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BMC Psychology

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30770763/psychological-and-work-related-outcomes-after-inpatient-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-of-chronic-low-back-pain-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
P Hampel, A Köpnick, S Roch
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the long-term effects (12 months post-rehabilitation) of a standard inpatient multidisciplinary rehabilitation program for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), in which a control group (CG) received pain competence training and an intervention group (IG) received combined pain competence and depression prevention training. METHODS: In this prospective control group study with cluster-block randomization, a total of n = 583 patients were included into per protocol analyses...
February 15, 2019: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30709422/the-transportability-of-memory-specificity-training-mest-adapting-an-intervention-derived-from-experimental-psychology-to-routine-clinical-practices
#2
Kris Martens, Tom J Barry, Keisuke Takano, Filip Raes
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence shows that a cognitive factor associated with a worsening of depressive symptoms amongst people with and without diagnoses of depression - reduced Autobiographical Memory (rAMS) - can be ameliorated by a group cognitive training protocol referred to as Memory Specificity Training (MeST). When transporting interventions such as MeST from research to routine clinical practices (RCPs), modifications are inevitable, with potentially a decrease in effectiveness, so called voltage drop...
February 1, 2019: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670082/the-hidden-identity-of-faces-a-case-of-lifelong-prosopagnosia
#3
Martin Wegrzyn, Annika Garlichs, Richard W K Heß, Friedrich G Woermann, Kirsten Labudda
BACKGROUND: Not being able to recognize a person's face is a highly debilitating condition from which people with developmental prosopagnosia (DP) suffer their entire life. Here we describe the case of J, a 30 year old woman who reports being unable to recognize her parents, her husband, or herself in the mirror. CASE PRESENTATION: We set out to assess the severity of J's prosopagnosia using tests with unfamiliar as well as familiar faces and investigated whether impaired configural processing explains her deficit...
January 22, 2019: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30635046/psychosocial-assessment-of-the-family-in-the-clinical-setting
#4
Arwa Nasir, Andrea Zimmer, David Taylor, Jonathan Santo
Children develop in the context of the family. Family functioning prominently shapes the psychosocial adaptation and mental health of the child. Several family psychosocial risk factors have been shown to increase the risk of behavioral problems in children. Early identification of families with psychosocial profiles associated with a higher risk of having children with behavioral problems may be valuable for targeting these children for prevention and early intervention services. METHODS: We developed the Family Health Questionnaire (FHQ) for the purpose of evaluating families' psychosocial risk profiles in the primary care setting...
January 11, 2019: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30621791/wellbeing-intervention-for-chronic-kidney-disease-wickd-a-randomised-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#5
Kylie M Dingwall, Tricia Nagel, Jaquelyne T Hughes, David J Kavanagh, Alan Cass, Kirsten Howard, Michelle Sweet, Sarah Brown, Cherian Sajiv, Sandawana W Majoni
BACKGROUND: Incidence of end stage kidney disease (ESKD) for Indigenous Australians is especially high in remote and very remote areas of Australia (18 and 20 times the rate of comparable non-Indigenous people). Relocating away from family and country for treatment, adjusting to life with a chronic condition and time lost to dialysis cause grief and sadness which have immense impact on quality of life and challenges treatment adherence. We describe the first randomised controlled trial to address both chronic disease and mental health in Indigenous people with ESKD, which is the first to test the effectiveness of a culturally adapted e-mental health intervention in this population...
January 8, 2019: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30621778/productive-activities-mental-health-and-quality-of-life-in-disability-exploring-the-role-enhancement-and-the-role-strain-hypotheses
#6
Christine Fekete, Johannes Siegrist, Marcel W M Post, Martin W G Brinkhof
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2019: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30572936/exploratory-study-of-the-impact-of-perceived-reward-on-habit-formation
#7
Gaby Judah, Benjamin Gardner, Michael G Kenward, Bianca DeStavola, Robert Aunger
BACKGROUND: Habits (learned automatic responses to contextual cues) are considered important in sustaining health behaviour change. While habit formation is promoted by repeating behaviour in a stable context, little is known about what other variables may contribute, and whether there are variables which may accelerate the habit formation process. The aim of this study was to explore variables relating to the perceived reward value of behaviour - pleasure, perceived utility, perceived benefits, and intrinsic motivation...
December 20, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30567607/stigma-doesn-t-discriminate-physical-and-mental-health-and-stigma-in-canadian-military-personnel-and-canadian-civilians
#8
Christine Frank, Mark A Zamorski, Ian Colman
BACKGROUND: Illness-related stigma has been identified as an important public health concern. Past research suggests there is a disproportionate risk of mental-health stigma in the military, but this same finding has not yet been established for physical-health stigma. The current study aimed to assess the independent contribution of mental and physical health on both enacted stigma (discriminatory behaviour) and felt stigma (feelings of embarrassment) and to determine whether these associations were stronger for military personnel than civilians...
December 19, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30567598/music-instruction-intervention-for-treatment-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-randomized-pilot-study
#9
L E Pezzin, E R Larson, W Lorber, E L McGinley, Timothy R Dillingham
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a common sequelae of severe combat-related emotional trauma that is often associated with significantly reduced quality of life in afflicted veterans. To date, no published study has examined the effect of an active, music-instruction intervention as a complementary strategy to improve the psychological well-being of veterans with PTSD. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and potential effectiveness of an active, music-instruction intervention in improving psychological health and social functioning among Veterans suffering from moderate to severe PTSD...
December 19, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30563573/the-mizan-meta-memory-and-meta-concentration-scale-for-students-mmss-a-test-of-its-psychometric-validity-in-a-sample-of-university-students
#10
Md Dilshad Manzar, Abdulrhman Albougami, Mohammed Salahuddin, Peter Sony, David Warren Spence, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal
BACKGROUND: Predisposing factors for metacognitive dysfunctions are common in university students. However, there is currently no valid questionnaire instrument designed to assess metacognitive aspects including meta-memory and meta-concentration in students. To address this need, the present study investigated the psychometric validity of a brief questionnaire, the Mizan meta-memory and meta-concentration scale for students (MMSS) in university students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study with simple random sampling was conducted among students (n = 383, age = 18-35, body mass index = 21...
December 18, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30547843/a-problem-shared-is-a-problem-halved-comparing-burdens-arising-for-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-disorders-of-consciousness-in-institutionalized-versus-at-home-care
#11
Inga Steppacher, Johanna Kissler
BACKGROUND: Disorders-of-consciousness (DOC) are rare conditions leading to very severe physical and mental disabilities. Providing care for DOC patients has been described as a stressful experience, eroding the physical and psychological health of the caregiver. Different forms of care may have different impacts on the caregivers and institutionalized care has been suggested to have an unburdening effect, but this possibility has never been empirically studied. To address this issue, in this study caregiver-burden between family-caregivers who provide home care themselves and those who have placed their patients in a specialized care unit is compared...
December 14, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30545420/music-therapy-intervention-in-cardiac-autonomic-modulation-anxiety-and-depression-in-mothers-of-preterms-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Mayara K A Ribeiro, Tereza R M Alcântara-Silva, Jordana C M Oliveira, Tamara C Paula, João B R Dutra, Gustavo R Pedrino, Karina Simões, Romes B Sousa, Ana C S Rebelo
BACKGROUND: Mothers of preterm infants often have symptoms of anxiety and depression, recognized as risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases and associated with low rates of heart rate variability (HRV). This study aimed to evaluate the influence of music therapy intervention on the autonomic control of heart rate, anxiety, and depression in mothers. METHODS: Prospective randomized clinical trial including 21 mothers of preterms admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary hospital, recruited from August 2015 to September 2017, and divided into control group (CG; n = 11) and music therapy group (MTG; n = 10)...
December 13, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30541612/mental-health-violence-and-psychological-coercion-among-female-and-male-trafficking-survivors-in-the-greater-mekong-sub-region-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Lisbeth Iglesias-Rios, Siobán D Harlow, Sarah A Burgard, Ligia Kiss, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking is a pervasive global crime with important public health implications that entail fundamental human rights violations in the form of severe exploitation, violence and coercion. Sex-specific associations between types of violence or coercion and mental illness in survivors of trafficking have not been established. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study with 1015 female and male survivors of trafficking (adults, adolescents and children) who received post-trafficking assistance services in Cambodia, Thailand or Vietnam and had been exploited in various labor sectors...
December 12, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30442197/changes-and-predictive-value-for-treatment-outcome-of-the-compulsive-exercise-test-cet-during-a-family-based-intervention-for-adolescents-eating-disorders
#14
Ingemar Swenne
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore changes in the Compulsive Exercise Test (CET) following a family-based intervention in adolescents with restrictive eating disorders (ED). It was hypothesized that compulsive exercise would improve with successful intervention against the ED but also that a high level of compulsive exercise at presentation would be associated with a less favourable outcome. METHOD: The CET, the Eating Disorders Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q), and body mass index were available for 170 adolescents at presentation and at a one-year follow-up...
November 15, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30442175/children-with-mixed-developmental-language-disorder-have-more-insecure-patterns-of-attachment
#15
Adele Assous, Ayala Borghini, Maryse Levi-Rueff, Guy Rittori, Bérangère Rousselot-Pailley, Christelle Gosme, Franck Zigante, Bernard Golse, Bruno Falissard, Laurence Robel
BACKGROUND: Developmental Language disorders (DLD) are developmental disorders that can affect both expressive and receptive language. When severe and persistent, they are often associated with psychiatric comorbidities and poor social outcome. The development of language involves early parent-infant interactions. The quality of these interactions is reflected in the quality of the child's attachment patterns. We hypothesized that children with DLD are at greater risk of insecure attachment, making them more vulnerable to psychiatric comorbidities...
November 15, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30419960/validity-and-reliability-of-the-maslach-burnout-inventory-student-survey-in-sri-lanka
#16
Nuwan Darshana Wickramasinghe, Devani Sakunthala Dissanayake, Gihan Sajiwa Abeywardena
BACKGROUND: With ever increasing educational expectations and demands, burnout has emerged as a major problem negatively affecting the wellbeing of different student populations. Even though the validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS) is widely assessed across the globe, there is a paucity of related literature in the South Asian settings. Hence, this study was aimed at assessing the factorial structure, validity, and reliability of the MBI-SS among collegiate cycle students in Sri Lanka...
November 12, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30419956/a-dyadic-planning-intervention-to-quit-smoking-in-single-smoking-couples-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Anne H Buitenhuis, Marrit A Tuinman, Mariët Hagedoorn
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the largest preventable cause of death. Smoking cessation interventions that use implementation intentions show promising results. Implementation intentions are if-then plans that specify a certain behaviour within a situational context. This study will examine whether involving a non-smoking partner could improve planning interventions, and whether and which partner interactions underlie this effectiveness. METHODS: This single-blind randomized controlled trial has a longitudinal design with a baseline questionnaire, end-of-day measurements for three weeks starting on the quit date, and a follow-up questionnaire after three months...
November 12, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30390713/validation-of-a-cross-cultural-instrument-for-child-behavior-problems-the-disruptive-behavior-international-scale-nepal-version
#18
Matthew D Burkey, Ramesh P Adhikari, Lajina Ghimire, Brandon A Kohrt, Lawrence S Wissow, Nagendra P Luitel, Emily E Haroz, Mark J D Jordans
BACKGROUND: Obtaining accurate and valid measurements of disruptive behavior disorders remains a challenge in non-Western settings due to variability in societal norms for child behavior and a lack of tools developed outside of Western contexts. This paper assesses the reliability and construct validity of the Disruptive Behavior International Scale - Nepal version (DBIS-N)-a scale developed using ethnographic research in Nepal-and compares it with a widely used Western-derived scale in assessing locally defined child behavior problems...
November 3, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30342559/existence-triggers-and-coping-with-chronic-sorrow-a-qualitative-study-of-caretakers-of-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-a-national-referral-hospital-in-kampala-uganda
#19
Connie Olwit, Maureen Mugaba, Charles Peter Osingada, Rose Chalo Nabirye
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, sickle cell disease is recognized as one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality. Caregivers and patients with such chronic illnesses experience economic, physical, social and psychological distresses which may lead to chronic sorrow. Chronic sorrow is viewed as a normal reaction to loss, however it can progress to a pathological state such as depression if the coping styles are ineffective. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the existence of chronic sorrow, triggers and coping with grief related feelings among caretakers of children with sickle cell disease...
October 20, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30305170/media-multitasking-is-associated-with-altered-processing-of-incidental-irrelevant-cues-during-person-perception
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Richard B Lopez, Julia M Salinger, Todd F Heatherton, Dylan D Wagner
BACKGROUND: Media multitasking (MMT)-using and switching between unrelated forms of media-has been implicated in altered processing of extraneous stimuli, resulting in performance deficits. Here, we sought to extend our prior work to test the hypothesis that MMT might be associated with enhanced processing of incidental environmental cues during person perception. METHOD: We tested the relationship between individual differences in MMT and person perception, by experimentally manipulating the relevance of environmental cues that participants could use to make trait and personality judgements of an unfamiliar social target...
October 11, 2018: BMC Psychology
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