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Journal of Family & Reproductive Health

Maroudias George, Gouloumi Alina-Roxani, Tsakiraki Zoi, Oikonomou Maria, Chrelias George, Chrelias Charalampos
A tail-gut cyst can be often a misleading clinical entity. In half of the patients there is no presenting symptom. On the other half, the patients most commonly present with a variety of symptoms such as rectal pain, constipation, lower back pain, dysuria or dyspareunia. The recommended treatment of choice for the tail-gut cyst is complete surgical excision without rupture of the cyst. We present the case of a 29-year-old female with history of dyspareunia over a 5-month period, who discovered an "ovarian" cyst during an annual scheduled ultrasound appointment...
June 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Sayyedeh Rahmaneh Atyabi, Majid Bouzari, Majid Komijani
Objective: To evaluate presence of different subtypes and genetic variations of JC virus in different geographical areas is a useful tool for reconstructing of the genetic information and understanding of the evolution of the virus and also in tracing of the last and present history of human immigration. Materials and methods: This study aimed to investigate the reactivation of different genotypes of JC virus in kidney and its excretion in the urine of the 50 pregnant and 50 non-pregnant women. Phenol-chloroform method was used to extract DNA...
June 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Mahnaz Nosratabadi, Khadija Hekmat, Anna Dencker, Zahra Abbaspoor
Objective: To study the effects of the Individual and Group Psycho-educational counseling in pregnant women on knowledge, attitude and mode of delivery. Materials and methods: This is a randomized controlled trial that carried out on 100 healthy nulliparous pregnant women with uncomplicated pregnancies, who had no contraindication for vaginal birth, but opted for a caesarean section in Medical centers of Dezful city, in the south west of Iran. Participants were randomly assigned into individual or group psycho-educational counseling from gestational week 20 and Knowledge, attitude and mode of delivery in the Individual and Group Psycho-educational counseling methods were measured...
June 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Fahimeh Ramezani-Tehrani, Khaled Rahmani, Ali Moradi, Seyed Ali Montazeri, Razieh Bidhendi-Yarandi, Fatemeh Darabi
Objective: To assess and compare the normal ranges of androgen hormones level, total testosterone (TT), free testosterone (FT), dehydrotestosterone (DHT), androstenedione (A4), dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), in Iranian women based on different statistical methods. Materials and methods: This study was conducted on previous data collected in Iranian PCOS Prevalence Study, which details have been published before. A total of 1772 women of 18-45 years were recruited from urban areas of five randomly selected provinces in different geographic regions of Iran...
June 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Mehrnaz Rasoolinejad, Nasrin Abedinia, Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Minoo Mohraz, Zahra Bayat Jozani, Banafsheh Moradmand Badie
Objective: Over the past years, the prevalence and the progression rate of HIV infection in Iran especially through high-risk sexual relationships have regrettably been reported at very high levels. This cross-sectional study tries to analyze stigma, mental health, and coping skills on risky behaviors in HIV-positive adults in Tehran- Iran. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 450 HIV-positive adults. Participants completed a socio-demographic questionnaire, the General HealthQuestionnaire-28, the Berger HIV Stigma Scale as well as the Lazarus Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WOCQ)...
June 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Mohammad Hossein Davari, Elham Naghshineh, Mehrdad Mostaghaci, Seyyed Jalil Mirmohammadi, Maryam Bahaloo, Abbas Jafari, Amir Houshang Mehrparvar
Objective: Employed mothers face considerable amount of hazards. Especially shift work can impact pregnant women by affecting some hormones. This study was conducted to assess the adverse effects of shift work on pregnancy outcomes. Materials and methods: This historical cohort study was conducted in 2017 in order to assess the effect of shift work on pregnancy outcomes. The subjects were consecutively selected from pregnant women, which referred to Al Zahra and Shahid Beheshti hospitals, Isfahan, Iran for their pregnancy care...
June 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Vasilios Pergialiotis, Nikoleta Karampetsou, Despina N Perrea, Panagiotis Konstantopoulos, Georgios Daskalakis
Objective: To evaluate the impact of bacteriospermia on semen parameters. Materials and methods: We used the Medline (1966-2017), Scopus (2004-2017), (2008-2017), EMBASE, (1980-2017), LILACS (1985-2017) and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials CENTRAL (1999-2017) databases in our primary search along with the reference lists of electronically retrieved full-text papers. Meta-analysis was performed with the RevMan 5.3 software. Results: Eighteen studies were finally included. Men were stratified in two groups, healthy controls (5,797 men) and those suffering from bacteriospermia (3,986 men)...
June 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Neda Dolatkhah, Majid Hajifaraji, Seyed Kazem Shakouri
Objective: Gestational diabetes mellitus is the most common metabolic and endocrine perinatal complication and is a growing health problem worldwide. Considering the fetal programming and its contribution as one of the evolutionary origins of human diseases, it is very important to improve the glucose metabolism in pregnant women, determination of other nutrients, preventing excessive accumulation of fetal fats, emphasis on weight loss measures before pregnancy, dietary intake with low-fat healthy food and prevention of abundant weight loss...
June 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Krishna Dahiya, Seema Rohilla, Kriti Agarwal, Mahesh Rathod, Archit Dahiya
Objective: To correlate the Magnetic Resonance Imaging findings and clinical presentation in patients of eclampsia. Materials and methods: This one year prospective study was conducted in the HDU of Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, PT.B.D.Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak .A total of 50 women with eclampsia (both antepartum and postpartum) were divided into two groups: a) study group patients with abnormal MRI b) control group: b) control group: patients with normal MRI.Comparison was done using chi-square test and unpaired student 't' test...
March 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Mehrnegar Azogh, Mansour Shakiba, Ali Navidian
Objective: We aimed to determine the effect of psychoeducation on women's anxiety in subsequent pregnancy following stillbirth. Materials and methods: This two-arm, semi-experimental study was conducted on 100 women with subsequent pregnancy after stillbirth who visited the healthcare centers affiliated to a university of medical sciences in southeast of Iran in 2017. The eligible women were selected by using the convenience sampling method and were randomly divided into the intervention and control groups...
March 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Mahsa Shakour, Kobra Salehi, Nikoo Yamany
Objective: To assess reproductive health needs in men and women as the first and basic step in educational planning. Materials and methods: The study was qualitative. Participants were Postmenopausal women and men over 60 years. Data gathering was done by semi structured interviews. Analysis of the qualitative data was conducted during a multi-step process according to the assessment method of Altschuld et al needs analysis. Results: Two general themes were considered in categorizing codes extracted from interviews: 1) Problems, 2) Demands...
March 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Fatemeh Abbasalizadeh, Farnaz Sahhaf, Paria Sadeghi-Shabestari, Mohammad Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari, Mohammad Naghavi-Behzad
Objective: To evaluate the effect of letrozole plus misoprostol to terminate non-viable pregnancies in first trimester compared with the use of misoprostol alone. Materials and methods: In a single-blind clinical trial, 128 women over 18 years old referred to Educational-Medical centers of Tabriz University of Medical Science (Tabriz, Iran), for abortion in first trimester of non-viable pregnancies, were randomly selected in two intervention and control groups using Rand list (version 1.2) software. To complete abortion both groups received 600 mcg of misoprostolorally...
March 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Jabacsmick Sharmila Thangaraj, Syed Habeebullah, Sunil Kumar Samal, Sunita S Amal
Objective: Even though cervical length is considered as predictor of timing and mode of delivery, it is not used as a screening tool in low risk asymptomatic population. This study was carried out with the intention to know the timing and mode of delivery in asymptomatic low risk women using second trimester ultrasonographic cervical length measurement and predict the risk of pretermlabor, prolonged pregnancy and need for caesarean section. 1) To determine the association between cervical length at mid-pregnancy and timing of delivery...
March 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Fatemeh Davari-Tanha, Mahbod Kaveh, Ahmad Ebrahimi, Maryam Mirzaei, Mamak Shariat, Zahra Shahraki
Objective: To evaluate association between polymorphism rs1670533 in RNF212 gene with the risk of Down syndrome in young women. Materials and methods: In a case control study, one hundred pregnant women were evaluated in both group. The case group consisted pregnancy with diagnosis of Down syndrome in women younger than 35 years old. The control group consisted pregnancy with normal neonate. Fifty pregnant women in each group were hundred blood samples were collected. Genomic DNA was extracted by salting - out method and polymorphism of rs1670533 were detected by PCR...
March 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Sunday A Adelakun, Babatunde Ogunlade, Olusegun D Omotoso, Oyebowale O Oyewo
Objective: To determine the role of aqueous crude leaf extract of Seneciobiafrae ( SB ) combined with Zinc (Zn) on Testicular function of Adult Male Sprague dawley Rats. Materials and methods: Twenty-four adult males praguedawley Rats weighing 180-200g, aged 10-12 weeks, were randomized into four groups (A,B,C,D) of six rats each (n = 6) and were given 2mls of distilled water; 500 mg/kg of SB ; 500 mg/kg of SB and 0.5 mg/kg Znsulfate; 500 mg/kg of SB and 1mg/kg of Zn. The administration was done daily via gastric gavage for 28 days...
March 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Zahra Abbasi-Ranjbar, Seyedeh Hajar Sharami, Soudabeh Kazemi, Daniyal Sayyad-Abdi, Seyedeh Fatemeh Dalil Heirati
Objective: To assess the relationship between free testosterone level and components of MS in women with PCOS. Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional study which was conducted on 215 women with PCOS. PCOS was diagnosed based on the Rotterdam criteria. Patients were divided into two subgroups of patients with and without MS based on ATP III criteria. In each subgroup, the association between individual components of MS with free testosterone was measured. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results: The prevalence of MS was 28...
March 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Savita Rani Singhal, Susheela Chaudhary, Kriti Agarwal, Anjali Gupta
Objective: To report a case of Successful Pregnancy Outcome in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer in a 26 year Old. Case Report: A 26 years old primigravida presented in antenatal clinic at 23 weeks of pregnancy with recurrence of ovarian cancer of mucinous type. Following refusal of surgical management, two courses of single dose carboplatin was administered. However, before third cycle of chemotherapy could be administered ,there was deranged liver functions tests, following which elective Cesarean section with staging laparotomy was planned at 34 weeks for breech presentation with oligohydramnios...
December 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Hatav Ghasemi-Tehrani, Arezoo Sadeghian, Reza Entezari
Objective: To evaluate the relationship between maternal serum levels of pregnancy-associated-plasma-protein-A (PAPP-A) and β-human-chorionic-gonadotropin (β-hCG) and pregnancy complications. Materials and methods: This is a case-control study conducted during 2015- 2016. Women at their first pregnancy were enrolled and serum PAPP-A and free-β-hCG were measured in 9-14 weeks of gestation. They were followed till the end of pregnancylooking for complications including preterm labor, pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH), abortion, and intra-uterine growth retardation (IUGR)...
December 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Sakineh Dadipoor, Ali Ramezankhani, Azin Alavi, Teamur Aghamolaei, Ali Safari-Moradabadi
Objective: Investigate the health literacy of pregnant women in the south of Iran. Materials and methods: The present descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 775 pregnant women in the south of Iran (including Boushehr, Ahvaz, Zahedan and Bandar Abbas cities) through the clustering sample selection method. The data were collected through the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults: TOFHLA, and were analyzed statistically via SPSS 16 through independent-sample t-test and ANOVA. Results: The average age of the subjects was 31...
December 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Davoud Pourmarzi, Ashraf Khoramirad, Mina Gaeeni
Objective: This study aimed to report on perceived stigma by PLWH and factors that affect it. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 120 PLWH in Qom, Iran from November 2015 to April 2016. Persian version of Fife and Wright's scale was used to measure perceived stigma. Results: The mean score of stigma was 73.19 ± 12.23 (range: 48-97). The means of external stigma and internal stigma were 43.70 ± 8.61 (range: 19-60), and 29.49 ± 5.32 (range: 17-40), respectively. Living in a rural areas (β = 10...
December 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
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