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Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine

T T Ibiyeye, A A Abolarinwa, R I Osuoji
Background: Wilms' tumour is one of the most common solid abdominal tumours in children in sub-Saharan Africa. Most cases present with an asymptomatic abdominal mass. We report a 2 year old male child who presented with acute urinary retention of 6 hours duration. He had a left flank mass and ascites, with a piece of necrotic tissue protruding from the urethral meatus. The urinary retention was relieved by manual removal of the necrotic tissue and passage of a Foley's urethral catheter...
June 2018: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
F Edegbe, C O Okani, A A Obasi, P O Ezeonu
Any neoplastic growth within a tissue or an organ harboring components derived from more than one germ layer is called a teratoma. Teratoma may be monodermal or polydermal in origin and they can also be classified as mature or immature teratomas. In a retrospective study of teratomas histologically diagnosed in the Department of Pathology, Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki (FETHA), Ebonyi State, the entire specimens received at the Department for histological assessment over a fifteen-year period (2000-2014), was 6,548...
June 2018: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
V N Okoje, O O Ambeke, O O Gbolahan
Background: Ludwig's angina (LA) is defined as a rapidly spreading cellulitis involving submandibular, sublingual and submental tissue spaces bilaterally and simultaneously. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the causes, complications, duration of hospital stay and outcome of cases that presented within a 2- year period in the University College Hospital Ibadan and reviewing the management protocols used for such cases. Materials and methods: All cases of LA seen in the department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery from January 2015 to December 2016 were studied...
June 2018: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
O O Latunji, O O Akinyemi
Background: Health-seeking behaviours (HSB) are closely linked with the health status of a nation and thus its economic development. Several studies have described HSB within the context of various diseases. However, knowledge of HSB among population sub-groups is still scanty. This study aims to determine factors most important to civil servants when seeking health care. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 337 civil servants working in the Federal Secretariat, Ibadan, Nigeria...
June 2018: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
I A Azeez, B O Yusuf
Background: The prevalence of hypertension is higher in Semi-urban areas than in rural areas. There is a rising prevalence of hypertension in developing countries. Significant independent association has been found between age, family history and prevalence of hypertension according to the literature. This study sought to determine the prevalence of hypertension at the State Hospital Oyo and provide evidence for routine checks of blood pressure (BP) for adult patients. Methods: A Cross-sectional study was conducted at the General Outpatient Clinic of the State Hospital Oyo...
June 2018: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
O Ojifinni, O Ige, M C Asuzu
Background: Reproductive health (RH) services are important to reduce reproductive morbidity and mortality. This is only possible if such services are used. Knowledge of the determinants of choice health facility for reproductive morbidity is useful to design interventions aimed at increasing utilization of RH services. Objective: This study therefore explored the determinants of choice of health facility for reproductive morbidity among female traders within Ibadan metropolis...
June 2018: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
A C Jemilohun, B O Oyelade, J O Fadare, I O Amole
Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common disorder globally but the prevalence and severity of symptoms and complications do have ethnic and geographic variations. Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) among adults in Ogbomoso, Southwest Nigeria, and the risk factors associated with it. methodology: The study was a hospital-based descriptive cross-sectional survey...
June 2018: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
C U Okeafor, F E Alamina
Background: Psychosocial hazards pose a great threat to the mental health of health care workers. There is a dearth of research on this type of hazard in hospital settings in Nigeria. Objective: This study aimed to assess the psychosocial hazards and the corresponding risks among health care workers in a tertiary health facility in Rivers State. Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Rivers State, Nigeria using qualitative method...
June 2018: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
T A Obembe, K O Odebunmi, A D Olalemi
Background: Fertility, particularly as it pertains to the role of men as decision makers is important with respect to demographic transition theory. Studies have explored fertility preferences of men but very little has been done with regard to fertility preferences amongst men from the slums. The aim of this study was to investigate drivers of family sizes among the urban slum households in Ibadan of South-West Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional survey design was conducted among 362 men in selected urban slum communities in Ibadan, Oyo State using multi-stage sampling...
June 2018: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
E O Oyetola, I K Mogaji, T O Agho, O A Ayilara
Aim: This study aimed at describing the epidemiology and pattern of presentation of oral ulcerations among patients seen in Oral Medicine clinic of Obafemi Awolowo University Complex, Ile-Ife. Methodology: This study was a retrospective cohort study of all cases that presented with oral ulcers in the oral medicine clinic between May 2015 and May 2017. The clinical diagnosis of oral ulcers was based on the WHO guidelines for oral mucosa diagnosis. All the case notes in the unit were retrieved and reviewed...
June 2018: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
O F Fagbule
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
O O Bankole, F B Lawal, O Ibiyemi
Studies have revealed that Nigerians irrespective of social class have negative attitudes and practices towards children born with natal teeth and those who erupt teeth within the first 30 days of life. This has been associated with the strong cultural myths and beliefs that exist among the populace. Children with natal teeth and their families have been stigmatized and are believed to be cursed. This stigmatization affects their social life and consequently impacts on their quality of life. Therefore, there is a need to develop an intervention such as a video to help dispel these myths...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
A C Jemilohun, O G Adewoye
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a rare cause of chronic liver disease (CLD). It presents with varied clinical features from acute hepatitis to CLDs like chronic viral hepatitis and alcoholic liver disease, making it difficult to diagnose in the absence of a high index of suspicion and adequate laboratory support. Autoantibody-mediated hepatocyte injury is the major feature of AIH. We present a 44 year old woman with recurrent jaundice, ascites, splenomegaly, coagulopathy, negative chronic viral hepatitis screening, elevated IgG and positive anti-smooth muscle antibody...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
O Oloyede, G O Obajimi
Premenarchial Transverse vaginal septum is a benign condition. The septum may be found in the upper, middle or lower vagina. A case report of a premenarchial girl with transverse vaginal septum managed at the university college hospital, Ibadan, in January 2009. Diagnosis was made following a history of primary amenorrhea, cyclical low abdominal pain and pelvic examination which revealed a vaginal septum. She had surgical resection of the vaginal septum and a vaginal stent was left in-situ to keep the vagina patent during the healing process...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
A O Olumide, Eme T Owoaje
Background: Several interventions have been instituted to encourage smoking cessation among smokers. Many adults are currently working and spend several hours a day at work. Employers thus have a role to play in encouraging staff who smoke to quit. This study investigated the perception of drivers employed in the University of Ibadan, Nigeria on the role of their employers in facilitating smoking cessation among staff who smoke. Method: All 176 drivers employed by the University and who were available on the days of the interviews were interviewed...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
S O Martins, O F Folasire, A E Irabor
Introduction: Prediabetes is a condition in which individuals have blood glucose levels higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes mellitus. Inadequate moderate-intensity physical activity, amidst other risk factors, is a well-documented risk factor for prediabetes. Hospital administrative staff can be particularly vulnerable to prediabetes because of the greater number of hours spent in a sitting or sedentary position during administrative duties. The aim of this study was to find the prevalence of prediabetes and to determine its predictors among administrative staff of a tertiary health centre in southwestern Nigeria...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
T J Lasisi, T A Abimbola
Background: Varying pathologic conditions can affect the tongue for which the pattern of occurrence may differ. The aim of this study was to review the clinico-pathologic features of histologically diagnosed cases of tongue lesions that presented in our hospital over a 21 years period. Materials and Methods: Data on habits, class of lesion, histological diagnosis, age, gender, and site distributions were analyzed using descriptive frequencies, ranges and means ± SD...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
A O Akinyamoju, B F Adeyemi, A D Odofin, A O Balogun, C A Akinyamoju
Background: Oral histopathology services are oral diagnostic procedures. General Dental Practitioners (GDPs) are routinely exposed to oral lesions that require biopsies. Hence, the study's objective of assessing the perception and the utilization of oral histopathology services by GDPs. Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at dental clinics distributed across Southwest Nigeria. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of sections addressing the socio-demographic/professional aspects; the beliefs of GDPs and their utilization of oral histopathology services was used to collect data...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
V N Okoje, T O Aladelusi, T A Abimbola
Aim: The study presents a case series which evaluates the presentation, management and outcome of TMJ dislocation in a tertiary health centre in Nigeria. Materials and methods: Case review of 11 patients with TMJ dislocation seen in the University College Hospital (UCH) Ibadan over a period of 10 years. The criteria for the diagnosis of TMJ dislocation were based on history, clinical examination and radiologic findings. Results: Mean age of patients was 44...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
O O Olukoya, O A Adebiyi
Background: Malaria is of global health concern particularly among pregnant women. Nigeria contributes largely to global burden but coverage of Intermittent Preventive Treatment of malaria in pregnancy using Sulphadoxine pyrimethamine remains low. This study was conducted to determine the national situation of missed opportunity for IPTp-SP and attempted to look at correlates and predictors. Method: The study used secondary data analysis of the Nigeria Demographic Health Survey, 2013...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
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