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Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596050/the-influence-of-oral-health-knowledge-on-parental-practices-among-the-saudi-parents-of-children-aged-2-6-years-in-riyadh-city-saudi-arabia
#1
Sunil Babu Kotha, Rawan Abdulaali Alabdulaali, Wed Talal Dahy, Yousef Rashed Alkhaibari, Abdullah Saeed Mohammed Albaraki, Abdulaziz Fahad Alghanim
Aims and Objectives: The parent's oral health knowledge has a great influence on their children, so the aim of the study was to estimate the parental knowledge about oral health care and its influence in maintaining the diet and hygiene practices on their children and also to access how the demographic variables will influence them in taking their child to dental visits. Materials and Methods: The self-administered pretested questionnaire was distributed among Saudi parents whose children are in the age group of 2-6 years vising primary health care centers (PHCCs) in Riyadh city...
November 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596049/relationship-between-respiratory-and-periodontal-health-in-adults-a-case-control-study
#2
Pranav Parashar, Ankita Parashar, Nidhi Saraswat, Pooja Pani, Nishant Pani, Satyam Joshi
Aims and Objectives: The colonization of the respiratory pathogens has been found in the oral cavity. In the high-risk patients for lung infection; the risk factor is the high colonization of the respiratory pathogens in the oral cavity. The present study was performed with an aim to investigate the relationship between periodontal health and respiratory diseases. Material and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in the individuals who were attending the outpatient department of dentistry and those who signed the informed consent to participate in the study...
November 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596048/oral-cancer-screening-among-smokers-and-nonsmokers
#3
Qoot Alkhubaizi, Mai E Khalaf, Hussain Dashti, Prem N Sharma
Aims and Objectives: The aim of visual systematic screening is early identification of oral cancer (OC) precursor lesion. OC mortality improves when cancer is identified at early stages. This is important in patients whose lifestyle choices render them at higher risk of developing OC. This study described the prevalence of OC screening among smokers and nonsmokers in Kuwait and ascertained demographic predictors. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study utilized a self-administered online survey in English and Arabic through Survey Monkey® and disseminated using the social networking app "WhatsApp...
November 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596047/dental-practitioners-perception-toward-management-of-physically-challenged-patient-among-saudi-arabia
#4
Nancy Ajwa, Areej Alomran, Hajar Alsuwaie, Kinda Alzamil, Rafa Alfaifi, Noor Almasry, Zainab Alali, Maha Alanazi
Aim and Objective: The aim of the current study is to evaluate the knowledge of dental practitioners in Saudi Arabia about managing physically challenged patients. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional digitalized survey was conducted among dental practitioners including both male and female. The questionnaire consisted of 20 items which included years of dental practice, previous experience treating a physically challenged patient, and any difficulties handling such cases...
November 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596046/a-comparative-study-of-dermatoglyphics-in-subjects-with-hypodivergent-and-hyperdivergent-growth-patterns
#5
Nivedita Sahoo
Aims and Objectives: Dermatoglyphics is the study of fingerprints. Fingerprints are unique for an individual person. This aim of this study was to note if any correlation exists between dermatoglyphics and growth patterns. Materials and Methods: Lateral cephalograms of 100 patients were recorded and traced. Mandibular plane angle was measured according to Steiner's analysis to determine the type of growth pattern and thus separated into two groups (50 in each group): Group I being horizontal growth pattern (HGP) and Group II being vertical growth pattern (VGP)...
November 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596045/comparative-evaluation-of-postoperative-sensitivity-in-bulk-fill-restoratives-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Riddhi Thakarshibhai Hirani, Renu Batra, Sonali Kapoor
Aim: Comparative evaluation of postoperative sensitivity (POS) among three bulk fill restorative materials (Cention N, Equia Forte, Activa™ Bioactive restorative) in Class I posterior restorations. Materials and Methods: One hundred and forty-four patients having occlusal caries were arbitrarily selected and divided into three groups. Standardized Class I cavity was prepared and restored with Cention N, Equia forte, and Activa™ Bioactive restorative material...
November 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596044/effect-of-menopause-on-saliva-and-dental-health
#7
J N Rukmini, Ritu Sachan, Nilima Sibi, A Meghana, C Indu Malar
Aims and Objectives: This research is intended to observe the influence of menopause on saliva and dental health. Salivary flow rate, pH of stimulated whole saliva, oral hygiene status, dental caries status, and periodontal status were evaluated in frequently menstruating and postmenopausal womankind. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on forty healthy postmenopausal women (case group) and forty regularly menstruating healthy women (control group), who were selected from the Outpatient Department of Dr...
November 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596043/infection-control-barrier-and-curing-time-as-factors-affecting-the-irradiance-of-light-cure-units
#8
Reem A Ajaj, Hani M Nassar, Fatin A Hasanain
Objective: The objective of the study is to investigate the effect of infection control barrier (ICB) and curing time on irradiance of light cure units (LCUs). Methods: Irradiance (mW/cm2 ) of the LCUs at a government dental school were recorded with and without ICB at 0 (T0 ), 10 (T10 ), and 20 (T20 ) seconds using a digital radiometer. Data were analyzed using IBM® SPSS® Statistics Version 17 for Windows software for the analysis of variance and Bonferroni methods at 0...
November 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596042/expression-of-p53-protein-and-ki-67-antigen-in-oral-leukoplakia-with-different-histopathological-grades-of-epithelial-dysplasia
#9
S Suwasini, Kabita Chatterjee, Swapan Kumar Purkait, Dipankar Samaddar, Ananjan Chatterjee, Madhuresh Kumar
Aims and Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the expression of p53 protein and Ki-67 antigen in normal oral mucosa and oral leukoplakia with different grades of dysplasia using immunohistochemistry and to clarify the correlation of the expression of these cell cycle regulatory proteins. Materials and Methods: A total of 20 archival tissue blocks obtained from our department which were diagnosed as mild ( n = 5), moderate ( n = 5), and severe dysplasia ( n = 5) with normal mucosa ( n = 5) as a control...
November 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596041/knowledge-analysis-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants-among-the-dental-students-of-south-india
#10
Kranti Kiran Reddy Ealla, Anoop N Kumar, Neeraja Turagam, Sujatha Gopal Sooraparaju, Rahul Masthan Rao Yerrapothu, Manoj Kumar Bhaskaran
Aim: This study aimed to assess the level of knowledge and attitudes for pit and fissure sealants among undergraduate Indian dental students. Materials and Methods: A modified questionnaire consisting of 24 items was distributed to 280 undergraduate dental students comprising males and females of different years at MNR Dental College, Sangareddy, India. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square/Fisher's exact tests were used for statistical analysis. The data were computationally tested using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 20, IBM SPSS Statistics software for Windows, Armonk, NY, USA...
November 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596040/-in-vitro-interrelationship-between-apical-fill-and-apical-leakage-using-three-different-obturation-techniques
#11
Krishna Prasad Shetty, S V Satish, Alexander M Luke, Abhishek Rajpal Badade, Krishna Rao Kilaru
Aim and Objectives: To evaluate the apical fill in relation to apical leakage using three different obturating techniques - Single Cone, Ultrafil 3D, and lateral condensation. Materials and Methods: Sixty-six mandibular single-rooted premolar teeth were selected and were randomly assigned into three different groups of obturating techniques. The canals were prepared using 0.4/25 HyFlex CM (Coltene Endo) rotary system file and obturated with corresponding HyFlex CM Single Cone, Ultrafil 3D injectable technique, and lateral condensation...
November 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596039/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-elderly-people-with-edentulous-jaws-in-hafar-al-batin-region-saudi-arabia
#12
Mohammed Alshammari, Mohammad Abdul Baseer, Navin Anand Ingle, Mansour K Assery, Majdah A Al Khadhari
Aims and Objectives: The aims of this study were to determine oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among elderly people aged 65 and above years from Hafar Al-Batin area, Saudi Arabia, by utilizing Arabic version of Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI-Ar). Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study undertaken from October 2017 to December 2017. A convenience sampling methodology was employed to select the elderly patients aged ≥65 years attending dental clinics of primary health-care centers in five different regions of the Hafar Al-Batin, Saudi Arabia...
November 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596038/awareness-attitude-and-practice-regarding-disinfection-and-handling-of-extracted-teeth-among-the-students-in-a-dental-college-in-india
#13
Alok Kumar Sethi, Rajashree Samal, Banibrata Lahiri, Asutosh Das, Gunjan Kumar, Shibabrata Behera
Objective: The main objective of this study is to assess about the awareness, attitude, and practice regarding disinfection and handling of extracted teeth among the students of a dental college in Odisha, India. Materials and Methods: The survey was done with a self-designed questionnaire distributed among the students of a dental college in Odisha, India. Data analysis was done using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Software (SPSS for Windows, Version 16...
November 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596037/assessment-of-skeletal-age-using-hand-wrist-radiographs-following-bjork-system
#14
REVIEW
Hayder A Hashim, Hussain Mansoor, Mohamed H Hashim Mohamed
The knowledge of the skeletal maturation and the stage of the growth of the patients seeking orthodontic treatment are of great value in planning efficient orthodontic therapy. However, different craniofacial structures of patient show variation in growth potential. The routine use of hand-wrist radiograph for growth prediction exposes the patient to extra radiation. Cervical vertebrae in the lateral cephalograph have been recommended as an alternative method. The pubertal growth spurt is a vital period in the orthodontic treatment and should be kept in mind when planning orthodontic treatment in growing children...
November 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596036/adult-immunization-need-of-the-hour
#15
REVIEW
Abhishek Jairaj, P Shirisha, Muqthadir Siddiqui Mohammad Abdul, Urooj Fatima, Rahul Vinay Chandra Tiwari, Muhamood Moothedath
Immunization is the process of making individuals immune. Childhood immunization is a common process for various aliments, but adult immunization in the Indian scenario is obscure. Officially, India has been declared polio-free, which is an achievement despite cultural, political, economic, geographic, and so many other factors. The changing demographics of adult, geriatric population and growing cost of health-care maintenance are a concern in developing countries like India. Thus, promoting healthy lifestyle needs prevention, early detection, and management of various diseases and disorders...
November 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30430077/four-year-follow-up-of-increased-vertical-dimension-of-occlusion-using-resin-composites
#16
Cendrella Assaf, Jean Claude Fahd, Joseph Sabbagh
The objectives of this case report were to treat a severe loss of the vertical dimension of occlusion with indirect composite and to evaluate the durability of the restorations. A 55-year-old male complains from severe wear of teeth, leading to a change in normal occlusal plane. Two major treatment modalities were proposed to this patient; a conventional invasive crown placement with root canal treatments or a minimally invasive approach relying on adhesion. The latter was adopted and used to treat this patient...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30430076/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-toward-impression-technique-and-materials-for-recording-impression-in-implant-placement-among-dental-practitioners-in-patna-city-bihar
#17
Ujjal Chatterjee, Ashish Srivastava, Abhinav Singh, Ankur Aggarwal, Chetan Jagdish, Akshat Sharma
Objectives: The present study is conducted to explore the knowledge, attitude, and practice towards impression technique and materials for recording impression in implant placement among general dental practitioners. Materials and Methods: The present study is a cross-sectional questionnaire study. The study was conducted among general dental practitioners in Patna city in November-December 2017. Patna city was divided into five directions, which are north, south, east, west, and central...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30430075/effect-of-recasting-on-physical-properties-of-base-metal-alloys-an-in-vitro-study
#18
Jittin James, Jose Julian, J Rahul, Gibi Babu Philip, Jinsa P Devassy, P B Reba
Aims and Objectives: This study aims to establish the outcome of recasting on tensile strength, modulus of elasticity, and hardness of Nickel-chromium alloys. Materials and Methods: Fifty wax patterns were fabricated, using the lost wax technique, the measurements of which were standardized. They were categorized into five groups of ten each. Group I included samples casted with new alloy alone. Group II samples consisted of 75% new alloy and 25% once casted alloy...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30430074/a-comparative-immunohistochemical-study-of-presence-and-distribution-pattern-of-stromal-myofibroblast-in-oral-dysplasia-and-in-different-grades-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#19
Kalpajyoti Bhattacharjee, H C Girish, Sanjay Murgod, Alshame M J Alshame, K Shyamala, Vaidhehi N Nayak
Aims and Objectives: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a common oral malignancy with a poor survival rate. Early tumorigenesis is marked by transdifferentiation of fibroblasts to myofibroblasts (MFs), which is supported by growth factors and cytokines expressed by tumor cells. The expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (αSMA) marker correlates with the activation of MFs. This study was undertaken to compare the frequency and distribution of αSMA immunoexpression in oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) and OSCC...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30430073/biomechanical-behavior-of-an-implant-system-using-polyether-ether-ketone-bar-finite-element-analysis
#20
Otávio Augusto Luitz Jaros, Geraldo Alberto Pinheiro De Carvalho, Aline Batista Gonçalves Franco, Simone Kreve, Paulo Augusto Batista Lopes, Sergio Cândido Dias
Aim and Objectives: This study assessed, through finite element analysis, the biomechanical behavior of an implant system using the All-on-Four® technique with nickel-chromium (M1) and polyether ether ketone (PEEK) bars (M2). Materials and Methods: Implants and components were represented in three-dimensional (3D) geometric models and submitted to three types of load: axial, oblique, and load on all teeth. The 3D models were exported to a computer-aided design-like software such as Solidworks 2016 (Dassault Systemes, Solidworks Corps, USA) for editing and Nonuniform Rational Basis Splines parametrization...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
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