Miho Imaeda, Satoshi Tanaka, Tomoko Oya-Ito, Mariko Uematsu, Hidetsugu Fujigaki, Kuniaki Saito, Masahiko Ando, Norio Ozaki
BACKGROUND: Secondary carnitine deficiency in patients with anorexia nervosa has been rarely reported. This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of carnitine deficiency in severely malnourished patients with eating disorders during refeeding and assess its potential adverse effects on treatment outcomes. METHOD: In a cohort study of 56 female inpatients with eating disorders at a single hospital from March 2010 to December 2020, we measured plasma free carnitine (FC) levels and compared to those of a healthy control group (n = 35)...
July 9, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Andrea LaMarre, Megan Hellner, Scout Silverstein, Jessica H Baker, Bek Urban, Jacqlyn Yourell, Hannah Wolfe, Taylor Perry, Dori Steinberg
BACKGROUND: Deeply engaging with the expertise of those who have experienced or supported someone with an eating disorder can add to a growing body of knowledge about recovery processes. In this qualitative study, we sought to explore and generate nuanced understandings of recovery experiences of people with a lived ED experience (first hand or as a caregiver) who were working as mentors in the field. To do this, we focused on changes that occur in personality, traits, and interests over the course of an eating disorder and into recovery...
July 8, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Jade Portingale, David Butler, Isabel Krug
BACKGROUND: Remote research methods and interventions for mental health disorders have become increasingly important, particularly for conditions like eating disorders (EDs). Embodiment illusions, which induce feelings of ownership over another person?s body or body parts, offer valuable insights into the mechanisms underlying self-perception issues in EDs and potential interventions. However, existing research using these illusions has been limited to face-to-face settings. We illustrate a novel online protocol to induce the enfacement illusion (embodiment illusion principles applied to one's face) in an ED-based sample...
July 5, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Wizra Saeed, Nisma Merdad, Rizwana Amin, Tabassum Rashid, Souheil Hallit, Feten Fekih-Romdhane
INTRODUCTION: The present study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Arabic translation of the Mukbang Addiction Scale (MAS) among Arabic-speaking adults from the general population. Specifically, it aimed to assess the factorial structure through a confirmatory factor analysis, determine the composite reliability through Cronbach alpha and McDonald's omega scores, assess gender invariance, and evaluate the convergent validity by examining its correlation to eating addiction and psychological distress...
July 4, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Alia Arif Hussain, Jessica Carlsson, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen, Cynthia M Bulik, René Klinkby Støving, Jan Magnus Sjögren
BACKGROUND: Plasma lipid concentrations in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) seem to be altered. METHODS: We conducted a naturalistic study with 75 adult female patients with AN and 26 healthy female controls (HC). We measured plasma lipid profile, sex hormones and used self-report questionnaires at admission and discharge. RESULTS: Total cholesterol (median (IQR): 4.9 (1.2)) and triglycerides (TG) (1.2 (0.8)) were elevated in AN at admission (BMI 15...
July 2, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Aletheia Zh Chia, Lim Su Ann, Bryan Sim, Courtney Davis
BACKGROUND: Patients with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) commonly present with loss of weight or faltering growth in the setting of poor nutrition. However, patients with ARFID can present with micronutrient deficiencies without weight loss. In patients with ARFID, clinicians should be vigilant for micronutrient deficiencies and their presentations. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a unique case of ARFID in a twelve-year-old girl, who developed micronutrient deficiencies and presented with acute visual loss with a preceding history of impaired night vision...
July 1, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Maddy Greville-Harris, Laura Vuillier, Summer Goodall, Catherine V Talbot, Cliona Walker, Katherine M Appleton
BACKGROUND: Orthorexia Nervosa (ON) is a disordered eating style involving an unhealthy obsession with 'healthy' or 'clean' eating. Its aetiology is still poorly understood and is not yet recognised in diagnostic manuals. While ON has been associated with Obsessive Compulsive (OC) symptoms and perfectionism, no study to date has looked at the relationship between OC symptoms and ON tendencies via perfectionism, or the influence of two facets of perfectionism in this relationship, namely evaluative concern and achievement striving...
July 1, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Alessio Maria Monteleone, Marco Carfagno, Eugenia Barone, Giammarco Cascino, Armando Pitocco, Carlotta Brandi, Lorenzo Landolfi, Claudia Toni, Gaia Sampogna, Andrea Fiorillo
BACKGROUND: Health professionals from different specialties in medical and psychological areas play an important role in diagnosis and treatment of eating disorders (EDs). This study aimed to identify gaps in knowledge about the diagnosis, etiology, and management of EDs and to assess health professionals' attitudes towards these illnesses. METHODS: A new questionnaire was developed and validated. Residents and consultants working in disciplines involved in the management of EDs (namely, internal medicine, general practitioners, psychiatric area, psychological area, and surgical area) completed the questionnaire...
June 28, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Julia Enya Engelkamp, Andrea Sabrina Hartmann, Katja Petrowski, Benedict Herhaus, Jörg Michael Fegert, Cedric Sachser, Peter Kropp, Britta Müller, Elmar Brähler, Anja Hilbert
BACKGROUND: Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), an eating disorder not associated with weight and shape concerns, results in nutrient or energy deficiencies related with further health consequences and a pronounced need for specialized treatment. These interventions need to be tailored to individual health behavior. However, research about health behavior and treatment utilization in ARFID is scarce, particularly in adults, as ARFID is more common in children despite occurring across the lifespan...
June 26, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Leoluca Valeriani, Francesco Frigerio, Claudia Piciocchi, Gabriela Piana, Marco Montevecchi, Lorenzo Maria Donini, Edoardo Mocini
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders (EDs) pose a significant risk to health, especially when not diagnosed early. For several years EDs and oral health has been extensively studied, and now it is quite clear the existence of a correlation between specific oral manifestations and these disorders. While these oral signs could potentially aid early diagnosis of EDs, their identification and the eventual establishment of a correlation is currently heavily limited to the clinician's experience. The present systematic review critically examines existing literature, offering an updated overview of oro-dental manifestations associated with EDs...
June 24, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Zhenxin Liao, Andreas Birgegård, Elin Monell, Stina Borg, Cynthia M Bulik, Emma Forsén Mantilla
BACKGROUND: Many patients with eating disorders report exercise as a central symptom of their illness-as a way to compensate for food intake, prevent weight-gain, and/or reduce negative affect. Previous findings show associations between maladaptive exercise and more severe eating disorder pathology, higher risk for relapse, other co-morbid symptoms, and worse treatment outcome. METHODS: In this study, we included 8252 participants with eating disorders and investigated associations between maladaptive exercise (both lifetime and current) and ED pathology, illness duration, depression, anxiety, self-harm and suicidal ideation, and treatment seeking patterns in individuals with lifetime maladaptive exercise...
June 24, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Michelle Moufawad, Asef Hoque, Meredith Kells, Kendrin R Sonneville, Samantha L Hahn
BACKGROUND: The current study examined whether weight perception or age moderated associations between time spent on image-based social media and weight bias internalization (WBI). METHODS: Data come from the baseline visit of the Tracking Our Lives Study, a randomized control trial of college women (n = 200). Participants completed questionnaires assessing time spent on social media (continuous, overall and individual platforms Instagram, Facebook, and Snapchat), WBI (continuous), weight perception (perceive their weight as "overweight" vs...
June 18, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Jennifer S Coelho, Tanya Pardiwala, Sheila K Marshall, Pei-Yoong Lam, Seena Grewal, Alice Virani, Alexandra Olmos Pérez, Josie Geller
OBJECTIVE: Models of treatment for adults with severe and enduring eating disorders focus on harm reduction and improving quality of life. However, there is a notable gap in the pediatric literature in this area. The current study set out to assess the perspectives of health professionals regarding clinical care for young people (e.g., ages 10-25 years) with severe and enduring eating disorders, and to explore perceptions about appropriate treatment options for these presentations. METHODS: Health professionals were invited to complete a two-stage online survey about their experiences with clinical care for pediatric eating disorders through Canadian and Australian professional eating disorder networks...
June 17, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Beñat Larrinaga, Erika Borrajo, Iker Muñoz-Perez, Itziar Urquijo, Ana Garcia-Rodríguez, Ane Arbillaga-Etxarri
BACKGROUND: Female rowers may be at risk of eating disorders and high weight pressure. AIM: The purpose of the study was to investigate the prevalence of disordered eating symptoms and weight-related pressure and the associations with self-concept, psychological well-being, socio-demographic data, experience, performance level and body composition in female fixed-bench rowers. METHODS: Female rowers (n = 208; age ranged mean ± SD 23...
June 14, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Anna B Tanner, Tracy K Richmond
BACKGROUND: Although growth delays and disruption are a well described medical complication of restrictive eating disorders in children and young adolescents, this complication has received less attention in patients with Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID). Patients with ARFID have challenges with adequacy of food volume and variety that are not related to body image but are instead related to lack of interest in eating, sensory concerns, and/or fears of aversive consequences...
June 14, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Kristi R Griffiths, Stephanie Boulet, Sarah Barakat, Stephen Touyz, Phillipa Hay, Sarah Maguire, Michael R Kohn
BACKGROUND: Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) has demonstrated safety and efficacy for treatment of Binge Eating Disorder (BED). However, to date, trials have not included participants with co-occurring psychiatric disorders. This study explores how LDX affects eating disorder psychopathology, symptoms of common psychiatric comorbidities of BED (ADHD, depression, anxiety), and psychological quality of life, in people with moderate to severe BED. METHODS: These are secondary analyses of an open-label LDX trial conducted in 41 adults (18-40 years) over eight-weeks...
June 13, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Amanda Timek, Catherine Daniels-Brady, Stephen Ferrando
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening psychiatric illness with a high mortality rate and limited treatment options. This illness is frequently comorbid with major depressive disorder, leading to additional obstacles in patient quality of life, and increasing the mortality rate further due to risk of suicide. Ketamine, a competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, has been shown to be beneficial in depression given its effects on neuroplasticity. There are few cases in the literature describing ketamine use in patients with eating disorders, and even fewer that describe psychotherapy-assisted ketamine use in this patient population...
June 12, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Clare Marney, Marie Reid, Bernice Wright
BACKGROUND: Schema therapy is promising for people with eating disorders, especially those unresponsive to cognitive behavioural therapy. Complex underlying psychological constructs include dysfunctional schemas and maladaptive modes. This study aimed to explore people living with eating disorders' schema modes and their identification with and understanding of their high scoring modes. METHODS: Sixteen women with enduring eating disorders without prior exposure to schema therapy completed the schema mode inventory for eating disorders short form (SMI-ED-SF), then participated in semi-structured interviews discussing their high scoring modes...
June 12, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
Marthe M Voswinkel, Simone M Hanegraaff, Suzanne H W Mares, Elke Wezenberg, Johannes J M van Delden, Annemarie A van Elburg
The label severe and enduring anorexia nervosa (SE-AN) is widely used in the literature on longstanding anorexia nervosa (AN). However, the process of constructing the criteria and the use of the label SE-AN has ethical implications that have not been taken into account. Through combining existing literature and lived experience perspective, this paper addresses to what extent the current criteria do and do not reflect the lived experience. Arguments are presented on why the process of constructing the criteria for SE-AN and the application of the label can be both identified as, and give rise to, epistemic injustice...
June 11, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
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