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Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery

Hamed Mazoochy, Mohammad Razi
Ochronosis or black joints disorder is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by deficiency of homogentisic acid oxidase. Orthopaedic manifestations are common and mostly involve spine and large joints such as knee and hip. Arthropathy is progressive and will eventually leads to arthroplasty. Not being familiar with this disorder might lead to devastating complications. We present a 57 year-old woman with Ochronosis who successfully underwent cemented cruciated substituted knee replacement and cementless hip replacement...
November 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Job N Doornberg, Jetske Viveen, David Ring, Annechien Beumer, Denise Eygendaal, Bertram The
In the biomedical paradigm all symptoms and limitations are ascribed to discrete pathophysiology. However, a biopsychosocial health model that accounts for the important influence of mind-set and circumstances on illness may be preferable in the vast majority of cases. Some of the shortcomings of the biomedical model include an overreliance on tests and treatments. One major issue of the biomedical model is the raging epidemic of opioid misuse and opioid related overdose deaths as previously reported in North America...
November 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Majid Shahbazi Moheb Seraj, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Nader Maroufi, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Amir Ahmadi, Hossein Negahban
Background: Static and dynamic postures of lumbopelvic in low back pain (LBP) are considered as two important aspects of clinical assessment and management of LBP. Thus, the focus of the current study was to compare the posture and compensatory strategy of hip and lumbar region during trunk flexion between LBP subgroupsand health subjects. LBP cases are subdivided into active extension pattern (AEP) and flexion pattern (FP) based on O'Sullivan's classification system (OCS). Methods: This work was a cross-sectional study involving 72 men, 21 low back pain patients with FP and 31 low back pain patients with AEP and 20 healthy groups...
November 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Hosseinali Hadi, Mahmmud Jabalameli, Abolfazl Bagherifard, Ehsanollah Ghaznavi-Rad, Ahmadreza Behrouzi, Ali Joorabchi, Amir Azimi
Background: Periprosthetic joint infection is a devastating complication of total joint arthroplasty. It seems that the patient's skin, nose, throat, and urine are important sites for microbial colonization. Colonization with staphylococcus aureus, especially methicillin resistant increases the risk of periprosthetic joint infection. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of staphylococcus aureus colonization in patients candidate for arthroplasty in central Iran as well as cost-effectiveness of decolonization program for prevention of post-arthroplasty infection...
November 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Kaveh Gharanizadeh, Sina Aminizadeh, Nima Molavi, Amir Darbandi, Shabnam Nadjafi, Mahsa Fadavighaffari, Tina Shooshtarizadeh
Background: Femoral head osteonecrosis is a progressive disease with disabling outcomes in hip joint if not treated. This study was designed to compare the effects of zoledronic acid plus vitamin E versus zoledronic acid alone in surgical induced femoral head osteonecrosis in rabbits. Methods: 26 Japanese white adult normal male rabbits at 28-32 weeks old were undertaken surgical femoral dislocation to devastate the femoral neck vessels; the femoral neck vessels were ligated and the hip was relocated...
November 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Michael-Alexander Malahias, Philip-Panagiotis Manolopoulos, Vikram Kadu, Omid Shahpari, Dimitrios Fagkrezos, Maria-Kyriaki Kaseta
Background: Some of the Mason type I fractures cannot be detected on early radiographic images. These occult fractures are considered as a diagnostic challenge for physicians. Our aim was to determine the value of bedside ultrasonography for the detection of Mason I radial head fractures that are non-visible in early X-ray's. Methods: A prospective blind single-center diagnostic study was conducted (from June 2012 till May 2013) concerning 23 patients who were clinically suspicious of having a radial head fracture...
November 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
John G Horneff, Thema A Nicholson, Surena Namdari, Gerald R Williams, Joseph A Abboud
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the mid-term functional outcomes, radiographic results, and revision rates of patients treated with the Delta Xtend Reverse Shoulder System for both primary and revision arthroplasty indications. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of records for all individuals who underwent a reverse shoulder arthroplasty using the Delta Xtend Reverse Shoulder Prosthesis at a single institution. Radiographic analysis as well as pain and functional measures using the ASES, Quick DASH, SST, SF-12, Penn, SANE, EQ-5D and VAS, and VR-12 scores...
November 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Wolfgang Fitz, Pinak Shukla, Ling Li, Richard D Scott
Background: Techniques that allow early muscle activation, such as closed kinetic chain (CKC) and open kinetic chain (OKC) exercises, may play a beneficial role in the early rehabilitation of the reconstructed knee. However, current rehabilitation regimens have not been shown to reverse post-operative quadriceps activation failure and weakness. To investigate whether patients who use a continuous active motion (CAM) device that follows closed kinetic chain principles have better early post-operative functional improvements than patients who use a continuous passive motion (CPM) device that follows the principles of open kinetic chain principles...
November 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
David N Bernstein, Jacob T Davis, Carson Fairbanks, Kindra McWilliam-Ross, David Ring, Hugo B Sanchez
Background: A better understanding of how bone mineral density and vitamin D levels are associated with femoral neck and intertrochanteric hip fractures may help inform healthcare providers. We asked: 1) In patients age ≥ 55 years, is there a difference in quantitative ultrasound of the heel (QUS) t-score between patients with fractures of the femoral neck and those with fractures of the intertrochanteric region, accounting for other factors 2) In patients age ≥ 55 years, is there a difference in vitamin D level between those with fractures of the femoral neck and those with fractures of the intertrochanteric region, accounting for other factors? 3) Is there an association between vitamin D level and QUS t-score? Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, 1,030 patients were identified using CPT codes for fixation of hip fractures between December 2010 and September 2013...
November 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Saranjeet Singh Jagdev, Subodh Pathak, Himanshu Kanani, Abhijeet Salunke
Background: In the challenging tibial condyle fractures despite anatomical joint reconstruction, development of osteoarthritis may still occur secondary to the initial articular cartilage and meniscal injury. The aim of the study was to know incidence of osteoarthritis in our operated cases of tibial plateau fracture and to evaluate functional outcome. Methods: Our operated 60 patients of tibial plateau fractures between 2006 to 2013 were evaluated retrospectively...
November 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Robert Pearse Piggott, Rebecca Lyons, Colin Gerard Murphy, William Curtin
Background: Cementless total hip replacement is the common THR performed in England, Wales, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man. The Corail stem is the most popular cementless implant and has a ODEP 10A rating. Review of its performance in the registry identified an increase rate of revision amongst the smaller stem sizes. However, clarity was not provided on the explanation for this finding. We reviewed our own experience of smaller stems with a view to understanding the reasons for revision...
November 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Tom J Crijns, Tyler Caton, Teun Teunis, Jacob T Davis, Kindra McWilliam-Ross, David Ring, Hugo B Sanchez
Background: Proximal femur fractures are prevalent among the elderly and associated with substantial morbidity, mortality, and early readmission. Early readmission is gaining popularity as a measure of quality of hospital care and can lower reimbursement. A better understanding of the patient and treatment characteristics associated with readmission may help inform program improvement initiatives. This study tested the primary null hypothesis that length of stay is not associated with higher rates of readmission within 30 days and 1 year in patients having operative treatment of a proximal femur fracture, accounting for discharge destination and other factors...
November 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Jorge Manrique, Pouya Alijanipour, Snir Heller, Michael Dove, Javad Parvizi
Background: To investigate whether surgery for Periprosthetic Joint Infection (PJI) of the hip, the number of procedures and their duration contribute to risk of Heterotopic Ossification formation. Methods: 56 patients with hip PJI undergoing one-stage (10) or two-stage (46) exchange arthroplasty were matched to 112 patients undergoing revision arthroplasty for aseptic failure based on age, gender, body mass index (BMI), surgical approach (all direct lateral) and date of surgery (2006-2013)...
November 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Aslan Baradaran, Ashkan Baradaran, Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh, Amir R Kachooei, Michael Rivlin, Pedro Beredjiklian
Background: The goal of this study was to compare the two types of orthoses, prefabricated soft splints versus short thermoplastic custom-made splints, that are the most commonly used for the management of first carpometacarpal (CMC) osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: We conducted a meta-analysis and systematic review in the literature based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. We extracted the outcomes of disability scores, pain scores, grip and pinch strength and gathered the unified data accordingly...
November 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Mohammad R Sobhan, Masoud Mahdinezhad-Yazdi, Mansour Moghimi, Kazem Aghili, Mohammadali Jafari, Masoud Zare-Shehneh, Hossein Neamatzadeh
Background: The Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 gene 4G/5G (PAI-1 4G/5G) polymorphism has been suggested to be associated with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) susceptibility; however, the results are conflicting and inconclusive. We have carried out a comprehensive meta-analysis to derive a more precise estimation of the association. Methods: A comprehensive search in PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and ISI Web of Knowledge databases was conducted to identify all eligible case-control publications investigating the association between PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism and ONFH risk...
November 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Daniel Bowen, James Ritchie Gill, Pamela Garcia Pulido, Joel Thomas Kirk Melton, Mervyn Cross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Mohammadreza Minator Sajjadi, Adel Ebrahimpour, Mohammad A Okhovatpour, Amin Karimi, Reza Zandi, Amir Sharifzadeh
Background: Pilon fracture is one of the challenging injuries in orthopedic surgery. Associated soft tissue injury is an important factor in choosing treatment options. Two major methods of treatment are considered as one-stage open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) and two-stage treatment (primary external fixation and secondary ORIF). The latter is most accepted in literature. In the current study, we compared the results of these two methods. Methods: In a retrospective study, 41 patients were assigned to two groups containing one-stage primary ORIF (21 patients) group, and two-stage group included external fixation and secondary ORIF (20 patients)...
September 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Taghi Baghdadi, Hamed Mazoochy, Mohammadreza Guity, Nima Heidari Khabbaz
Background: Flexible idiopathic flatfoot is the most common form of flatfoot. First line treatments are parental reassurance and conservative measures; however, surgical treatment may be needed in some cases. A number of surgical techniques with varying results have been described in the literature. Here, we present our clinical and radiological outcomes of calcaneal lengthening osteotomy for pediatric idiopathic flexible flatfoot. Methods: Calcaneal lengthening osteotomy was performed in 20 patients, 30 feet, with idiopathic flexible flatfoot that were resistant to conservative treatment between 2007 and 2011...
September 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Hossein Mashhadinezhad, Ebrahim Sarabi, Sara Mashhadinezhad, Babak Ganjeifar
Background: Revision discectomy is the principal procedure for recurrent lumbar disk herniation (RLDH). The clinical outcomes after this procedure are as good as or slightly poorer than those produced by primary discectomy. In this study, the clinical outcomes of patients treated with microsurgical discectomy for RLDH were analyzed. Methods: We examined 179 patients undergoing lumbar microdiscectomy surgery for RLDH. The visual analogue scale (VAS), Prolo scoring system, and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were used for evaluating the improvement of symptoms and functional outcomes...
September 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Abbas Sedighinejad, Bahram Naderi Nabi, Hossein Ettehad, Ahmadreza Mirbolook, Zahra Atrkarroushan, Samaneh Ghazanfar Tehran, Gelareh Biazar, Mohammad Haghighi
Background: Hip fracture is one of the most common problems in elderly that needs surgical repair. As, the majority of these patients have chronic diseases, they are at increased risk of peri-operative mortality and morbidity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate spinal anesthesia with bupivacaine vs bupivacaine in combination with lidocaine in terms of hemodynamic changes in patients undergoing hip fracture surgery. Methods: This double-blind clinical trial was conducted on 292 patients undergoing surgery for hip fracture under spinal anesthesia...
September 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
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