journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Opinion in Psychology

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30856512/getting-rid-of-visual-distractors-the-why-when-how-and-where
#1
REVIEW
Leonardo Chelazzi, Francesco Marini, David Pascucci, Massimo Turatto
Distractor suppression, or the ability to disregard salient distractors while dealing with task-relevant information, is a key component of selective attention. Recent research has shown that distractor suppression can take place in different circumstances and present itself in different guises, which is presumably paralleled by a multiplicity of underlying neural mechanisms. In this review article, we discuss a number of central themes concerning distractor suppression and the underlying neural mechanisms, and also highlight several unresolved issues that will have to be addressed in future investigations...
February 14, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30852411/excessive-discounting-of-delayed-reinforcers-as-a-trans-disease-process-update-on-the-state-of-the-science
#2
REVIEW
Warren K Bickel, Liqa N Athamneh, Julia C Basso, Alexandra M Mellis, William B DeHart, William H Craft, Derek Pope
Delay discounting, or the process by which reinforcers lose value with delay to their receipt, has been identified as a trans-disease process underlying addiction, other disorders, and maladaptive health behaviors. Delay discounting has been identified as an endophenotype for multiple psychiatric disorders including substance use disorder, ADHD, and major depressive disorder, with this endophenotype being linked to deficits in dopaminergic and serotonergic neurotransmission. In addition, neuroanatomical and neurophysiological deficits in areas of the executive and impulsive systems have been associated with both steeper discounting and substance use disorders...
February 6, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30856591/provider-perceptions-of-system-level-opioid-prescribing-and-addiction-treatment-policies
#3
REVIEW
Rebecca L Haffajee, Cecelia A French
Stakeholders have implemented a multitude of system-level policies to address the U.S. opioid overdose epidemic. Because opioid prescribing partly fueled the crisis and because prescribing of medications for opioid addiction treatment is a key prevention strategy, it is critical to understand prescriber perceptions of policies in these domains. This article reviews prescriber awareness and opinions of the following system-level policies: opioid prescribing guidelines, prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs), medications for addiction treatment, and naloxone distribution programs...
February 4, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30797130/interventions-with-potential-to-target-executive-function-deficits-in-addiction-current-state-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
William V Lechner, Natasha K Sidhu, Ahmad A Kittaneh, Amit Anand
The inability to stop or reduce substance use despite motivation to do so is thought to result, in part, from self-control failure and can be understood within the framework of dual process models of addiction. These models view addictive behavior as the relative balance between automatic impulses and executive decision processes. This review focuses on treatments that aim to improve executive decision processes which often become dysregulated and ineffective in individuals with substance use disorders. It is posited that improving these executive function deficits should restore control over automatic impulses and drug seeking behavior...
February 4, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30825840/an-integrative-review-of-personalized-feedback-interventions-for-pain-and-alcohol
#5
REVIEW
Jessica M Powers, Michael J Zvolensky, Joseph W Ditre
Interrelations between pain and alcohol consumption are considered to be bidirectional in nature, leading to greater pain and increased drinking over time. Personalized feedback interventions (PFIs), which typically aim to motivate behavior change via presentation of personalized and normative feedback, hold great promise for integrated treatment. There has been no previous review of PFIs for pain, and limited work has focused on examining the utility of PFIs for more established, adult drinkers. Our review of the literature revealed that brief, computer-based PFIs can improve pain outcomes and decrease problematic alcohol consumption...
January 30, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30851660/affective-vulnerability-in-substance-use-disorders
#6
REVIEW
R Kathryn McHugh, Elizabeth T Kneeland
Substances of abuse are characterized by their rewarding effects and engagement of reward pathways in the brain. However, these substances also provide rapid relief of negative affect, and thus are highly negatively reinforcing. Accordingly, negative affectivity and other affective vulnerabilities (factors related to the experience of affect) are strongly linked to problematic substance use and substance use disorders. In this review, we provide a critical overview of the literature on affective vulnerabilities in substance use disorders...
January 28, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30825836/the-interdependence-of-attention-working-memory-and-gaze-control-behavior-and-neural-circuitry
#7
REVIEW
Donatas Jonikaitis, Tirin Moore
Visual attention, visual working memory, and gaze control are basic functions that all select a subset of visual input to guide immediate or subsequent behavior. In this review, we focus on the relationship between these three functions and describe evidence, both at the behavioral and neural circuit levels that they are heavily interdependent. We start with the demonstration that gaze control - or saccade preparation in particular - leads to spatial attention. Next, we show that spatial attention and working memory interact at the behavioral level and rely on a common set of neural mechanisms...
January 28, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30807957/behavioral-economic-demand-assessments-in-the-addictions
#8
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Aston, Rachel N Cassidy
Behavioral economics in the addictions is the application of both economics and psychology to study multifaceted components of substance use decision-making behavior. One such component is demand: the relative value of a substance for a user (i.e., the association between drug use and cost). The degree to which a user values a substance can be measured via performance on hypothetical purchase tasks which replicate drug purchase and consumption. Demand has been evaluated across substances, including alcohol, marijuana, tobacco, and alternative tobacco products...
January 28, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30798103/a-maturing-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-reflects-on-two-critical-issues
#9
REVIEW
Zindel Segal, Sona Dimidjian, Rachel Vanderkruik, Joseph Levy
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is a multimodal intervention that integrates training in mindfulness meditation and the cognitive theory of affective disorder. This hybrid nature may provide an advantage in the prevention field that addresses the critical need for enhancing wellness among people with recurrent mood disorders. Despite the robust evidence base for MBCT, its penetration at the population health level and in routine clinical settings has been limited. Addressing the gap between the science of MBCT and public access requires grappling with two questions: what is the role of home practice of mindfulness skills in realizing the benefits of MBCT? And, what role do digital platforms play in the delivery of mindfulness programs? Addressing these two questions is overdue in the field and the answers generated have the potential to optimize future research and practice on the ways, in which contemplative practices can support agentic self-care...
January 28, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30798020/methods-to-reduce-the-incidence-of-false-negative-trial-results-in-substance-use-treatment-research
#10
REVIEW
Rachel L Tomko, Erin A McClure, Lindsay M Squeglia, Hayley Treloar Padovano, Aimee L McRae-Clark, Nathaniel L Baker, Matthew J Carpenter, Kevin M Gray
Treatment development and evaluation for substance use disorders are hindered when randomized controlled trials fail to show a treatment effect when one exists. This manuscript provides an overview of addressable methodological factors that may contribute to incorrect trial results. The collection of remote, naturalistic, real-time adherence and substance use data through ambulatory assessment methods in everyday life is presented as a partial solution. Other recommendations related to participant recruitment and selection, ensuring adequate consistency/fidelity and dose of treatment, and rigorously assessing clinical outcomes are discussed...
January 28, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30798019/electronic-cigarettes-and-nicotine-harm-reduction
#11
REVIEW
Mark V Versella, Teresa M Leyro
Electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDs) use has increased in prevalence over the last decade, which has led to questions about their public health impact. In this article, we explore the emergent research on the relative health effects of using ENDs versus combustible cigarettes, whether ENDs can be utilized to promote nicotine cessation, and whether the advent of ENDs' may lead to an increase in nicotine use and dependence. Extant research on ENDs' acute health effects find them to be lesser than use of combustible cigarettes...
January 28, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785066/mindfulness-training-for-addictions-has-neuroscience-revealed-a-brain-hack-by-which-awareness-subverts-the-addictive-process
#12
REVIEW
Judson Brewer
Addiction is an age-old problem with desire pitted against self-control and will-power. In modern day substances (including food) and experiences (e.g. social media, internet gaming) are being increasingly engineered to get individuals 'hooked'. Current cognitive control and reason-based paradigms may be losing a battle with urges, cravings and triggers that are more ubiquitous than ever (e.g. our smartphones). Yet, these methodologies may be overlooking basic reward-based learning paradigms (operant conditioning) that not only perpetuate addictive behaviors, but may also be the key to their undoing...
January 28, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30798104/the-impact-of-meditation-on-healthy-ageing-the-current-state-of-knowledge-and-a-roadmap-to-future-directions
#13
REVIEW
Olga Klimecki, Natalie L Marchant, Antoine Lutz, Géraldine Poisnel, Gaël Chételat, Fabienne Collette
There is increasing evidence that meditation-based training promotes healthy ageing across many dimensions. This review summarizes the existing knowledge on the effects of meditation training on healthy ageing in the domains of emotions, cognition (with a special emphasis on attentional processes), and the preservation of related brain structures. Although evidence so far is promising, more rigorous randomized controlled studies with active control groups and long-term follow-up in older people are needed. We outline how these challenges can be addressed in future studies using the example of an ongoing project, Medit-Ageing (public name: Silver Santé Study), including two independent randomized controlled trials (RCT) as well as one cross-sectional study with meditation experts...
January 23, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785068/mapping-meditative-states-and-stages-with-electrophysiology-concepts-classifications-and-methods
#14
REVIEW
Poppy LA Schoenberg, David R Vago
Exploration of human consciousness remains a final frontier within basic neuroscience; that is, how the finite biological structure and function of the brain give rise to the seemingly infinite expanse that encompasses the terrain of the mind. Contemporary mindfulness and other contemplative practices across historical and post-modern traditions involve systematic forms of mental training that allow a practitioner to develop the mind in very specific and quantifiable ways. While there has been some progress identifying specific electrophysiological markers of meditation, some fundamental questions remain to this scientific enquiry; (1) how to concisely classify discrete and developmentally specific 'mind states' of consciousness that are in line with the subtle complex phenomenology of experience so to yield ontological quantifications? (2) what measures best represent such classification/quantification systems? (3) can the present electrophysiological purview map developmentally specified mind states and stages to neurobiological substrates, based on extant contention (i...
January 23, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763873/positive-psychological-states-in-the-arc-from-mindfulness-to-self-transcendence-extensions-of-the-mindfulness-to-meaning-theory-and-applications-to-addiction-and-chronic-pain-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Eric L Garland, Barbara L Fredrickson
The Mindfulness-to-Meaning Theory (MMT) is a temporally dynamic process model of mindful positive emotion regulation that elucidates downstream cognitive-affective mechanisms by which mindfulness promotes health and resilience. Here we review and extend the MMT to explicate how mindfulness fosters self-transcendence by evoking upward spirals of decentering, attentional broadening, reappraisal, and savoring. Savoring is highlighted as a key, potential means of inducing absorptive experiences of oneness between subject and object, amplifying the salience of the object while imbuing the sensory-perceptual field with affective meaning...
January 14, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30743200/template-to-distractor-distinctiveness-regulates-visual-search-efficiency
#16
REVIEW
Joy J Geng, Phillip Witkowski
All models of attention include the concept of an attentional template (or a target or search template). The template is conceptualized as target information held in memory that is used for prioritizing sensory processing and determining if an object matches the target. It is frequently assumed that the template contains a veridical copy of the target. However, we review recent evidence showing that the template encodes a version of the target that is adapted to the current context (e.g. distractors, task, etc...
January 11, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30731261/evaluation-of-strategies-to-train-visual-search-performance-in-professional-populations
#17
REVIEW
Michelle R Kramer, Courtney L Porfido, Stephen R Mitroff
Visual search, the act of finding targets amongst distractors, is central to many professions with life-or-death implications including aviation security, radiology, lifeguarding, military, and more. As such, every effort should be taken to improve visual search performance. One potential path to improvement is to ensure that workforces are optimally trained. Broadly, there are three general components to train: (1) specific use of the machinery and user interface (i.e. 'knobology'), (2) target and distractor identification, and (3) search strategy...
January 11, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30731260/the-neural-instantiation-of-a-priority-map
#18
REVIEW
James W Bisley, Koorosh Mirpour
The term priority map is commonly used to describe a map of the visual scene, in which objects and locations are represented by their attentional priority, which itself is a combination of low-level salience and top-down control. The aim of this review is to examine how such a map may be represented at the neuronal level. We propose that there is not a single, common map in the brain, but that a number of cortical areas work together to generate the resultant behavior. Specifically, we suggest that the lateral intraparietal area (LIP) of posterior parietal cortex provides a simple representation of attentional priority, which remaps across saccades, so that there is an apparent allocentric map in a region with retinocentric encoding scheme...
January 11, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30776682/employing-pain-and-mindfulness-to-understand-consciousness-a-symbiotic-relationship
#19
REVIEW
Joshua A Grant, Fadel Zeidan
Consciousness, defined here as the quality of awareness of self and the corresponding sensory environment, is considered to be one of most enigmatic and contentious areas of scholarly dissection and investigation. The subjective experience of pain is constructed and modulated by a myriad of sensory, cognitive and affective dimensions. Thus, the study of pain can provide many inroads to a concept like consciousness that the traditional sense modalities do not. Mindfulness defined here as non-reactive awareness of the present moment, can uniquely control and/or modulate particular substrates of conscious experience...
January 9, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30878004/residential-meditation-retreats-their-role-in-contemplative-practice-and-significance-for-psychological-research
#20
REVIEW
Brandon G King, Quinn A Conklin, Anthony P Zanesco, Clifford D Saron
Contemporary investigations of mindfulness and meditation have predominately emphasized the short-term effects of brief inductions or standardized, multi-week interventions in people with little to no prior meditation experience. Considerably less is known about the effects of continued or intensive meditation practice as proficiency and expertise are acquired over time. In this article, we describe the form and function of residential retreats, an understudied class of meditation intervention that holds promise for bridging this gap in the empirical literature...
January 7, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
journal
journal
49699
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"