journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38670132/respiratory-syncytial-virus-seasonality-transmission-zones-and-implications-for-seasonal-prevention-strategy-in-china-a-systematic-analysis
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ling Guo, Shuyu Deng, Shiqi Sun, Xin Wang, You Li
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) represents a substantial global health challenge, with a disproportionately high disease burden in low-income and middle-income countries. RSV exhibits seasonality in most areas globally, and a comprehensive understanding of within-country variations in RSV seasonality could help to define the timing of RSV immunisation programmes. This study focused on China, and aimed to describe the geographical distribution of RSV seasonality, identify distinct RSV transmission zones, and evaluate the potential suitability of a seasonal RSV prevention strategy...
April 23, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38670131/correction-to-lancet-glob-health-2024-12-e685-96
#22
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38648813/understanding-deaths-from-diarrhoea-in-children-younger-than-5-years
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ashraful Islam Khan, Mohammad Ashraful Amin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38648812/estimated-global-and-regional-causes-of-deaths-from-diarrhoea-in-children-younger-than-5-years-during-2000-21-a-systematic-review-and-bayesian-multinomial-analysis
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Robert E Black, Jamie Perin, Diana Yeung, Tushara Rajeev, Jacob Miller, Sarah E Elwood, James A Platts-Mills
BACKGROUND: Information on the causes of deaths from diarrhoea in children younger than 5 years is needed to design improved preventive and therapeutic approaches. We aimed to conduct a systematic analysis of studies to report estimates of the causes of deaths from diarrhoea in children younger than 5 years at global and regional levels during 2000-21. METHODS: For this systematic review and Bayesian multinomial analysis, we included 12 pathogens with the highest attributable incidence in the Global Enteric Multicenter Study...
April 19, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38642562/cybersecurity-in-the-age-of-digital-pandemics-protecting-patient-data-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cameron Sabet, John C Lin, Anthony Zhong, Dang Nguyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38640936/saving-the-amazon-in-south-america-by-a-regional-approach-on-climate-change-the-need-to-consider-the-health-perspective
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rajiv Chowdhury, Byomkesh Talukder, Paulo Cesar Basta, Jesus Olivero-Verbel, Karen Polson-Edwards, Luiz Galvao, Carlos Espinal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38636529/facilitating-the-development-of-urgently-required-combination-vaccines
#27
REVIEW
William P Hausdorff, Shabir A Madhi, Gagandeep Kang, Lassané Kaboré, Marta Tufet Bayona, Birgitte K Giersing
The essence of a vaccine lies in its ability to elicit a set of immune responses specifically directed at a particular pathogen. Accordingly, vaccines were historically designed, developed, registered, recommended, procured, and administered as monopathogen formulations. Nonetheless, the control and elimination of an astonishing number of diseases was realised only after several once-separate vaccines were provided as combinations. Unfortunately, the current superabundance of recommended and pipeline vaccines is now at odds with the number of acceptable vaccine administrations and feasible health-care visits for vaccine recipients and health-care providers...
April 15, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38608676/correction-to-lancet-glob-health-2024-12-e599-610
#28
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38604204/correction-to-lancet-glob-health-2024-12-e235-42
#29
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38604203/the-burden-of-neurological-conditions-in-north-africa-and-the-middle-east-1990-2019-a-systematic-analysis-of-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2019
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The burden of neurological conditions in north Africa and the Middle East is increasing. We aimed to assess the changes in the burden of neurological conditions in this super-region to aid with future decision making. METHODS: In this analysis of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2019 data, we examined temporal trends of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs; deaths and disabilities combined), deaths, incident cases, and prevalent cases of 14 major neurological conditions and eight subtypes in 21 countries in the north Africa and the Middle East super-region...
April 8, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38583460/tuberculosis-screening-in-adults-with-hiv-beyond-symptoms
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bianca Sossen, Gary Maartens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38583459/blood-rna-biomarkers-for-tuberculosis-screening-in-people-living-with-hiv-before-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation-a-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tiffeney Mann, Rishi K Gupta, Byron W P Reeve, Gcobisa Ndlangalavu, Aneesh Chandran, Amirtha P Krishna, Claire J Calderwood, Happy Tshivhula, Zaida Palmer, Selisha Naidoo, Desiree L Mbu, Grant Theron, Mahdad Noursadeghi
BACKGROUND: Undiagnosed tuberculosis remains a major threat for people living with HIV. Multiple blood transcriptomic biomarkers have shown promise for tuberculosis diagnosis. We sought to evaluate their diagnostic accuracy and clinical utility for systematic pre-antiretroviral therapy (ART) tuberculosis screening. METHODS: We enrolled consecutive adults (age ≥18 years) referred to start ART at a community health centre in Cape Town, South Africa, irrespective of symptoms...
April 4, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38583458/point-of-care-c-reactive-protein-and-xpert-mtb-rif-ultra-for-tuberculosis-screening-and-diagnosis-in-unselected-antiretroviral-therapy-initiators-a-prospective-cross-sectional-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Byron W P Reeve, Gcobisa Ndlangalavu, Hridesh Mishra, Zaida Palmer, Happy Tshivhula, Loren Rockman, Selisha Naidoo, Desiree L Mbu, Charissa C Naidoo, Brigitta Derendinger, Gerhard Walzl, Stephanus T Malherbe, Paul D van Helden, Fred C Semitala, Christina Yoon, Rishi K Gupta, Mahdad Noursadeghi, Robin M Warren, Grant Theron
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis, a major cause of death in people living with HIV, remains challenging to diagnose. Diagnostic accuracy data are scarce for promising triage and confirmatory tests such as C-reactive protein (CRP), sputum and urine Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra (Xpert Ultra), and urine Determine TB LAM Ag (a lateral flow lipoarabinomannan [LF-LAM] test), without symptom selection. We evaluated novel triage and confirmatory tests in ambulatory people with HIV initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
April 4, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38583457/thinking-beyond-diagnostic-accuracy-to-evaluate-tuberculosis-screening-tests
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Emily L-H MacLean, H Manisha Yapa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38527468/a-global-tuberculosis-dictionary-unified-terms-and-definitions-for-the-field-of-tuberculosis
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alberto L Garcia-Basteiro, Joanna Ehrlich, Maryline Bonnet, Marianne Calnan, Stephen M Graham, Sabine Hermans, Adriana Jarrett, Rhoda Lewa, Anna Mandalakas, Leonardo Martinez, Giovanni Battista Migliori, Catherine W M Ong, Larissa Otero, Molebogeng Xheedha Rangaka, Mario C B Raviglione, Barbara Seaworth, Willy Ssengooba, Grant Theron, Anete Trajman, Marcel A Behr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38527467/the-west-africa-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-10-years-on
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Henry Kyobe Bosa, Neema Kamara, Merawi Aragaw, Misaki Wayengera, Ambrose Talisuna, James Bangura, Henry G Mwebesa, Patrick D M C Katoto, Robert Kwame Agyarko, Chikwe Ihekweazu, Abdoulaye Bousso, Obasanya Joshua, Moussa Douno, Mosoka P Fallah, James Sylvester Squire, Tolbert Geewleh Nyenswah, Thelma V Nelson, Justin Maeda, Tajudeen Raji, Mamadou Souncalo Traoré, Olushayo Oluseun Olu, Yonas Tegegn Woldemariam, Benjamin Djoudalbaye, Ngashi Ngongo, Francis Chisaka Kasolo, Placide Mbala, Ibrahima Socé Fall, Ahmed Ogwell Ouma, Jean Kaseya, Jane Ruth Aceng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38522444/bubble-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-for-children-with-pneumonia-and-hypoxaemia-in-ethiopia
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eric D McCollum, Tisungane Mvalo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38522443/effectiveness-of-bubble-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-for-treatment-of-children-aged-1-59-months-with-severe-pneumonia-and-hypoxaemia-in-ethiopia-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Meseret Gebre, Kassa Haile, Trevor Duke, Md Tanveer Faruk, Mehnaz Kamal, Md Farhad Kabir, Md Fakhar Uddin, Muluye Shimelis, Tigist Beyene, Bethelhem Solomon, Meles Solomon, Abebe Genetu Bayih, Alemseged Abdissa, Taye Tolera Balcha, Rahel Argaw, Asrat Demtse, Abate Yeshidinber Weldetsadik, Abayneh Girma, Bitseat W Haile, Abu Sadat Mohammad Sayeem Bin Shahid, Tahmeed Ahmed, John D Clemens, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) for treatment of childhood severe pneumonia outside tertiary care hospitals is uncertain. We did a cluster-randomised effectiveness trial of locally made bCPAP compared with WHO-recommended low-flow oxygen therapy in children with severe pneumonia and hypoxaemia in general hospitals in Ethiopia. METHODS: This open, cluster-randomised trial was done in 12 general (secondary) hospitals in Ethiopia...
March 21, 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38762299/economic-implications-of-novel-regimens-for-tuberculosis-treatment-in-three-high-burden-countries-a-modelling-analysis
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Theresa S Ryckman, Samuel G Schumacher, Christian Lienhardt, Sedona Sweeney, David W Dowdy, Fuad Mirzayev, Emily A Kendall
BACKGROUND: With numerous trials investigating novel drug combinations to treat tuberculosis, we aimed to evaluate the extent to which future improvements in tuberculosis treatment regimens could offset potential increases in drug costs. METHODS: In this modelling analysis, we used an ingredients-based approach to estimate prices at which novel regimens for rifampin-susceptible and rifampin-resistant tuberculosis treatment would be cost-neutral or cost-effective compared with standards of care in India, the Philippines, and South Africa...
June 2024: Lancet Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38762298/handheld-echocardiography-for-the-screening-and-diagnosis-of-rheumatic-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-to-inform-who-guidelines
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rui Providência, Ghazaleh Aali, Fang Zhu, Thomas Katairo, Mahmood Ahmad, Jonathan J H Bray, Ferruccio Pelone, Mohammed Y Khanji, Eloi Marijon, Miryan Cassandra, David S Celermajer, Farhad Shokraneh
BACKGROUND: Early detection and diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease are key to preventing progression, and echocardiography has an important diagnostic role. Standard echocardiography might not be feasible in high-prevalence regions due to its high cost, complexity, and time requirement. Handheld echocardiography might be an easy-to-use, low-cost alternative, but its performance in screening for and diagnosing acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease needs further investigation...
June 2024: Lancet Global Health
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