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International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Namita Kalra, Rishi Tyagi, Amit Khatri, Amita Poswal, Gaurav Panwar, Kopal Garg
Double lip is a rare abnormality. It affects the lips, more often the upper lips and could be acquired or congenital. It may be associated with Ascher's syndrome or occur in isolation. In this deformity, there is an accessory fold of redundant mucous membrane inside the vermillion border. This cupid's bow-shaped accessory tissue is usually conspicuous during smiling but maybe occasionally visible even at rest. For the patient, this atypical facial deformity most importantly creates an aesthetic problem. Nonetheless, it may also interfere with their speech or function...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Shaniya Sain, Reshmi J, Anandaraj S, Sageena George, Jyoti S Issac, Sheen A John
A deciduous tooth affected by dental caries involving the pulp tissue with subsequent periradicular pathosis at times makes the conventional endodontic procedures a dilemma for a variety of reasons. In this situation, lesion sterilization and tissue repair (LSTR) stands out as the only option by which dentists could increase the longevity of the deciduous teeth of a young child. This therapy aims to eliminate bacteria from the root canals by sterilizing the lesion and promoting tissue repair and regeneration by the host's natural tissue responses...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Shantanu S Deshpande, Vikas D Bendgude, Vivian V Kokkali
Aim: This systematic review was aimed at evaluating the average survival time and the various factors which determine the longevity of bonded space maintainers. Background: Although a meta-analysis could not be performed from the available literature, this review emphasizes the various factors contributing to the success of bonded space maintainers and its relevance during the planning of bonded space maintainers. Review results: The study selection criteria included in-vivo randomized and non-randomized clinical trials performed which was published in English...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Kanika S Dhull, Brahmananda Dutta, Indira M Devraj, P V Samir
Background: Among all the oral diseases, dental caries is the most common chronic disease affecting the children. Early childhood caries is one of the most severe forms of dental caries affecting the children less than 3 years. Though dental caries is preventable, not much importance has been given to the preventive aspect of dental caries. This is because of the lack of oral health education. Vertical colonization occurs from caregiver usually mother to the child. Since mother play an important role in a child's life, their knowledge about child's oral health will have a significant impact on the child's oral health status...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Saakshe Wadhwa, Ullal A Nayak, Damodhar Kappadi, Deepesh Prajapati, Reena Sharma, Apurva Pawar
Aim: The study evaluated the use of self-adhering flowable composite as a fissure sealant and compared it with a resin-based pit and fissure sealant. Materials and methods: Forty children were selected for the study and all their four permanent first molars were subjected to fluoride free pumice oral prophylaxis. Their occlusal fissures were then prepared with fissurotomy bur using high-speed handpiece under cotton roll isolation and low volume suction. Simple random sampling was done and accordingly a child either received either a resin-based fissure sealant or a self-adhering flowable composite on the prepared fissure...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Neha Nashine, Arpana Bansal, Parimala Tyagi, Manish Jain, Ankur Jain, Utkarsh Tiwari
Background: Dental traumatic injuries are prevalent in school-going children. Therefore, It is critical to ascertain the knowledge and practices of school teachers who are in close contact with these children. Aim: To evaluate the knowledge and attitude of school teachers toward dental trauma and the effect of the educational intervention. Materials and methods: The interventional study was designed by two-stage cluster sampling. A total of 158 teachers were part of the research...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Hemalatha, Priya Nagar
Context: Tooth coloured restorative materials are commonly used for restorations in children and adolescents, who are major consumers of soft drinks. Under acidic conditions, restorative materials suffer degradation over time, which can be predicted by changes in the surface roughness. Aim: Compare the effect of acidic drinks Gatorade, Tang, Bindhu Jeera Fizz, and 10% sucrose solution (control group) on nano filled composite and light cure RMGIC and test the time dependent change by immersing them in these drinks ever day 8th hourly and examining them on the 10th, 20th and 60th day...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Shital Dp Kiran, Aayushi Vithalani, Devdatt J Sharma, Megha C Patel, Rohan Bhatt, Mohit Srivastava
Introduction: Behavior modification is defined as the attempt to alter human behavior and emotion in a beneficial way and accordance with the laws of learning. Play therapy is one such behavior modification technique. The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of play therapy among children undergoing dental treatment by the graphological method. Materials and methods: Children were made to draw before treatment, after treatment of one class 1 lesion without application of any behavior modification technique and after treatment of the second lesion of class 1 caries with play therapy...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Selva Balaji, Krishna Kumar, Ramesh Venkatesan, Shantham Krishnamoorthy, Vidya Manoharan, Senthilkumar Marimuthu
Introduction: One among the various reasons for root canal failure in endodontics is the leakage of an intracanal medicament due to improper coronal sealing. Aim: To assess the coronal leakage of two intracanal medicaments sealed with two different temporary filling materials. Materials and methods: An in-vitro study was done on 55 teeth where they were divided into three groups with two root canal medicaments namely calcium hydroxide + 0...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Ilasrinivasan, Jyothsna V Setty, Shyamachalam, Priya Mendiretta
Aims: To compare nitrous oxide-oxygen inhalation and low dose oral midazolam-ketamine combination for anxiolysis in the management of children aged between 3 to 10 years for dental treatment. Materials and methods: A comparative clinical study with equal number of subjects in both the groups evaluating efficacy of oral ketamine-midazolam combination and nitrous oxide-oxygen inhalation in children with Frankl behavior rating score 2 and ASA1.A total of 30 children were equally divided into 2 groups, oral midazolam-ketamine (MK) group which received 0...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Hitaf N Nasseh, Balsam El Noueiri, Charles Pilipili, Fouad Ayoub
Introduction: Conservation of primary dentition is essential for maintenance of arch length, esthetic, mastication, speech and prevention of abnormal habits. The commonly supported treatment for retaining carious primary molars with affected pulp is pulpotomy. Aim: The study aims to evaluate clinically and radiographically the rates of success and efficacy of Biodentine™ as pulpotomy medicament exclusively on primary molars with physiological root resorption. Materials and methods: A total number of 35 primary molars in stage three of formation were selected to undergo pulpotomy treatment...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Prachi Sijeria, Rahul Bhartia, Nanjunda Swamy Kv, Sadanand Kulkarni, Shilpy Singla
Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of various techniques to fill root canals of primary teeth by volumetric analysis using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to assess percentage of obturated volume (POV), percentage volume of voids (PVV), and depth-of-fill. Methodology: Root canals in 40 extracted deciduous maxillary incisors were instrumented with H-files to size 35 and volume of the canal measured using CBCT under "On Demand 3D AppTM Software" (Cybermed Inc...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Alireza Heydari, Mahdi Shahrabi, Maryam Shafizadeh, Elnaz A Anaraki, Mostafa Aref
Background and Aim: This study aimed to assess the awareness of parents about the presence of first permanent molar and its effect on the health of this tooth. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional research has been done on 250 elementary school students which were 6 to 8-year-old boys and their parents in Tehran city. Sampling was done randomly. The questionnaires were filled out by the parents, and then tooth condition was registered in a visit formfor each student separately...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Dhanu G Rao, Shamama Sheereen, Raghavendra Havale, Shrutha S Prakasha, Manva M Zulfikar
Aim: To determine the knowledge and attitude of medical practitioners towards dental care of children in Raichur district. Materials and methods: The present study is a cross-sectional survey conducted among the medical practitioners of Raichur district. The study was conducted on 300 practitioners, randomly selected. The data pertaining to their knowledge and attitude about oral health was gathered using a self-administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive studies...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Praveen Kumar Ps, Kanika S Dhull, Lakshmikantha G, Nikita Singh
Objective: The study was conducted to know the incidence and trends of orofacial clefts between 1st January 2011 and 31st August 2016 in Mysuru, Karnataka; and to describe the demographic patterns. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective, hospital-based study. Data were retrieved from multiple sources like Parturition books, Neonatal intensive care unit records, baby and mothers case records archived in medical records department of Cheluvamba Hospital, a Tertiary Care Government Hospital, attached to Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, Mysore, Karnataka, between 1 January 2011 and 31 August 2016...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Mohammed S Aldossary, Abdullah A Alamri, Sattam A Alshiha, Mohammed A Hattan, Yazeed K Alfraih, Hessa M Alwayli
Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of dental caries and the presence of fissure sealants on the first permanent molars (FPMs) among 6 to 9 years old primary school boys in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Materials and methods: The carious status and the presence of fissure sealants on the FPMs were examined in 1844 schoolboys, aged 6-9 years (the first three grades), from 17 randomly selected primary schools in Riyadh city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.Chi-square test was used to assess the significance of differences in prevalence and proportions...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Puneet Goenka, Samir Dutta, Nikhil Marwah, Aditi Sarawgi, Mitakshara Nirwan, Pooja Mishra
Context: Dental caries is the most common type of oral health problem globally. It is known to have multifactorial etiology with a number of variables that influence the prevalence of the condition. Aim: The present study was carried out in the district of Vaishali, Bihar, India, with an aim to determine the prevalence of dental caries in children of 5 to 13 years. Settings and design: It was a descriptive type of epidemiological study and the design adopted for the study was cross-sectional...
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Saravana K Balasubramanian, Ishwarya Gurucharan, Mahalaxmi Sekar
Pain is an important aspect of pediatric dentistry. Phlenophobia or fear for needle is one of the significant factor for reduced apprehensiveness and decreased pain threshold in pediatric patients. How to cite this article: Balasubramanian SK, Gurucharan I, Sekar M. Letters to the Editor. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent, 2018;11(5):357-358.
September 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Hytham N Fageeh
Papillon-Lefèvre is an autosomal recessive syndrome that starts in early periods of childhood. Characteristic features include palmar plantar hyperkeratosis, aggressive periodontal disease, and a tendency for dry and chopped skin, thin and sparse hair. Patients show signs of premature tooth loss at the age of 2 to 4 years, which is then followed by the loss of permanent dentition during adolescence. The presence of both skin and oral lesions in this syndrome differentiates this unusual genodermatosis from other pathology of palmoplantar keratoderma (PPK)...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Madhusudhan R Madhireddy, A Jacod Prakash, Vijayalakshmi Mahanthi, K Venkata Chalapathi
Cyst with relatively high recurrence and having nature to invade the underlying tissue is "odontogenic keratocyst (OKC)." Radiographically, OKC can appear as different varieties, such as follicular, replacemental, extraneous, envelopmental, and collateral. Each radiographic variety of OKC varies in biological behavior, prognosis, recurrence, and therapeutic approaches. Many studies done till date have not established any relationship between markers of proliferation and aggressiveness in regard to radiographic varieties of OKC...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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