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Rafaela Soares Rech, Fernando Neves Hugo, Jeanne Gabriele Schmidt, Bárbara Niegia Garcia de Goulart, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert
PURPOSE: To describe the presence of speech-language therapists (SLT) in the primary health care (PHC) in Brazil and its association with socioeconomic inequalities. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 17,157 PHC services in all Brazilian states. Based on the NASF External Assessment Questionnaire sub-item "speech-language therapist", which was used to answer the question "What NASF professionals support your PHC service?", in addition to contextual data (regional population, number of registered SLP, speech therapy college courses, city HDI and Gini Index)...
February 11, 2019: CoDAS
Marina Englert, Livia Lima, Ana Carolina Constantini, Ben Barsties V Latoszek, Youri Maryn, Mara Behlau
PURPOSE: This study aimed to verify the best speech material for the AVQI for Brazilian Portuguese language and identify the best validity results between the auditory perceptual judgment (APJ) and the AVQI score on different speech materials. METHODS: We recorded voice samples of 50 individuals (dysphonic and vocally healthy) of several continuous speech (cs) variants (i.e., months of the year, numbers 1 to 20, and CAPE-V sentences) and attached the vowel /a/ in each case...
February 11, 2019: CoDAS
Gabriele Donicht, Marizete Ilha Ceron, Márcia Keske-Soares
PURPOSE: To verify and correlate the spelling errors present in the written productions to the performance in phonological awareness skills of children in different school years, with typical and atypical phonological development. METHODS: The sample consisted of 50 children divided into two groups: with typical phonological development (TPD) and with atypical phonological development (APD); students from the early years (1st to 5th grades) of schooling and ages between 6:0 and 10:0 years old...
February 11, 2019: CoDAS
Mabile Francine Ferreira Silva, Stela Verzinhasse Peres, Paulo Roberto Lazarini, Maria Claudia Cunha
PURPOSE: To investigate the sensitivity and internal consistency of the Psychosocial Scale of Facial Appearance (PSFA) based on the comparison between its results and those from other facial functional assessment instruments: House-Brackmann scale (HBS) and Facial Grading System - and the psychosocial implications measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). METHODS: The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the aforementioned Institution under protocols no...
November 29, 2018: CoDAS
Maria Cristina de Menezes Borrego, Mara Behlau
PURPOSE: Present a mapping of the Speech-language Pathology (SLP) practice pathway in verbal expressivity in the work of communicative competence. METHODS: Study participants were 40 volunteer speech-language pathologists with extensive experience in the area of voice. They responded to questions about duration of work, number of participants, evaluation instruments, and training of the speech language pathologists who work in this area. They discussed specific issues related to the strategies of expressivity proposed and the vocal resources, exercises and terminology used...
November 29, 2018: CoDAS
Flávia Rodrigues Dos Santos, Eliane Maria Carrit Delgado-Pinheiro
PURPOSE: To analyze the relations among the knowledge of teachers about hearing loss degree, technological devices, hearing aids (HA), cochlear implant (CI), frequency modulation system (FM), and communication strategies. METHODS: Forty-two (42) teachers that taught students with hearing impairment participated in this study. This sample included 24 middle school teachers, 11 elementary school teachers, and 7 preschool teachers, whose taught in the second semester of the school year and in the first semester of the following year...
November 29, 2018: CoDAS
Vanessa Veis Ribeiro, Jhonatan da Silva Vitor, Heitor Marques Honório, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio
PURPOSE: To review systematically the literature and to analyze the effectiveness of surface electromyographic biofeedback in the rehabilitation of adults with behavioral dysphonia. RESEARCH STRATEGIES: Two authors performed an independent search in the following databases: Clinical Trials, Cochrane Library, Embase, LILACS, PubMed, and Web of Science. A specific search strategy was developed for each database. SELECTION CRITERIA: The review included studies that examined the effectiveness of surface electromyographic biofeedback compared to other direct vocal therapy intervention in adults with behavioral dysphonia...
November 29, 2018: CoDAS
Karen Fontes Luchesi, Bruna Magnani Campos, Claudia Tiemi Mituuti
PURPOSE: To verify the perception of patients with neurodegenerative diseases regarding swallowing changes and to know the perceptions of swallowing sensations that can promote the early identification of dysphagia. METHODS: It is a cross-sectional study with 44 patients with neurodegenerative diseases. All of them answered a questionnaire to know the sensation perceived during swallowing and its intensity. The Fatigue Severity Scale was applied to measure fatigue and the Swallowing Disturbance Questionnaire was applied to detect swallowing complaints...
November 29, 2018: CoDAS
Sheila de Souza Vieira, Giselle Dupas, Brasilia Maria Chiari
PURPOSE: To understand the benefits of cochlear implantation in adulthood under the perspective of users. METHODS: Qualitative study using Symbolic Interactionism and Straussian Grounded Theory as theoretical and methodological frameworks, respectively. The project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the aforementioned Institution (Opinion no. 482,019). Sixteen adult cochlear implant (CI) users aged 28-58 years participated in the study. The data collection instrument was a semi-structured interview with questions about changes caused by CI in the social relations, communication, family system, and personal, academic and professional spheres of life of users...
November 29, 2018: CoDAS
Diego Rodrigues Pessoa, Davidson Ribeiro Costa, Bruno de Moraes Prianti, David Ribeiro Costa, Carolina Alves Delpasso, Emília Ângela Lo Schiavo Arisawa, Renata Amadei Nicolau
This case report aims to evaluate the treatment of Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) of muscular origin by associating facial massage (FM), dry needling (DN), and low-level laser therapy (LLLT). The pre- and post-treatment evaluations consisted of clinical examinations based on the Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC) for TMD, pain intensity quantification by means of the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), mandibular movement measurement, and electromyographic (EMG) analysis of the masseter and temporal muscles. Post-therapy assessment indicated a decrease in pain sites of 58%, in pain intensity mean (1...
November 29, 2018: CoDAS
Joviane Bagolin Bonini, Márcia Keske-Soares
The pseudowords are a resource rarely used in clinical practice, but may be an excellent option for phonological therapy. This study aimed to verify the therapeutic progress of children with phonological disorder, treated from a new therapeutic approach, considering the favorable linguistic environment in pseudowords and words. The sample consisted of three children, aged between 4 and 8 years old, who submitted to a new therapeutic approach to phonological basis. The children were treated with different targets involving pseudowords and real words in favorable and neutral linguistic environments...
November 29, 2018: CoDAS
Janaina Patricio de Lima, Sônia Maria Simões Iervolino, Eliane Schochat
PURPOSE: Verify the performance of musical perception and temporal auditory resolution and ordering skills in pre- and post-music therapy patients with cochlear implants (CI). METHODS: Study participants were 11 postlingual CI users with mean age of 47.64 years. All individuals underwent 10 weekly music therapy sessions. Auditory assessment was conducted using the Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Amusia (MBEA) and the Frequency Pattern Test (FPT). All participants were submitted to a placebo condition prior to music therapy and were evaluated at three different times...
November 12, 2018: CoDAS
Amanda Tragueta Ferreira-Vasques, Dionísia Aparecida Cusin Lamônica
PURPOSE: To present the Griffiths Mental Development Scale (GMDS), as well as its cross-cultural adaptation to Brazil. METHODS: GMDS is a diagnostic tool for assessing child development. The result of its application allows verifying if development is typical or if there are alterations in a certain specific area (gross motor, personal-social, language, fine-adaptive motor and execution) or global development. After contact with the authors, permission to use GMDS was obtained and in compliance with ethical aspects, the Portuguese version of the instrument was adapted to Brazilian Portuguese with maintenance of semantic, idiomatic, experimental and conceptual equivalences...
November 8, 2018: CoDAS
Lyvia Christina Camarotto Battiston Rodrigues-Sato, Katia de Almeida
PURPOSE: To develop a clinical protocol for patient care in the selection, verification, and validation process of hearing aids; to verify the viability of the protocol during its use by specialists in the field; to establish the graphical representation of the protocol by means of a flowchart with algorithms. METHODS: We conducted a literature review to collect the procedures required for developing clinical protocols in healthcare services and the main procedures at each step along the process of fitting hearing aids...
November 8, 2018: CoDAS
Eliana Maria Gradim Fabron, Kelly Cristina Alves Silvério, Giédre Berretin-Felix, Eduardo Carvalho Andrade, Polyana Ferreira Salles, Pâmela Aparecida Medeiros Moreira, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto
This study aims to verify the immediate and medium-term effects of an intensive voice therapy, with progression of vocal intensity and frequency and phonation time, on the voice and larynx of two elderly. A 79-year-old male and an 82-year-old female with vocal complaints and presbylarynx characteristics underwent 12 sessions of intensive voice therapy, with progression of voice intensity and frequency and phonation time, for three weeks. To analyze the therapeutic effects, the following assessments were performed pre-, post-immediately, and one month after voice therapy: auditory-perceptual analyses of the voice, acoustic analysis, and evaluation of maximum phonation time (MPT), self-reference voice-related quality of life, and laryngeal behavior...
October 29, 2018: CoDAS
Luana Cristina Berwig, Mariana Marquezan, Jovana de Moura Milanesi, Márlon Munhoz Montenegro, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Ana Maria Toniolo da Silva
PURPOSE: Analyze the influence of gender and age on hard palate dimensions and verify the reference parameters available in the literature. RESEARCH STRATEGIES: Two reviewers independently performed a search at the Cochrane Library, PubMed-Medline and Web of Knowledge databases using descriptors according to the syntax rules of each database. SELECTION CRITERIA: Observational or experimental human studies evaluating the dimensions of the hard palate or maxillary dental arch, with at least one transverse, vertical or sagittal plane measurement, in normal occlusions or class I malocclusions, and comparisons of the dimensions between genders and/or ages...
October 29, 2018: CoDAS
Eduarda Dandolini da Silva, Júlio Alexandre de Matheucci E Silva Teixeira, Renata Coelho Scharlach
PURPOSE: The main goal of this study was to measure the sound pressure level of digital audio players of high school students and investigate their auditory and non-auditory complaints, and their hearing habits. Another goal was to consider the concern with hearing health and the knowledge sources used by young people to gather information about the subject. METHODS: This is an observational, descriptive, quantitative, and cross-sectional study, which had the participation of high school students...
October 25, 2018: CoDAS
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/2317-1782/20142013068] [This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/2317-1782/20142013068].
October 25, 2018: CoDAS
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/2317-1782/20182017064] [This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/2317-1782/20182017064].
October 25, 2018: CoDAS
Leonardo Wanderley Lopes, Jônatas do Nascimento Alves, Deyverson da Silva Evangelista, Fernanda Pereira França, Vinícius Jefferson Dias Vieira, Maria Fabiana Bonfim de Lima-Silva, Leandro de Araújo Pernambuco
PURPOSE: Investigate the accuracy of isolated and combined acoustic measurements in the discrimination of voice deviation intensity (GD) and predominant voice quality (PVQ) in patients with dysphonia. METHODS: A total of 302 female patients with voice complaints participated in the study. The sustained /ɛ/ vowel was used to extract the following acoustic measures: mean and standard deviation (SD) of fundamental frequency (F0), jitter, shimmer, glottal to noise excitation (GNE) ratio and the mean of the first three formants (F1, F2, and F3)...
October 22, 2018: CoDAS
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