Emine Yassıbaş, Hatice Bölükbaşı, İrem Efran Turan, Ayşe Mine Demirel, Eray Gürler
BACKGROUND: The relationship between adolescent obesity and eating disorders is an issue that needs urgent attention. Screening for eating disorders is as important as dietary interventions to treat obesity. This study aimed to determine the relationship between hedonic hunger, food addiction, and night eating syndrome, which are considered potential risk factors for obesity, and body mass index (BMI) in adolescents. METHODS: The data were collected through an online questionnaire...
February 9, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Hadeel A Ghazzawi, Lana S Nimer, Areen Jamal Haddad, Omar A Alhaj, Adam T Amawi, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Khaled Trabelsi, Mary V Seeman, Haitham Jahrami
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to provide a pooled prevalence estimate of self-reported disordered eating (SRDE) in athletes based on the available literature, and to identify risk factors for their occurrence. METHODS: Across ten academic databases, an electronic search was conducted from inception to 7th January 2024. The proportion of athletes scoring at or above predetermined cutoffs on validated self-reporting screening measures was used to identify disordered eating (DE)...
February 7, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Megan White, Andrew Thomas, Megan Aston, Phillip Joy
This research explores experiences of compassion among 2S/LGBTQ + Canadians living with eating disorders in the context of eating disorder treatment and community support. There is a growing body of scholarship showing disparities in eating disorder care for those within 2S/LGBTQ + communities. Among the reported concerns is a potential lack of compassion in eating disorder treatment and recovery settings, something which may serve to exacerbate feelings of isolation and perpetuate misunderstandings of 2S/LGBTQ + people's experiences...
February 7, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Josephine S Lau, Andrea H Kline-Simon, Julie A Schmittdiel, Stacy A Sterling
BACKGROUND: Outpatient family-based treatment (FBT) is effective in treating restrictive eating disorders among adolescents. However, little is known about whether FBT reduces higher level of care (HLOC) utilization or if utilization of HLOC is associated with patient characteristics. This study examined associations between utilization of eating disorder related care (HLOC and outpatient treatment) and reported adherence to FBT and patient characteristics in a large integrated health system...
February 2, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Gabriella A C Springall, Greta Goldsmith, Diana Zannino, Jeanie Cheong, Jonathan P Mynard, Michele Yeo, Michael M H Cheung
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with abnormalities that may increase the risk of future cardiovascular disease. This study assessed the cardiovascular health of individuals who recovered from AN during adolescence by conducting wave power analysis. METHODS: Former AN patients discharged from the Royal Children's and Monash Children's Hospitals (N = 17) in Melbourne, Australia underwent ultrasound imaging of the right carotid artery...
February 2, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Lauren Heywood, Janet Conti, Stephen Touyz, Sloan Madden, Phillipa Hay
BACKGROUND: Exploration of client identity negotiations during treatment for Anorexia Nervosa (AN) is a relatively new area of research. Research suggests that difficulties with identity negotiations may present as a barrier to treatment. This study sought to explore individuals' identity negotiations during therapy sessions using Compulsive Exercise Activity Therapy (LEAP) combined with Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Anorexia Nervosa (CBT-AN). Analysis focused on moments in therapy where individuals' identities were dominated or defined by AN and where alternative identities could be generated...
January 31, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Casey M Stern, Iman McPherson, Melissa J Dreier, Kathryn Coniglio, Lilian P Palmer, Julia Gydus, Haley Graver, Laura T Germine, Nassim Tabri, Shirley B Wang, Lauren Breithaupt, Kamryn T Eddy, Jennifer J Thomas, Franziska Plessow, Kendra R Becker
BACKGROUND: Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) and anorexia nervosa (AN) are the two primary restrictive eating disorders; however, they are driven by differing motives for inadequate dietary intake. Despite overlap in restrictive eating behaviors and subsequent malnutrition, it remains unknown if ARFID and AN also share commonalities in their cognitive profiles, with cognitive alterations being a key identifier of AN. Discounting the present value of future outcomes with increasing delay to their expected receipt represents a core cognitive process guiding human decision-making...
January 29, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Courtney P McLean, Zhibin Chen, Joanne Fielding, Gemma Sharp
BACKGROUND: The vegetarian vegan eating disorder screener (V-EDS) is an 18-item self-report screening tool designed to assess the unique elements of eating disorder symptomology in vegetarians and vegans. Previous results have suggested strong initial psychometric properties in non-clinical community samples of vegetarians and vegans. The present study sought to identify a preliminary threshold cut-off score to discriminate eating disorder pathology in a self-reported clinical and community sample...
January 24, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Katharina Dumstorf, Georg Halbeisen, Georgios Paslakis
BACKGROUND: Many young women are dissatisfied with their bodies. This study investigated the effect on current body dissatisfaction levels of a newly developed evaluative conditioning procedure that paired self-similar and self-dissimilar images of bodies with positive and neutral affective images, respectively. We hypothesized that learning the contingency that self-similar bodies predict positive affectivity is one process that could aid in explaining how these procedures function. METHODS: Adult women without disordered eating pathology participated in an online experiment with random assignment to an intervention or a control condition...
January 24, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Tanya Gilmartin, Joanna F Dipnall, Caroline Gurvich, Gemma Sharp
BACKGROUND: Overcontrol and undercontrol personality types have been associated with an increase in eating pathology, depression and anxiety. The aim of the research was to explore whether latent overcontrol and undercontrol personality types could be identified using cluster analysis of the facets of the five factor model (FFM). We further aimed to understand how these personality types were associated with eating pathology, depressed mood and anxiety. METHODS: A total of 561 participants (394 women and 167 men), aged 16-30 years in Australia completed a survey designed to assess disordered eating, FFM personality traits, anxiety, depression and stress...
January 24, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Mohammad Niroumand Sarvandani, Masoud Asadi, Balal Izanloo, Maryam Soleimani, Faezeh Mahdavi, Ashley N Gearhardt, Qing-Wei Chen, Nasrin Ghadiri Varzaneh, Roya Taghadosiniya, Hamed Ghazvini, Maryam Khoramrooz, Raheleh Rafaiee
BACKGROUND: The Modified Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (mYFAS 2.0) was developed with the primary objective of evaluating food addiction (FA). The present study aimed to undertake the translation, pilot testing, and evaluation of the psychometric properties of the mYFAS 2.0 within the Persian-speaking population. METHODS: The transcultural adaptation of the mYFAS 2.0 to the Persian language was conducted. Data collection was carried out through an anonymous online questionnaire...
January 23, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Danielle E MacDonald, Rachel Liebman, Kathryn Trottier
BACKGROUND: Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is now recognized as a feeding/eating disorder that affects individuals across the lifespan, but research on ARFID in general and particularly in adults remains limited. The purpose of this study was to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of adults with ARFID seeking treatment at a tertiary care eating disorders program, and to describe the course and outcomes of treatment at three levels of care-inpatient, intensive outpatient, and outpatient individual therapy...
January 23, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Brianne N Richson, Danielle C Deville, Christina E Wierenga, Walter H Kaye, Ana L Ramirez
Existing descriptions of the treatment of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) at higher levels of care (HLOC) for eating disorders are limited, despite HLOC settings frequently serving patients with ARFID. The purpose of this commentary is to expand on the preliminary literature that describes pediatric ARFID treatment at HLOC by describing two specific components of our approach to treating pediatric ARFID that may not yet have traction in the current literature. Specifically, we highlight the utility of (1) treatment accommodations that appropriately account for patients' neurodevelopmental needs (e...
January 22, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Sara Aleem Haqqi, Siddrah Irfan
INTRODUCTION: Pica and avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder are two of the three new eating and feeding disorders introduced in the DSM-5, this inclusion has drawn attention to the immediate need for research into their prevalence, diagnostic assessment, underlying risk factors and optimal treatment. There are very few studies available that explored the predictors or causes of these eating disorders specifically in Pakistani context. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the current study include (a) to estimate the presence of pica and avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder symptomology among young adults in Pakistan, (b) to examine the relationship between dimensions of impulsivity, stress and presence of pica and avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder, (c) to explore the mediation role of stress...
January 22, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Julian Baudinet, Ivan Eisler, Anna Konstantellou, Mima Simic, Ulrike Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Family therapy for anorexia nervosa (FT-AN) is the first line recommended treatment for child and adolescent anorexia nervosa. Despite evidence of its efficacy, little is understood about the treatment mechanisms. This study aimed to understand how young people who have received FT-AN perceive change to occur across treatment. METHOD: Fifteen adolescents (age 12-18 years) completed individual semi-structured interviews online. Recordings were transcribed verbatim and analysed using reflexive thematic analysis...
January 22, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Laura Kiely, Janet Conti, Phillipa Hay
BACKGROUND: Severe and enduring anorexia nervosa (SE-AN), is a serious and persistent illness, despite 'state of the art' treatment. Criteria have been theoretically proposed, but not tested, and may not adequately capture illness complexity, which potentially inhibits treatment refinements. The clinical reality of death as an outcome for some people who experience SE-AN (1 in 20) and broadening access to voluntary assisted dying, further complicates the field, which is undeveloped regarding more fundamental concepts such as nosology, treatment, recovery definitions and alternative conceptualisations of SE-AN...
January 22, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Laura Vuillier, M Greville-Harris, C V Talbot, L May, R L Moseley
OBJECTIVES: Eating disorders (EDs) have a worldwide prevalence of 7.8%, with towering mortality rates and high healthcare costs. The current recommended treatment for EDs principally works by directly targeting ED thoughts and behaviours, but recovery rates are low. A multifaceted link between difficulties with emotions and EDs is now widely established, and newer third-wave therapies that aim to address these underlying emotion difficulties are promising. The current study piloted an online emotion self-help intervention which was co-developed with clinicians and people with lived experienced of EDs...
January 19, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Marita Cooper, Connor Mears, Kerri Heckert, Natalia Orloff, Rebecka Peebles, C Alix Timko
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders are characterized by disturbances in nutritional intake and abnormal mealtime behaviors. Laboratory eating paradigms offer a unique opportunity to accurately measure dietary intake and eating behaviors, however, these studies have predominantly occurred in adults. This paper describes the development and preliminary psychometric examination of the Buffet Challenge, a laboratory-based meal task for youths with an eating disorder. METHOD: We recruited and assessed 56 participants as part of a randomized controlled trial of Family-Based Treatment for adolescents with anorexia nervosa...
January 18, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Paolo Meneguzzo, Elisa Baron, Silvia Marchesin, Anna Maria Andretta, Lisa Nalesso, Sonia Stella, Patrizia Todisco
BACKGROUND: In rehabilitating eating disorders (ED), mealtimes are critical but often induce stress, both for restrictive and binge-purge disorders. Although preliminary data indicate a positive effect of music during mealtime, few studies employ an experimental approach. This study examines the influence of background music during mealtime in an inpatient ward setting, offering a real-world perspective. METHODS: Fifty-one women diagnosed with ED participated in this within-subjects study...
January 15, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
An Binh Dang, Litza Kiropoulos, Marija Anderluh, David Collier, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Andreas Karwautz, Janet Treasure, Gudrun Wagner, Isabel Krug
BACKGROUND: The current study examined whether risk factors for anorexia nervosa (AN) were related to different levels of severity based on (a) the DSM-5/body mass index (BMI) and (b) drive for thinness (DT) severity ratings. METHODS: The sample comprised 153 pairs of individuals with a lifetime diagnosis AN per DSM-IV criteria and their non-ED sisters (N = 306, mean age = 26.53; mean current BMI = 20.42 kg/m2 ). The Oxford risk factor interview was used to establish AN-related risk factors...
January 11, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
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