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Malaysian Family Physician

I S Mohamad, H Yaacob
A 24-year-old man presented to the casualty department with a history of left-sided, colicky abdominal pain for one day. It was associated with an inability to pass flatus or motion within the same duration. There was no history of vomiting. On examination, the vital signs were within normal limits, and he was afebrile. His abdomen was soft, but a hard mass was palpable on the left side of his abdomen. There was no peritonitis. The bowel sounds were sluggish.
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
A Ishak, S S Mohd Yusoff, Wnh Wan Abdullah
A 26-year-old woman with an unknown medical illness presented with yellowish skin lesions around both eyes, visible for the past 4 years. The lesions were neither itchy nor tender and had increased gradually in size. She had neither constitutional nor hyperthyroidism symptoms. She is the youngest out of four siblings, and none of her family members have cardiovascular disease or similar problems. Upon examination, there were bilateral yellowish plaques over the periorbital region. Her body mass index (BMI) was 23...
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
Z M Samarakkody, K A Sayuti, A A Mat Zin, Wnn Wan Abdul Wahab, I Mohamad
Cervical vagal schwannoma is an uncommon, benign neoplasm. It is usually asymptomatic and presents as a painless, palpable mass in the neck. However, large schwannomas can cause dysphagia, dysphonia or dyspnea as a result of compression. We report a case of an extremely rare complication of vagal schwannoma in which neck palpation induced the patient to cough. As the patient refused any surgical intervention, conservative management was used.
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
M Mawardi, P Hussin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
C S Lam, M N Umi Kalthum, M D Norshamsiah, Mlc Bastion
Steroid-induced glaucoma is the most serious complication of the injudicious use of steroids, particularly among children affected by allergic conjunctivitis. This condition is steroid-dependent, and children are commonly being prescribed topical anti-inflammatories, including topical steroids, by general practitioners. Furthermore, topical steroids are also available over the counter, and this availability contributes to overuse without proper monitoring by an ophthalmologist. We present a series of five cases illustrating the devastating effect of unmonitored, long-term use of steroids among children for vernal keratoconjunctivitis...
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
A H Ali, Z Salahuddin, R Salim
Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is an otology emergency and carries significant morbidity if the diagnosis is missed. It can present to any specialty but in our local setting the patient usually presents to primary care as it is easily accessible. We present a case of SSNHL that was initially presented to a primary care centre and the patient was reassured without any investigation being carried out. SSNHL has many causes thus making diagnosis difficult. However, with knowledge of its possible, a diagnosis can be made and appropriate management can be advocated to the patient...
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
N Anuar, N S Idris
We report a case of acute gonococcal conjunctivitis in a 36-year-old woman who presented with eye redness and a history of discharge for one month. Prior to presenting to us, she was treated for bacterial conjunctivitis with three courses of local antibiotics by three different clinics after brief assessments and without improvement. The final diagnosis of gonococcal conjunctivitis was made after a complete history was elicited and supported by the presence of Neisseria Gonorrhoeae in the eye swab culture test...
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
Ayl Ban, A Omar, L Y Chong, H Lockman, Z A Ida Zaliza, Iah Ali, M Jaya, S W Leong, M Y Mazapuspavina, Mam Yusof, Mam Zim, M I Nor Azila, S M Jamal, C K Yoon, Z I Malek Abdol Hamid
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airway which is often misdiagnosed and undertreated. Early diagnosis and vigilant asthma control are crucial to preventing permanent airway damage, improving quality of life and reducing healthcare burdens. The key approaches to asthma management should include patient empowerment through health education and self-management and, an effective patient-healthcare provider partnership.
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
H Farazdaq, M Andrades, K Nanji
Objective: The objective of this study is to determine the frequency and correlates of insomnia among elderly patients presenting to family medicine clinics at an academic center in Karachi, Pakistan. Study design: This is a cross-sectional study. Place and duration of study: The study was conducted at the Outpatient Family Medicine Clinics at Aga Khan University Hospital between February 2013 and June 2013. Methodology: Patients 60 years old and above were recruited (n=152) through non- probability consecutive sampling...
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
A Z Zahrina, P Haymond, Pcg Rosanna, Rwy Ho, A R Rajini, B T Low, P Y Lee
Introduction: With increasing evidence of disease transmission through doctors' white coats, many countries have discouraged doctors from wearing their white coats during consultations. However, there have been limited studies about patients' preferences concerning doctors' attire in Malaysia. This study, therefore, aimed to investigate patients' perceptions of doctors' attire before and after the disclosure of information about the infection risk associated with white coats. Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted from 1st June 2015 to 31st July 2015 at three different primary care settings (government, private, and university primary care clinics) using a self-administered questionnaire...
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
E M Khoo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
F Muhamad Effendi, M F Sikkandar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
Ywe Wong, N Abdullah
Purple urine bag syndrome (PUBs) is a rare and startling phenomenon of purple discolouration in the urine or urinary catheter and bag. It is reported in chronically debilitated elderly patients, mostly in women on long-term urinary catheters. Its prevalence is strikingly more common in nursing home residents. Several factors contribute to the formation of indigo (blue) and indirubin (red) pigments from a breakdown of dietary tryptophan, which stains the urine purple. These factors include constipation, dysmotility of the bowel, bowel bacterial overgrowth, dehydration, and urinary tract infection...
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
S E Shalihin, Z Harun, I F Osman
Essential thrombocythemia is one of the myeloproliferative neoplasms. Palpable purpura is a rare manifestation that may delay diagnosis and treatment. We report a case of essential thrombocythemia in a 50-year-old man, who presented with recurrent thigh pain for the past one year with nonspecific localized purpura. His full blood count revealed isolated thrombocytosis of 880,000/µL with an impression of myeloproliferative disorder from peripheral blood film. He was referred urgently to the hematology team, which proceeded with a venesection...
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
K B Noh, R Salim, M S Abdullah, I Mohamad
Foreign body aspiration is commonly described in infants and children. However, recently, a new high-risk group was identified among young women, especially those from the Muslim population who wear the traditional hair scarf. This is due to the habit of holding the scarf pin in between the lips to free hands to adjust the scarf more easily. Talking, laughing, or coughing while fixing the scarf may result in inadvertent inhalation of the pin into the tracheobronchial tree. We present a case of scarf pin inhalation and the challenges encountered in managing this patient during the successful removal of the pin via flexible bronchoscopy under fluoroscopy guidance...
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
A Aziz, I Mohamad, N Zawawi
Kimura disease presents as benign lesion and is commonly present among the Asian population. It is a disease with a favourable prognosis and a peak age of onset in the third decade. It is a chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology that involves the lymph nodes and subcutaneous tissues of the head and neck region. We report a case of a 15-year-old boy with multiple Kimura lymphadenopathies involving the left posterior auricular region as well as the anterior and posterior triangles of the neck.
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
K C Koh, H C Hong
Cardiovascular symptoms presenting in a patient with dengue fever may post a diagnostic dilemma. We describe a case of dengue myocarditis mimicking an acute myocardial infarction in a 56-year-old woman.
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
S L Mah, P George
Dementia is typically characterized by the deterioration of cognitive abilities and is a common disorder among the elderly in Malaysia. However, behavioral and psychological symptoms are also present in approximately 90% of dementia patients.1 We report the manifestation of these symptoms in an elderly woman with dementia and the treatment thereof.
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
Z Aida Maziha, A Imran, I Azlina, M Y Harmy
Introduction: Nicotine cravings and withdrawal symptoms are associated with higher rates of relapse. It has been shown that combining behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy leads to a higher long-term abstinence rate in those who quit smoking. Al-Quran recitation has been proven to reduce anxiety among athletes before tournaments and pulse and heart rates among patients awaiting cardiac operations. As most of the patients who wish to stop smoking experience high-anxiety states, we postulate that Al-Quran recitation will also able to reduce craving among smokers attempting to quit smoking...
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
C C Goh, K H Koh, Scp Goh, Yle Koh, N C Tan
Introduction: Achieving optimal glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), blood pressure (BP), and LDL-Cholesterol (LDL-C) in patients mitigates macro- and micro-vascular complications, which is the key treatment goal in managing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study aimed to determine the proportion of patients in an urban community with T2DM and the above modifiable conditions attaining triple vascular treatment goals based on current practice guidelines. Methods: A questionnaire was distributed to adult Asian patients with dyslipidemia at two primary care clinics (polyclinics) in northeastern Singapore...
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
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