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World Journal of Emergency Medicine

Kohei Sawada, Hiromi Ihoriya, Taihei Yamada, Tetsuya Yumoto, Kohei Tsukahara, Takaaki Osako, Hiromichi Naito, Atsunori Nakao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Coralie Galland-Decker, Vanessa Kraege, Claudio Sartori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Joshua Goodwin, Bijon Das
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Raman Sharma, Ashok Kumar, Vipin Koushal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Alexander S Kwon, Shadi Lahham, John C Fox
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care ultrasound has gained widespread use in developing countries due to decreased cost and improved telemedicine capabilities. Ultrasound training, specifically image acquisition skills, is occurring with more frequency in non-medical personnel with varying educational levels in these underdeveloped areas. This study evaluates if students without a high school education can be trained to acquire useful FAST images, and to determine if an 8th grade student can teach peers these skills...
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mike Wells, Lara Nicole Goldstein
BACKGROUND: The PAWPER tape is one of the most accurate weight estimation systems available today, but international access to the tape is limited because it has no commercial distribution. For this reason, the "PAWPER-on-a-page" concept was devised: downloadable image files that allow users to print and assemble their own tapes. However, the feasibility of this method is dependent on users being able to produce accurate tapes. This study was devised to determine whether untrained participants could print and assemble the "PAWPER-on-a-page" easily and accurately...
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mark Rose, Carina Newton, Benchaa Boualam, Nancy Bogne, Adam Ketchum, Umang Shah, Jordan Mitchell, Safura Tanveer, Tucker Lurie, Walesia Robinson, Rebecca Duncan, Stephen Thom, Quincy Khoi Tran
BACKGROUND: Acute aortic dissection (AoD) is a hypertensive emergency often requiring the transfer of patients to higher care hospitals; thus, clinical care documentation and compliance with the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) is crucial. The study assessed emergency providers (EP) documentation of clinical care and EMTALA compliance among interhospital transferred AoD patients. METHODS: This retrospective study examined adult patients transferred directly from a referring emergency department (ED) to a quaternary academic center between January 1, 2011 and September 30, 2015...
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Amairah Fahad Aloushan, Faisal Abdullah Almoaiqel, Raid Naysh Alghamdi, Fatmah Ismail Alnahari, Abdulaziz Fahad Aldosari, Nazish Masud, Nawfal Abdullah Aljerian
BACKGROUND: Administering oxygen therapy (OT) has an essential role in preventing/managing hypoxemia in both acute and chronic conditions. It should be adjusted to achieve the normal oxygen saturation of 94%-98% in most cases. This study aims to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of nurses, paramedics, emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and Emergency Medical Services (EMS) physicians working at emergency departments (ED) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a structured questionnaire was used to assess KAP related to OT of nurses, paramedics, EMTs and EMS physicians currently working at an ED of a tertiary care hospital...
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Israel Olatunji Gabriel, Joel O Aluko
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to evaluate the theoretical knowledge and psychomotor skill acquisition of basic life support (BLS) by a group of secondary school students in Nigeria pre and post BLS training. METHODS: This was quasi-experimental study design with 210 participants. They were taught on adult BLS and all the participants practiced BLS on a Resusci-Anne manikin immediately after the training. Data were collected using American Heart Association (AHA) structured questionnaire and psychomotor skills checklist for BLS at baseline, and post BLS training...
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Robert D Willmore, Damjan Veljanoski, Feray Ozdes, Bethan Stephens, James Mooney, Seamus G Crumley, Arpan Doshi, Philippa Davies, Shreya Badhrinarayanan, Emily Day, Kristian Tattam, April Wilson, Nathan Crang, Lorna Green, Craig A Mounsey, Howell Fu, Joseph Williams, Michelle S D'souza, Dhanya Sebastian, Liam A Mcgiveron, Matthew G Percy, James Cohen, Imogen J John, Alice Lethbridge, Imogen Watkins, Omar Amin, Mubasher A Qamar, John Gerrard Hanrahan, Emily Cramond-Wong
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals have a duty to maintain basic life support (BLS) skills. This study aims to evaluate medical students' factual knowledge of BLS and the training they receive. METHODS: A cross-sectional, closed-response questionnaire was distributed to the first- and fourth-year students studying at institutions in the United Kingdom. The paper questionnaire sought to quantify respondent's previous BLS training, factual knowledge of the BLS algorithm using five multiple choice questions (MCQs), and valuate their desire for further BLS training...
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Yi-Jung Chen, Chien-Chin Hsu, Kuo-Tai Chen
BACKGROUND: People sometimes siphon fuel to fill their tanks. However, this is a potentially dangerous procedure and may cause hydrocarbon pneumonitis. We present the case of a patient with severe hydrocarbon pneumonitis after siphoning fuel. The patient underwent artificial ventilation and was admitted to hospital for 97 days. METHODS: We review the relevant literature for a better understanding of clinical features and management strategies for hydrocarbon pneumonitis following fuel siphonage...
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Anthony Maselli, Sarah E Frasure
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Sophia Ahmed, Stacey Barnes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Vanessa Santos, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Genevieve Mazza, Carina Mireles Romo, Marlene Torres, Ali Duffens, Annasha Vyas, Katherine Moran, Joshua Livingston, Savannah Gonzales, Shadi Lahham, Inna Shniter, Maxwell Thompson, John Christian Fox
BACKGROUND: Dehydration and its associated symptoms are among the most common chief complaints of children in rural Panama. Previous studies have shown that intravascular volume correlates to the ratio of the diameters of the inferior vena cava (IVC) to the aorta (Ao). Our study aims to determine if medical students can detect pediatric dehydration using ultrasound on patients in rural Panama. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study conducted in the Bocas del Toro region of rural Panama...
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Colin A Meghoo, Stanislav Gaievskyi, Oleksandr Linchevskyy, Bindhu Oommen, Kateryna Stetsenko
BACKGROUND: The capability of the public ambulance system in Ukraine to address urgent medical complaints in a prehospital environment is unknown. Evaluation using reliable sources of patient data is needed to provide insight into current treatments and outcomes. METHODS: We obtained access to de-identified computer records from the emergency medical services (EMS) dispatch center in Poltava, a medium-sized city in central Ukraine. Covering a five-month period, we retrieved data for urgent calls with a patient complaint of respiratory distress...
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Linda C Chokotho, Wakisa Mulwafu, Mulinda Nyirenda, Foster J Mbomuwa, Hemant G Pandit, Grace Le, Christopher Lavy
BACKGROUND: Less attention is directed toward gaining a better understanding of the burden and prevention of injuries, in low and middle income countries (LMICs). We report the establishment of a trauma registry at the Adult Emergency and Trauma Centre (AETC) at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital (QECH) in Blantyre, Malawi and identify high risk geographic areas. METHODS: We devised a paper based two-page trauma registry form. Ten data clerks and all AETC clinicians were trained to complete demographic and clinical details respectively...
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Hojat Sheikh Motahar Vahedi, Hadi Hajebi, Elnaz Vahidi, Amir Nejati, Morteza Saeedi
BACKGROUND: Rapid and effective pain relief in acute traumatic limb injuries (ATLI) is one of the most important roles of emergency physicians. In these situations, opioid addiction is an important concern because of the dependency on opioids. The study aims to compare the effectiveness of intravenous (IV) fentanyl versus morphine in reducing pain in patients with opioid addiction who suffered from ATLI. METHODS: In this double-blind randomized clinical trial, 307 patients with ATLI, who presented to the emergency department (ED) from February 2016 to April 2016, were randomly divided into two groups...
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Bianca M Wahlen, Ayman El-Menyar, Mohammad Asim, Hassan Al-Thani
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe the current practice of emergency physicians and anaesthesiologists in the selection of drugs for rapid-sequence induction (RSI) among trauma patients. METHODS: A prospective survey audit was conducted based on a self-administered questionnaire among two intubating specialties. The preferred type and dose of hypnotics, opioids, and muscle relaxants used for RSI in trauma patients were sought in the questionnaire. Data were compared for the use of induction agent, opioid use and muscle relaxant among stable and unstable trauma patients by the intubating specialties...
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Rakesh Gupta, Isaac Siemens, Sam Campbell
BACKGROUND: Feedback on patient outcomes is invaluable to the practice of emergency medicine but examples of effective forms of feedback have not been well characterized in the literature. We describe one system of emergency department (ED) outcome feedback called the return visit report (RVR) and present the results of a survey assessing physicians' perceptions of this novel form of feedback. METHODS: An Opinio web-based survey was conducted in 81 emergency physicians (EPs) at three EDs...
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
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