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Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

Anna Średniawa, Dominika Drwiła, Anna Krotos, Damian Wojtaś, Natalia Kostecka, Tomasz Tomasik
INTRODUCTION: Stress and insomnia are increasing problems in young people in highly developed countries. They influence both the physical and psychological aspects of life and seem to be related to each other. Various strategies to cope with stress exist and can be used to reduce its level. The main goal of our study was to find a relationship between insomnia, stress, stress-coping strategies and selected social and medical factors among students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in March 2017 among students of seven public Krakow universities, using the Perceived Stress Scale 10, an abbreviated version of the Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced inventory (mini-COPE inventory) and the Athens Insomnia Scale...
February 4, 2019: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Lucineide da Silva Santos Castelo Branco de Oliveira, Edila C Souza, Rosilene Andrade Silva Rodrigues, Carlos Alexandre Fett, Angelo Biagini Piva
INTRODUCTION: Health problems may negatively affect the psychological and physical aspects of life, influencing the quality of life of older adults. The objective of this study was to analyze the effects of physical activity on quality of life, anxiety, and depression in the elderly population. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 200 elderly people of both genders. Subjects were divided into two groups: one with 100 senior citizens engaged in physical activities in a social center for the elderly; and another composed of 100 subjects who lived in the community but were not engaged in physical activities...
February 4, 2019: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Ana Heloisa Nascimento Beserra, Priscila Kameda, Andrea Camaz Deslandes, Felipe Barreto Schuch, Jerson Laks, Helena Sales de Moraes
INTRODUCTION: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a prevalent medical illness that is associated with chronic stress. Patients with MDD can show an imbalance in cortisol levels, which can be restored with the remission of symptoms. Physical exercise training has been used as a tool to promote changes in cortisol levels in healthy individuals. However, it is unknown if exercise can produce the same results in individuals with MDD. OBJECTIVE: To review evidence of cortisol changes after exercise training in individuals with MDD...
October 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Tânia Macedo, Marllon Barbosa, Helga Rodrigues, Evandro da Silva Freire Coutinho, Ivan Figueira, Paula Ventura
INTRODUCTION: While several previous meta-analyses have documented the short-term efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), its long-term efficacy remains unknown. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious, debilitating, often chronic and disabling disease. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the long-term efficacy of CBT in the treatment of PTSD by assessing the maintenance of the effect after one year of follow-up. METHOD: We performed a systematic review through electronic database searches including ISI Web of Science, PubMed, PsycInfo and Pilots...
October 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Bruna Holst, Carolina Saraiva de Macedo Lisboa, Andréia Zambon Braga, Artur Marques Strey, Déborah Brandão de Souza
INTRODUCTION: Psychotherapeutic interventions in childhood and adolescence are recognized as a mental treatment and as a tool to reduce psychological disorders in youth and adulthood. Therefore, there is an increasing concern about evidence of effectiveness of mental disorder interventions and adequacy of measurement. The objectives of this systematic review were to investigate predominant research designs and instruments used in Brazilian studies describing psychotherapeutic interventions with children and adolescents and to examine how these instruments are described regarding evidence of validity and reliability...
October 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Kelen Patrícia Bürke Bridi, Ana Claudia M Loredo-Souza, Adam Fitjman, Mirela Vasconcelos Moreno, Márcia Kauer-Sant'Anna, Keila Maria Mendes Ceresér, Mauricio Kunz
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to compare patients with bipolar disorder (BD), their first-degree relatives and a group of healthy controls in terms of use of adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies, exploring differences between specific types of strategies and their correlations with clinical variables. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study enrolling 36 euthymic patients with BD, 39 of their first-degree relatives and 44 controls. Coping strategies were assessed using the Brief COPE scale...
October 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Leonardo Fernandez Meyer, Lisieux E de Borba Telles, Kátia Mecler, Ana Luiza Alfaya Galego Soares, Renata Santos Alves, Alexandre Martins Valença
OBJECTIVE: This preliminary study aimed to identify and compare characteristics related to violent behavior in inpatients with schizophrenia at a general psychiatric hospital using the Historical, Clinical, and Risk Management 20 (HCR-20), the Modified Overt Aggression Scale (MOAS), and sociodemographic data. METHOD: Violent and nonviolent participants were selected based on psychiatric admission reports. Participants with reports of aggressive behavior and HCR-20 total score ≥ 21 upon admission were assigned to the violent patient group...
October 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Thiago Loreto Garcia da Silva, Victoria Guimarães Ramos, Julia Candia Donat, Fernando Rainho de Oliveira, Gustavo Gauer, Christian Haag Kristensen
OBJECTIVE: To examine psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI). METHOD: A total of 300 university students were evaluated though instruments that investigated trauma history, depression and posttraumatic symptoms, and personality traits through the Big Five model. Pearson's correlation was used to assess internal consistency, inter-item reliability and construct validity. Principal component analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were performed to investigate the factor structure of the PTGI...
October 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Dhione Almeida do Carmo, Sonia Maria Motta Palma, Ariadne Ribeiro, Alisson Paulino Trevizol, Elisa Brietzke, Renata Rigacci Abdalla, Ana Leonor Sala Alonso, Claudio Jerónimo da Silva, Quirino Cordeiro, Ronaldo Laranjeira, Marcelo Ribeiro
INTRODUCTION: The recovery housing (RH) program was initiated in São Paulo with the objective of providing treatment for substance use disorders and addressing users' housing and employment problems. The purpose of this study was to describe the model based on its first 11 months of operation, it was launched in June 2016 in Brazil. METHOD: We carried out a retrospective analysis of the records of all subjects treated in the RH of the Restart Program (Programa Recomeço) since its creation, from June 2016 to May 2017...
October 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Juliana A Duarte, Raffael Massuda, Pedro D Goi, Mireia Vianna-Sulzbach, Rafael Colombo, Flavio Kapczinski, Clarissa S Gama
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a debilitating mood condition that affects approximately 1.3% of people worldwide, although some studies report up to 3.9% lifetime prevalence and 4-6% in adults when broad diagnostic criteria are applied. OBJECTIVE: To compare differences in total white matter (WM), corpus callosum (CC) and total gray matter (GM) volumes in patients with type I BD at early and late stages compared with controls. METHODS: Fifty-five subjects were enrolled in this study protocol...
October 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Marcelo Antônio Oliveira Santos, Lucas Soares Bezerra, Ana Rita Marinho Ribeiro Carvalho, Alessandra Mertens Brainer-Lima
INTRODUCTION: Major depressive disorder (MDD), an incapacitating mental disorder, is characterized by episodes of at least 2 weeks of apparent changes in mood, cognition, and neurovegetative functions. Many neuroimaging studies using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have examined morphometric changes in patients with MDD, but the results are not conclusive. This study aims to review the literature and perform a meta-analysis on hippocampal volume (HcV) in patients with MDD. METHODS: Studies on HcV in patients with MDD diagnosis were identified from major databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, Scopus, PsycINFO, and SciELO) using the search terms depression, major depressive disorder, MDD, unipolar, magnetic resonance imaging, MRI, and hippocampus...
October 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Ana Carolina Maciel Cancian, Lucas André Schuster de Souza, Victória Helena Pesenti E Silva, Wagner de Lara Machado, Margareth da Silva Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Emotion regulation can be defined as the process by which individuals manage their emotional experience. It has been demonstrated that deficits in this ability are associated with various psychiatric disorders. In this direction, the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) was developed to measure difficulties in emotion regulation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychometric properties of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the DERS. METHOD: A total of 377 individuals from the general population, selected by convenience, completed a sociodemographic form, the adapted Brazilian Portuguese DERS and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21)...
September 17, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Tiago Figueiredo, Pilar Erthal, Dídia Fortes, Phillip Asherson, Paulo Mattos
INTRODUCTION: The concept of mind wandering refers to periods during which attention and content of thoughts depart from the original idea or activity being performed. The phenomenon occurs commonly in the general population and the Mind Wandering Excessively Scale (MEWS) evaluates its frequency, intensity and related negative outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To describe the cross-cultural adaptation of the MEWS. METHODS: Cross-cultural adaptation of the original scale followed five consecutive steps: translation, backtranslation, appreciation of semantic equivalence and administration to a convenience sample to 20 adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and 20 normal controls...
September 17, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Thais Martini, Leticia S Czepielewski, Daniel Prates Baldez, Emma Gliddon, Christian Kieling, Lesley Berk, Michael Berk, Marcia Kauer-Sant'Anna
INTRODUCTION: The Internet has seen rapid growth in the number of websites focusing on mental health content. Considering the increased need for access to accurate information about mental health treatment, it is important to understand the promotion of this information online. OBJECTIVE: To analyze BuzzFeed's Mental Health Week (BFMHW) interactions on its own website and in related social media platforms (Facebook, Twitter and YouTube) using metrics of information delivery in mental health topics...
August 23, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Vítor Crestani Calegaro, Cleonice Zatti, Andre Goettems Bastos, Lucia Helena Machado Freitas
OBJECTIVE: To explore and describe a profile of patients admitted to a psychiatric emergency facility, comparing patients with and without a recent suicide attempt in terms of their clinical characteristics and aggression. METHODS: This was an exploratory comparative study where patients were assessed using the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and the Overt Aggression Scale (OAS). Participants with a suicide attempt in the last 24 hours (SA) were compared to participants with a prior history of suicide attempt but no recent attempt (PHSA)...
August 23, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Bruna Macedo Dourado, Bianca Fernandes Távora Arruda, Vivian Brito Salles, Sérgio André de Souza Júnior, Virgílio Macedo Dourado, Joel Porfírio Pinto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the satisfaction of family caregivers with a mental health inpatient service in Brazil. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. A sample of 80 caretaking family members answered the abbreviated version of the Brazilian Mental Health Services' Family Satisfaction scale (SATIS-BR) and a sociodemographic questionnaire. Categorical variables were expressed as frequencies and percentages and quantitative variables as means and standard deviations...
August 23, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Allan Dantas Dos Santos, Luan Michell Lima Guimarães, Yasmin Freire de Carvalho, Luciano da Costa Viana, Gledson Lima Alves, Ana Caroline Rodrigues Lima, Márcio Bezerra Santos, Marco Aurélio de Oliveira Góes, Karina Conceição Gomes Machado de Araújo
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization defines suicide as the act of deliberately killing oneself. It is the second leading cause of death among 15-29 year olds globally. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological profile and the spatial distribution of suicide deaths in the state of Sergipe. METHODS: We performed an ecological time-series study with data from the Brazilian Mortality Information System (Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade - SIM) about deaths by suicide occurring between 2000 and 2015...
August 23, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Alexandre Magno Frota Monteiro, Raquel Luiza Santos, Nathália Kimura, Maria Alice Tourinho Baptista, Marcia Cristina Nascimento Dourado
INTRODUCTION: Caregivers of people with Alzheimer disease (PwAD) report significant stress, burden and depression compared to caregivers of people with other dementias, especially when neuropsychiatric symptoms are prominent. Adequate coping strategies can modify the impact of stressful situations and increase the caregivers' quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the different coping strategies used by caregivers of PwAD to manage neuropsychiatric symptoms...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Caroline Elizabeth Konradt, Taiane de Azevedo Cardoso, Thaíse Campos Mondin, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza, Flavio Kapczinski, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva, Karen Jansen
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have evaluated positive measures for therapeutic response. Thus, the objective of this study was to assess the effects of resilience on severity of depressive and anxious symptoms after brief cognitive psychotherapy for depression. METHODS: This was a clinical follow-up study nested in a randomized clinical trial of cognitive therapies. The Resilience Scale was applied at baseline. The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS) and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) were used at baseline, post-intervention, and at six-month follow-up...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Rafael de Assis da Silva, Daniel C Mograbi, Evelyn V M Camelo, Luiza Nogueira Amadeo, Cristina M T Santana, Jesus Landeira-Fernandez, Elie Cheniaux
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, the association between temperament and clinical characteristics of mood disorders has been studied. Most bipolar patients show deficits in their awareness of signs and symptoms. The relationship between affective temperament and insight in bipolar patients has not been carried out in the literature so far. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between affective temperament and insight in bipolar disorder. METHOD: A group of 65 bipolar patients were followed during a year...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
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