Huong Tu Lam, Thang Dinh Nguyen, Phat Tan Ho, Ai Van Nguyen, Tuan Huynh Nhat Nguyen, Phuoc Van Le, Thong Duy Vo
Pseudoaneurysm rupture in patients with pancreatitis is a rare but fatal etiology of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. We report a rare case of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in a patient who presented simultaneously with two pseudoaneurysms, a potential cause of severe gastrointestinal bleeding. Angiography was successfully performed with coil embolization of the target arteries and both pseudoaneurysmal sacs. The patient was discharged 9 days after admission without further events within a 3-month follow-up period...
2023: Case Reports in Critical Care
Brittany Bolt, Farid Muakkassa, Lindsay Bruening, Cameron Marcus, Brittany Cunningham, Erin Pawlak, Richard Gandee, Christopher Newey
Death by neurologic criteria (DNC) or brain death is a clinical diagnosis. It is often complicated by variations in policies as well as confounders on examination. We discuss here the case of a 27-year-old male who had a cardiac arrest following toxic gaseous exposure. He ultimately progressed to brain death but was identified as having cardiac oscillations during clinical assessments that complicated the diagnosis. We discuss the case as well as the maneuvers used to clarify that the "triggered breaths" on the ventilator were indeed cardiac oscillations...
2023: Case Reports in Critical Care
Anthony M Lim, Jonathan R Ghazaleh, Robert M Cacdac, Julia K Oberndorf, Marrey Ruby L Quizon, Justin M Thomas
Secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is an elusive entity with sequelae that may be confused with sepsis. We discuss a 45-year-old man with decompensated liver cirrhosis with sepsis treated with broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics. Further work-up initially supported sepsis-HLH overlap syndrome (SHLHOS) and corticosteroids were added. Ongoing refractory hypotension ensued, and the patient passed within 31 hours of presentation. Based on the patient's overwhelming immune activation and clinical course likely unsalvageable by cytotoxic immunosuppressive agents, the patient was diagnosed with sepsis with acute end organ dysfunction...
2023: Case Reports in Critical Care
Ikemsinachi C Nzenwa, Margaret Berquist, Toby J Brenner, Aida Ansari, Hamid D Al-Fadhl, Michael Aboukhaled, Shivani S Patel, Ethan E Peck, Mahmoud D Al-Fadhl, Anthony V Thomas, Nuha Zackariya, Mark M Walsh, Jose A Bufill
Type B lactic acidosis is an uncommon medical emergency in which acid production overwhelms hepatic clearance. This specific etiology of lactic acidosis occurs without organ hypoperfusion and has been most commonly described in patients with hematologic malignancies but also in patients with solid tumors. The mechanism by which cancer cells switch their glucose metabolism toward increasingly anaerobic glycolytic phenotypes has been described as the "Warburg effect." Without treating the underlying malignancy, the prognosis for patients diagnosed with malignancy-related type B lactic acidosis is extremely poor...
2023: Case Reports in Critical Care
Kei Yanagisawa, Akiko Kameyama, Hiroshi Miyama, Koutarou Mori, Masao Hattori, Hiroshi Imamura, Kenichi Nitta
Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma, an extranodal large B-cell lymphoma, is a rare hematological malignancy with only a few reports of lung involvement. We report a case of intravascular large B-cell lymphoma with acute hypoxic respiratory failure and interstitial lung disease diagnosed via random skin biopsies. A 54-year-old woman presented with fever, cough, and dyspnea. Computed tomography imaging revealed findings concerning interstitial lung disease. The patient's respiratory status worsened despite the treatment with antibiotics and steroids...
2023: Case Reports in Critical Care
Nishant Allena, Nismat Javed, SriKaran Bojja, Arundhati Dileep, Maryam Soliman
Emphysematous cystitis is defined by the presence of air within the bladder wall or lumen in imaging studies with increased incidence in elderly women and diabetics. It is a result of gas-forming organisms like Klebsiella and E. coli but can be caused by fungi such as Candida and Aspergillus as well with a wide spectrum of clinical presentations. In this article, we present a case of a 77-year-old female with diabetes mellitus who presented to the hospital with a chief complaint of left lower quadrant abdominal pain...
2023: Case Reports in Critical Care
Jiayun Ying, Xiaodi Cai, Guoping Lu, Weiming Chen
Sepsis is a critical condition affecting patients worldwide. Systemic inflammatory response syndrome in sepsis contributes to organ dysfunction and mortality. The oXiris is a recently developed continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) hemofilter indicated for the adsorption of cytokines from the bloodstream. In our study, in a septic child, CRRT with three filters, including the oXiris hemofilter, resulted in a downregulation of inflammatory biomarkers and a reduction of vasopressors. Herein, we described the first report of such usage in septic children...
2023: Case Reports in Critical Care
Mohamed Y Ahmed, Jane B Taylor, Rajesh K Aneja, Qian Wang, John V Williams
Diagnosis and management of SARS-CoV-2 infection in immunocompromised patients are extremely challenging. These patients can have atypical clinical courses, and there is a paucity of data regarding clinical features, diagnostic findings, and the safety and efficacy of available therapeutic agents used to treat COVID-19 in these patients. In this case series, we report atypical COVID-19 presentations in 4 immunocompromised pediatric patients who were admitted with acute respiratory failure after an initial diagnosis of COVID-19 a few weeks earlier...
2023: Case Reports in Critical Care
I A Sanoja
A 66-year-old female with a history of radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation presented with hematemesis and fever. A CT chest revealed an atrio-esophageal fistula (AEF) and a CT head showed bilateral septic emboli. Blood cultures were positive for Streptococcus sanguinis . She underwent primary repair of the atrial defect on cardiopulmonary bypass where a large atrial vegetation was retrieved, followed by a right thoracotomy with the closure of the esophageal defect the next day. She was discharged to a rehabilitation facility after 18 days of hospital stay with a 6 weeks antibiotics plan...
2023: Case Reports in Critical Care
Nguyen Phuoc Lam, Anh Tuan Mai, Thanh Chi Pham, Hieu Trung Kieu, Hien Quang Nguyen
Spontaneous hepatic rupture is a rare complication associated with preeclampsia and is characterized by hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and a low platelet count (HELLP syndrome), with a nonspecific clinical presentation and high mortality rate. We present the case of a 34-year-old primigravida woman in whom spontaneous hepatic rupture associated with HELLP syndrome was accidentally detected during cesarean delivery. The patient was successfully managed with liver packing and transcatheter arterial embolization, followed by plasmapheresis...
2023: Case Reports in Critical Care
Shelley Leong, Guillermo Moreno, Mohamed Fayed, Crystal Ives Tallman
Pregnant women are especially vulnerable to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We present a twin pregnancy case with acute respiratory distress syndrome following COVID-19 infection at 19 weeks. The patient's ARDS was successfully managed with veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO). She recovered completely and delivered healthy twins.
2023: Case Reports in Critical Care
Mohammad Abu-Abaa, Amy Pulikeyil, Hassaan Arshad, Daniel Goldsmith
As the incidence of bacterial myositis and pyomyositis in the United States is rising, we aim to highlight the presentation of bacterial myositis which is known as a great imitator in tropical regions. This is a case report of a 61-year-old female patient with poorly controlled diabetes who presented initially with lateral hip pain and tenderness. This was initially believed to be septic arthritis and warranted arthrocentesis. What makes this case interesting is that what was believed to be a primary community-acquired MRSA myositis, which progressed to a life-threatening septic shock, happened in a nontropical area (Northeastern USA) and in a patient with no underlying recent muscle injury...
2023: Case Reports in Critical Care
Abdulaziz Alolayan, Abdullah S Aldamegh, Azzah Alkhayrat
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an emergency pandemic with a high mortality rate worldwide. One of its complications in children is developing multisystemic inflammatory syndrome related to cytokine storm. Anakinra is a recombinant human interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor antagonist used to suppress the exaggerated inflammatory response in such conditions, and it is potentially lifesaving in a cytokine storm. We present the case of a patient with critical COVID-19 associated with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) successfully treated with anakinra intravenous (IV) infusion...
2023: Case Reports in Critical Care
Mariana Codevila Buere Pereira, Bruna Ruschel, Bruna Schneider, Vitor Salomão Gonçalves Melo de Melgar, Tatiana Helena Rech
Since the global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic began, findings indicate that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) might induce autoimmune disorders. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a devastating disease if not emergently treated. It presents with severe thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and neurologic findings with or without renal insufficiency. The antibody-mediated reduced activity of the disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13 (ADAMTS13) induces the accumulation of ultrahigh-molecular-weight multimers of von Willebrand factor, leading to platelet aggregation and thrombosis...
2022: Case Reports in Critical Care
Minh Khoi Le, Thanh Hieu Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock complicating peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare but lethal syndrome. The etiology of PPCM is not fully elucidated and is probably multifactorial, and viral infection might play some role. It has been documented that the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) directly invades the cardiomyocytes and most commonly damages this vital organ via complex systemic devastating mechanisms. Case presentation . A 28-year-old pregnant female was admitted to a COVID-19 field hospital due to a SARS-CoV-2 infection...
2022: Case Reports in Critical Care
Luke Burton, Ananya Manchikalapati, Chrystal Rutledge, Jeremy M Loberger, Nicholas Rockwell, Joshua Cooper, Maggie Lawrence, William C Sasser
In this case report, we describe a previously healthy eleven-year-old male diagnosed with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) associated with coronavirus disease 2019. The patient presented with shock and neurologic symptoms including altered mental status and dysarthria. Brain magnetic resonance imaging, obtained to rule out thromboembolic injury, demonstrated cytotoxic edema of the corpus callosum, an imaging finding similar in nature to several previous reports of MRI abnormalities in children with MIS-C...
2022: Case Reports in Critical Care
Fatemeh Vafapour, Moslem Sedaghattalab
INTRODUCTION: Aluminum phosphide (rice tablet) was first introduced as a pesticide in India. Rice tablets are commonly used in Iran due to their high efficacy against rodents and insects, low cost, and availability. Aluminum phosphide is a lethal poison without antidote and causes cardiocirculatory collapse and has negative inotropic cardiac effect. Human and animal studies showed that high dose insulin had positive cardiac inotropic effects. GIK (glucose, insulin, and potassium) assists heart uptake of carbohydrates that are the major fuel substrate of the myocard muscle under stressed conditions and leading to correction of acidosis, increased myocardial contractility, and peripheral vascular resistance...
2022: Case Reports in Critical Care
Kristina Thomas, Omar Amr
Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is becoming a frequently utilized imaging tool in the emergency department (ED) as it can aid in early diagnosis of many pathologies. This is a case report of a 55-year-old male who presented to the emergency department by ambulance for sudden onset chest pain followed by a syncopal episode. Point-of-care echocardiogram revealed a large pericardial effusion with a significantly dilated aortic root, concerning for aortic dissection. Patient was emergently taken for a computed tomography (CT) scan, which was only remarkable for an ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm but failed to show an aortic dissection flap...
2022: Case Reports in Critical Care
Héctor Acosta, Pau Forcada, Marta Bonjorn, Amer Mustafa, Paul Pilares, Jordi Colomina
Symmetrical peripheral gangrene (SPG) is a rare clinical syndrome characterized by an acute onset of ischemic damage in two or more extremities without obstruction or vasculitis of supplying vessels. Body parts commonly affected include toes, hands, scrotum, and earlobes, increasing the risk of limb amputation and impairing the quality of life. The vascular injury mechanism is disseminated intravascular coagulation. SPG may manifest unpredictably in conditions associated with septic shock, low output states, vasospastic conditions, myeloproliferative disorders, or hyperviscosity syndrome...
2022: Case Reports in Critical Care
Bhargavi Donepudi, Shikhar Agarwal, Lokendra Thakur
Remdesivir (RDV) is an approved treatment for hospitalized patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. There is limited literature on the cardiac adverse effects of RDV. We report a case of a patient who developed hemodynamically unstable bradycardia after the initiation of RDV that resolved after discontinuing RDV.
2022: Case Reports in Critical Care
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