journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38784122/mapping-evidence-on-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-diagnosing-noncommunicable-diseases-among-people-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-in-africa-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Abebe Sorsa Badacho, Deginesh Dawit Woltamo, Dereje Bayissa Demissie, Ozayr Haroon Mahomed
OBJECTIVES: To map the evidence on the barriers to and facilitators of diagnosing noncommunicable diseases among people living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries in Africa. INTRODUCTION: Noncommunicable diseases are increasing among people living with HIV. Thus, strengthened and sustained diagnosis of noncommunicable diseases through integrated noncommunicable diseases and HIV care is needed to improve patient outcomes. However, there is paucity of evidence on the barriers and facilitators diagnosing noncommunicable diseases among people living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38784121/premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-and-associated-factors-among-university-graduating-class-female-students-in-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tilahun Abdeta, Dawit Firdisa, Abiy Mulugeta, Jerman Dereje
OBJECTIVES: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is a somatopsychic condition that develops about a week before the start of menstruation and is brought on by fluctuating sex steroid levels that follow an ovulatory menstrual cycle. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the magnitude of premenstrual dysphoric disorder and associated factors among Haramaya University graduating class female students, in eastern Ethiopia. METHODS: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted from 1 to 30 November 2022 among Haramaya University graduating class female students using a simple random sampling technique...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38774743/assessment-of-the-hematological-profiles-among-covid-19-patients-during-the-first-and-second-waves-in-ethiopia-a-multicenter-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Minale Fekadie Baye, Diliab Desta, Samuel Hunegnaw, Ahmed Johar, Israel Bekele, Kebenesa Angasu, Nebiyou Simegnew Bayleyegn, Habtamu Abebe Getahun, Assefa Legesse Sisay
BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 is highly infectious and patients with coronavirus diseases demonstrated a series of clinical symptoms caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2. Without a break of the wave's hematological profile of the patients is still ambiguous and differs from wave to wave. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the hematological profile among coronavirus disease 2019 patients during the first and the second waves in Ethiopia...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38774742/association-of-vitamin-b12-folate-and-homocysteine-with-covid-19-severity-and-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Juan R Ulloque-Badaracco, Ali Al-Kassab-Córdova, Esteban A Alarcon-Braga, Enrique A Hernandez-Bustamante, Miguel A Huayta-Cortez, Juan C Cabrera-Guzmán, Pamela Robles-Valcarcel, Vicente A Benites-Zapata
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to review the available evidence on the association between vitamin B12, folate, and homocysteine levels with worse outcomes among COVID-19 patients. METHODS: The search was carried out in ten databases simultaneously run on 10 May 2023, without language restrictions. We included cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort studies. The random-effects meta-analysis was performed using the Sidik-Jonkman method and corrected 95% confidence intervals using the truncated Knapp-Hartung standard errors...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38774741/planetary-health-and-its-relevance-in-the-modern-era-a-topical-review
#5
REVIEW
Arpit Mago, Arkadeep Dhali, Harendra Kumar, Rick Maity, Bharat Kumar
Planetary health is a relatively new concept that has gained traction in recent years due to the urgent need to address the health of our planet and its inhabitants. It refers to the interdependent health of both humans and the environment, recognizing that the two are inseparable and that the health of one is intricately linked to the health of the other. This article aims to advocate changes in how health care for both the environment and humans is envisaged, and aligned with sustainable development goals using ethically sound, solution-oriented, and practical approaches to education...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38774740/risk-factors-associated-with-severe-perineal-tear-at-public-hospitals-in-bahir-dar-town-northwest-ethiopia
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dagne Addisu, Betelihem Fentahun
BACKGROUND: Birth-related perineal trauma is a public health issue that can lead to significant maternal morbidity in low-income countries like Ethiopia. Research on the proportion and underlying factors of birth-related severe perineal tears is rare, both in the study area and throughout Ethiopia. As a result, this study was intended to determine the proportion of birth-related severe perineal tears and associated factors at hospitals in Bahir Dar town, Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken at government hospitals in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38764539/prevalence-of-cervical-intraepithelial-lesions-and-associated-factors-among-women-attending-a-cervical-cancer-clinic-in-western-uganda-results-based-on-pap-smear-cytology
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Frank Ssedyabane, Nixon Niyonzima, Josephine Nambi Najjuma, Abraham Birungi, Raymond Atwine, Deusdedit Tusubira, Thomas C Randall, Cesar M Castro, Hakho Lee, Joseph Ngonzi
INTRODUCTION: There are high incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer among females in East Africa. This is exacerbated by limited up-to-date data on premalignant lesions and associated factors in this setting. In this study, we determined the prevalence of cervical intraepithelial lesions and associated factors among women attending the Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital cervical cancer clinic in Southwestern Uganda. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 364 participants were recruited from among women attending the Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital cervical cancer clinic from 1 April to 30 June 2023...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38764538/predictors-contributing-to-the-estimation-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-among-adults-in-a-resource-limited-setting-a-systematic-review-of-diagnostic-predictions
#8
REVIEW
Gebremedhin Berhe Gebregergs, Gebretsadik Berhe, Kibrom Gebreslasie Gebrehiwot, Afework Mulugeta
BACKGROUND: Although tuberculosis is highly prevalent in low- and middle-income countries, millions of cases remain undetected using current diagnostic methods. To address this problem, researchers have proposed prediction rules. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed existing prediction rules for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis and identified factors with a moderate to high strength of association with the disease. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of relevant databases (MEDLINE/PubMed, Cochrane Library, Science Direct, Global Health for Reports, and Google Scholar) up to 14 November 2022...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38764537/seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-viruses-among-waste-handlers-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Alemu Gedefie, Fekadeselassie Belege Getaneh, Habtu Debash, Saleamlak Sebsibe, Yonas Erkihun, Ermiyas Alemayehu, Yeshi Metaferia, Yeshimebet Kassa, Agumas Shibabaw, Mihret Tilahun, Getachew Mesfin Bambo, Samuel Sahile Kebede, Mekuanent Alemu, Wondmagegn Demsiss
OBJECTIVE: Hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus are the leading causes of global liver-related morbidity and mortality. Waste handlers are one of the high-risk groups for hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus acquisition. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the pooled prevalence of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus among waste handlers in Ethiopia. METHODS: Articles were extensively searched in bibliographic databases and gray literature using entry terms or phrases...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38764536/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-toward-malaria-among-hospital-outpatients-in-nangarhar-afghanistan-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Arash Nemat, Abdul Ghafar Sherzad, Ehsanullah Ehsan, Asadullah Hassnzai, Mehrab Naderi, Naqeebullah Zaki, Mohammad Yasir Essar, Wafaa Binti Mowlabaccus, Michael G Head, Abdullah Asady
BACKGROUND: In the Eastern Mediterranean region, Afghanistan ranks third for the world's highest burden of malaria. The vast majority (95%) of malaria cases in Afghanistan are attributed to Plasmodium falciparum and 5% to Plasmodium vivax . Most cases occur in low-altitude regions, especially in the eastern province of Nangarhar, where agriculture and farming are predominant. To better understand the public sentiment toward malaria, this study aimed to understand the knowledge, attitude, and practice of patients toward malaria who visited public and private hospitals of Nangarhar province...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38751571/association-between-dopamine-receptor-d2-taq-ia-gene-polymorphism-rs1800497-and-personality-traits
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Holiness S A Olasore, Tolulope A Oyedeji, Joseph O Faleti, Omobola I Ogundele, Anthony A Olashore
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to find a potential association between the DRD2 Taq 1A gene polymorphism (rs1800497 C32806T) and personality traits. METHODS: In all, 249 youths were recruited for this study. The Short-form Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire was administered to assess personality traits. The participants were genotyped for the DRD2 Taq 1A polymorphism using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Statistical analysis was carried out to find a possible association between the genotypes and aspects of personality traits assessed...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38751570/evaluation-of-the-national-tuberculosis-program-and-tuberculosis-surveillance-system-jordan-2021
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yousef Khader, Moad J Al-Rahamneh, Sara Abu Khudair, Hiba Abaza, Ayah Al Shatnawi, Ibrahim Abuhmed, Ahmad Saleh Abu Rumman, Khaled Okkah, Suha Mohammed Alghoul, Ibrahim Falah Maia, Srinath Satyanarayana
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate and determine the gaps in the National Tuberculosis Program and Tuberculosis Surveillance System in Jordan. METHODS: A concurrent embedded mixed quantitative/qualitative methods study was conducted to assess the National Tuberculosis Program and Tuberculosis Surveillance System in Jordan. A semi-structured questionnaire was developed based on the Updated CDC Guideline for Evaluating Public Health Surveillance System to collect necessary information from service providers and other stakeholders...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38751569/spontaneous-haemoperitoneum-in-pregnancy-in-women-with-endometriosis-diagnostic-challenges-and-management-strategies
#13
REVIEW
Johnbosco Emmanuel Mamah, Chichetaram Ruth Otu, Chidinma Charity Okafor, Chigozie Geoffrey Okafor
Spontaneous haemoperitoneum in pregnancy is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition that requires prompt recognition and management to avert a catastrophic outcome for the mother and baby. The main aim of this review is to summarise the current knowledge on this topic, including its incidence and clinical presentation, highlight the diagnostic challenges, and suggest management strategies. To achieve our objective, we examine the existing literature to provide insights into this complex clinical presentation to enhance our understanding and, in so doing, contribute to the existing body of knowledge on the subject of spontaneous haemoperitoneum in pregnancy...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38751568/uterine-artery-embolization-versus-myomectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Kaneez Fatima, Haya Waseem Ansari, Arooba Ejaz, Furqanullah Khalid, Aimen Naz, Ayesha Waqar, Adeela Sarfaraz Khan, Sana Godil, Muhammad Zain Ayub, Muhammad Azaan Tariq, Yumna Salman, Hassaan Ahmed Shah
INTRODUCTION: Uterine fibroids are the commonest benign tumors of the reproductive tract in women of childbearing age. They are usually asymptomatic but can cause menorrhagia. Treatments include myomectomy and uterine artery embolization (UAE). The latter is a relatively new procedure, therefore of special interest. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of all published studies to provide a comprehensive outlook on the effectiveness of UAE by comparing its outcomes to those of myomectomy...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38737837/magnitude-disparity-and-predictors-of-poor-quality-antenatal-care-service-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Dereje Bayissa Demissie, Gebeyaw Molla, Firew Tiruneh Tiyare, Abebe Sorsa Badacho, Ashenif Tadele
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care is directed toward ensuring healthy pregnancy outcomes. Quality antenatal care increases the likelihood of receiving an effective intervention to maintain maternal, fetal, and neonatal well-being, while poor quality is linked to poor pregnancy outcomes. However, owing to the complex nature of quality, researchers have followed several approaches to systematically measure it. The evidence from these variable approaches appears inconsistence and poses challenges to programmers and policymakers...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38737836/a-randomized-controlled-study-of-the-effects-of-targeted-health-education-on-uptake-of-contraceptives-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-nnewi-city-south-east-nigeria
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yanmeer Simeone Tyotswam, Rosebella Alungata Iseme, Eliphas Gitonga Makunyi
OBJECTIVE: There is a need for contraception uptake among people to enable them to fulfil their right to determine the timing, number and spacing of their children. In regions with poor contraceptive prevalence rates, lack of effective education has been largely implicated, and Nigeria falls among such regions. Thus, the present study is designed to examine the impact of an educational intervention on uptake of contraceptives among women aged 18-49 years seeking care at the Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38725925/maternal-satisfaction-on-delivery-service-and-associated-factors-among-mothers-delivered-at-arba-minch-town-governmental-health-facilities-south-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elias Ezo, Hana Getachew, Sindu Degefu, Kidist Ashager
OBJECTIVE: To assess maternal satisfaction with delivery service and associated factors among mothers delivered at Arba Minch town governmental health facilities, South Ethiopia, 2022. METHODS: A facility-based cross-sectional design study was conducted from 1 April to 30 June 2022. The total sample size was 320. A systematic random sampling technique was used to select mothers. Data were entered using Epi-data Version 3.1 and exported to SPSS Version 25 for analysis...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38725924/food-adulteration-causes-risks-and-detection-techniques-review
#18
REVIEW
Yeniewa Kerie Anagaw, Wondim Ayenew, Liknaw Workie Limenh, Derso Teju Geremew, Minichil Chanie Worku, Tewodros Ayalew Tessema, Wudneh Simegn, Melese Legesse Mitku
Food adulteration is the intentional addition of foreign or inferior substances to original food products for a variety of reasons. It takes place in a variety of forms, like mixing, substitution, hiding poor quality in packaging material, putting decomposed food for sale, misbranding or giving false labels, and adding toxicants. Several analytical methods (such as chromatography, spectroscopy, electronic sensors) are used to detect the quality of foodstuffs. This review provides concise but detailed information to understand the scope and scale of food adulteration as a way to further detect, combat, and prevent future adulterations...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38725923/exploring-pharmacovigilance-practices-and-knowledge-among-healthcare-professionals-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-study
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abdulkader Hayek, Sathvik B Sridhar, Syed Arman Rabbani, Javed Shareef, Tarun Wadhwa
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare professionals' awareness of adverse drug reaction reporting and pharmacovigilance practices differ by country. The study assesses healthcare professionals' knowledge, practice, and potential barriers to pharmacovigilance-related practices and reporting adverse drug reaction. METHODS: A cross-sectional investigation was conducted in government and private healthcare settings. The study included licensed physicians, pharmacists, and nurses...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38725922/knowledge-and-misconceptions-of-choking-and-first-aid-procedures-among-syrian-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yahia Ranjous, Abdulrahman Al Balkhi, Ibrahim Alnader, Majd Rkab, Jamal Ataya, Raed Abouharb
BACKGROUND: Choking is a critical emergency that occurs when foreign objects obstruct the airways. It commonly affects young children, older people, individuals with developmental disabilities, those with acquired or lifelong disability, and those with mental health conditions. Symptoms can vary, ranging from coughing to cyanosis. AIM: Our study aims to evaluate Syrian adults' knowledge of choking and their understanding of first-aid procedures. Specifically, we will assess the prevalence of misconceptions in order to train community members and increase their level of knowledge about first aid for choking...
2024: SAGE Open Medicine
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