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Journal of Eating Disorders

Andreea I Heriseanu, Phillipa Hay, Stephen Touyz
Background: Grazing, the repetitious and unplanned eating of small amounts of food with or without a sense of loss of control (LOC), is an eating pattern of recent interest which is highly prevalent in eating disorders and obesity. The current study aimed to (1) assess psychometric properties of a short inventory of grazing (SIG), consisting of a "grazing in general" item and a "compulsive/LOC grazing" item and (2) examine associations between compulsive and non-compulsive grazing and body mass index (BMI), eating disorder psychopathology, distress and health-related quality of life...
2019: Journal of Eating Disorders
Phillipa Hay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: Journal of Eating Disorders
Line Wisting, Joseph Wonderlich, Torild Skrivarhaug, Knut Dahl-Jørgensen, Øyvind Rø
Background: Although an increasing amount of research has now established good psychometric properties and a three-component factor structure of the Diabetes Eating Problem Survey - Revised (DEPS-R) in pediatric samples with type 1 diabetes (T1D), research using adult samples has been limited and divergent. This study therefore aimed to investigate psychometric properties and test a three-factor model of the DEPS-R among adults with T1D. Methods: A total of 282 adults with T1D aged 18-79 years participated in the study...
2019: Journal of Eating Disorders
Alexandra R Davidson, Sarah Braham, Lauren Dasey, Dianne P Reidlinger
Background: Hospitalisation for an eating disorder is rare, however treatment in the acute medical setting can be a life-saving admission. While the multidisciplinary team delivers overall patient care, medical decisions are the responsibility of the treating physicians. Treatment decisions directly impact on patient care and outcomes. This study aimed to explore the considerations that influence the medical decisions of physicians when treating patients with eating disorders in the acute setting...
2019: Journal of Eating Disorders
Josie Geller, Leanna Isserlin, Emily Seale, Megumi M Iyar, Jennifer S Coelho, Suja Srikameswaran, Mark Norris
Objective: The Short Treatment Allocation Tool for Eating Disorders ( STATED) is a new evidence-based algorithm developed to match patients to the most clinically appropriate and cost-effective level of care (Geller et al., 2016). The objective of this research was to examine the extent to which current practices are in alignment with STATED recommendations. Method: Participants were 179 healthcare professionals providing care for youth and/or adults with eating disorders...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Ellen Astrachan-Fletcher, Erin C Accurso, Setareh Rossman, Susan F McClanahan, Gina Dimitropoulos, Daniel Le Grange
Although family-based treatment (FBT) is accepted as the first-line treatment for adolescent anorexia nervosa, studies show that it is infrequently used by clinicians in community settings. To elucidate some of the barriers to implementing this evidence-based treatment, mixed (quantitative and qualitative) methods were used in this exploratory study to examine therapist experiences with FBT. Twelve clinicians ( N  = 12) at a community treatment center retrospectively reported on their experiences with FBT training and supervision in FBT...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Therese Fostervold Mathisen, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Jan H Rosenvinge, Oddgeir Friborg, Gunn Pettersen, Kari Anne Vrabel, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen
Background: Dysfunctional thoughts- and use of physical activity (PA) are core symptoms of the eating disorders (ED) bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED). The compulsive desire for PA complicates a favourable treatment outcome; hence, regular, adapted PA led by personnel with competence in exercise science is rarely part of treatment of BN and BED. The present study compared cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) with a new treatment combining physical exercise and dietary therapy (PED-t) with respect to the short- and long-term changes in the level of compulsive exercise and actual level of PA in women with BN or BED...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Phillipa Hay, Stephen Touyz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Jennifer S Coelho, Tiffany Lee, Priscilla Karnabi, Alex Burns, Sheila Marshall, Josie Geller, Pei-Yoong Lam
Background: The growing body of research on eating disorders among male adolescents reveals some sex differences in clinical presentation. The current study set out to replicate and extend recent research on the clinical and medical characteristics of male youth with eating disorders, and examine sex differences between biological males and females in a tertiary pediatric eating disorder treatment setting. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted with all biological males who were admitted to the Eating Disorders Programs at British Columbia Children's Hospital (2003-2015) or the Looking Glass Residence (2011-2015)...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Angela S Alberga, Samantha J Withnell, Kristin M von Ranson
Background: Fitspiration, or images and text promoting health and fitness, and thinspiration, or images and text promoting thinness, have both received criticism for their negative effects on body image and dieting behaviors. In this study, we critically examined and compared the content of fitspiration and thinspiration on three social networking sites (SNS). Methods: Fitspiration and thinspiration posts ( N  = 360) from three photo-sharing SNS (Instagram, Tumblr, and Twitter) were collected quasi-randomly on four days over two weeks...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Nina Dittmer, Corinna Jacobi, Ulrich Voderholzer
Background: Compulsive exercise has been recognized as a highly prevalent symptom in eating disorders (ED) for over 100 years and is associated with poor short-term and long-term treatment outcome. Progress in understanding and treatment of compulsive exercise will remain limited as long as no consensus framework for definition and assessment of compulsive exercise exists, as results cannot be compared across clinical studies.Based on existing literature, it was our aim to propose a transdiagnostic definition and a clinical assessment for compulsive exercise, that can be applied to adolescent and adult patients with ED...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Juliet K Rosewall, David H Gleaves, Janet D Latner
Background: Eating disorders (EDs) and their subclinical variants are important health concerns for adolescent girls, and body dissatisfaction is a more common yet often debilitating experience that typically precedes the development of an ED. Despite this fact, little is known about what makes girls who are dissatisfied with their bodies more likely to engage in pathological eating behaviors. The present study explored eating pathology among a sample of adolescent girls from New Zealand and examined a variety of established risk factors that may moderate the relationship between body dissatisfaction (BD) and eating pathology...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Amy L Burton, Maree J Abbott
Background: The Eating Beliefs Questionnaire (EBQ) is a self-report assessment tool that measures positive and negative beliefs about food and eating that are believed to play a key role in maintaining binge eating behaviour that occurs in individuals with Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder and other atypical eating disorders. The present study aimed to further refine this measure with the addition of a third scale to assess permissive beliefs about eating, also thought to play a crucial role in the maintenance of binge eating...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Sally Abbott, Naomi Dindol, Abd A Tahrani, Milan K Piya
Background: Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is increasing in prevalence worldwide, and is closely linked to obesity. Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Night Eating Syndrome (NES) are eating disorders that are common in obesity, and may affect the management as well as long term outcomes of T2DM. Therefore, the aim of this review was to assess the prevalence and associations of BED or NES in adults with T2DM. Methods: We conducted a systematic review. The databases MEDLINE, CINAHL and AMED were searched for articles which met the inclusion criteria; including patients > 18 years old, with T2DM, and BED and/or NES...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Zahra Abbaspoor, Nahid Javadifar, Mahsa Miryan, Parvin Abedi
Background: The aim of the present study was to test the validity, reliability and factor structure of the original Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ) for use in an Iranian population. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 150 women who attended four athletic gyms and met the inclusion criteria in Ahvaz city in July of 2015. After linguistic validation of the Iranian version of the MEQ, the content validity ratio (CVR) and content validity index (CVI) were assessed by an expert panel...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Jennifer Couturier, Melissa Kimber, Melanie Barwick, Tracy Woodford, Gail McVey, Sheri Findlay, Cheryl Webb, Alison Niccols, James Lock
Background: This study describes themes arising during implementation consultation with teams providing Family-Based Treatment (FBT) to adolescents with eating disorders. Methods: Participants were implementation teams (one lead therapist, one medical practitioner and one administrator) at four sites. These teams agreed to support the implementation of FBT, and participated in monthly consultation calls which were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and coded for themes...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
E Caitlin Lloyd, Joanna E Steinglass
A salient feature of anorexia nervosa (AN) is the persistent and severe restriction of food, such that dietary intake is inadequate to maintain a healthy body weight. Experimental tasks and paradigms have used illness-relevant stimuli, namely food images, to study the eating-specific neurocognitive mechanisms that promote food avoidance. This systematic review, completed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines, identified and critically evaluated paradigms involving images of food that have been used to study AN...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Camilla Lindvall Dahlgren, Erik Qvigstad
Background: This case report details the presentation, treatment and post-operative outcome of an adult female with co-occurring binge eating disorder and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). Case presentation: The patient, self-presenting for treatment, reported having struggled with severe, debilitating physical and psychological PMDD symptoms for nearly a decade. After having taken part in a number of unsuccessful first- and second line treatments in primary and secondary care, the patient was referred to tertiary care at the Department of Gynecology at Oslo University Hospital in Norway...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
L M Hart, D Mitchison, P J Hay
In this Commentary we outline the case for a national survey of eating disorders in Australia. Given the recent focus of the federal government to provide further funding for mental health research, we call for a national survey to be made a key priority. Such high-quality, nationally representative data are critically important to informing all other domains of eating disorders research in the Australian context, and to informing the research agenda internationally.
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
M Metral, M Mailliez
Background: Patients with anorexia nervosa often report a conscious alteration of body image representation, with both body overestimation and body dissatisfaction. Cognitive and behavioural therapy is effective for treating many psychiatric disorders but often fails to treat anorexia nervosa and body image distortions. Although patients are aware of their weight loss, they continue to feel overweight - as if there were a conflict between a previous (maybe already false) body representation and the new one...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
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