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Journal of the West African College of Surgeons

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30479997/women-in-surgery
#1
Afau Aj Hesse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30479996/peer-reviewed-abstracts-of-scientific-paper-presentation-at-the-57th-annual-conference-of-the-west-african-college-of-surgeons-at-ougadougou-burkina-faso-26th-february-4th-march-2017
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30479995/minimal-invasive-surgical-approach-in-themanagement-of-comminuted-crown-root-fracture-a-case-report
#3
M Yadav, M Kaushik, R Sharma, P Chowdry
Comminuted root fractures have a questionable prognosis and present with limited treatment options. In the following case, a comminuted crown root fracture in relation to maxillary left central incisor was managed with a minimally invasive surgical approach. The procedure involved repairing the multiple fracture lines in the root with Biodentine following the endodontic therapy and root resection. The patient was found to be asymptomatic at the end of a follow up period of ten months.
October 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30479994/mucocele-of-appendix-with-an-elevated-carcinoembryonic-antigen-a-case-report
#4
A F Khan, S H Waqar, M Raheem, Z Ali
Mucocele of the appendix is an uncommon disease in which there is cystic dilatation of the appendix caused by mucus secretion and usually associated with benign or malignant causes. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult as the patient presents with non-specific clinical symptoms. We report a case of mucocele of the appendix with elevated serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) - a condition sparsely reported in literature. Patient presented with pain in the right iliac fossa for 7 months. On exploration, a cystic mass of the appendix without perforation was found in right iliac fossa...
October 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30479993/professional-experiences-training-attitudes-and-expectations-of-residents-in-dentistry-a-nationwide-survey
#5
E T Adebayo, F O Oginni, A O Aborisade, B Fomete
Background: Worldwide, it has been acknowledged that feedback from students and trainees is important for evaluation of training. However, there is limited data on the professional experiences, expectations and attitude of residents in dentistry to their training. Aim: This study aimed to analyse the professional experiences, expectations, and attitudes of dentistry residents to training in Nigeria. Design of the study: Cross-sectional study...
October 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30479992/traumatic-corneal-laceration-in-northwestern-nigeria
#6
E S Saka, K F Monsudi, V Olatuji
Background: Corneal laceration is a partial or full thickness corneal injury resulting from direct or indirect ocular trauma. Cornea laceration generally leads to the development of corneal opacity which is a significant cause of blindness worldwide, particularly in developing countries where facility for corneal transplant is not readily available. Clinical outcomes depend on causes, the part of cornea involved, and availability of skilled human resource and presence of corneal transplant services...
October 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30479991/treatment-outcome-of-short-dental-implants
#7
Y O Ajayi, N Nwachukwu, B O Akinboboye
Background: Bone resorption following tooth loss and proximity of the alveolar crest to vital structures such as the maxillary sinus and the inferior dental canal can be a limitation to tooth replacement with an implant. The placement of short dental implants may reduce the need for bone augmentation as bone augmentation increases the cost of providing dental implant treatment. Aim: To assess the treatment outcome and survival rate of short implants used for single and multiple teeth replacement after one year of loading and restoration...
October 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30479990/paediatric-otorhinolaryngological-presentation-of-halitosis-in-a-developing-country
#8
A W Adegbiji, T G Olajide, A G Olusola, F Olatoke, C C Nwawolo
Background: Halitosis is a common medico social symptom among children. Aim: To determine the clinical, epidemiological patterns, aetiology and psycho-social issues of halitosis among children in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. Methodology: This was a prospective hospital based study of children with complaints of halitosis. The study was carried out in Ear, Nose & throat Department, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado Ekiti over a period of two years, (October 2015 to September 2017)...
October 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30479989/missile-and-blast-injuries-in-nigeria-the-southeast-experience
#9
G U Chianakwana, O O Mbonu, A O Egwuonwu, J Azike, N Eleweke, C Ekwunife, K A Agu
Background: Missile injuries occupy a large segment of injuries treated in Southeast Nigeria, accounting for a significant proportion of morbidity and mortality. However, blast injuries are uncommon in this region. This study became necessary as a result of the rising spate of violence in various parts of Nigeria, particularly in the Northeast and in the Niger Delta regions, as well as the ever-present fear of kidnappers, armed robbers and occasionally, trigger-happy security agents. Aim: To determine the types of missile and blast injuries in Southeast region, the circumstances that led to them, the management of the patients, and the outcome...
October 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30479988/women-in-surgery-an-overview-of-the-evolving-trends-in-nigeria
#10
A A Abolarinwa, R I Osuoji
Background: Since 1974 when the first Nigerian female surgeon was produced, an increasing number of Nigerian females have qualified as surgeons and more are in the various residency training programmes in Nigeria to become surgeons. Aim: To document the evolving trend of Nigerian females training as surgeons and their contribution to the surgical workforce. Methodology: A questionnaire based survey of Nigerian females who are qualified surgeons and those in the surgical training programmes from June 2016 - September 2017...
October 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30525009/editorial-anterior-neck-injurie
#11
C C Nwawolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30525008/peer-reviewed-abstracts-of-scientific-paper-presentation-at-the-57th-annual-conference-of-the-west-african-college-of-surgeons-at-ougadougou-burkina-faso-26th-february-4th-march-2017
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30525007/foreign-bodies-in-the-urinary-bladder-case-series
#13
C A Odoemene, C A Onuh
Foreign bodies get into the bladder by self insertion, migration or as a component of iatrogenic and penetrating injuries. Diagnosis and treatment pose great challenges to the urologist especially if they are radiolucent. A common pattern of presentation is with lower urinary tract symptoms. High index of suspicion is required in patient with lower urinary symptoms. We hereby report 5 cases of foreign bodies in the urinary bladder, 2 (40%) self inflicted, 2(40%) iatrogenic and 1(20%) due to migration of the object; as well as their successful management...
July 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30525006/diabetes-insipidus-in-a-patient-with-bronchogenic-carcinoma-and-secondaries-to-the-hypothalamus-case-report
#14
M Diallo, M Faye, S Y Ehc, M Al Falasi, M Berhouma, G Perrin
We present a middle-aged man with features of diabetes insipidus, visual and mental impairments as a result of metastases from bronchogenic carcinoma. This case is being presented because it is uncommon; high index of suspicion and the relevant imaging techniques are required for diagnosis. Surgical resection of the pituitary secondaries with post-operative chemo-radiation brought resolution of symptoms. Conclusion: In conclusion, hypothalamic metastases are uncommon and are often associated with compression of the pituitary gland and optic chiasma leading to diabetes insipidus, visual impairment and mental defects...
July 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30525005/intestinal-obstruction-caused-by-appendicitis-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
J G Makama, S A Kache, L J Ajah, E A Ameh
Background: The known complications of appendicitis include perforated appendicitis with generalised peritonitis, appendiceal mass, appendiceal abscess, sepsis, adhesion formation and in a few occasions, small bowel intestinal obstruction. Aim: To review published cases of intestinal obstruction due to appendicitis with a view to better understand the pathophysiology of this complication. Methodology: A search of the literature in the MEDLINE database, using PubMed and OvidSP, Scopus, Google Scholar and Cochrane Databases with the following MeSH terms: (Appendicitis or appendiceal mass, appendiceal abscess or appendiceal adhesion band) and (intestinal obstruction, intestinal herniation, intestinal strangulation, intestinal knotting and paralytic ileus) was done...
July 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30525004/hormonal-parameters-and-semen-microbiological-pattern-of-infertile-males-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study-in-benin-city-south-south-nigeria
#16
L O Omo-Aghoja, M Ngwu, A T Adeyinka
Background: In many Nigerian studies, male factors were responsible for up to 50 to 70% of infertility. Aim: To evaluate the contribution of endocrinopathy and bacteriospermia to male infertility in Benin. Study design: A comparative cross-sectional study. Setting: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Central Hospital, Benin City. Methodology: Male partners of 355 couples who presented with infertility over 8 months were studied...
July 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30525003/a-comparison-of-the-objective-structured-clinical-examination-and-the-traditional-oral-clinical-examination-in-a-nigerian-university
#17
K H Tijani, S O Giwa, A O Abiola, A A Adesanya, C C Nwawolo, J O Hassan
Background: Assessment of clinical skills is essential in medical education. Ideally marks should be based on the student's competence alone. The limitations of the traditional long case examinations such as the patient and examiner variability are well known. The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) was designed to overcome these limitations. Studies comparing the OSCE and the traditional long case examination in the same group of students are very sparse. Aim: To compare the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) and the traditional long case examination by determining their correlations with other forms of assessment in undergraduate surgery...
July 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30525002/experience-with-managing-childhood-urethrocutaneous-fistula-at-ibadan
#18
A O Takure, S A Adebayo, P T Sotunbi, E O Olapade-Olaopa, L I Okeke, O B Shittu
Background: Urethrocutaneous fistula could be a distressing condition to the child and parents alike. Its management could be challenging and requires adequate expertise. Aim: To review the characteristics and aetiology of urethrocutaneous fistula managed in our division over a ten-year period. Methodology: All children with urethrocutaneous fistulae from July 2006 to June 2015 were subject of this review. The demography, aetiology, type of fistula, operation performed and the outcome were retrieved from the division operation book and case notes of the patients...
July 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30525001/experience-with-managing-complicated-fractures-using-ilizarov-principle-in-lagos-nigeria
#19
M O Kayode, O A Adewole, M O Shoga, S O Giwa
Background: Management of complicated bone fractures in our environment is very challenging. The Ilizarov principle has been found to be a viable management option worldwide, but the use of this method in our environment has been sparsely reported. Aim: To document our use of Ilizarov method to manage patients with complicated long bone fractures and the outcome. Design of study: Prospective observational study. Setting: Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Nigeria...
July 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30525000/experience-with-managing-penetrating-anterior-neck-injuries-in-lagos-nigeria
#20
C C Nwawolo, C N Asoegwu
Background: Penetrating anterior neck injuries are potentially life threatening and the causes vary across countries of the world. Studies in Nigeria have been mainly isolated case reports and few retrospective studies. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the causes, severity and management outcome of patients treated in our centre. Methodology: This is a retrospective study of penetrating anterior neck injuries treated at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital over a 25-year period...
July 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
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