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Medical Archives

Izet Masic
Introduction: Austro-Hungarian monarchy had great impact on healthcare system in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H), and consequences of that exist today. Aim: To launch of the section "The Most Influential Physicians in the Development of Health Care in Bosnia and Herzegovina", in which, within next issues of the Medical Archives will be presented the prominent physicians, dentists and pharmacists who gave contribution to development of healthcare system in B&H...
November 2018: Medical Archives
Anis Cerovac, Dzenita Ljuca, Enida Nevacinovic, Azur Tulumovic, Ermina Iljazovic
Introduction: Malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCTs) account for 2-5% of all ovarian cancers and among them pure embryonal cell cancer is rare condition (1, 2, 3, 4). Aim: To show successful pregnancy after unilateral salpingooopherectomy and chemotherapy in a girl with embryonal carcinoma of ovary (ECO). Case report: Patient had FIGO stage III c disease. After the surgical removal of the tumour, the patient underwent six cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy with bleomycin, etoposide and cisplatin (BEP)...
November 2018: Medical Archives
Biserka Pigac, Silvija Masic, Zdenka Hutinec, Valentina Masic
Introduction: Hürthle cell adenoma is a rare benign lesion of the thyroid gland, however, controversies about its potential malignant behavior still remain. Among thyroid neoplasms, papillary carcinoma is the most common variant with great variety of histological subtypes demonstrating different biological behavior. Aim: To raise the awareness of possible coexistence of these two lesions and discussion about possible therapeutic approaches. Case report: A 42 year old female patient was examined because of the pain in the thyroid area...
November 2018: Medical Archives
Charalambos Charalambous, Aristides Vassilopoulos, Agoritsa Koulouri, Siamaga Eleni, Sotiropoulou Popi, Farmakas Antonis, Maria Pitsilidou, Zoe Roupa
Introduction: The occurrence of a pressure ulcer constitutes a major psychological and physiological burden and it has been linked with a reduced quality of life and increased stress of the individual. Objective: The main objective was to investigate the impact that stress has on pressure ulcer healing process and on the psychophysiological environment of the individual suffering from them. Method: The scientific literature was reviewed through Cinahl, Pub-med, EBSCO, Medline and Google scholar...
November 2018: Medical Archives
Azra Metovic, Jasmin Musanovic, Selma Alicelebic, Esad Pepic, Senad Sljuka, Maida Mulic
Introduction: Malignant breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women between 40 and 55 years of age. Dermatoglyphs are polygenetically determined properties, whose appearance and number are determined by a specific gene. They represent the skin reefs that are created by epidermis on the fingers or toes, palms and soles. Palmar dermatoglyphs have been used to estimate the hereditary basis of many diseases. Aim: The aim of the paper is to determine whether there is a statistically significant difference between the observed qualitative and quantitative parameters of both palms between the experimental and the control group...
November 2018: Medical Archives
Amra Memic, Fabian Streit, Lejla Hasandedic, Stephanie H Witt, Jana Strohmaier, Marcella Rietschel, Lilijana Oruc
Introduction: Schizophrenia(SCZ) and Bipolar disorder (BD) are frequently occurring and impairing disorders that affect around 1% of the population. Important endophenotypes in the genetic research of SCZ and BD are cognitive functions. Core symptoms for SCZ and BD are impairments in working memory, declarative memory and attention, all of which fulfill the criteria for an endophenotype. The FK506 Binding Protein 5 (FKBP5) gene codes for a co-chaperone of the glucocorticoid receptor and has been reported to be associated with cognition...
November 2018: Medical Archives
Ibrahim Njoto, Ayly Soekanto, Ernawati Ernawati, Abdurrachman Abdurrachman, Handono Kalim, Kusworini Handono, Djoko W Soeatmadji, Fatchiyah Fatchiyah
Introduction: Chondrocyte is one cell in articular cartilage was products many proteins, molecules, and other factors. The external influence of cartilage, such as: hyperglycemia was entering joint capsule and impact to the chondrocytes and the cartilage. Hyperglycemia caused modification of heparan sulfate proteoglycan 2 (perlecan) proteins through glycation process. Aim: The aim of this study was to analyze morphological changing of chondrocytes pericellular matrix by the influence of hyperglycemia...
November 2018: Medical Archives
Pegah Zargarzadeh, Asghar Ehteshami, Mehrdad Mohammadi-Sichani
Introduction: New Healthcare models are developed with the focus on the community members and towards their self-accomplishment of the healthy activities. Mobile Health, as a newbie technology, seems to be appropriate to help prostate cancer self-care. Aim: this study aimed to provide a comparative model of mobile application for prostate cancer care self-care for Iranians. Material and Methods: This is an applied mixed method study, which was conducted in three phases from 2017 to 2018 as follows: 1) searching and thematic content analyzing of prostate cancer mobile applications and their related articles to extract technical features and clinical functions; 2) selecting the common extracted features and functions to design an initial model of the application; and 3) confirming validity of the features and functions through 2 rounds of Delphi technique...
November 2018: Medical Archives
Valbon Ajazaj, Gazmend Kaçaniku, Minir Asani, Afrim Shabani, Ermal Dida
Introduction: Laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), a refractive surgery procedure is being performed in a large number among people with refractive errors. In all the people undergoing the procedure, there is a potential risk to misdiagnose the glaucoma disease due to changes in central corneal thickness (CCT). In subjects who have undergone laser refractive interventions, intraocular tension may be lower and underestimated, and this can lead to later detection of glaucoma. Aim: The objective of this study was to analyze the intraocular pressure (IOP) after LASIK in patients with myopia...
November 2018: Medical Archives
Sadat Pusina
Introduction: Breast cancer is the most common malignant tumor in women. On the list of causes of death immediately after lung cancer. It is a heterogeneous disease, considering the differences in morphological, cytogenetic, molecular, clinical and therapeutic aspects, so that the prognosis in a patient with the same histological grade and pathological status may vary. Aim: In this paper we wanted to identify the correlation between the assay of the serum values of uPA-PAI-1 complexes and individual prognostic-predictive parameters, primarily with the status of estrogenic (Er), progesterogenic (PgR) and Her-2 receptors ("human epidermal growth factor)...
November 2018: Medical Archives
Seyed Amineh Hojati, Elham Maserat, Mohammad Ghorbani, Alireza Safarpour, Mohammad Reza Fattehi
Introduction: Patients with drug addiction have high risk for hepatitis C virus (HCV). Effective treatment response is essential to optimize treatment for drug abusers infected by hepatitis C virus. Aim: The aim of this present study was to show that hepatitis C treatment in patients with drug addiction is effective like patients without drug addiction. Material and Methods: Total amount of 57 patients with hepatitis C (25 drug abuser and 32 non-drug abuser) that referred to Shahid Motahari clinic of Shiraz were selected...
November 2018: Medical Archives
Velma Rebic, Nejra Masic, Sanela Teskeredzic, Mufida Aljicevic, Amila Abduzaimovic, Damir Rebic
Introduction: Acinetobacter species is associated with health care associated infections especially in patients on respiratory therapy equipment and indwelling catheters. They are becoming increasingly drug resistant. The knowledge of the prevalence and pattern of antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Acinetobacter spp. is important. Aims: The study is undertaken to estimate the prevalence rate, risk factors and antimicrobial resistance pattern of isolates. in Acinetobacter spp...
November 2018: Medical Archives
Aleksander Hoxha, Sokol Shehu, Rezar Deveja, Thoma Qirjazi
Background: Excessive bleeding impairs outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Clopidogrel in combination with aspirin, given before percutaneous coronary intervention, have become the standard for stent thrombosis prevention. Some premedicated patients, however, are found to need surgical treatment, thus platelet inhibition caused by clopidogrel becomes a concern for post operation major bleeding. Aims: This study was designed to evaluate the impact of preoperative clopidogrel on bleeding and outcomes after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG)...
November 2018: Medical Archives
Selma Sijercic, Alisa Krdzalic, Harun Avdagic, Goran Krdzalic
Introduction: Cardiovascular complications in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage are considered to be a neurally mediated process rather than a manifestation of coronary artery disease. Aim: The aim of study is to show the incidence and type cardiac complications after traumatic and spontaneous SAH. Patients and methods: The study had prospective character in which included 104 patients, with diagnosed subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), in the period from 2014 to 2017...
November 2018: Medical Archives
Izet Masic
Writing of scientific articles requires high competence and scientific awareness, and the respect of scientific patterns of behavior. Every article should essentially be followed by the IMRAD structure, which is generally represented, with minor modifications, in the entire modern scientific publishing. Writing articles must follow the thread, have a meaningful beginning and end, and from each and every part of the context. Also, it is indicate the benefits of the paper, to its defect, defining ambiguous points that would have the process for further analysis in some subsequent studies by the same or another group of authors...
October 2018: Medical Archives
Vasiliki Kalogera, Dimitrios Galopoulos, Gerasimos Eleftheriotis, Evangelia Meimeti, Ioannis Malios, Georgios Marathonitis, Chariclia Loupa
Introduction: Oxcarbazepine is a carbamazepine pre-drug with less drug interactions. Its adverse effects, including hyponatremia, somnolence and ataxia, are dose dependent. Olanzapine is an atypical antipsychotic drug most commonly used to manage psychoses and symptoms of irritability and aggressive behavior. Main side effects include extrapyramidal and anticholinergic symptoms, weight gain, and hyperglycemia. Case Report: In this manuscript a case of oxcarbazepine and olanzapine intoxication is discussed...
October 2018: Medical Archives
Meliha Halilbasic, Vahid Jusufovic, Zlatko Musanovic, Arnes Cabric
Introduction: Anophthalmia is congenital absence of the eyes; it may be unilateral or bilateral. Though rare, it occurs worldwide. It usually occurs in association with other systemic malformations. Case report: Therefore, the case of a female child delivered in University Clinic Center Tuzla is presented here with bilateral anophthalmia. The diagnosis was confirmed with an ocular computer tomography (CT) scan that showed under development of both globes within the orbit with a conclusion of bilateral anophthalmia...
October 2018: Medical Archives
Girish Gulab Meshram, Neeraj Kaur, Kanwaljeet Singh Hura
Introduction: Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a congenital disorder marked by distinctive facial features, severe growth restriction, cognitive disability, global developmental delay, and anomalies involving multiple body organs. Majority cases of CdLS are caused due to sporadic mutations in the NIPBL, SMC1A, SMC3, RAD21, or HDAC8 genes, which form/regulate a multiprotein complex called cohesin. Cohesin is required for the separation of sister chromatids during cell division. Case report: We present a rare case of a 4-year-old child from India depicting classical features of CdLS...
October 2018: Medical Archives
Mohammed Al Sheikh, Saad Alenzi, Asma Al Ahmadi, Ali Mashragi, Hoda Alsayid, Alamri Abdullah
Introduction: Actinomycosis is a saprophytic infection caused by actinomycetes. Actinomycetes is a gram positive, anaerobic, non acid-fast, filamentous bacterium. Although actinomyce is considered as a part of the normal flora, it is rarely seen in middle ear and mastoid cavity. Aim: is to report a rare case of Actinomycosis infection of the middle ear and mastoid cavity. Case report: We presented A 24 years old male arrived to our outpatient department complaining of right-sided otalgia and hearing loss for 8 years, no history of otorreah, vertigo or dizziness...
October 2018: Medical Archives
Panagiotis-Theofanis Arkoumanis, Antonios Gklavas, Margarita Karageorgou, Polyxeni Gourzi, Gerassimos Mantzaris, Malena Pantou, Ioannis Papaconstantinou
Introduction: Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) is an uncommon autosomal dominant disorder defined by congenital cardiac defects, some anatomical deformities in the upper limb and conduction abnormalities. Sequence alteration of TBX5 gene located on chromosome 12 has associated with HOS. Case report: We present the case of a 26-year-old female with known upper limb alteration and ventricular septal defect who later in life developed Crohn's disease. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge association of Holt-Oram syndrome with Crohn's disease has not been reported in literature before...
October 2018: Medical Archives
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