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New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714491/gillick-competence-an-unnecessary-burden
#1
Nigel Zimmermann
This study of the implications of Gillick competence argues it is an unnecessary burden with an unethical foundation. The ethics of adolescent medical decision-making is a fraught area for medical ethics because it deals with the threshold boundaries between childhood and adulthood and Gillick adds a burden upon children and adolescent patients that is unwarranted and through which damage is done to integral human relationships. In light of Gillick, it can be seen that the context of adolescent decision-making and childhood, is a neglected topic of ethical reflection...
February 2, 2019: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30650047/assessing-enhancement-technologies-authenticity-as-a-social-virtue-and-experiment
#2
Cristian Iftode
This paper argues for a revised concept of authenticity entailing two demands that must be balanced. The first demand moves authenticity from the position of a strictly self-regarding virtue towards the position of a fully social virtue, acknowledging the crucial feature of steadiness, i.e. self-consistency, as being precisely what we 'naturally' lack (Williams). Nevertheless, the value of personal authenticity in a modern, open society comes from the fact that it brings about not only steadiness, but also the public development of a variety of existential options that can be understood as Millian 'original experiments in living'...
January 16, 2019: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632942/surrogacy-challenges-and-ambiguities
#3
Ana Rita Igreja, Miguel Ricou
Surrogacy is an increasingly frequent form of family building and allows individuals to become parents despite an infertility diagnosis or a biological impossibility. Positive outcomes for both the surrogacy child and the surrogate mother have been reported, including in cases of same-sex male couples and single persons. There is an on-going debate because remuneration does not necessarily involve undue inducement of the surrogate or transformation of the child into a commodity. The right to regret and the doctors' autonomy are also addressed in this paper...
January 11, 2019: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30614781/what-demarks-the-metamorphosis-of-human-individuals-to-posthuman-entities
#4
Michal Pruski
Humans often seek to improve themselves, whether through self-discipline or through the use of science and technology. At some point in the future, techniques might become available that will change humans to such a degree that they might have to be regarded as something other than human: posthuman. This essay tries to define the point at which such a human-to-posthuman metamorphosis may occur. This is achieved by discerning what is it that makes human substance distinct, i.e. what is the human essence. This is accomplished by examining the features of the human body, looking at the mode of human existence in society and trying to grasp the importance of the body-soul relationship...
January 7, 2019: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30779696/transitional-states
#5
Trevor Stammers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30779695/should-human-rights-and-autonomy-be-the-primary-determinants-for-the-disclosure-of-a-decision-to-withhold-futile-resuscitation
#6
Sarah Cahill
Do not attempt cardiopulmonary resuscitation decisions (DNACPR) are considered good medical practice for those dying at the end of natural life. They avoid intrusive and inappropriate intervention. Historically, informing patients of these decisions was discretionary to avoid undue distress. Recent legal rulings have altered clinical guidance: disclosure is now all but obligatory. The basis for these legal judgments was respect for the patient's autonomy as an expression of their human rights. Through critical analysis, this paper explores other bioethical considerations and the potential harms if they are ignored...
March 2019: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30336763/new-horizons-for-the-new-bioethics
#7
Trevor Stammers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29939111/peter-singer-s-ethics-a-critical-appraisal
#8
Trevor Stammers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30295570/head-transplantation-the-immune-system-phantom-sensations-and-the-integrated-mind
#9
Jocelyn Downey
The principal focus of this paper is to consider the implications of head and neck transplantation surgery on the issue of personal identity. To this end, it is noted that the immune system has not only been established to impose a level of self-identity on bodily cells, it has also been implicated in mental development and the regulation of mental state. In this it serves as a paradigm for the mind as the product of cephalic and extracephalic systems. The importance of bodily systems in identity is then discussed in relation to phantom tissue syndrome...
October 8, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30244667/patient-centred-ivf-bioethics-and-care-in-a-dutch-clinic
#10
Matt James
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 24, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30235110/abortion-rights-for-and-against
#11
Aled Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30235082/ethical-issues-in-intrauterine-myelomeningocele-surgery
#12
Agustín Silberberg, Josefina Robetto, Magdalena Grillo
Intrauterine surgery shows that the prognosis of neonates with myelomeningocele (MMC) has improved, both in survival and in quality of life. In order to study the current efficacy of intrauterine surgery for MMC and to make an ethical analysis of its proportionality, we conducted a PubMed search using the keywords "myelomeningocele", "intrauterine surgery", "MOMS", and "trial". Thirty-eight articles were found. The literature investigated the risks and benefits of intrauterine surgery based on the physiological parameters of MMC...
September 20, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30230424/the-neurostructure-of-morality-and-the-hubris-of-memory-manipulation
#13
Peter A DePergola
Neurotechnologies that promise to dampen (via pharmacologicals), disassociate (via electro-convulsive therapy), erase (via deep brain stimulation), and replace (via false memory creation) unsavory episodic memories are no longer the subject of science fiction. They have already arrived, and their funding suggests that they will not disappear anytime soon. In light of their emergence, this essay examines the neurostructure of normative morality to clarify that memory manipulation, which promises to take away that which is bad in human experience, also removes that which enables human beings to be good...
September 19, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30230422/is-payment-for-egg-donation-an-undue-inducement
#14
Agneta Sutton
Should egg donors be paid? A negative answer might be offered on the ground that payment for egg donation is coercive. But is this viewpoint tenable? Is the offer of payment for egg donation really coercive? Even if not coercive, might payment for egg donation nonetheless be seen as exploitative? And if so why? The central argument of this paper focuses on the question whether the offer of payment for egg donation is an exploitative inducement and therefore an undue inducement. Another question raised in this paper is whether, given that it is commodifying, payment for egg donation constitutes a failure to recognize the giftedness and true value of human life...
September 19, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30015576/-despite-circumstance-the-principles-of-medical-ethics-and-the-role-of-hope
#15
Anna Westin
In this paper, I will examine how the role of hope can inform our interpretation of the classical principles of medical ethics. Defining hope as a future-oriented expectation for the good, I will look at how it can shape our understanding of justice, beneficence, respect for autonomy and non-maleficence. I will suggest that ethically engaging with these principles in medical practice requires placing value on the patient-practitioner relation as a mode of hope. Engaging the writings of Emmanuel Lévinas and Søren Kierkegaard, I will show how hope reveals itself through responsible and expectant relationship, even in the midst of suffering...
July 17, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29847285/paired-papers
#16
Trevor Stammers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29741450/elective-abandonment-a-male-counterpart-to-abortion
#17
Richard C Playford
Two of the most influential arguments in favour of the permissibility of abortion were put forward in the latter half of the twentieth century by Judith Jarvis Thomson and Mary Anne Warren. The implications of these arguments for unwilling putative fathers have largely not been considered. Some have argued that Thomson's defence of abortion might allow a man under certain circumstances to terminate his parental responsibilities and rights. To my knowledge, nobody has considered the implications of Warren's argument for men...
July 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29733759/teleology-and-defining-sex
#18
Nathan K Gamble, Michal Pruski
Disorders of sexual differentiation lead to what is often referred to as an intersex state. This state has medical, as well as some legal, recognition. Nevertheless, the question remains whether intersex persons occupy a state in between maleness and femaleness or whether they are truly men or women. To answer this question, another important conundrum needs to be first solved: what defines sex? The answer seems rather simple to most people, yet when morphology does not coincide with haplotypes, and genetics might not correlate with physiology the issue becomes more complex...
July 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29708473/core-ethics-for-health-professionals-principles-issues-and-compliance
#19
Richard D W Hain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29693506/arguments-about-abortion-personhood-morality-and-law
#20
Calum Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
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