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Central Asian Journal of Global Health

Amin Sanei-Moghaddam, Sharon Goughnour, Robert Edwards, John Comerci, Joseph Kelley, Nicole Donnellan, Faina Linkov, Suketu Mansuria
Introduction: In 2012, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) introduced a hysterectomy clinical pathway to reduce the number of total abdominal hysterectomies performed for benign gynecological indications. This study focused on exploring physician and patient factors impacting the utilization of hysterectomy clinical pathways. Methods: An online survey with 24 questions was implemented to explore physicians' attitudes and perceived barriers toward implementing the pathway...
2017: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Michael Shterenshis
Medical infrared thermography (IT) produces an image of the infrared waves emitted by the human body as part of the thermoregulation process that can vary in intensity based on the health of the person. This review analyzes recent developments in the use of infrared thermography as a screening and diagnostic tool in clinical and nonclinical settings, and identifies possible future routes for improvement of the method. Currently, infrared thermography is not considered to be a fully reliable diagnostic method...
2017: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Michael Vaiman, Baruch Klin, Noa Rosenfeld, Ibrahim Abu-Kishk
Introduction: Hemoptysis is an important symptom which causes a major concern, and warrants immediate diagnostic attention. The authors compared a group of patients with pediatric pulmonary hemorrhage with pediatric patients diagnosed with extrapulmonary bleeding focusing on differences in etiology, outcome and differential diagnosis of hemoptysis. Methods: We performed the retrospective analysis of medical charts of 134 pediatric patients admitted to the Emergency Department because of pulmonary and extrapulmonary hemorrhage and were diagnosed with suspected hemoptysis or developed hemoptysis (ICD10-CM code R04...
2017: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Curtis Tilves, Saeed Yekaninejad, Tetsuro Hayashi, Eman Eltahlawy, Eugene Shubnikov, Shalkar Adambekov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Veluswami Saravanan Subramanian, Min Jung Cho, Siwei Zoe Tan, Dilorom Fayzieva, Christian Sebaly
Introduction: The cumulative effect of limited investment in public water systems, inadequate public health infrastructure, and gaps in infectious disease prevention increased the incidence of waterborne diseases in Uzbekistan. The objectives of this study were: (1) to spatially analyze the distribution of the diseases in Tashkent Province, (2) to identify the intensity of spatial trends in the province, (3) to identify urban-rural characteristics of the disease distribution, and (4) to identify the differences in disease incidence between pediatric and adult populations of the province...
2017: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Khwaja Mir Islam Saeed
Introduction: Diabetes is reaching epidemic levels in Afghanistan. This study identifies the risk factors associated with diabetes in Herat City, Afghanistan, and explores the prevalence of previously undiagnosed diabetes. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using multistage cluster sampling by adopting the World Health Organization's (WHO) STEPwise approach to Surveillance (STEPS). We enrolled 1129 participants aged 25-70 years between May and June of 2015 (47...
2017: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Sahadat Hossain, Shakhaoat Hossain, Fahad Ahmed, Rabiul Islam, Tajuddin Sikder, Abdur Rahman
Introuduction: Tobacco smoking is considered to be the key preventable risk factor for morbidity and mortality at the global level. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of tobacco smoking and factors associated with the initiation of smoking among university students in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Methods: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted with 264 students of Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh in 2015. A standard, self-administered questionnaire consisting of questions on socio-demographic variables, tobacco smoking status, family and peer tobacco smoking history, attitudes and beliefs about tobacco smoking, as well as knowledge about the negative health consequences of tobacco smoking was administered to participants...
2017: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Said Ahmad Maisam Najafizada, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Ronald Labonté
Introduction: Afghanistan has a high maternal mortality rate of 400 per 100,000 live births. Although direct causes of maternal morbidity and mortality in Afghanistan include hemorrhage, obstructed labor, infection, high blood pressure, and unsafe abortion, the high burden of diseases responsible for maternal mortality arises in large part due to social determinants of health. The focus of this literature review is to examine the impact of various social determinants of health on maternal health in Afghanistan, filling an important gap in the existing literature...
2017: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Shalkar Adambekov, Sholpan Askarova, Sharon C Welburn, Sharon L Goughnour, Ayumi Konishi, Ronald LaPorte, Faina Linkov
Introduction: Despite the significant number of research institutions and rich scientific heritage, published research from Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan) is traditionally underrepresented in international scientific literature. The goal of this paper was to analyze publication patterns in Central Asian countries, and to explore the factors that contributed to the publication productivity in Kazakhstan. Methods: Publication productivity was evaluated using data generated by the SCImago Journal & Country Rank over the period of 1996-2014 for all of the 15 former Soviet Union Republics for all subject categories...
2016: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Faina Linkov, Shalkar Adambekov, Sharon Goughnour, Sharon C Welburn, Nicolas Padilla-Raygoza, Musa Kana, Eugene Shubnikov, Mustapha M Mustapha, Aamir Sheikh, Ronald LaPorte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Pauline McLoone, Afolabi Oluwadun, Mary Warnock, Lorna Fyfe
Problems with conventional treatments for a range of dermatological disorders have led scientists to search for new compounds of therapeutic value. Efforts have included the evaluation of natural products such as honey. Manuka honey, for example, has been scientifically recognised for its anti-microbial and wound healing properties and is now used clinically as a topical treatment for wound infections. In this review, scientific evidence for the effectiveness of honey in the treatment of wounds and other skin conditions is evaluated...
2016: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
André X C N Valente, Altynai Adilbayeva, Tursonjan Tokay, Albert A Rizvanov
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders, yet the etiology of the majority of its cases remains unknown. In this manuscript, relevant published evidence is interpreted and integrated into a comprehensive hypothesis on the nature, origin, and inter-cellular mode of propagation of sporadic PD. We propose to characterize sporadic PD as a pathological deviation in the global gene expression program of a cell: the PD expression-state, or PD-state for short. A universal cell-generic state, the PD-state deviation would be particularly damaging in a neuronal context, ultimately leading to neuron death and the ensuing observed clinical signs...
2016: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Abdulla Abdikhakimov, Mukaddas Tukhtaboeva, Bakhtiyar Adilov, Shahlo Turdikulova
Introuduction: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women and affects approximately 1 out of 8 females in the US. Risk of developing breast cancer is strongly influenced by genetic factors. Germ-line mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are associated with 5-10% of breast cancer incidence. To reduce the risk of developing cancer and to increase the likelihood of early detection, carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations are offered surveillance programs and effective preventive medical interventions...
2016: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Shahlo Turdikulova, Dilbar Dalimova, Abror Abdurakhimov, Bekzod Adilov, Sarimbek Navruzov, Abror Yusupbekov, Mirjalol Djuraev, Suleyman Abdujapparov, Dilshod Egamberdiev, Rustam Mukhamedov
Introduction: Genetic factors play an important role in the development of gastric cancer (GC), a prevalent malignancy in Central Asia. Recent studies have shown that single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in several genes are associated with increased GC risk, indicating that genetic variation contributes to gastric carcinogenesis. Located on chromosome 8q24.2, the prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) gene encodes a 123-amino acid glycoprotein related to the cell-proliferation inhibition and cell-death induction activity...
2016: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Noorallah Jaber, Marwa Oudah, Amer Kowatli, Jabir Jibril, Inbisat Baig, Elsheba Mathew, Aji Gopakumar, Jayakumary Muttappallymyalil
Introduction: Dyspepsia is a common gastrointestinal diseases worldwide with a prevalence ranging from 7 to 40%. Dyspepsia, more commonly known as heartburn or indigestion, is defined as one or more of the following symptoms: postprandial fullness, early satiation (the inability to finish a normal size meal), or epigastric pain or burning for at least 3 months in the past year. Dyspepsia has been studied extensively, but little is known of factors associated with dyspepsia among medical students...
2016: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Unentsatsral Lkhagvasuren, Sarantuya Jav, Battogtokh Zagdsuren
Background: Postmenopausal osteoporosis is the most common bone metabolic disease associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) and osteopathic fragility fractures, which can lead to significant morbidity. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estradiol (E2) levels and bone mineral density (BMD) across the stages of menopause in Mongolian women. Methods: Two hundred sixty participants aged 50...
2015: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Neetu Purohit, Divya K Bhati, Shiv D Gupta, Azad S Kundu
[This corrects the article on p. 2 in vol. 4.].
2015: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Eva Chang, Fabio Luelmo, Zamira Baydulloeva, Marija Joncevska, Guljamol Kasymova, Oktam Bobokhojaev, Tom Mohr
Introduction: Tajikistan has a laboratory network with three levels of tuberculosis (TB) laboratories. The external quality assessment (EQA) of sputum smear microscopy was implemented in 2007. The objective of this study was to evaluate the EQA system and identify potential performance improvement strategies in TB microscopic laboratories in Sughd, Tajikistan. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study based on retrospective record review and secondary data analyses on Acid-Fast Bacilli (AFB) microscopy data and EQA reading results collected between the first quarter of 2011 and the fourth quarter of 2013...
2015: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Victoria M Saadat
Background: The dissolution of the USSR resulted in independence for constituent republics but left them battling an unstable economic environment and healthcare. Increases in injection drug use, prostitution, and migration were all widespread responses to this transition and have contributed to the emergence of an HIV epidemic in the countries of former Soviet Union. Researchers have begun to identify the risks of HIV infection as well as the barriers to HIV testing and treatment in the former Soviet Union...
2015: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
Carlos Siordia, Athena K Ramos
Understanding the disability-poverty relationship among minority groups within the United States (US) populations may help inform interventions aimed at reducing health disparities. Limited information exists on risk factors for disability and poverty among "Central Asians" (immigrants born in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and other Central Asian regions of the former Soviet Union) in the US. The current cross-sectional analysis used information on 6,820 Central Asians to identify risk factors for disability and poverty...
2015: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
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