Ranim Ibrahim, Tasneem Drie, Zienab Shahada, Hayat Al Halabi, Maysoun Kudsi
UNLABELLED: The association between adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) and malignancy has previously been observed. However, only a limited number of cases described a combination of AOSD and leukemia, none of which reported AOSD-related symptoms as the first manifestation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This presentation might represent a paraneoplastic syndrome or leukemic arthritis mimicking AOSD. CASE PRESENTATION: Here the authors report a case of a 23-year-old female who fulfilled the Yamaguchi criteria for an AOSD diagnosis...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Romana Riyaz, Syed A Usaid, Niharikha Arram, Sumalatha Khatroth, Pranita Shah, Abhigan B Shrestha
UNLABELLED: 'Man-in-the-barrel syndrome' (MIBS) is a neurological phenotype with brachial diplegia, normal sensation, and preserved motor function of the lower limb. Severe hypotension leading to watershed infarctions leading to this phenotype has been reported. The pathogenesis of MIBS is believed to be cerebral hypoperfusion leading to border zone infarctions between the territories of the anterior and middle cerebral arteries. CASE REPORT AND DISCUSSION: A 49-year-old chronic alcoholic hypertensive Indian male was evaluated for barrel syndrome after a cardiac arrest...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Oadi N Shrateh, Afnan W M Jobran, Haneen Owienah, Rabee Adwan, Yasmin Dwikat, Mohammad Najajreh
UNLABELLED: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children typically presents with nonspecific manifestations such as fever, fatigue, lethargy, joint and bone pain, and bleeding diathesis. Ascites and pleural effusion as an initial presentation of ALL, although described, is exceedingly rare. However, this unusual initial presentation becomes much rarer in the post-coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) setting. Herein, we aim to highlight such a rare initial presentation of childhood ALL that warrants clinical attention...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Muhammad T M N Albeik, Lava Abdullah, Muhammad M Almatroud
UNLABELLED: Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a rare heterogeneous genetic congenital disorder affecting at least 1 in 5000-10,000 newborns. This disorder has a wide range of clinical manifestations; it affects organs originating from the embryonic ectoderm. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 2-year-old boy diagnosed with HED, the boy was suffering from absence of sweating since birth, dry skin, recurrent episodes of hyperpyrexia, sparse and light-colored hair on the scalp, absent eyebrows, and delayed eruption of abnormally shaped teeth...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Abdiwahid Ahmed Ibrahim, Ahmet Bakir, Nor Osman Sidow, Abdiladhif Mohamed Ali, Mohamed Farah Osman, Abdulkadir Ahmed, Mohamed Sheikh Hassan
UNLABELLED: Lateral medullary syndrome (LMS) is a less common form of a brainstem stroke. It is the result of occlusion of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA). It is caused by atherosclerosis, thrombosis, or emboli from another source. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old male patient presented to the emergency department with vertigo, vomiting, slurred speech, hiccups, and left-side weakness associated with paresthesia for 1 day. He had a past medical history of uncontrolled hypertension and a smoking habit...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Seema Sitaula, Sanjeev Kharel, Aakash Sherpali, Vijay Shrees, Atul Mainali
UNLABELLED: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare, neither infectious nor gangrenous, neutrophil-mediated inflammatory dermatosis. In 50-70% of cases, systemic disease is the underlying cause, and the remaining is idiopathic. CASE PRESENTATION: The authors here present a case of a 62-year-old male with a history of recurrent ulcer over the dorsum of hand diagnosed with recurrent PG with cobalamin deficiency treated with intralesional steroid injection and topical antibiotics along with intramuscular vitamin B12 injections...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Suraj Shrestha, Sanjeev Kharel, Sandesh Gautam, Elisha Poddar, Sugat Adhikari, Suman Acharya, Samriddha Raj Pant, Anamika Jha, Rajeev Ojha
UNLABELLED: Osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) as a result of the hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state is rare and can present with variable neurological manifestation due to lysis of myelin sheath. CASE PRESENTATION: A 44-year diabetic male presented with complaints of sudden onset, progressive bilateral weakness in lower limbs, and slurring of speech for the past 1.5 months. Cerebellar examination showed a bilaterally impaired finger nose test, dysdiadochokinesia, impaired heel shin test, and an impaired tandem gait...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Ranjit Sah, Abdelmonem Siddiq, Aroop Mohanty, Mohammed A Rais, Tareq Al-Ahdal, Bijaya K Padhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Ahmed B Mohd, Nesreen Huneiti, Hanan Hasan, Omar B Mohd, Abdulrhman Khaity, Khaled Albakri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Abdullahi Y Ali, Abdishakur Mohamed Abdi, Ervin Mambet
UNLABELLED: Ascaris lumbricoides is an infestation that affects approximately one-seventh of the world's population. Ascaris lumbricoides is a common inhabitant of the intestines of people with low-socioeconomic incomes, especially in underdeveloped countries of the world. Ascaris lumbricoides infestation is more prone to infestation with serious complications such as intestinal obstruction, volvulus, intussusception, and intestinal necrosis at higher rates in children than in adults...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Parham Talebian, S Aref Daneshi, Mohammad Soleimani
UNLABELLED: Posterior cruciate ligament bony avulsion is one of the well-known knee injuries, which includes about 3-20% of knee ligament injuries. Failure to properly treat this injury causes instability in the knee. Although various surgical approaches have been introduced for this injury, there is controversy regarding selecting the suitable method under certain conditions. METHOD: In this study, as well as introducing our new surgical technique, we reported the treatment results of our patients who underwent surgery between April 2021 and June 2022...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Ashna Habib, Arisha Mahfooz, Zainab Nazir
Loperamide, an opioid-based anti-diarrheal drug, frequently purchased without a prescription over-the-counter in Pakistan, the majority of the community thinks it is safe to use. It has been speculated that loperamide toxicity is greatly underreported since it is not frequently included in drug screening. The Pakistani government has to reevaluate its loperamide over-the-counter regulations. By media campaigns, the general population of Pakistan should be made aware of the risky consequences of high doses of loperamide...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Fares Kahal, Ahmed Helwani, André Torbey, Aya Alsaadi, Fatema Mohsen, Maher Al Bani
UNLABELLED: Antimicrobial resistance is the third top-ranking global causative of death. Ninety per cent of babies with sepsis who were admitted to the ICU in the Middle East had antibiotic-resistant bacteria. We aim to describe the epidemiology, culture findings, bacterial antibiotic resistance, as well as the outcomes of children who present with nosocomial or community-acquired infections. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study was conducted to analyze children with positive culture results presenting with nosocomial or community-acquired infections in Damascus Hospital, Damascus, Syria, which is considered one of the biggest hospitals in Syria...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Bimarsh Acharya, Sabin Kc, Shailendra Karki, Pratima Thapa, Pooja Kc
UNLABELLED: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare acute idiopathic demyelinating polyneuropathy that causes bilateral, symmetrical, and progressive weakness of muscles. AstraZeneca vaccine is a genetically modified spike glycoprotein vaccine of an adenovirus vector. GBS following the second dose of the AstraZeneca vaccine dose is rare and not frequently noted. CASE PRESENTATION: A 78-year-old male presented to the hospital with complaints of bilateral weakness of the lower limbs over 4 days following the second dose of the AstraZeneca vaccine...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Mohammad Alsultan, Marwa Kliea, Qussai Hassan, Kassem Basha
UNLABELLED: Kidney transplant recipients are at increasing risk for reactivation of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 31-year-old male was admitted with fever, chest pain, and dyspnea. Also, the complaints accompanied by generalized maculopapular, vesicular, hemorrhagic, itching, and painful rash with pustules and crusts on an erythematous base fill the entire body for the last 10 days. Chest computed tomography scan showed diffuse miliary and ground-glass opacities...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Gudisa Bereda
UNLABELLED: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) aggravates preexisting diabetes mellitus and contributes to newly discovered hypertension by increasing blood pressure by inhibiting the activity of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 in the rennin-angiotensin system. Diabetes patients may be more vulnerable to COVID-19 due to chronic comorbidities such as obesity and cardiovascular disease such as hypertension. CASE PRESENTATION: On 23 March 2022, a retired black African woman in her 60s was taken into the emergency room with the chief complaints of frequent midnight urine, hazy vision, headache, fever, and tingling in her hands and feet...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Anish K Shrestha, Anisha Shrestha, Sangam Shah, Aashna Bhandari
UNLABELLED: With the global burden of chronic liver disease (CLD) on the rise, especially due to the rise in obesity and metabolic syndrome, a third-world country like Nepal faces a different problem. With alcohol intake being rooted in Nepalese culture, alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is the most common cause of CLD in our society. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study conducted in the inpatient ward of the Department of Gastroenterology at the University in Nepal...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Ruja Rajkarnikar, Shriya Sharma, Sumit Yadav, Nirmal Ghimire
UNLABELLED: Infective endocarditis is an infection of the heart valves or endocardium caused by bacterial, viral, or fungal microorganisms. Blood cultures are used to detect the bacteria causing infective endocarditis, and echocardiography is performed to find the damaged heart valves. In blood culture-negative endocarditis, no endocarditis-causing organisms can be found in blood cultures, and blood cultures using usual laboratory methods remain sterile after inoculation of at least three independent blood samples...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Gemilang Khusnurrokhman, Anna Febriani, Priangga A Wiratama, Anita Widyoningroem
UNLABELLED: Pulmonary cystic hamartoma is a rare benign cystic mass of the lung with clinical symptoms and radiological features that are not typical. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43-year-old Indonesian female complained of chest and right shoulder pain, especially in the right clavicle. The patient underwent a chest X-ray and computed tomography scan thorax contrast, resulting in an anterior mediastinal tumor. The patient underwent wedge resection, and anatomical pathology showed pulmonary cystic hamartoma...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Genanew K Getahun, Sindew M Ahmed, Abinet B Degif, Mekonnen G Haile
UNLABELLED: Malnutrition remains a global problem, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, where Ethiopia is located. During pregnancy, inadequate nutritional diversification increases the risk of unfavorable maternal and fetal outcomes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the dietary diversity score and associated factors among pregnant women in Batu district, Southern Ethiopia, in 2021. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among randomly selected 594 pregnant women...
March 2023: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
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