journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38383470/the-various-facets-of-orthorexic-eating-behavior-five-case-reports-of-individuals-with-supposed-orthorexia-nervosa
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Friederike Barthels, Maren Fischer, Raphaela Keskini, Amelie Marie Schöl, Reinhard Pietrowsky
BACKGROUND: Orthorexia nervosa, defined as a fixation on eating healthy according to subjective criteria, is recently being discussed as another variant of disordered eating behavior. Further characteristics are rigid adherence to nutritional rules, anxieties and avoidance behavior in the context of eating as well as a focus on health, not on body shape or weight loss, which is supposed to differentiate orthorexic from other disordered eating behavior. Although diagnostic criteria have been suggested, they have rarely been used in case reports published to date...
February 21, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38374128/psychometric-properties-of-the-nine-item-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-screen-nias-in-turkish-children
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hakan Öğütlü, Meryem Kaşak, Uğur Doğan, Hana F Zickgraf, Mehmet Hakan Türkçapar
BACKGROUND: The nine item avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder screen (NIAS) is a short and practical assessment tool specific to ARFID with three ARFID phenotypes such as "Picky eating," "Fear," and "Appetite". This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Turkish translation of the NIAS parent form and to investigate the relationship between ARFID symptoms and anxiety, depression symptoms, and eating behaviors in a sample of Turkish children. METHOD: Parents were asked to provide their children's sociodemographic data and to complete the NIAS, Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire-Short (EDE-QS), Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ), and Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) scales...
February 19, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38374089/association-between-body-composition-standards-and-eating-disorder-medical-claims-among-active-duty-service-women
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jessica Korona-Bailey, Amanda Banaag, Jasmine Walker, Stephanie Fortin, Megan Eyeler, Tracey Pérez Koehlmoos
INTRODUCTION: Eating disorders are a worldwide public health concern with the United States having a particularly high prevalence. Eating disorders are of particular concern to the Department of Defense and Military Health System (MHS) because body composition standards are in place for active-duty service members. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of active-duty service women (ADSW) ages 18 and older in the U.S. Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marine Corps during fiscal years (FY) 2018-2019...
February 19, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38360833/early-weight-gain-as-a-predictor-of-weight-restoration-in-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Taylor R Perry, Kelly Cai, David Freestone, Dori M Steinberg, Cara Bohon, Jessie E Menzel, Jessica H Baker
BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated that early weight gain in family-based treatment (FBT) is predictive of remission for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). However, no published data has addressed if early weight gain is also predictive of reaching weight restoration (i.e., 95% EBW) in patients with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID). Furthermore, no studies have evaluated the performance of the statistical models used to predict weight restoration at the end of treatment...
February 15, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38360751/correction-food-addiction-and-binge-eating-disorder-are-linked-to-shared-and-unique-deficits-in-emotion-regulation-among-female-seeking-bariatric-surgery
#5
Shahrzad Ahmadkaraji, Hojjatollah Farahani, Koosha Orf, Fahimeh Fathali Lavasani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38336928/new-understandings-meet-old-treatments-putting-a-contemporary-face-on-established-protocols
#6
LETTER
Susan M Byrne, Anthea Fursland
In the twenty years since the publication of the most widely used treatment manuals describing evidence-based therapies for eating disorders, there have been some substantial advances in the field. New methods of delivering treatments have been trialled and our perception of mental health has advanced; significant cultural changes have led to shifts in our societal landscape; and new technologies have allowed for more in-depth research to be conducted. As a result, our understanding of eating disorders and their treatment has broadened considerably...
February 9, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38336784/hedonic-hunger-food-addiction-and-night-eating-syndrome-triangle-in-adolescents-and-%C3%A4-ts-relationship-with-body-mass-%C3%A4-ndex
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Emine Yassıbaş, Hatice Bölükbaşı, İrem Efran Turan, Ayşe Mine Demirel, Eray Gürler
BACKGROUND: The relationship between adolescent obesity and eating disorders is an issue that needs urgent attention. Screening for eating disorders is as important as dietary interventions to treat obesity. This study aimed to determine the relationship between hedonic hunger, food addiction, and night eating syndrome, which are considered potential risk factors for obesity, and body mass index (BMI) in adolescents. METHODS: The data were collected through an online questionnaire...
February 9, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38326925/a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-of-the-prevalence-of-self-reported-disordered-eating-and-associated-factors-among-athletes-worldwide
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hadeel A Ghazzawi, Lana S Nimer, Areen Jamal Haddad, Omar A Alhaj, Adam T Amawi, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Khaled Trabelsi, Mary V Seeman, Haitham Jahrami
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to provide a pooled prevalence estimate of self-reported disordered eating (SRDE) in athletes based on the available literature, and to identify risk factors for their occurrence. METHODS: Across ten academic databases, an electronic search was conducted from inception to 7th January 2024. The proportion of athletes scoring at or above predetermined cutoffs on validated self-reporting screening measures was used to identify disordered eating (DE)...
February 7, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38326869/-it-s-beautiful-and-it-s-messy-and-it-s-tragic-exploring-the-role-of-compassion-in-the-eating-disorder-recovery-processes-of-2s-lgbtq%C3%A2-%C3%A2-canadians
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Megan White, Andrew Thomas, Megan Aston, Phillip Joy
This research explores experiences of compassion among 2S/LGBTQ + Canadians living with eating disorders in the context of eating disorder treatment and community support. There is a growing body of scholarship showing disparities in eating disorder care for those within 2S/LGBTQ + communities. Among the reported concerns is a potential lack of compassion in eating disorder treatment and recovery settings, something which may serve to exacerbate feelings of isolation and perpetuate misunderstandings of 2S/LGBTQ + people's experiences...
February 7, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38308378/adolescent-utilization-of-eating-disorder-higher-level-of-care-roles-of-family-based-treatment-adherence-and-demographic-factors
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Josephine S Lau, Andrea H Kline-Simon, Julie A Schmittdiel, Stacy A Sterling
BACKGROUND: Outpatient family-based treatment (FBT) is effective in treating restrictive eating disorders among adolescents. However, little is known about whether FBT reduces higher level of care (HLOC) utilization or if utilization of HLOC is associated with patient characteristics. This study examined associations between utilization of eating disorder related care (HLOC and outpatient treatment) and reported adherence to FBT and patient characteristics in a large integrated health system...
February 2, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38308371/carotid-wave-analysis-in-young-adults-with-a-history-of-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa-a-case-control-study
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gabriella A C Springall, Greta Goldsmith, Diana Zannino, Jeanie Cheong, Jonathan P Mynard, Michele Yeo, Michael M H Cheung
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with abnormalities that may increase the risk of future cardiovascular disease. This study assessed the cardiovascular health of individuals who recovered from AN during adolescence by conducting wave power analysis. METHODS: Former AN patients discharged from the Royal Children's and Monash Children's Hospitals (N = 17) in Melbourne, Australia underwent ultrasound imaging of the right carotid artery...
February 2, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38297339/key-in-session-identity-negotiations-in-a-first-line-treatment-for-adult-anorexia-nervosa
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lauren Heywood, Janet Conti, Stephen Touyz, Sloan Madden, Phillipa Hay
BACKGROUND: Exploration of client identity negotiations during treatment for Anorexia Nervosa (AN) is a relatively new area of research. Research suggests that difficulties with identity negotiations may present as a barrier to treatment. This study sought to explore individuals' identity negotiations during therapy sessions using Compulsive Exercise Activity Therapy (LEAP) combined with Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Anorexia Nervosa (CBT-AN). Analysis focused on moments in therapy where individuals' identities were dominated or defined by AN and where alternative identities could be generated...
January 31, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38287459/avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-differs-from-anorexia-nervosa-in-delay-discounting
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Casey M Stern, Iman McPherson, Melissa J Dreier, Kathryn Coniglio, Lilian P Palmer, Julia Gydus, Haley Graver, Laura T Germine, Nassim Tabri, Shirley B Wang, Lauren Breithaupt, Kamryn T Eddy, Jennifer J Thomas, Franziska Plessow, Kendra R Becker
BACKGROUND: Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) and anorexia nervosa (AN) are the two primary restrictive eating disorders; however, they are driven by differing motives for inadequate dietary intake. Despite overlap in restrictive eating behaviors and subsequent malnutrition, it remains unknown if ARFID and AN also share commonalities in their cognitive profiles, with cognitive alterations being a key identifier of AN. Discounting the present value of future outcomes with increasing delay to their expected receipt represents a core cognitive process guiding human decision-making...
January 29, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38268035/preliminary-identification-of-clinical-cut-off-of-the-vegetarian-vegan-eating-disorder-screener-v-eds-in-a-community-and-self-reported-clinical-sample-of-vegetarians-and-vegans
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Courtney P McLean, Zhibin Chen, Joanne Fielding, Gemma Sharp
BACKGROUND: The vegetarian vegan eating disorder screener (V-EDS) is an 18-item self-report screening tool designed to assess the unique elements of eating disorder symptomology in vegetarians and vegans. Previous results have suggested strong initial psychometric properties in non-clinical community samples of vegetarians and vegans. The present study sought to identify a preliminary threshold cut-off score to discriminate eating disorder pathology in a self-reported clinical and community sample...
January 24, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38268007/how-evaluative-pairings-improve-body-dissatisfaction-in-adult-women-evidence-from-a-randomized-controlled-online-study
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Katharina Dumstorf, Georg Halbeisen, Georgios Paslakis
BACKGROUND: Many young women are dissatisfied with their bodies. This study investigated the effect on current body dissatisfaction levels of a newly developed evaluative conditioning procedure that paired self-similar and self-dissimilar images of bodies with positive and neutral affective images, respectively. We hypothesized that learning the contingency that self-similar bodies predict positive affectivity is one process that could aid in explaining how these procedures function. METHODS: Adult women without disordered eating pathology participated in an online experiment with random assignment to an intervention or a control condition...
January 24, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38267972/identifying-overcontrol-and-undercontrol-personality-types-among-young-people-using-the-five-factor-model-and-the-relationship-with-disordered-eating-behaviour-anxiety-and-depression
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tanya Gilmartin, Joanna F Dipnall, Caroline Gurvich, Gemma Sharp
BACKGROUND: Overcontrol and undercontrol personality types have been associated with an increase in eating pathology, depression and anxiety. The aim of the research was to explore whether latent overcontrol and undercontrol personality types could be identified using cluster analysis of the facets of the five factor model (FFM). We further aimed to understand how these personality types were associated with eating pathology, depressed mood and anxiety. METHODS: A total of 561 participants (394 women and 167 men), aged 16-30 years in Australia completed a survey designed to assess disordered eating, FFM personality traits, anxiety, depression and stress...
January 24, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38263269/confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-gender-invariance-of-persian-version-of-the-modified-yale-food-addiction-scale-mpyfas-2-0-insight-from-a-large-scale-iranian-sample
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohammad Niroumand Sarvandani, Masoud Asadi, Balal Izanloo, Maryam Soleimani, Faezeh Mahdavi, Ashley N Gearhardt, Qing-Wei Chen, Nasrin Ghadiri Varzaneh, Roya Taghadosiniya, Hamed Ghazvini, Maryam Khoramrooz, Raheleh Rafaiee
BACKGROUND: The Modified Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (mYFAS 2.0) was developed with the primary objective of evaluating food addiction (FA). The present study aimed to undertake the translation, pilot testing, and evaluation of the psychometric properties of the mYFAS 2.0 within the Persian-speaking population. METHODS: The transcultural adaptation of the mYFAS 2.0 to the Persian language was conducted. Data collection was carried out through an anonymous online questionnaire...
January 23, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38263130/clinical-characteristics-treatment-course-and-outcome-of-adults-treated-for-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-arfid-at-a-tertiary-care-eating-disorders-program
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Danielle E MacDonald, Rachel Liebman, Kathryn Trottier
BACKGROUND: Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is now recognized as a feeding/eating disorder that affects individuals across the lifespan, but research on ARFID in general and particularly in adults remains limited. The purpose of this study was to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of adults with ARFID seeking treatment at a tertiary care eating disorders program, and to describe the course and outcomes of treatment at three levels of care-inpatient, intensive outpatient, and outpatient individual therapy...
January 23, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38254246/expanding-considerations-for-treating-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-at-a-higher-level-of-care
#19
LETTER
Brianne N Richson, Danielle C Deville, Christina E Wierenga, Walter H Kaye, Ana L Ramirez
Existing descriptions of the treatment of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) at higher levels of care (HLOC) for eating disorders are limited, despite HLOC settings frequently serving patients with ARFID. The purpose of this commentary is to expand on the preliminary literature that describes pediatric ARFID treatment at HLOC by describing two specific components of our approach to treating pediatric ARFID that may not yet have traction in the current literature. Specifically, we highlight the utility of (1) treatment accommodations that appropriately account for patients' neurodevelopmental needs (e...
January 22, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38254220/relationship-of-self-reported-pica-and-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-symptomology-with-dimensions-of-impulsivity-perceived-stress-among-pakistani-university-students
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sara Aleem Haqqi, Siddrah Irfan
INTRODUCTION: Pica and avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder are two of the three new eating and feeding disorders introduced in the DSM-5, this inclusion has drawn attention to the immediate need for research into their prevalence, diagnostic assessment, underlying risk factors and optimal treatment. There are very few studies available that explored the predictors or causes of these eating disorders specifically in Pakistani context. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the current study include (a) to estimate the presence of pica and avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder symptomology among young adults in Pakistan, (b) to examine the relationship between dimensions of impulsivity, stress and presence of pica and avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder, (c) to explore the mediation role of stress...
January 22, 2024: Journal of Eating Disorders
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