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Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30555649/minimally-invasive-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-a-patient-with-hereditary-multiple-exostoses-a-case-report
#1
A Santoso, P Utomo, C J Im, K S Park, T R Yoon
Hip geometry abnormalities found in patients with hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) could promote premature hip joint degeneration which needs treatment. We report the case of a 45-year old male with right hip arthrosis who underwent two-incision minimally invasive (MIS-2) total hip arthroplasty (THA), with satisfactory outcome. This technique could be an alternative approach for performing THA in patients with hereditary multiple exostoses.
November 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30555648/three-level-thoracolumbar-spondylectomy-for-recurrent-giant-cell-tumour-of-the-spine-a-case-report
#2
N A Faruk, M Z Mohd-Amin, D N Awang-Ojep, Y Y Teo, C C Wong
Giant cell tumour (GCT) is a benign tumour but can be locally aggressive and with the potential to metastasise especially to the lungs. Successful treatments have been reported for long bone lesions; however, optimal surgical and medical treatment for spinal and sacral lesions are not well established. In treating spinal GCTs, the aim is to achieve complete tumour excision, restore spinal stability and decompress the neural tissues. The ideal surgical procedure is an en bloc spondylectomy or vertebrectomy, where all tumour cells are removed as recurrence is closely related to the extent of initial surgical excision...
November 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30555647/unusual-posterior-epidural-migration-of-intervertebral-herniated-disc-a-report-of-two-cases
#3
F C Tamburrelli, A Perna, M S Oliva, I Giannelli, M Genitiempo
Disc herniation is one of most common causes of spine surgery. Because of the presence of posterior longitudinal ligaments, disc fragments often migrate into the ventral epidural space. A posterior epidural herniation of a disc fragment is a rare occurrence. We report two cases of posterior migrated disc fragments, with, radiological and clinical findings. Because of the rarity of a posterior migration of the intervertebral disc fragments, a differential diagnosis can be challenging. This painful syndrome associated with neurological lower limb deficits can be confused initially, with other posterior epidural space-occupying lesions such as tumours, abscess or hematomas...
November 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30555646/single-bone-forearm-salvage-procedure-for-a-child-with-acquired-radial-clubhand-in-a-resource-limited-centre-a-case-report
#4
H Sahdi, W H Chan, N B Dollah, A Entri
Acquired radial clubhand deformity can be a consequence of large bone gap left by premature extensive radius osteomyelitis sequestrectomy. Single-bone forearm reconstruction is a salvage procedure when other motion-preserving techniques are not feasible. Here we present a child who developed radial clubhand deformity after an untimely sequestrectomy of radius diaphysis. In view of limited microsurgical expertise in our centre, single-bone forearm procedure was done utilising simple Kirshner wires to achieve radio-ulnar fusion...
November 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30555645/minimally-invasive-osteosynthesis-of-distal-tibia-fractures-using-anterolateral-locking-plate
#5
P Choudhari, D Padia
Introduction: Plating in distal tibia fractures are associated with higher rate of soft tissue complications. As adequate soft tissue cover is available over anterolateral surface of the tibia, use of anterolateral plate fixation in distal tibia fractures has increased. The purpose of our research is to evaluate the outcomes of anterolateral locking plate fixation in distal tibia fractures using ORIF. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of 25 patients, who had distal tibia fractures and underwent open reduction and anterolateral plating...
November 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30555644/needle-aspiration-and-cytology-for-suspected-osteoarticular-tuberculosis-in-children
#6
A Agarwal, S Singh, S Agarwal, S Gupta
Introduction: Early diagnosis of osteoarticular tuberculosis (OATB) is essential to prevent significant functional disability. There is no single test for diagnosis. Despite an array of investigations available, definitive diagnosis at early stage before starting antitubercular drugs is still a challenge. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out between February 2016 and October 2017. All children less than 18 years of age with suspected osteoarticular tuberculosis were included. The cases were subjected to simple needle aspiration from whichever site was accessible...
November 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30555643/ankle-arthrodesis-using-ilizarov-ring-fixator-a-primary-or-salvage-procedure-an-analysis-of-twenty-cases
#7
O Hasan, S Fahad, S Sattar, M Umer, H Rashid
Introduction: Ankle arthrodesis using the Ilizarov technique provides high union rate with the added benefits of early weight-bearing, and the unique advantage of its ability to promote regeneration of soft tissue around the bone, including skin, muscle and neuro-vascular structures, and its versatility to allow correction of the position of the foot by adjusting the frame post-operatively as needed. We describe our experience with this technique and the functional outcomes in our patients. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted in 20 ankle fusion cases using the Ilizarov method between the years 2007 and 2017...
November 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30555642/functional-outcome-after-treatment-of-aggressive-tumours-in-the-distal-radius-comparison-between-reconstruction-using-proximal-fibular-graft-and-wrist-fusion
#8
C Y Choo, A M Mat-Saad, W S Wan-Azman, Z Wan, M Z Nor-Azman, S Yahaya, W I Faisham
Introduction: Restoration of a functional hand is the ultimate goal following a distal radius tumour resection. The early outcomes of mobile wrist reconstruction are satisfactory; however, long-term results are unpredictable due to late wrist instability and degenerative arthritis. Our aim is to compare mobile wrist reconstruction with wrist fusion (pan-carpal fusion) in our cohort of patients. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed for functional outcomes of all patients who underwent resection for distal radius tumour and treated with either fusion or reconstruction of the wrist in a single institution from years 2000-2013 with a minimum of three years follow-up...
November 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30555641/correlation-of-foot-bimalleolar-angle-and-ultrasonography-in-assessing-the-severity-of-club-foot-in-neonates-treated-by-the-ponseti-method
#9
V Bajaj, R Anshuman, N Verma, M P Singh, A Tandon
Introduction: Correlation of Pirani score and foot bimalleolar (FBM) angle has been used in few studies but correlation of FBM angle with ultrasonography has never been evaluated so they are being correlated in assessing the severity of clubfoot in neonates treated by Ponseti method. Material and Methods: Thirty-two feet with congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV) deformity in neonates were prospectively treated by the Ponseti method. FBM angle and ultrasound parameters were measured three times i.e. at the time of initial presentation, at four weeks of treatment and at completion of treatment...
November 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30555640/effect-of-polymethylmethacrylate-hydroxyapatite-composites-on-callus-formation-and-compressive-strength-in-goat-vertebral-body
#10
I S Komang-Agung, L Hydravianto, O Sindrawati, P S William
Introduction: Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) is one of the available treatments for vertebral compression fracture (VCF). Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) is the most common bone substitute used in the procedure, but it has several disadvantages. Bioceramic material, such as hydroxyapatite (HA), has better biological activity compared to PMMA. The aim of this study was to find an optimal biomaterial compound which offers the best mechanical and biological properties to be used in PV. Materials and Methods: This was an experimental study with goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) as an animal model...
November 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30555639/risk-of-axillary-nerve-injury-in-standard-anterolateral-approach-of-shoulder-cadaveric-study
#11
W Kongcharoensombat, P Wattananon
Introduction: The anterolateral acromion approach of the shoulder is popular for minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) technique. However, there are literatures describing the specific risks of injury of the axillary nerve using this approach. Nevertheless, most of the studies were done with Caucasian cadavers. So, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk of iatrogenic axillary nerve injury from using the anterolateral shoulder approach and further investigate the location of the axillary nerve, associated with its location and arm length in the Asian population that have shorter arm length compared to the Caucasian population...
November 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30112136/paediatric-femur-fractures-a-plea-for-minimally-invasive-surgery-to-prevent-osteomyelitis
#12
N Mansor, A H Abdul-Rashid, S Ibrahim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30112135/a-new-approach-to-body-donation-for-medical-education-the-silent-mentor-programme
#13
A Saw
Cadaveric dissection is an integral component of medical education. There had been concerns about negative impact on medical students exposed to deceased donors before their clinical years, but most studies reported overall positive outcome following this form of teaching. Due to reducing number of body donations in most parts of the world, many institutions are adopting alternative models especially for the teaching of gross anatomy. A new body donation programme that incorporate humanistic values in the procurement process was initiated by Tsu Chi University of Taiwan in 1996...
July 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30112134/neglected-anterior-dislocation-of-the-elbow-joint-case-report-of-a-rare-injury
#14
S K Nema, G Behera, M Poduval
We present an unusual case of five months old neglected anterior dislocation of the right elbow joint in a 19-year old man. The patient had been initially treated by a traditional bone setter, but the elbow remained unreduced. He presented to us with pain, deformity and limited range of motion of his right elbow joint. Radiographs revealed an unreduced anterior dislocation of the right elbow joint. We describe the problems encountered during open reduction and rehabilitation and result one year after the operation with the patient having a stable elbow and a functional range of motion...
July 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30112133/fracture-and-posterior-dislocation-of-meniscal-bearing-insert-in-mobile-bearing-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#15
A Munjal
Dislocation of meniscal bearing insert is a rare but well-recognised complication in meniscal bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). On the other hand, fracture of meniscal bearing insert of phase III Oxford UKA has only been reported once in the current literature. The authors report a case of fracture and posterior dislocation of one of the fragments of the meniscal bearing insert in a mobile bearing medial UKA. The fracture was only diagnosed during the revision surgery. The posteriorly dislodged fragment was subsequently retrieved through the same skin incision and a new polyethylene insert of the same size was implanted...
July 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30112132/atraumatic-insufficiency-fractures-of-the-tarsal-bones-an-unusual-cause-of-recurrent-heel-pain-in-a-patient-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-case-report
#16
A Rajeev
The incidence of insufficiency fractures is approximately 1% in rheumatoid arthritis patients. The predisposing factors are chronic inflammation, skeletal deformities, biomechanical stresses and osteoporosis. The medications used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis such as Glucocorticosteroids and Methotrexate also contribute to the development of osteoporosis and insufficiency fractures. A 68-year old lady who was suffering from rheumatoid arthritis and on long term Methotrexate was seen in the outpatient clinic with recurrent episodes of heel pain...
July 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30112131/discal-cyst-of-the-lumbar-spine-case-report-of-a-rare-clinical-entity
#17
R Sanjeevan, S Prabu, A Azizul, Y Abdul-Halim
Being a rare clinical entity, discal cyst presents indistinguishably from other causes of lower back pain and radiculopathy. It is an extremely rare pathology with unclear pathogenesis, indeterminate natural history with no consensus on the ideal management of the condition. We report a rare case of discal cyst in a patient who presented to our centre with localised low back pain and subsequently left sided radicular pain. With the aid of MRI and with clear surgical indication we proceeded with endoscopic removal of the cyst and intraoperatively confirmed its origin from the adjacent disc...
July 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30112130/severe-sub-acromial-bursitis-with-rice-bodies-in-a-patient-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
P S Joshi
Multiple rice body formation is a rare presentation of chronic sub-acromial bursitis secondary to extensive underlying rheumatoid arthritis, sero-negative inflammatory arthritis or tuberculous joints. Although there is usually an accompanying inflammatory arthropathy, it can occur in the absence of any underlying systemic disorder. We report a case of five years old neglected rice body deposition in shoulder in a 54-years old lady diagnosed to be having rheumatoid arthritis. After initial investigations, arthroscopic removal of rice bodies with bursa excision relieved the symptoms...
July 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30112129/bilateral-talus-and-navicular-fractures-accompanied-with-unilateral-calcaneal-fracture-a-case-report
#19
G Bulut, I Colak, G Mik, Z Kilic, Z Tasdemir
An 18-year old male patient, with a history of paragliding accident, sustaining a coronal shear fracture of the body of the talus, an anterior process fracture of the calcaneus extending to the calcaneocuboid joint and a nondisplaced navicular body fracture at the right foot and a displaced fracture of the navicular body accompanied with posteromedial process fracture of the talus at the left side was referred to our emergency clinic. For the right foot, the coronal plane fracture of the talar body was anatomically reduced and fixed with screws...
July 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30112128/proposal-for-a-radiological-classification-system-for-carpo-metacarpal-joint-dislocations-with-or-without-fractures
#20
G T Pundkare, S S Deshpande
Introduction: Though complex injuries like CarpoMetacarpal (CMC) Joint dislocations represent only 1% of all hand injuries, they have disabling impact on the functional status of patient. There are no reports in the literature classifying disabling complex injuries like CMC joint dislocations presumably because of low incidence. We propose a new classification through retrospective analysis of patients, along with literature search. Materials and Methods: A new classification system has been proposed and designed at our clinical unit and applied to eight patients with CMC joint dislocations...
July 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
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