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Journals Journal of Family Medicine and...

Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361910/a-study-on-community-needs-perceptions-and-demand-regarding-the-use-of-the-health-services-during-covid-19-pandemic-in-district-kathua-j-and-k
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sonika Sangra, Nazuk Razdan, Sujata Gupta, Nidhi Dwivedi
INTRODUCTION: The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on essential health services is a source of great concern. Health gains made during the last 2-3 decades have been halted due to shifting of resources to fight the COVID-19 pandemic. AIM AND OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to identify community needs, demands, and perceptions regarding the effectiveness of using health services during the pandemic. METHODOLOGY: This was a qualitative study which was conducted through focus group discussions...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361909/drivers-for-covid-19-vaccine-hesitancy-among-breastfeeding-women-in-eastern-tribal-state-india
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kiran Trivedi, Shikha Anand, Prami Atta, Manisha Kujur, Anit Kujur, Shashibala Singh, Anupa Prasad, Kumari Asha Kiran
BACKGROUND: In the COVID-19 pandemic age, vaccination hesitancy also known as vaccine refusal is a cause for worry since it hinges on the five Cs of confidence, complacency, convenience, calculation, and shared responsibility. The current study was to pinpoint the elements that contribute to breastfeeding women's hesitation to receive the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) vaccine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was carried out at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Tertiary Care Hospital, Ranchi, Jharkhand...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361908/antepartum-hemorrhage-and-its-maternal-and-perinatal-outcome-an-experience-at-a-hospital-in-north-india
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sakshi Agarwal, Mamta Ranjan, Shikha Sachan, Lalit Kumar
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Antepartum hemorrhage (APH) is one of the deadliest complications in obstetrics. It can complicate about 2-5% of pregnancies. It contributes significantly to maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity during pregnancy and childbearing worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine maternal and fetal outcomes in patients presenting with APH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study. Pregnant women with >28 weeks gestation reporting to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology from May 2021 to April 2022 were included in the study...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361907/marriage-in-persons-with-severe-mental-illness-a-narrative-review-based-framework-for-a-supported-relationship
#4
REVIEW
Lavinia A M Lyngdoh, Sojan Antony, Chethan Basavarajappa, Janaki Raman Kalyanasundaram, Thirumoorthy Ammapattian
BACKGROUND: Studies in the past have shown the effect of mental illness on marriage in persons with severe mental illnesses (SMIs). Primary care and family physicians have a major role in addressing marriage-associated dilemmas in their life. METHODS: The literature search was conducted from databases such as PubMed, ProQuest, EBSCO, Scopus, and Google Scholar for understanding the context and the problem in-depth for bringing out the narrative-review based framework for addressing the dilemmas...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361906/study-of-the-prevalence-of-tobacco-consumption-among-apparently-healthy-adult-males-in-an-urban-area
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shafique Ahmed, Ravi A Nimonkar, Vishal Sharma, Maninder Pal Singh Pardal, K Rajiva
BACKGROUND: Keeping in view the role of tobacco consumption as a modifiable risk factor in various diseases and gaps in scientific knowledge among the apparently healthy adult male population in India, the researchers chose to undertake this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among apparently healthy adult males employed in various government offices to determine the prevalence of tobacco consumption. The minimum sample size to estimate a 95% confidence interval for the prevalence of tobacco consumption with 5% absolute precision was calculated to be 340...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361905/profile-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-attending-family-medicine-clinic-in-a-rural-tribal-locality-in-india
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sumit Kumar
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes prevalence has been predicted to reach 578 million worldwide in 2030 and is estimated to increase by 51% (700 million) in 2045. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is frequently associated with various cardiovascular (CV) risk factors secondary to associated dyslipidemias and good glycemic control is key for the prevention of long-term CV complications; this study was conducted to assess present glycemic status and lipid profile of the population residing in a rural tribal locality of Jharkhand (India)...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361904/a-comparative-study-on-covid-19-disease-severity-and-outcome-among-patients-admitted-before-and-after-vaccination-at-tertiary-care-hospital
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Narayan Mood, Surendra Babu Darivemula, Sreeram Shravani, Kotte Kavyasri, J Ravi Kiran
BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a novel infectious disease caused by SARS CoV-2 that emerged in Wuhan, China, and has rapidly spread worldwide. The mortality rate of critically ill COVID-19 patients is high. The objective of the study was to assess the COVID-19 disease severity and outcome among COVID-19 positive patients admitted before and after vaccination. METHODOLOGY: A prospective observational study conducted among all patients aged more than 18 years were included in the study...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361903/frailty-assessment-an-emerging-concept-in-aged-people-living-with-hiv-plhiv
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Adhya Mehta, Sohini Halder, Sanjay Pandit, Subramanian Anuradha
INTRODUCTION: As the life expectancy of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) has improved with effective antiretroviral treatment (ART), they now face the challenges of accelerated ageing. Frailty is an emerging concept in the management of PLHIV and up to 28% of PLHIV are identified as frail. Frailty is a determinant of adverse clinical outcomes and is a complex clinical endpoint that has not been studied in India. This exploratory study was done to evaluate frailty and its determinants among PLHIV in India...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361902/sleep-hygiene-a-neglected-paediatric-identity-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pradeep Maniraj, Podhini Jegadeesan, Shanthi Ananthakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Sleep is the physiological need of any human being; its role in paediatric mental and physical development is irreplaceable. However, in recent days, the rising trend of childhood obesity makes it essential to assess the sleep hygiene of the children to know if there is any adjacent association. OBJECTIVES: 1. To estimate the prevalence of poor sleep quality using Sleep Hygiene Index Scoring. 2. To determine the association of sleep quality with academic performance and body mass index among the school children...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361901/comparison-of-psychological-well-being-hope-and-health-concern-in-leukemia-patients-before-and-after-receiving-stem-cells
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tahereh Yavari, Amiryousef Zahedi, Nima Movahednia, Negin Hajhamidiasl, Fariba Gheisvandi, Fatemeh Sheyni
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare psychological well-being, hope, and health concerns in leukemia patients before and after receiving stem cells. METHODS: The statistical population of the present study consisted of leukemia patients in Tehran, and the research sample was among the patients referred to the Bone Marrow Transplant Center of Shariati Hospital in Tehran, and they were placed in two experimental and control groups (15 people in each group), which were selected by purposive sampling method...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361900/a-cross-sectional-study-on-adherence-to-treatment-and-life-style-modifications-in-hypertensive-patients-attending-the-urban-health-centre-of-a-teaching-hospital-in-hyderabad
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pavani Varma, Anu Mohandas, Pratyusha Ravulapalli, Snigdha Pattnaik, K Satya Varaprasad
INTRODUCTION: The burden of hypertension is expected to double by 2025 and adherence to treatment has a key role in disease outcome. The World Health Organization defines adherence as the extent to which a person's behaviour of taking medication, following a diet and/or exceeding life-style changes, corresponds with the agreed recommendations of health care providers. The study tries to assess the level of adherence to medication and life-style modifications in hypertensive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It is a cross-sectional study among patients attending urban health centres of a teaching hospital...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361899/assessment-of-the-relationship-of-systemic-vascular-dysfunction-and-cardiac-autonomic-neuropathy-can-with-diabetic-retinopathy
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
K J Hari Prakash, Sucheta Parija, Manisha Kar
CONTEXT: Diabetic retinopathy, a form of microvasculopathy, is the leading cause of the visual abnormality. However, there is no conclusive evidence of the relationship of systemic vascular dysfunction with retinal microvasculopathy. In addition, diabetes-associated cardiac autonomic neuropathy may also compromise vascular function. AIMS: The present study intends to correlate arterial stiffness, endothelial function, and heart rate variability (HRV) as a standardized measure of cardiac autonomic neuropathy with diabetic retinopathy...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361898/monitoring-the-family-health-centres-in-kerala-india-findings-from-a-facility-survey
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hari Sankar, Jaison Joseph, Jyotsna Negi, Arun B Nair, Devaki Nambiar
INTRODUCTION: Kerala, a south Indian state, has often been cited globally as a model for better health outcomes at low cost but faces unique challenges in achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC). To propel the efforts in achieving UHC, the Government of Kerala announced the "Aardram" health reform initiative, emphasising improving the quality of primary care service delivery. The reforms started in 2017, and in the first stage, 170 of 848 Primary Health Centres (PHCs) were upgraded to Family Health Centres (FHCs)...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361897/impact-of-remdesivir-on-inflammatory-and-prognostic-markers-of-covid-19-findings-of-an-event-monitoring-study
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shruti Singh, Nishi Sinha, Pallavi Lohani, Neha Agarwal, Pratibha Singh, C M Singh
INTRODUCTION: Remdesivir is currently approved for treating hospitalised patients with COVID-19. However, it is a priority to monitor its safety and effectiveness in various clinical settings. This study was undertaken to assess the impact of remdesivir on inflammatory and prognostic markers of COVID-19. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hospital-based prospective longitudinal study was conducted over two months comprising event monitoring of COVID-19 patients administered remdesivir as per standard guidelines...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361896/gap-identification-for-improvement-in-maternal-and-early-infant-health-care-practices-among-tribal-pregnant-women-in-an-aspirational-tribal-district-sirohi-rajasthan
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rakhi Dwivedi, Akhil D Goel, Varuna Vyas, Suraj S Yadav, Prem P Sharma, Pankaj Bhardwaj, Pratibha Singh, Kuldeep Singh
BACKGROUND: Sirohi is one of the aspirational districts of Rajasthan which is also tribal-dominated. The maternal and early infant health indicators are worrisome compared to regional or national statistics. First-trimester registration of pregnant women is 54% in district Sirohi, which is much less as compared to registration in the state of Rajasthan (63%) and India (59%). Four antenatal care (ANC) visits of pregnant women are 32% in district Sirohi, which is also much less as compared to ANC visits in the state of Rajasthan (39%) and India (51%)...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361895/study-of-aggression-and-its-factors-among-school-going-adolescents-of-delhi-india
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mukesh Kumar, Richa Kapoor, Ravishekar N Hiremath, Ravi Nimonkar, Arpita Goswami
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is an important developmental phase of life associated with various ideas and emotions filled with energy, many times spent in the form of aggressive behavior. Mental Health, as an important part of healthy well-being, cannot be ignored, and hence it becomes imperative to study aggression and associated factors among adolescents. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of aggression among school-going adolescents and to study factors associated with aggression amongst study participants...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361894/social-entrepreneurship-in-medical-education-model-to-establish-sinnolabs-social-innovation-labs-for-health-sciences-universities
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Juhi M Raut, Abhishek U Joshi
Social entrepreneurship is a cross-cutting competency. It draws on knowledge from various disciplines and personal experiences. Health, social sciences and humanities are usually technically sound but lack specific business knowledge and skills. Entrepreneurial education makes it possible to establish training environments where students join as 'novices', develop skills and undergo experiences that help them build capable profiles and prepare for their professional careers in today's economy. It is important to note that the development of skills for social entrepreneurship is increasingly demanded in all disciplinary fields...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361893/differences-between-international-medical-graduates-and-canadian-medical-graduates-in-a-medical-learning-environment-from-matching-to-residency-and-beyond
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Oluwasayo A Olatunde
OBJECTIVE: To determine the differences between international medical graduates (IMG) and canadian medical graduates (CMG) in the medical learning environment (MLE) as there is progression from matching to residency and beyond. METHOD: A narrative literature review was done using the search engines pubmed, medline and embase on publications from 2000 to 2021 comparing IMG to CMG and those that compared IMG to non IMG in international publications were also considered...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361892/post-covid-pulmonary-fungal-infections-an-unanticipated-predicament-or-a-ticking-time-bomb-clinico-microbiological-profile-of-cases-encountered-during-the-second-wave-of-covid-19-pandemic-at-a-teaching-hospital-in-the-himalayas-with-a-brief-literature-review
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Oshin Puri, Mohit Bhatia, Udayakumar S Rekha, Deepika Chakraborty, Ruchi Dua, Minakshi Dhar, Udit Chauhan, Amber Prasad, Deepjyoti Kalita, Neelam Kaistha
INTRODUCTION: This study attempts to generate preliminary data regarding post-COVID pulmonary fungal infections, namely, COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis (CAPA), COVID-19-associated pulmonary mucormycosis (CAPM), and mixed infections from the Himalayas and compares the micro-radio-clinical profile and outcomes of the affected patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective data analysis was conducted, where clinical profiles, microbiological and radiological reports, and outcomes of n = 16 patients of post-COVID pulmonary infections were compared...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38361891/liver-function-tests-at-admission-as-marker-of-severity-and-prognosis-in-covid-19-patients-a-retrospective-analysis
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pratibha Himral, Rajesh Bhawani, Manisha Bhardwaj, Nikhil Sharma
INTRODUCTION: With evolving pandemic, a substantial proportion of patients are presenting with liver dysfunction as an extra-pulmonary manifestation of COVID-19 illness. We planned this study to evaluate the incidence of liver dysfunction in COVID-19 pneumonia and find an association between abnormal liver function and the severity of the disease. METHOD: We retrospectively analysed the hospital records of 344 patients with moderate to severe COVID-19 illness admitted to a Dedicated COVID Hospital in North India...
December 2023: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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