Kareem Haloub, Elly McNamara, Rani Haj Yahya
Turmeric-induced liver injury is a controversial topic, and turmeric is safe to consume during pregnancy in small amounts; however, it might be an uncommon cause of liver injury if consumed in large amounts. We hereby report a case of a pregnant patient who demonstrated atypical signs and symptoms of dietary-induced liver injury during pregnancy. She presented with itching at 23 weeks 4 days of pregnancy and had deranged liver function tests and was diagnosed with dietary-induced liver injury...
2024: Case Reports in Hepatology
B-O Stüben, D P Hoyer, S Radunz, F Saner, H Schmidt, H A Baba, J W Treckmann, L I Mazilescu
BACKGROUND: Acute liver injury is a life-threatening condition with disparate aetiology. Swift and adequate interdisciplinary treatment is essential to assure the best possible outcomes in these patients. Investigations to identify the cause of the condition and the implementation of quick and appropriate treatment can be lifesaving. Case Presentation . In October 2022, an otherwise healthy 66-year-old male presented at the University Hospital Essen with acute liver injury following an inclisiran injection for hypercholesterinaemia...
2024: Case Reports in Hepatology
Harjit Singh, Alexandra Kimchy, Camille Boustani, Mfoniso Umoren, Amol Rangnekar, Coleman Smith
Ectopic varices are an infrequent yet fatal complication resulting from the progression of liver cirrhosis. Duodenal varices pose a significant challenge to clinicians as they are not easily visualized on endoscopy due to their submucosal location and lack of red color signs. Identification of duodenal varices is important given the risk of massive and life-threatening bleeding that is difficult to control. Patients may present in hemorrhagic shock requiring immediate resuscitation; however, confirmation of the bleeding source as variceal or non-variceal is critical in determining the optimal therapeutic intervention...
2023: Case Reports in Hepatology
Rossana Kazemimood, Shohreh Eliaszadeh, Kenneth Wind
Hepatic small vessel neoplasm (HSVN) is a rare vascular hepatic lesion that is usually an asymptomatic incidental finding. Here we present a case of a 66-year-old male with HSVN who was discovered to have a lesion presenting as a small nodule in an explanted liver. HSVN is a recently described hepatic vascular lesion that has been previously underdiagnosed. It has an uncertain long-term malignant potential, so close follow-up is recommended.
2023: Case Reports in Hepatology
Pin-Yi Wang, Yu-Hsuan Kuo, Ming-Jen Sheu, Hsing-Tao Kuo, Wen-Ying Lee, Yu-Ting Kuo, Su-Hung Wang
Lymphocyte-rich hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represents the rarest subtype among the various subgroups of HCC, and limited clinical data are available for this particular subtype. It is commonly observed as a solitary lesion and tends to present at an early stage. Histopathological examination typically reveals tumor cells infiltrated by a lymphocyte-rich background, leading to its designation as lymphoepithelioma-like HCC. Unlike other lymphoepithelioma-like tumors associated with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), lymphocyte-rich HCC is predominantly negative for EBV...
2023: Case Reports in Hepatology
Mariam Youssef, Katherine L Mascia, Brendan McGuire, Chirag R Patel, Sameer Al Diffalha, Deepti Dhall, Goo Lee
CALFAN syndrome is an extremely rare disease consisting of recurrent pediatric acute liver failure (PALF), neurodegenerative diseases, and skeletal abnormalities associated with SCYL1 gene mutation. To date, three of 18 patients reported underwent liver transplantation in infancy and early childhood (7-23 months). Here, we report a case of CALFAN syndrome with infantile onset, recurrent jaundice/PALF requiring liver transplantation in early adulthood. At the most recent follow-up, 3 years after transplantation, the patient is doing well...
2023: Case Reports in Hepatology
Hirak Pahari, Amey Sonavane, Amruth Raj, Anup Kumar Agrawal, Ambreen Sawant, Deepak Kumar Gupta, Amit Gharat, Vikram Raut
BACKGROUND: Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) has revolutionized the field of transplantation without compromising donor safety. Donor safety is of paramount concern to the transplant team. BMI >35 kg/m2 is mostly considered a contraindication to liver donation. Here, we present a successful right donor hepatectomy from a donor with a BMI of 36.5 kg/m2 . Case Summary. A 39-year-old wife donated her right lobe of liver to her 43-year-old husband with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis-related chronic liver disease (CLD)...
2023: Case Reports in Hepatology
Tatsuhiro Kato, Christine M G Schammel, Hubert Fenton, Steven D Trocha, A Michael Devane
Background . Ciliated hepatic foregut cyst (CHFC) is a rare, benign cyst of the liver, derived from the embryonic foregut epithelium. Although CHFCs are typically asymptomatic, some present with nonspecific abdominal symptoms. Imaging modalities alone are insufficient for diagnosis, with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma included in the differential due to nonspecific imaging features; definitive diagnosis relies on histologic confirmation. These lesions are often benign; however, larger lesions can have malignant transformation into squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), which carries a poor prognosis, thus making a definitive diagnosis, no matter what size, essential...
2023: Case Reports in Hepatology
Kwanchanok Losuwarat, Vor Luvira, Vasin Thanasukarn, Theerawee Tipwaratorn, Piti Ungarreevittaya
Inflammatory myo-fibroblastic tumor (IMT) of the gallbladder is an extremely rare condition. Only seven cases have been reported. All of these were presented either with polyp/mass inside the gallbladder or gallbladder wall thickening, involving just one adjacent organ. We herein present a case of IMT of gallbladder presenting with a huge mass replacing the gallbladder with multiple organ involvement, successfully treated by en bloc multivisceral resection. Moreover, we have compared it with the characteristics of all reported cases of IMT of the gallbladder...
2023: Case Reports in Hepatology
Razan Abduljalil, Hadhami Ben Turkia, Aysha Fakhroo, Cristina Skrypnyk
Mitochondrial depletion syndromes are well established causes of liver failure in infants. Hepatocerebral variant related to MPV17 gene defect is characterized by infantile onset of progressive liver failure, developmental delay, neurological manifestations, lactic acidosis, hypoglycemia, and mtDNA depletion in liver tissue. We report a hepatocerebral variant of mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome in a neonate who presented with septic shock picture, hypoglycemia, jaundice, hypotonia, and rotatory nystagmus...
2023: Case Reports in Hepatology
Quarshie Glover, William Nicholas Rose
Wilson's disease is a rare genetic condition that affects copper metabolism, resulting in tissue copper accumulation and resultant organ damage. We report a case of a young woman who presents with Wilson's disease complicated by hemolysis, impaired hepatic function, coagulopathy, and acute kidney injury. She was treated with plasmapheresis as a bridge to a liver transplant. Her mental state, renal function, and bilirubin level improved after starting plasmapheresis. She successfully underwent a liver transplant and remained stable post-liver transplant...
2023: Case Reports in Hepatology
Shirley X Jiang, John Duncan, Hin Hin Ko
Fanconi syndrome is a rare disease of generalized proximal tubule dysfunction which can be acquired secondary to certain medications, including tenofovir, a commonly used hepatitis B treatment. Signs and symptoms of ensuing renal wasting can be severe but vague, leading to potentially avoidable invasive investigations and delays in diagnosis. We present a case of a 62-year-old female with chronic hepatitis B on tenofovir treatment who was found to have subacute weakness, anorexia, and weight loss. She underwent extensive investigations including computed tomography (CT) imaging, bronchoscopy, upper and lower endoscopy, and psychiatric evaluation...
2023: Case Reports in Hepatology
Fady Salama, Anna Christina Leyson, Malay Shah, Roberto Galuppo Monticelli
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a frequent and serious complication of chronic liver disease. The mechanism of hepatic encephalopathy is not entirely clear. Hepatic encephalopathy is defined as brain dysfunction caused by liver insufficiency and/or portal-systemic blood shunting. It manifests as a wide spectrum of neurological or psychiatric abnormalities, ranging from subclinical alterations, detectable only by neuropsychological or neurophysiological assessment, to coma. Liver transplant (LT) is the definitive treatment for refractory hepatic encephalopathy...
2023: Case Reports in Hepatology
Elisha Poddar, Prakash Mainali, Suraj Shrestha, Pratima Gautam, Anuradha Twayana, Niharika Pathak, Ashish Tiwari, Abhishek Bhattarai, Laligen Awale, Prasan Singh Kansakar
Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) is a rare benign chronic inflammatory disease of the gallbladder that often presents as cholecystitis and can mimic gallbladder carcinoma. Distinguishing XGC from gallbladder cancer preoperatively is challenging. We present a case of a 62-year-old male who presented with features of carcinoma gallbladder in the CECT abdomen and MRCP. Intraoperatively, there was a mass in the gallbladder and extension into the adjacent structures with involvement of the hepatic artery, 1st part of the duodenum, portal vein, and hepatic flexure of the colon, and thus a palliative cholecystectomy was done...
2023: Case Reports in Hepatology
Francisco A Durazo, Kelly Kristbaum, James Miller, Kia Saeian, Motaz Selim, Johnny C Hong
Liver test abnormalities have been described during severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV)-2 infection causing coronavirus disease 2019. Most of them consist of elevation of the aminotransferases that resolve once the infection subsides. There are several reports of autoimmune hepatitis developing after vaccination against COVID-19 and one case of autoimmune hepatitis following COVID-19 infection. We present a patient that was not vaccinated against COVID-19 and developed resistant de novo autoimmune hepatitis following COVID-19 infection requiring aggressive immunosuppression...
2022: Case Reports in Hepatology
Saeed Ali, Abdullah Sohail, Kyle Brown
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is a known complication of patients with decompensated cirrhosis and ascites. It is differentiated from secondary bacterial peritonitis by the absence of an intraabdominal source of infection. We present a 56-year-old man with alcoholic cirrhosis who underwent multiple paracenteses that yielded fluid with progressively increasing neutrophil counts and several different organisms, recurring despite numerous treatments for SBP. Eventually, a computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen and the pelvis revealed a large intraabdominal abscess (22 × 13 cm) treated with an ultrasound-guided drain and IV antibiotics...
2022: Case Reports in Hepatology
Thaninee Prasoppokakorn, Kessarin Thanapirom, Sombat Treeprasertsuk
Lenvatinib, an oral small-molecule multiple tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), has been approved for first-line therapy for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Proteinuria is one of the most common adverse events associated with lenvatinib treatment. We reported a 67-year-old Thai female was diagnosed with NASH cirrhosis and HCC BCLC B with TACE refractoriness. She received 8 mg of lenvatinib for 2 weeks and began to experience worsening hypertension, bilateral pleural effusion, pedal edema, hypoalbuminemia, hypercholesterolemia, and proteinuria...
2022: Case Reports in Hepatology
Jennifer Yoon, Steve Hu, Daniel Phillips, Amir Fathi, Adnan Ameer
Immunoglobulin G subclass 4 (IgG-4)-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an uncommon immune-mediated, fibro-inflammatory disease which has garnered recognition as a systemic condition. One manifestation of the disease in the hepatobiliary system is the development of hepatic inflammatory pseudotumors. These benign tumors are often misdiagnosed as malignant tumors and undergo unnecessary hepatic resections. We present a case of IgG4-related hepatic inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) mimicking a Klatskin tumor. A high degree of clinical suspicion and extensive workup is imperative in reaching the correct diagnosis...
2022: Case Reports in Hepatology
Riana Wurzburger
Teriflunomide is a pyrimidine synthesis inhibitor used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis that has in rare instances been associated with liver toxicity, though there are few documented cases. Here, we report a case of probable teriflunomide-induced liver injury as assessed for causality using the updated RUCAM. The liver injury occurred approximately nine months after teriflunomide initiation and improved with discontinuation of the drug and treatment with cholestyramine.
2022: Case Reports in Hepatology
Sunny Sandhu, Hunza Chaudhry, Sharon Zhang, Devang Prajapati
Primary myelofibrosis (PMF) is a chronic myeloproliferative disorder seen in older adults which can present both with hepatosplenomegaly as well as mild nonspecific liver enzyme abnormalities. Mild elevations in bilirubin can occasionally be seen due to both intravascular hemolysis as well as extramedullary hematopoiesis. Marked hyperbilirubinemia as a presenting sign of PMF progression, however, has not been reported. We present the case of a patient with a remote diagnosis of PMF, who presented with marked hyperbilirubinemia with a notable response to ruxolitinib...
2022: Case Reports in Hepatology
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