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Journal of Lifestyle Medicine

Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit
Background: To date, there is no country-representative study on tobacco and alcohol use in Zambia and Zimbabwe despite the fact that these two countries rank among the top producers of tobacco worldwide. To fill this research gap, we conducted this study to measure the prevalence of tobacco and alcohol consumption among adolescent and adult men in Zambia and Zimbabwe. Special attention was given to the age differential in the prevalence of smoking and drinking. Methods: Country-representative data on alcohol and tobacco use along with relevant sociodemographic parameters were collected from Demographic and Health Surveys...
January 2019: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Chelsea Joyner, Stuart J H Biddle, Paul D Loprinzi
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the prospective association of personality typology on changes in sitting (sedentary) time. Methods: Young adults (N = 126; Mage = 21.6 yrs) completed self-report assessments of personality and sitting time at baseline and at an approximate 5-month follow-up. At baseline, personality was assessed via the Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) questionnaire. At both baseline and the follow- up period, sitting time was self-reported using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) short form...
January 2019: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Jeremiah Blough, Paul D Loprinzi
Background: The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential joint effects of sedentary behavior and exercise on cognitive function. Methods: Participants (Mage = 20 yrs) were randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups. The No Exercise Group (n = 19) was instructed to reduce steps to less than 5000/day and were not allowed to exercise for one-week; the Reduced MVPA (moderate-to-vigorous PA) Group (n = 18) was instructed to reduce steps to less than 5000/day but exercised for 50% of their previously reported vigorous PA for one-week; and the Control Group (n = 20) maintained normal activity for one-week...
January 2019: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Pradeep Selvaraj, Logaraj Muthunarayanan
Background: MetS is one of the emerging health problems of the world with prevalence higher among Asians, including Indians, and is rising especially in the rural area. Hence, the objectives were to estimate the prevalence of MetS and its association with life style risk factors among adult men. Methods: Cross-Sectional based study conducted in the rural area of Kancheepuram District recruiting 360 participants at the age group of 20-40 years by PPS from 9 villages and from each village participants were selected by simple random sampling...
January 2019: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Tyler W LeBaron, Abigail J Larson, Shigeo Ohta, Toshio Mikami, Jordon Barlow, Josh Bulloch, Mark DeBeliso
Background: Clinical studies have reported hydrogen-rich water (HRW) to have therapeutic and ergogenic effects. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of acute supplementation with HRW on exercise performance as measured by VO2 , respiratory exchange ratio (RER), heart rate (HR), and respiratory rate (RR). Methods: Baseline levels of all exercise indices were determined in nineteen (4 female, 23.4 ± 9.1 yr; 15 male, 30.5 ± 6.8 yr) healthy subjects using a graded treadmill exercise test to exhaustion...
January 2019: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Sujan Gautam, Hyoung-Sun Jeong
Background: Childhood obesity has become a serious public health problem in many low-and-middle income countries. This study aims to determine the prevalence and assess the factors associated with obesity among school children. Methods: A cross-sectional school-based study was conducted among the 1185 secondary school students in Udupi, India. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires. Weight and height were measured and Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated...
January 2019: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Emily Frith, Pradeep Y Ramulu, Bimal Ashar, Paul D Loprinzi
Background: The purpose of this study was to comprehensively examine the association of a multitude of individual medical conditions, as well as multimorbidity, on work status among a national sample of U.S. adults. Methods: The present study included 7 cycles (1999-2012) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N = 28,119). Results: In total, 26 medical conditions increased the odds of not working. Multimorbidity as well as having prevalent medical condition(s) within each of the Cumulative Index Rating Scale Morbidity Classes were associated with increased odds of not working...
January 2019: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Eun Suk Hwang, Ju-Hee Nho
Breast cancer patients have various physical, psychological health risks, among which are the effects on general health. Lifestyle intervention involving nutrition education, physical activity, and stress management, and has been shown to be effective in improving the health of breast cancer patients. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and apply a lifestyle intervention program to promote health in breast cancer patients.
January 2019: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Amelia Seifalian, Ashley Hart
The Nobel Prize for Medicine in 2017 was awarded to Michael Young, Michael Rosbash and Jeffrey Hall for their discoveries into the molecular mechanisms controlling circadian rhythms (CR). The aims of this paper were to present the mechanisms behind the CRs and discuss the impact this could have on human health. We argued that further research in this field has the potential to revolutionise healthcare through understanding the influence on the pathogenesis of disease, including in cardiovascular, mental and neurological health, as well as influence on cognitive function...
January 2019: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Chitharaj Rajan Rushender, Balaji Ramraj, Dinesh Kumar Ganesan, Mohammed Ashiq
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that about 4 million deaths worldwide annually are attributable to tobacco use. Tobacco use is an important risk factor for numerous chronic diseases like cancer, diseases of the lungs, and cardiovascular diseases. Despite this, tobacco use is common throughout the world. Almost 150 million young people are known to use tobacco out of which a majority worldwide began this when they were adolescents. The complex mechanism of nicotine dependency makes it challenging to evaluate dependence or progress towards dependence...
July 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
Background: We evaluated the association between lower extremity muscular strength and cognition among older adults in the United States. Methods: Data from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was used to identify 1508 older adults, between 60-85 years. Muscle strengthening activities were assessed via self-report. Participation in physical activity was determined from self-report data. The DSST was used to assess participant executive cognitive functioning tasks of pairing and free recall...
July 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Joe Walsh, Ian Timothy Heazlewood, Mike Climstein
Background: Masters athletes (MAs) have led a physically active lifestyle for an extended period of time or initiated exercise/sport in later life. Given the benefits of physical activity and exercise we investigated if body mass index (BMI), an indirect health indicator of obesity, was clinically superior in MAs as compared to controls or the general population. Methods: Seven databases (Medline, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane) were electronically searched for studies on BMI (kg/m2 ) or as a percentage of BMI categories (underweight, normal, overweight, obesity) in MAs...
July 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Mohammad Heidari, Mansureh Ghodusi Borujeni, Malihe Khosravizad
Background: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are a significant concern for public health, leading to temporary and permanent disability. Health care workers, including nurses, are at high risk for these disorders. This study aimed to assess the health-promoting lifestyles of nurses and their association with musculoskeletal disorders and symptoms. Methods: This study explored health-promoting lifestyles and their association with musculoskeletal symptoms in nurses...
July 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Bimala Sharma, Ha Yun Kim, Eun Woo Nam
Background: Multicomponent interventions that include both school and family or community involvements have the potential to cause significant changes in the levels of health in adolescents. To this end, KOICA and Yonsei Global Health Center implemented a school-based health promotion program from 2015 to 2016 in Northern Lima and Callao, Peru. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of a school-based health promotion intervention on the health behaviors of school adolescents in Peru...
July 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Paul D Loprinzi, Meghan K Edwards, Emily Frith
The purpose of this paper was to review the literature to evaluate the potential effects of exercise on prospective memory (PM). A narrative review was employed. In this review, we provide a brief description of PM; indicate the effects of PM on health; evaluate the effects of age and neurological impairment on PM; examine the neural correlates of PM; provide a description of specific components that subserve PM; identify non-behavioral strategies used to enhance PM; and evaluate the literature and plausibility through which exercise behavior may influence PM...
July 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Hyejin Kim, Gyeonghui Jeong, Yoo Kyoung Park, Seung Wan Kang
Background: Sleep disorders can negatively affect quality of life with reduced cognitive function. Since stress and eating behavior are considered crucial factors for sleep, this study's aim was to compare objective quality of sleep and nutrition between subjects with sleep issues and different stress levels. Methods: The investigation was performed in adults (≥18 years old) in the Sleep Laboratory between September 2015 and February 2016. Several measurement instruments were utilized, including the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Korean version of the Brief Encounter Psychosocial Instrument (BEPSI-K), polysomnography, and a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
January 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Baksun Sung
Background: While there are many different ways to quit smoking, current methods are not equally successful. The objective of this study was to analyze the effects of different types of stop smoking treatment for South Korean adult smokers without an intention to quit. Methods: This cross-sectional study used data of 14,174 adults (age 19 years and over) from the Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (2007-2012) who have experience of smoking. The data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression...
January 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Chhabi Lal Ranabhat, Chun-Bae Kim, Myung-Bae Park, Johny Bajgai
Background: Different health behaviors influence health and illness. Spiritual well-being is one of the most important aspects of health promotion. The aim of this study was to identify the association between spiritual behavior in relation to meditation, worship, and physical exercise during yoga with self-reported disease/illness among women of the Kailali district of Nepal. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with 453 randomly selected women in the Kailali district of Nepal within 1 municipality and 4 village development committees (VDC) using cluster sampling...
January 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Else Marie Bartels, Samuel Robertson, Bente Danneskiold-Samsøe, Merete Appleyard, Anders Stockmarr
Background: Lifestyle is expected to influence muscle strength. This study aimed at assessing a possible relationship between smoking, alcohol intake and physical activity, and muscle strength in a healthy Danish population aged 20-79 years. Population study based on data collected from The Copenhagen City Heart Study (CCHS) and measurements of Isokinetic muscle strength from a sub-study of randomly selected healthy participants from CCHS. Methods: 126 women and 63 men were studied...
January 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Paul D Loprinzi, Emily Frith
Background: No study has evaluated the potential independent and cumulative effects of physical activity, sedentary behavior, daily frequency of protein consumption, lean mass and muscular strength on mortality risk. Methods: Data from the 1999-2002 NHANES were utilized (N = 1,079 adults 50-85 yr), with follow-up through 2011. Leg lean mass was estimated from DXA scans. Knee extensor strength was assessed using the Kin Com MP dynamometer. Physical activity and sedentary behavior were assessed via questionnaire, with the number of meals/day of ≥30 g of protein/meal assessed via a "multiple pass" 24-hour dietary interview...
January 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
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