journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38919747/ambiguity-of-primary-patellar-tuberculous-osteomyelitis-as-a-pre-patellar-bursitis-a-case-report
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sandeep Suresh Patil
CASE: A 47-year-old male with swelling over the patella and associated pain, subsiding with medicines but recurring after a few days. Diagnosed as prepatellar bursitis by the family physician, it eventually turns out to be osteomyelitis of the patella. Treated with curettage, biopsy, and placement of bio-composite mixed with antibiotics. Intra-operative findings and histopathology confirmed tuberculosis of the patella. On follow-up after 6 years and the completion of anti-tuberculosis treatment, the patient showed full functional and radiological recovery without recurrence...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38919746/intramedullary-plating-of-complex-proximal-humerus-fractures-a-case-series
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stephen Mc Donald, Andrel Yoong, Piotr Skrzypiec, Alan Johnstone
OBJECTIVES: To assess fracture union rates using novel intramedullary plate technique. Post-operative humeral neck-shaft angles, patient range of motion and complication profile were secondary outcomes of interest. METHODS: Single surgeon, retrospective case series of surgical technique at major trauma centre in Scotland. A 2.0mm mini-fragment plate was secured to the humeral head to act as an intramedullary strut during fixation in complex proximal humerus fractures...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38919745/treatment-of-a-neglected-and-infected-knee-dislocation-with-a-traction-pin-a-case-report
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alireza Askari, Mahmoud Jabalameli, Hassan Kassir
Neglected knee dislocations are rare and challenging orthopedic injuries. We report using a traction pin to treat a neglected knee dislocation and a concurrent infection. Following the primary reduction with extensive soft-tissue release, a proximal tibial traction pin was used to obtain complete reduction via traction weight change.‎ No ligamentous repair was done for the patient. The patient's one-year follow-up showed an acceptable radiographic reduction supported by satisfactory clinical outcomes...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38919744/recent-advances-in-the-treatment-of-spinal-cord-injury
#4
REVIEW
Davood Yari, Arezoo Saberi, Zahra Salmasi, Seyed Alireza Ghoreishi, Leila Etemad, Jebrail Movaffagh, Babak Ganjeifar
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a complex, multifaceted, progressive, and yet incurable complication that can cause irreversible damage to the individual, family, and society. In recent years strategies for the management and rehabilitation of SCI besides axonal regeneration, remyelination, and neuronal plasticity of the injured spinal cord have significantly improved. Although most of the current research and therapeutic advances have been made in animal models, so far, no specific and complete treatment has been reported for SCI in humans...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38919743/investigation-of-the-history-of-distal-radius-fractures-in-patients-over-55-years-old-suffering-from-hip-fractures
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hossein Ghafoori, Morteza Kazemi, Saleh Ghorbani
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the incidence of distal radius fractures in patients aged 55 and above who had also experienced hip fractures. Osteoporosis-associated fractures, particularly hip fractures, are common and serious in older individuals with reduced bone density. Previous research has suggested a relationship between hip fractures and distal radius fractures. METHODS: The study included patients over 55 years old who had presented with hip fractures at Akhtar Hospital in the past five years...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38919742/an-in-vivo-radiologic-description-of-periacetabular-vascularization-in-a-healthy-subject-and-a-literature-review-of-its-clinical-implications
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Giorgio Cacciola, Gian Luca Desi, Alessandro Masse
The aim of this study is to provide a radiologic description of periacetabular vascularization. A computed tomography angiography was used to analyze the vascularization patterns of the periacetabular region, describing for the first time "in vivo" the periacetabular branches of the superior and inferior gluteal artery, obturator artery, and of the medial circumflex femoral artery. The analysis revealed the possibility of visualizing clearly all the previously described vessels of the aforementioned arteries...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38919741/total-shoulder-arthroplasty-is-associated-with-less-pain-and-better-functional-outcomes-but-humeral-head-resurfacing-may-be-preferred-in-younger-higher-demand-patients-a-short-term-outcomes-study-in-patients-with-glenohumeral-osteoarthritis
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ehab M Nazzal, Rajiv P Reddy, David A Solomon, Jonathan D Hughes, James G Rooney, Mitchell S Fourman, David Hirsch, Mark W Rodosky, Albert Lin
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare short-term outcomes following Total Shoulder Arthroplasty (TSA) and Humeral Head Resurfacing (HHR) in patients with glenohumeral osteoarthritis (GHOA). METHODS: A retrospective analysis included patients who had undergone either TSA or HHR for GHOA at a single institution. Baseline demographics, complications, range of motion (active forward flexion, FF and active external rotation, ER), visual analog scores (VAS), and Subjective Shoulder Values (SSV) were collected...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38919740/a-comparison-between-enoxaparin-and-aspirin-in-preventing-deep-vein-thrombosis-after-spine-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amir Kavian, Hamid Rezaee, Seyedeh Fatemeh Darvari, Hassan Mehrad-Majd, Hossein Mashhadinejad
OBJECTIVES: Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a significant medical concern characterized by the formation of blood clots within the venous system. Surgical procedures are known to increase the risk of DVT. While enoxaparin has proven to be highly effective in treating DVT, concerns about bleeding and accurate dosage regulation may restrict its application. Recent research has focused on aspirin's potential in preventing DVT after various surgeries. This study aimed to determine whether aspirin was as effective as enoxaparin in preventing DVT after spine surgery...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38919739/hip-strengthening-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Mohammad Daher, Michel Estephan, Ali Ghoul, Jean Tarchichi, Jad Mansour
OBJECTIVES: As the population is growing older, incidence of knee osteoarthritis is largely increasing and the rate total knee arthroplasty surgery is following that same trend. However, patients post-operatively are retaining weakness in the quadriceps and hip abductors for a period reaching up to 3 years following surgery. The current literature results on the effectiveness of rehabilitation programs that also includes hip strengthening exercises are still highly contradicting. This meta-analysis studies and assesses the efficacy of hip strengthening exercises following total knee arthroplasty surgery...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38919738/primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-hemophilia-and-allied-disorders-revision-rates-and-their-causes
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
When patients with hemophilia and allied disorders (von Willebrand disease and other congenital bleeding disorders) do not receive adequate primary hematologic prophylaxis from infancy, their joints will suffer knee joint degeneration; when such joint degeneration becomes very advanced (painful and disabling) despite previous conservative treatment, the only way to alleviate the problem will be to implant a primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The literature has shown that twenty years after implantation, 71% of primary TKAs are still functional; on the other hand, 18% have to be revised as a consequence of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI)...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38817422/response-to-letter-to-the-editor-how-to-avoid-common-complications-in-hamstrings-harvest-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-practical-guide
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Filippo Familiari, Michelangelo Palco, Raffaella Russo, Robert F LaPrade, Roberto Simonetta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38817421/the-efficacy-of-bone-wax-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Mohammad Daher, Gaby Haykal, Ali Ghoul, Jean Tarchichi, Amer Sebaaly
OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis was conducted to study the hemostatic efficacy of bone wax in total joint arthroplasty (TJA) defined in this manuscript as total knee arthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar (page 1-20), and Scopus were searched updated to November 2023. Only comparative studies were included. The clinical outcomes evaluated were the transfusion rate, total blood loss, and the loss of hemoglobin on day 1, 3, and 5 post-operatively...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38817420/comparison-of-the-effects-of-cognitive-dual-task-and-single-task-balance-exercises-on-static-balance-among-people-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Masumeh Hallaj Mazidluie, Jalal Ahadi, Fatemeh Oraei Eslami, Tabassom Ghanavati, Amin Moradi
OBJECTIVES: The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery improves mechanical stability; however, functional stability remains impaired. Balance exercises can help improve functional stability. The effect of cognitive dual-task balance exercises has not been studied in people with ACL reconstruction surgery; therefore, this study aimed to compare the effect of cognitive dual-task and single-task balance exercises on the static balance indices in these individuals. METHODS: This study was a randomized clinical trial...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38817419/epidemiological-characteristics-of-pediatric-supracondylar-of-humerus-fractures-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-iran
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohammad Reza Bahaeddini, Mohammad Hosein Senemari, Meysam Salehi Beromi, Amir Aminian, Pouria Tabrizian, Elham Mohammadyahya, Hamed Tayyebi
OBJECTIVES: Supracondylar humerus fracture (SHF) is the most common fracture observed in children. The present study aimed to assess the characteristic parameters in one of the most extensive available pediatric SHF series referred to a tertiary hospital in Iran. METHODS: The medical profiles of the SHF patients who were referred to our tertiary hospital between January 2017 and January 2022 were retrospectively reviewed. The inclusion criteria entailed age < 14 years and a radiographically confirmed diagnosis of SHF...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38817418/total-hip-arthroplasty-in-hemophilic-patients-are-their-results-similar-to-those-of-nonhemophilic-patients
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is the mainstay therapy for patients with terminal hemophilic arthropathy of the hip. However, the largest case series published between 2017 and 2023 in the literature on THA in patients with hemophilia have found a higher 1-year infection rate (8.1% versus 3.4%) in hemophilia patients than in the general population, a higher rate of in-hospital bleeding complications (38.7% versus 16.1%), a higher length of stay (6 days versus 3 days) and a higher 30-day readmission rate (22.6% versus 4...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38817417/distal-fibula-pro-tibial-screws-in-salvage-fixation-of-bimalleolar-ankle-fractures-in-osteoporotic-bone-a-novel-technique
#16
Mostafa Beshr, James Dixon, Iain Stevenson
Here we present a novel adaptation of the previously described fibula pro-tibial fixation in a case requiring salvage fixation of a bimalleolar ankle fracture in an osteoporotic patient. Unstable osteoporotic ankle fractures are a challenging injury to manage and typically occur in a frail and comorbid subgroup of patients. Various techniques have been described in the evolution of managing these injuries, e.g. hindfoot nailing and anatomical locking plates, however in this uniquely challenging case a novel strategy was required to mitigate bone loss in the distal fibular fracture fragment...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38817416/pre-operative-anemia-and-hyponatremia-increase-the-risk-of-mortality-in-elderly-hip-fractures
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jaiben George, Vijay Sharma, Kamran Farooque, Samarth Mittal, Vivek Trikha, Rajesh Malhotra
OBJECTIVES: Pre-operative assessment is routinely performed for all hip fractures, and include a thorough clinical examination and multiple pre-operative tests. While abnormalities are often detected in many tests, they have varied effect on mortality. The purpose of the study was to assess the prevalence and impact of these abnormal tests and comorbidities. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 283 consecutive hip fracture patients aged above 50 years admitted in a major trauma hospital from February 2019 to December 2019...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38817415/progressive-late-onset-genu-recurvatum-post-total-knee-arthroplasty-insights-from-a-spinal-stenosis-related-case-series
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mahdi Aghaalikhani, Farzad Amouzadeh Omrani, Shobeir Rostami Abousaidi, Sina Afzal, Mohammad Mehdi Sarzaeem
OBJECTIVES: Knee osteoarthritis is common among older individuals, necessitating Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) for end-stage cases. The aging population has increased TKA demand, leading to a rise in revision surgeries. Genu recurvatum, a rare complication, often requires surgical intervention, with late-onset cases linked to neuromuscular conditions. This case series focuses on the infrequent occurrence of late-onset genu recurvatum resulting from spinal stenosis in patients without other predisposing conditions...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38817414/re-revision-total-knee-arthroplasty-causes-risk-factors-and-results
#19
REVIEW
E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
The rate of re-revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) ranges between 4% and 10%, depending on the cause of the procedure. Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) and periprosthetic fracture are the main causes of re-revision TKA. The likelihood of implant survival of re-revision TKA diminishes with each subsequent revision, with PJI being the main cause of multiple revisions. Acute early aseptic revision TKA (within 90 days of surgery) involves a high risk of re-revision at 2 years and a high risk of subsequent PJI...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38817413/bilateral-anterior-shoulder-dislocation-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Andrew W Kuhn, Emma K Landes, Justin K Yu, Paul M Inclan, J Ryan Hill, Alexander W Aleem
OBJECTIVES: To compile the existing literature on bilateral anterior shoulder dislocation (BASD) and analyze patient demographics, mechanisms of injury, injury characteristics, management, and outcome. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Online databases, including Ovid Medline 1946-, Embase.com 1947-, Scopus 1960-, Cochrane Central, and Clinicaltrials...
2024: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
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