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European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports

Chiara Iacusso, Francesco Morini, Irma Capolupo, Andrea Dotta, Stefania Sgrò, Francesco Parisi, Adriano Carotti, Pietro Bagolan
Lung hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension (PH) in association with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) may cause fatal respiratory failure. Lung transplantation (Ltx) may represent an option for CDH-related end-stage pulmonary failure. The aim of this study is to report a patient with CDH who underwent Ltx or combined heart-lung transplantation (H-Ltx). Our patient was born at 33 weeks of gestation, with a prenatally diagnosed isolated left CDH. Twenty-four hours after birth, she underwent surgical repair of a type D defect (according to the CDH Study Group staging system)...
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Marilyn W Butler, Julie Fuchs, Matias Bruzoni
We herein describe a case of serial reduction of an extremely large and complex gastroschisis using vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) therapy in a boy born at 35 5/7 weeks' gestation. A spring-loaded silicone silo was placed at birth. By day of life (DOL) 22, minimal visceral contents had been reduced, and the silo was difficult to maintain due to the size of the fascial defect and loss of abdominal domain. A bespoke VAC dressing was constructed, and biweekly dressing changes allowed gradual reduction of the gastroschisis until the viscera were consolidated...
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Fabrizio Vatta, Alessandro Raffaele, Noemi Pasqua, Marco Brunero, Gloria Pelizzo, Luigi Avolio
Hirschsprung's disease and, more rarely, intestinal duplication can both cause intestinal obstruction in neonates. The simultaneous occurrence of these two diseases is reported in only two studies, and in both cases, intestinal duplication was an incidental finding, as it had not determined clinical intestinal occlusion. This paper reports a unique case of coexistence of the two conditions, with both causing intestinal obstruction, delayed appropriate, and definitive surgical treatment.
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Mohamed Abdelmalak, Saber Waheeb, Ahmed Koraitim, Dina Mahdy, Deena Mustafa Abd ElMigeid
Crossed testicular ectopia (CTE)/transverse testicular ectopia (TTE) is a rare condition occurring in only 1 in 4 million male patients, in which both testes migrate toward the same hemiscrotum. We report on two cases of TTE in first degree cousins (1 + 3 years of age). Both presented with right nonpalpable testis. On diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, the right testis was located above the left testis in both patients. Right orchiopexy was performed after passing the right testis through the median raphe of the scrotum followed by ipsilateral left scrotal orchiopexy...
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Jiri Molacek, Karel Houdek, Václav Opatrný, Jiri Fremuth, Lumir Sasek, Inka Treskova, Vladislav Treska
We report on a 2.5-month-old infant with ischemia of the left leg and compartment following intraosseous needle application during resuscitation. Unfortunately, this event led to major limb amputation. The cause, mechanism, and prevention of this severe complication are discussed in this article.
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Lucinda Tullie, Bhumita Vadgama, Ravindar Anbarasan, Michael P Stanton, Henrik Steinbrecher
A 9-year-old boy, with previous anorectal malformation and neuropathic bladder and bowel, underwent ileocystoplasty, Monti-Mitrofanoff and appendix antegrade colonic enema procedure. The tip of the macroscopically normal appendix was sent for routine histopathology. Microscopy demonstrated a 5-mm well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor extending into muscularis propria. K i -67 index was <2%. Due to margin involvement, the appendix conduit and surrounding skin were re-excised and a tube cecostomy was created through a separate incision...
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Jan Trachta, Johann Wachter, Jan Kriz
Fowler's syndrome (FS) is a rare cause of chronic urinary retention in teenage girls and young women. We present a case of a 14-year-old girl who presented at our hospital 2 weeks after uncomplicated laparoscopic appendectomy. The girl complained of reduced urinary frequency and prolonged micturition time. Following an acute cystitis 2 months later, she completely lost her ability to void. A comprehensive set of investigations to assess the cause of her urinary retention including a cerebral and spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and videourodynamics were performed...
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Ndeye Aby Ndoye, Papa Alassane Mbaye, Jacques Noel Tendeng, Lissoune Cissé, Mamadou Lamine Diao, Mactar Dieng, Doudou Gueye, Dibor Niang, Oumar Ndour, Gabriel Ngom
Abdominal tuberculosis is rare in immunocompetent infants. We report on two infants with peritoneal tuberculosis (6 and 8 months) who underwent laparotomy for suspected intussusception. In the first patient, characteristic lesions of peritoneal tuberculosis were observed intraoperatively with presence of multiple granulations. Tuberculin intradermal reaction (IDRt) was positive and tuberculous contagium could be cultured. In the second patient, the IDRt and GeneXpert tests were negative. In both patients, the histopathological examination of the biopsy specimens confirmed the diagnosis of peritoneal tuberculosis...
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Manish Pathak, Rahul Saxena, T K Jayakumar, Arvind Sinha, Taruna Yadav
Choledochal cyst (CC) is an important surgical cause of jaundice in infants. Infantile variant of CC can mimic biliary atresia in clinical presentation. CC associated with biliary atresia is well described in literature. We encountered an atretic variant of CC that has not been described in literature ever. The characteristics of this unusual case, management, and proposed hypothesis to its pathogenesis are discussed here.
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Ángela Sánchez-Sánchez, Óscar Girón-Vallejo, Ramón Ruiz-Pruneda, Maria Fernandez-Ibieta, Darío García-Calderon, Vanesa Villamil, María Cristina Giménez-Aleixandre, Carlos Andrés Montoya-Rangel, Juan Pedro Hernández Bermejo
Introduction  Three-dimensional (3D) technology is increasingly applied for planning challenging surgical interventions. We report our experience using 3D printing and virtual reconstruction for surgical planning of complex tumor resections in children. Methods  Data were obtained from preoperative magnetic resonance. imaging analysis and 3D virtual recreations were performed using specialized computer software. 3D real-scale geometry models, including tumor, adjacent organs, and relevant vascularization, were printed in colorimetric scale and different materials for optimal structures discrimination...
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Richard Gnatzy, Jochen Fuchs, Manuela Siekmeyer, Anne Bettina Beeskow, Jan-Hendrik Gosemann, Martin Lacher
Circumcision is one of the most frequent procedures performed by pediatric surgeons. A dorsal penile nerve block (DPNB) is commonly used for perioperative analgesia. We report the case of a 16-year-old boy with ischemia of the glans who presented on the first postoperative day after circumcision under DPNB (0.25% bupivacaine) at an outside hospital. The patient underwent immediate angiography under sedation. An intra-arterial spasmolysis was performed with alprostadil and nitroglycerine and a sufficient perfusion of the glans penis was confirmed...
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Maren Friederike Balks, Jan-Hendrik Gosemann, Ina Sorge, Martin Lacher, Franz Wolfgang Hirsch
We report the case of a 3-year-old boy who presented with an upper respiratory tract infection and severe dyspnea. A chest X-ray revealed a left-sided tension pneumothorax with mediastinal shift and suspected enterothorax. After thoracic computed tomography (CT) scan, a chest tube was inserted, which drained fluid which had the same consistency and color as the one derived from the nasogastric (NG) tube. The boy underwent diagnostic laparoscopy for suspected bowel perforation, which confirmed a left-sided Bochdalek hernia with herniation of the viscera into the chest...
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Illya Martynov, Martin Lacher
Introduction  Single-incision pediatric endosurgery (SIPES) for the treatment of acute appendicitis in children has recently gained popularity due to its advantages including minimization of postoperative scars or less incisional pain. The principal disadvantages of SIPES include the limited degrees of freedom of movement and high health care costs. To overcome these issues, some surgeons have reported to use noncommercial ports for SIPES appendectomy. Case Report  In this report, we present a case of a 10-year-old female patient with acute appendicitis undergoing SIPES appendectomy using own homemade glove port and straight rigid instruments...
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Hanan Said, Salahuddin S Syed, Ali Zeinelabdeen, Mohamed Negm Fayez
In a girl born with cloaca, both hemivaginae and rectum were located above the bladder neck, and both ureters were connected to the hemivaginae. After diverting colostomy and cystovaginoscopy on the second day of life, the repair of cloaca was performed at 10 months of age by posterior sagittal anorecto vaginoplasty (PSARVP), including laparotomy and bilateral ureteric reimplantation. Eight months after the surgery, she developed a vesicovaginal fistula, which was repaired and closed by open surgery through the bladder...
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Javier Serradilla, Alba Bueno, Carlos De La Torre, Eduardo Alonso Gamarra, Martha Muñoz Romo, Francisco de Borja Nava Hurtado de Saracho, María Álvarez Barrial, Manuel Gomez Cervantes, Manuel Lopez Santamaria
We report a 12-day-old male who was admitted with vomiting because of an unusual early complication of Marfan's syndrome (MS): a sliding hiatal hernia. Initial ultrasound showed no stomach at its normal position and the chest X-ray presented an intrathoracic gas bubble with the nasogastric tube inside. An upper gastrointestinal contrast study confirmed the complete herniation of the stomach into the thorax. Via an exploratory laparotomy it was carefully reintroduced into the abdomen, following a hiatal reconstruction...
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Christiane Kruppa, Marcel Dudda, Thomas A Schildhauer, Dominik Seybold
We report the case of a 13-year-old boy, who suffered a posterior hip dislocation from playing soccer. Closed reduction was performed urgently. Because of a nonconcentric hip after closed reduction, further imaging was done. An intra-articular bony fragment was identified. Arthroscopic treatment was performed. Through an anterior portal we were able to locate the intra-articular bony fragment, which was located within the region of the fovea. After lifting of the caudal enfolded labral complex, we were able to remove the fragment...
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Simona Rusu, Ahmad Zaghal, Muhammad S Choudhry
Preduodenal portal vein (PDPV) is a rare anomaly that can cause duodenal obstruction. PDPV is associated with other congenital anomalies, mainly cardiac and gastrointestinal. Treatment usually consists of bypassing the obstruction by duodenoduodenostomy. We report two cases of PDPV in association with atrial isomerism and malrotation with different surgical management.
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Mark Bremholm Bremholm Ellebaek, Niels Qvist, Lars Rasmussen
Esophageal atresia (EA) Gross type A (long-gap without tracheoesophageal fistula) is a rare and a surgical challenging form of EA that constitutes ∼6% of the children born with EA. We present the seventh reported case with successful esophagoesophagostomy obtained by magnetic compression of a long-gap EA type A without thoracotomy.
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Chantal Ott, Andrei Bobylev, Stefan Gerhard Holland-Cunz, Johannes Mayr
A multicystic tumor of the right neck was detected in a girl at 29 weeks of gestation by fetal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The baby was delivered by cesarean section at week 37 of gestation. The newborn adapted well, with minimal compromise of breathing and drinking. Postnatal ultrasound and MRI revealed a cervical lymphangioma measuring 60.5 × 60.6 × 41.2 mm. We performed subtotal resection of the tumor when the girl was 34 days. As a complication of surgical resection, the girl developed ipsilateral Horner's syndrome...
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Anna Poupalou, Celine Vrancken, Erwin Vanderveken, Henri Steyaert
Thoracoscopic prosthetic repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a well-established and safe technique in experienced hands but the patching procedure is technically demanding and time consuming. To address the challenges associated with this process (confined working space and restricted time), the aim of this article is to assess the potential improvements in feasibility, efficacy, and safety of patch fixation by using nonabsorbable helicoidal tacks in neonates and infants for the repair of large CDH by thoracoscopy...
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
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