journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566880/granulomatous-myocarditis-caused-by-candida-spp-infection-in-a-spontaneously-diabetic-torii-rat
#1
Kinuko Uno, Soon Hui Teoh, Keita Sekiguchi, Noriko Suzuki-Kemuriyama, Takeshi Ohta, Katsuhiro Miyajima
BACKGROUND: Myocarditis refers to myocardial inflammation with necrosis caused by non-infectious of infectious agents such as bacteria, fungi, or drugs. Candida is known to cause myocarditis in healthy and immunocompromised individuals. Diabetes mellitus causes chronic hyperglycemia due to impaired secretion or hypofunction of insulin, induces a compromised state, and increases the risk of contracting various infections. OBJECTIVE: We report a case of granulomatous myocarditis caused by Candida in a Spontaneously Diabetic Torii rat, a non-obese diabetic model...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566879/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-towards-better-diagnosis-and-management
#2
REVIEW
Kholoud Al Ghamdi, Jawaher AlMusailhi
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHA) is one of the most common comorbid disorders of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) that can accompany autism, triggered by it, or be a consequence of it. OBJECTIVE: This review explored the prevalence of the comorbidity of both disorders, neurobiological background, symptoms, latest assessment methods, and therapeutic approaches. Results and Discussion: It concluded that effective assessment, diagnosis and management of ADHD in ASD children and adults is essential for this group of patients to thrive and live a good quality of life...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566878/juvenile-papillomatosis-of-the-breast-a-report-of-two-cases-with-review-of-the-literature
#3
Mariam Al-Qurashi, Arwa Ibrahim, Tarek M ElSharkawy, Areej Al Nemer, Hiyam Alhaddad, Maha Abdel Hadi
BACKGROUND: Juvenile papillomatosis (JP) of the breast is a rare and benign proliferative disorder affecting young women. The affected patients tend to have an increased risk of breast cancer development during follow-up. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to highlight a rare entity of breast disease, that harbor risk of breast cancer. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we present 2 cases of JP in young females; the first case is a 13 year-old presented with spontaneous nipple discharge, while the other patient is a 24 year-old presented with a right breast lump...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566877/level-2-oncoplastic-surgical-techniques-for-breast-cancer-a-preliminary-vietnamese-report
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hoang Anh Dung, Le Hong Quang, Le Van Quang, Bui Tien Cong
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy and remains the first cause of death related to cancer among Vietnamese women, with an incidence of 21,555 cases in 2020. Most breast cancer patients present with invasive disease and relatively large tumor sizes. While oncoplastic surgery (OPS) are commonly applied in Western countries, data on Asian population remains relatively limited. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the outcomes of level-2 oncoplastic techniques in breast-conserving surgeries at the Vietnam National Cancer Hospital...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566876/community-based-cross-sectional-assessment-survey-on-herpes-zoster-vaccination-practices
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nouf F Bin Rubaian, Nada Alghamdi, Nada Alquorain, Serene R Almuhaidib, Nouf A AlShamlan, Assim M AlAbdulKader, Moataza M Abdel Wahab, Malak A Al-Shammari
BACKGROUND: Herpes Zoster (HZ), also known as Shingles, is a commonly occurring infection especially among the elderly. It is due to the reactivation of the dormant virus in the sensory ends that were present since the primary infection with the virus. OBJECTIVE: Our study aims at assessing the knowledge, attitudes practices beliefs and current barriers towards the Shingrix vaccine to fully understand where we stand and come up with proper recommendations to services these at-risk individuals and ultimately have a positive impact on the healthcare system...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566875/characteristics-of-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-and-normal-electrocardiogram
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aleksandra Ljubojevic, Sofija Aleksandra Neskovic, Ivona Vranic, Ivan Stankovic
BACKGROUND: Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and normal electrocardiogram (ECG) may have an increased risk of late diagnosis and complications of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To study the demographic, angiographic and echocardiographic characteristics of patients hospitalized for ACS in whom the ECG was normal on admission to the hospital. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients who were hospitalized for ACS without ST-elevation between 2015 and 2023 and who had coronary artery disease (CAD) confirmed by coronary angiography...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566874/role-of-calprotectin-il-6-and-crp-in-distinguishing-between-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bui-Thi Thu Huong, Nguyen Minh Hien, Nguyen Tien Dung, Dao Minh Quang, Nguyen Thanh Vinh, Tran Thanh Tu, Tran Khanh Chi, Le-Thi Bich Phuong, Nguyen-Thi Nhan
BACKGROUND: The early establishment of prophylaxis and immediate administration of anticoagulant therapy upon the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism should be the treatment objectives in these patients. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to determine the optimal cut-off point of Calprotectin, IL-6 (interleukin-6), CRP (C reactive protein) to differentiate UC, IBS-D. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study of 335 individuals ≥15 years old was performed, including 31 healthy controls, 215 with IBS-D, 71 diagnosed with UC, and 18 diagnosed with CD...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566873/the-comparison-of-serum-interleukin-8-levels-based-on-severity-of-liver-cirrhosis
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Imelda Rey, Rustam Effendi-Ys, Khairani Sukatendel
BACKGROUND: The molecule known as Interleukin-8 (IL-8), a chemotactic leukocyte, has been found to have a crucial role in the perpetuation of the inflammatory environment that is associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, as well as in the development of liver cirrhosis and cancer. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to carefully examine the role of IL-8 in the inflammatory reaction and to compare the levels based on the severity of liver cirrhosis. METHODS: The study was conducted from February 2018 to September 2018 at the Gastroenterohepatology Division, Internal medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566872/less-invasive-surfactant-administration-lisa-versus-insure-method-in-preterm-infants-a-retrospective-study
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gianluca Dini, Maria Grazia Santini, Federica Celi
BACKGROUND: Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Early nasal CPAP and selective administration of surfactant via the endotracheal tube are widely used in the treatment of RDS in preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the need for intubation and mechanical ventilation after surfactant delivery between LISA-treated and INSURE-treated premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566871/a-novel-tshr-gene-mutation-in-a-family-with-non-autoimmune-hyperthyroidism
#10
Tamara Kufoof, Catherine Luxford, Kishani Kannangara, Roderick Clifton-Bligh, Kim C Donaghue
BACKGROUND: Familial non-autoimmune hyperthyroidism is a rare disorder characterized by the absence of thyroid autoimmunity, particularly TSH receptor antibody [TRAb]. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe a novel TSHR mutation identified in a family of two siblings and their father. METHODS: Two siblings presented for endocrine assessment at ages 7 and 14 years with mild T3 toxicosis, and the father presented at 30 years of age with non-autoimmune thyrotoxicosis...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566870/clinical-experience-of-using-a-combination-of-dexamethasone-and-levofloxacin-after-cataract-surgery
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tomislav Kuzman, Ivana Gabric, Ana Meter, Ivan Skegro, Sanja Masnec, Miro Kalauz, Ana Pupic-Bakrac
BACKGROUND: Where routine prophylactic antibiotics have been adopted following cataract surgery, rates of endophthalmitis have been decreasing. Intracameral and topical antibiotics are currently used to prevent endophthalmitis after cataract surgery. When applying topical antibiotics, there are different recommendations on the frequency and duration of therapy. The development of bacterial resistance to the excessive and long-term use of antibiotics is a growing problem worldwide. The goal is to achieve a good antibiotic effect with the shortest possible use of antibiotics...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566869/efficacy-and-safety-of-levetiracetam-for-childhood-epilepsies
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Feriha Hadzagic Catibusic, Sajra Uzicanin, Emina Vukas Salihbegovic, Zinka Huseinbegovic
BACKGROUND: Levetiracetam (LEV) is a broad spectrum second-generation antiepileptic drug (AED). OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of levetiracetam for childhood epilepsies. METHODS: This is single, tertiary centre observational, prospective study, that included paediatric patients who were treated with levetiracetam at Paediatric hospital University Clinical Centre Sarajevo, during the period of 15 years (2008-2022)...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566868/angio-jet-thrombolysis-for-traumatic-inferior-vena-cava-thrombosis-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#13
REVIEW
Humood Alsadery, Omar Abdulqader Bamalan, Kawther Abduljabbar Boumarah, Ali Alsaffar, Bander Aldhafery, Mohammed S Foula, Mamoun Nabri, Adel G Elbagir
BACKGROUND: Inferior vena cava thrombosis (IVC-Th) is a rare clinical entity after blunt abdominal trauma. It has both diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas. Pulmonary embolism is the most dreadful complication and the leading cause of mortality after IVC-Th. Therefore, accurate prompt diagnosis is crucial. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to present a case of IVC-Th in a young male patient who had a blunt traumatic abdominal injury after a motor vehicle accident...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566867/effectiveness-of-dark-chocolate-and-carrot-juice-on-perceived-labor-pain-during-stage-1-of-birth-delivery-among-primigravida-a-quasi-experimental-study
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fazdria Fazdria, Alchalidi Alchalidi, Abdurrahman Abdurrahman, Nora Veri, Lina Lina, Cut Mutiah, Yohanes Andy Rias
BACKGROUND: Dark chocolate and carrot juice may positively decline the pain. However, there is a lack evidence the impact of combination dark chocolate and carrot juice on labor pain during stage 1 of birth delivery among primigravida. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of dark chocolate and carrot juice on perceived labor pain during stage 1 of birth delivery among primigravida. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study with participants who received dark chocolate (n=30), carrot juice (n=30), and control group (n=30)...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566866/prevalence-of-pulmonary-embolism-in-covid-19-at-quaternary-hospital-running-head-pulmonary-embolism-in-covid-19
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jose Maria Pereira de Godoy, Aline Giovana Dizero, Marcia Valeria Caldeira Angelucci Lopes
BACKGROUND: Patients with COVID-19 are at greater risk of pulmonary embolism. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the monthly prevalence of pulmonary embolism diagnosed by angiotomography and mortality between March 2020 and May 2021 in more than 6000 patients hospitalized with COVID-19 at a single institution. METHODS: A clinical trial was conducted with evaluated medical records the patients hospitalized at the institution who developed pulmonary embolism determined by angiotomography...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566865/unveiling-the-anticancer-potential-of-pasak-bumi-eurycoma-longifolia-jack-root-extract-in-prostate-cancer-treatment
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eka Yudha Rahman, Nia Kania, Hendra Sutapa, Athaya Febriantyo Purnomo, Roselina Panghiyangani, Nika Sterina Skripsiana
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer remains a significant global health concern, necessitating the exploration of novel therapeutic avenues to enhance treatment efficacy and mitigate adverse effects. Objective This study delves into the potential anticancer properties of Pasak Bumi (Eurycoma longifolia Jack) root extract, a traditional Southeast Asian medicinal plant, against prostate cancer. METHODS: The research employs a multifaceted approach, encompassing molecular and cellular analyses to unravel the intricate mechanisms underlying Pasak Bumi's effects on prostate cancer cells...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566864/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-on-reproductive-health-among-abortion-adolescents-in-vietnam
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nguyen-Thi Thu Ha, Duong-Thi Tra Giang, Doan Hoang Ha, Phan-Thi Huyen Thuong, Do Tuan Dat, Nguyen-Thi Bich Ngoc, Nguyen Duy Anh
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy is a global issue. The majority of these adolescents experience unintended pregnancy ending in abortion. Knowledge gaps and misconceptions about reproductive health are the main reasons for unintended pregnancy among adolescents. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify knowledge, attitudes, practices, and related factors of reproductive health among adolescent post-abortion or those seeking abortion at Hanoi Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital (HOGH), a tertiary hospital in Vietnam...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566863/sporadic-malignant-triton-tumor-of-shoulder-a-case-report
#18
Mohammad Al-Alwan, Ghaith Abu Noar, Ayat Al-Alwan, Sura Alrwabdeh, Mahmood Etawi
BACKGROUND: Malignant triton tumors (MTT) are subtype of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) which develop from Schwan cells of peripheral nerves or within neurofibromas, and shows rhabdomyoblastic differentiation. It is a rare soft tissue tumor with poor prognosis. OBJECTIVE: We report a case of Malignant Triton Tumor (MTT) arising in the right shoulder in a 46 year old male patient presented to our Musculoskeletal Oncology Clinic at Royal Rehabilitation center at King Hussein Medical Center during June 2018...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566862/comparison-of-uva-vs-uvb-photoaging-rat-models-in-short-term-exposure
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elly Mayangsari, Arifa Mustika, Nurdiana Nurdiana, Nozlena Abdul Samad
BACKGROUND: Prolonged exposure to sunlight is known to induce photoaging of the skin, leading to various skin changes and disorders, such as dryness, wrinkles, irregular pigmentation, and even cancer. Ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation are particularly responsible for causing photoaging. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify and compare photoaging rat models exposed to UVA and UVB. METHODS: This research method compared macroscopic (scoring degree of wrinkling) and microscopic (histology) signs and symptoms on skin samples of rat exposed to UVA and UVB for 4 weeks at a radiation dose of 840mJ/cm2...
2024: Medical Archives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38481595/metaplastic-breast-cancer-with-squamous-differentiation-beyond-the-recognized-statistics
#20
Rania Zaki Fallatah, Dhuha N Boumarah, Ghadeer Hajjaj, Abdullah Ahmed Alkhars, Mohammed AlDuhileb
BACKGROUND: Metaplastic breast cancer is a clinically rare subtype of breast carcinomas, accounting for less than 1% of all breast neoplasms, and was not officially recognized till the end of the 20th century as an independent pathological diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we report a case of metaplastic breast cancer with squamous differentiation in a 51-year-old female, with a succinct review of the literature. CASE REPORT: The patient presented to our outpatient department with a complaint of left breast mass for 2 months duration with a diagnostic workup found to be grade three metaplastic carcinoma with squamous differentiation...
2024: Medical Archives
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