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World Journal of Plastic Surgery

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[This retracts the article on p. 186 in vol. 7, PMID: 30083501.].
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Ezatollah Rezaei, Yavar Shams Hojjati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Muhammad U Javed, Maxwell Morison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Abdolreza Rouientan, Hamidreza Alizadeh Otaghvar, Hossein Mahmoudvand, Adnan Tizmaghz
Botulinum toxin (BTX) is also well-known as Botox is produced by a gram-positive anaerobic bacterium called Clostridium botulinum. Generally, clinical manifestations of BTX can be observed after consumption of contaminated food, from colonization of the infant gastrointestinal tract, as well as following the infection of the wound to this bacterium. There are seven types of this neurotoxin labeled as A, B, C (C1, C2), D, E, and F. Human botulinum is caused by types A, B, E and rarely F. The most common clinical symptoms of BTX in cosmetic goals are cervical dystonia, severe primary axillary hyperhidrosis, strabismus, neurogenic detrusor over-activity, chronic migraine, upper limb spasticity and blepharospasm...
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Mohammad Mohammad, F S Al-Kahtani
Dorsal dimelia (the appearance of dorsal hand structures on the palmar aspect of the hand) and ventral dimelia (the appearance of ventral hand structures on the dorsal aspect of the hand) are rare congenital anomalies of the hand. None of the previously reported cases had combined dorsal and ventral dimelia in the same patient. Here, we report a case of severe ulnar ray deficiency. The hand had two digits: the radial digit had a palmar nail (dorsal dimelia) and the ulnar digit had absence of the normal dorsal nail along with the appearance of an ectopic pulp on the dorsal aspect of the digit (ventral dimelia)...
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Amir Manafi, Zahra Sadat Hamedi, Farzad Manfai
Rhinoplasty is the most common aesthetic surgical procedure in Iran. Dorsal bony and cartilaginous structures of the nose play an important role in nasal esthetics and function. Manipulation of nasal dorsum is one of the cardinal procedures during rhinoplasty operation. Some cases of primary rhinoplasty lead to various post-operative nasal imperfections. One of the most common imperfections is dorsal nasal spur which can cause dorsal irregularities. The accurate rate of imperfections relates to some factors like the surgeon's experience and his/her precision, and appropriate post-operative patient care...
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Christian Weinand, Carsten Dittes
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the most frequent carcinoma of the head and neck region. For coverage of an entire resected mandible with floor of the mouth, 3/4 of the tongue and soft tissue of cheeks and neck bony reconstruction of the mandible and soft tissue reconstruction of tongue, cheeks and a neck large flap are needed. A patient with a superinfected T4 HNSCC was presented to our outpatient clinic. Complete resection of the mandible, bilateral neck dissection and 3/4 resection of the tongue were performed...
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Joseph A Ricci, Naman S Desai
Thumb hypoplasia, a congenital deficiency of bony and soft tissue of thumb, is often associated with systemic syndromes like Holt-Oram syndrome, and is the second most common thumb anomaly after duplicated thumb. It has traditionally been classified into six categories, which help guide treatment including reconstruction versus pollicization (transfer of the index finger to thumb). Amputation of the thumb and pollicization is the traditional treatment for a IIIB hypoplastic thumb. A five-year-old girl presented with a classic type IIIB hypoplastic thumb in which she has absent motor function, aplasia of the metacarpal, shortened first web space, and an unstable but present carpometacarpal (CMC) joint...
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Muhammad Ahmad, Mohammad Humayun Mohmand, Taokeer Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Face mask is considered to be an integral part of a surgeon's dress in operating room. The following study was carried out among the plastic surgeons to know their views about the wearing the face masks in operating room (OR). METHODS: A questionnaire was developed and was sent to the 2 groups of plastic surgeons which included 8 questions. Group A consisted of 100 plastic surgeons from the subcontinent. Group B consisted of 100 plastic surgeons of USA and European origins...
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Zahra Sobhani, Masood Amini, Maryam Zarnaghash, Seyed Vahid Hosseini, Hamid Reza Foroutan
BACKGROUND: Adherence has been defined as the degree to which a patient's voluntary behavior corresponds with the clinical recommendations of health care providers. The aim of this study was to predict self-management behaviors in obese patients undergoing surgery based on general and specific adherence scales. METHODS: All obese patients who underwent bariatric surgery in Ghadir Mother and Child Hospital, Shiraz, Iran from April 2017 to September 2017 were enrolled...
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Zhaleh Shahbazi, Hossein Ardalani, Mahsa Maleki
BACKGROUND: Beauty is a universal phenomenon and debate over what constitutes beauty particularly beauty to human body, has raged since philosophy began. The beauty of individual features depends on "ideal" proportions, and it is suggested that expressing beauty in terms of geometry is possible. Assessment of some used parameters in facial surgeries and harmony of various facial features are essential to surgeon, who requires facial analysis. One of these parameters, is nasolabial angle, in patients undergoing rhinoplasty...
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Nahid Mozaffari Niya, Majid Kazemi, Farrokh Abazari, Fazlollah Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Currently, becoming beautiful is a value among Iranian society, although experts have suggested several complications of cosmetic surgery, but decision to have these surgeries has been dramatically increased in recent years. This increase has imposed high workload and costs on the health care system of the country. This study was conducted to explore the reasons why people perform cosmetic surgery in an Iranian context. METHODS: Twenty-one subjects from both sexes who were 22-52 year-old and had undergone face plastic surgery between 1-5 years ago were enrolled and semi-structured data was collected via open interviews, while qualitative content were analyzed utilizing conventional analysis methods...
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Abdoljalil Kalantar-Hormozi, Soraya Shahrokh, Ali Abbaszadeh-Kasbi, Nazanin Rita Davai
BACKGROUND: The demand for facial plastic surgery has dramatically been increased in recent years. Over the last decade, numerous methods have been improved for facelift surgery. Despite these modifications, skin excision technique has not changed significantly. In this study, authors have tried to introduce a new technique regarding skin excision at the initial step of facelift surgery. METHODS: A prospective study from 2012 to 2017 on 52 patients was carried out to apply a new technique for facelift ''Prefabricated skin excision method'' for all eligible patients undergoing facelift surgery...
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Seyed Esmail Hassanpour, Khalil Rostami, Eznollah Azargashb, Kourosh Saberi, Seyyed Hosein Hamraz, Fatemeh Farajzadeh Vajari, Hojjat Molaei
BACKGROUND: Ischemia of skin flaps is an important complication in reconstructive surgery. This study evaluated the efficacy of topical vitamins A and E on improving flap survival. METHODS: Twenty-four white-albino male rats were randomly divided into two groups of treatment and control. Standard rectangular, distally based dorsal random pattern skin flap was elevated. Intra-peritoneal cephazoline was administered to prevent any unexpected infection. No pharmaceutical agent was administered for the control group, but pure vaseline ointment...
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Soheil Ashkani-Esfahani, Mahsima Khoshneviszadeh, Ali Noorafshan, Ramin Miri, Shima Rafiee, Kimia Hemyari, Sina Kardeh, Omid Koohi Hosseinabadi, Dorna Fani, Elnaz Faridi
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicated that both Plantago major and Aloe vera have anti-inflammatory, tissue regeneration, antioxidant, and immune-stimulatory effects. It is assumed that a mixture of these two herbal medicines may provide a potent material in treatment of skin wound injuries. Therefore, in this study we investigated the effects of Plantago major and Aloe vera mixture in the process of wound healing in rat models according to stereological parameters. METHODS: In an experiential study, 36 male Sprague-Dawley rats (200±20 g) were randomly assigned into three groups (n=12): The control group which received no treatment, gel base treated group, and the 5% Plantago major and 5% Aloe vera mixture gel treated group (PA group)...
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Reza Vaghardoost, Yaser Ghavami, Behnam Sobouti
BACKGROUND: Burn is one of the most common injuries and the 4th common cause of trauma globally. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of the Mentha pulegium extract on second degree burn injuries in rats assessing histopathologic and macroscopic. METHODS: M. Pulegium extract dressings was used as a treatment to deep dermal contact burns in rats, compared with two control groups of vaseline dressing and simple dressing by normal saline. After creating second-degree burn on the dorsum of rats, the treatments were applied for 15 min in three groups...
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Jafar Kazemzadeh, Soheila Rabiepoor, Saeedeh Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Severe and extensive burns and the consequent burn scars have a profound impact on various aspects of the patients', especially women's quality of life (QOL). Although burn is considered as a common phenomenon in Iran, few studies are conducted to investigate the QOL in women with burn scars. Thus, the present study aimed at investigating the quality of life of married women with severe burns. METHODS: The present study was a descriptive-analytic study conducted on 101 patients with severe burns who referred in 2016 to Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran, Iran...
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Leila Mamashli, Fatemeh Mohaddes Ardebili, Mehri Bozorgnejad, Tahereh Najafi Ghezeljeh, Farzad Manafi
BACKGROUND: Burn injuries still negatively influence the various aspects of life like physical performance and quality of life. This study was conducted to investigate at-dismissal self-care compact disk-based instruction program on the physical performance life quality of the patients with burns. METHODS: One-hundred burn patients in Shahid Motahhari Burn Center, Tehran, Iran were randomly assigned to two equal groups of intervention (n=50) and control (n=50). The latter received only routine dismissal self-care program and the former an instruction compact disc plus the routine self-care program at dismissal...
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Sebastian Jachec, Walter Perbix, Perbix Fuchs, Rolf Lefering, Christian Weinand
BACKGROUND: Mortality in burn patients has several contributing factors as sex, age, degree of burns, or inhalation injuries. Usefulness of Candida antigen (CAG) titer is still being under debate to predict mortality. This study assessed correlation between CAG titer and mortality in burn patients. METHODS: From 1988 to 2011, 877 burn intensive care patients were evaluated for age, sex, total burn surface area (TBSA), multi organ failure (MOF), burn depth, escharotomy, fasciotomy, antibiotic use, co-morbidities, CAG titer and intubation...
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Lata Goyal, Narender Dev Gupta, Namita Gupta, Kirti Chawla
BACKGROUND: Gingival recession is a frequent issue encountered by both the clinician and the patient. This study was aimed to assess the predictability of the free gingival graft as a single step procedure in terms of root coverage and aesthetics in Miller Class I and II mandibular gingival recession. METHODS: Ten patients (4 males, 6 females) aged 25-30 years with a total of 12 mandibular sites having Miller class I and II recession were selected. All recession sites were treated with single step free gingival graft procedure...
January 2019: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
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