ∼ 30 days postoperative (PO). In our service, CI surgery is performed with local anesthesia and sedation, so activation is possible with the patient's cooperation, immediately after the CI surgery, still in the operating room (OR). Objective  The objective of the present study was to provide the patient with hearing experience with the CI and to assess auditory perception immediately after surgery while still in the OR, as well as to compare impedance telemetry (IT), neural response telemetry (NRT), and comfort (C) level at two moments: in the OR and at the definitive activation, ∼ 30 days PO...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618592/prognostic-value-of-polypoid-changes-of-the-middle-turbinate-in-relapsed-nasal-polypi-after-fess-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alaa Mohamed Abdelsamie, Hossam Mohamed Abdelazeem, Gena Kerollos Dawood, Taha Mohamed Abdelaal
Introduction  Despite the high level of patient satisfaction with functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) and the clinical improvement, polyp recurrence is observed in 23% to 87% of patients and requires reoperation. Objective  To assess the prognostic value of polypoid changes of the middle turbinate (PCMT) in relapse of paranasal sinus polyps in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyp (CRSwNP) after FESS and the effect of partial middle turbinectomy (PMT) on the outcome of surgery...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618591/angioleiomyoma-of-the-sinonasal-tract-a-systematic-review-of-an-uncommon-clinicopathological-entity
#17
REVIEW
Gianluca Velletrani, Riccardo Maurizi, Alessandro De Padova, Stefano Di Girolamo
Introduction  Angioleiomyoma is a rare neoplasm that represents ∼ 0.2 % of all head and neck benign tumors and ∼ 2% of total cases of tumors of the sinonasal tract. It was once considered a possible subtype of leiomyoma, but, in the 2020 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of soft tissue tumors, it is accepted as a singular entity. Objective  To systematically review the existing literature on angioleiomyoma in the light of the new classification of soft tissue tumors...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618590/late-bilateral-sequential-cochlear-implant-and-quality-of-life
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Larissa Claret De Lima Mendes, Alda Borges, Fernanda Caldas, Juliano Passos Barbosa, Fayez Bahmad
Introduction  Hearing impairment is one of the main disorders that can interfere with the development of speech and language. In an individual, it can cause significant communication difficulties, social isolation, negative feelings, and depressive disorders. The hearing aids (HAs) and cochlear implant (CI) are options for profound and severe hearing loss, and the CI can be indicated for individuals who do not obtain benefits from HAs. Objective  To evaluate the quality of life of individuals who underwent sequential bilateral CIs with a long surgical interval between procedures...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618589/audiogram-estimation-by-auditory-brainstem-response-with-nb-ce-chirp-ls-stimulus-in-normal-hearing-infants
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Diego da Silva Ormundo, Mariana Lopes Fávero, Doris Ruthy Lewis
Introduction  NB CE-Chirp LS was developed to improve the audiogram estimation by auditory brainstem response (ABR) thresholds during audiological assessment of infants and difficult to test children. However, before we know how the stimulus behaves in several types of hearing loss, it is important we know how the stimulus behaves in normal hearing infants. Objective  To describe ABR thresholds with NB CE-Chirp LS stimulus for 500, 1,000, 2,000, and 4,000 Hz, as well as the amplitude and absolute latency for ABR thresholds...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38618588/types-of-epiglottic-collapse-in-breathing-sleep-disorder-and-their-impact-in-clinical-practice
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elvie Zulka Kautzia Rachmawati, Susyana Tamin, Fauziah Fardizza, Rahmanofa Yunizaf, Fikri Mirza Putranto, Niken Ageng Rizki, Retno S Wardani
Introduction  Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a severe form of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) that is strongly correlated with comorbidities, in which epiglottic collapse (EC) and other contributing factors are involved. Objectives  To evaluate the occurrence of EC in OSA patients through drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) and to determine the factors contributing to EC. Methods  A retrospective study of 37 adult patients using medical history. Patients were assessed for laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) and lingual tonsil hypertrophy (LTH) using reflux symptom index and reflux finding score (RFS); for OSA using polysomnography, and for airway collapse through DISE...
April 2024: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
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