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Sofia Maraki, Grigoris Kastanis, Dimitra Stafylaki, Samer Masunt, Petros Kapsetakis, Effie Scoulica
Introduction: Human pasteurellosis is a severe human infection that accounts for 20-30 human deaths annually worldwide. Mucous secretions derived from pets comprise the primary source of infection, which are transmitted through animal scratches or bites. Case report: We describe a case of Pasteurella multocida wound infection in an immunocompetent adult with a decubitus ulcer of the lower extremity. The organism was also isolated from an oral swab of the patient's dog with which he reported close contact...
December 2018: Germs
Fritzie S Albarillo, Gotam T Varma, Stephen P R MacLeod
Introduction: Blastomycosis is an endemic mycosis in the United States known to primarily cause pneumonia. However, dissemination to different organs including the musculoskeletal system has been described. Case report: We report a case of mandibular blastomycosis in a healthy patient with no evidence of lung involvement. A 28 year-old female presented with recurrent right mandibular osteomyelitis despite courses of antibiotics and surgical debridement. She eventually underwent right hemimandibulectomy...
December 2018: Germs
Mariam ALfadli, Eman M El-Sehsah, Moustapha Ahmed-Maher Ramadan
Introduction: Patients with burn wounds are more susceptible to develop healthcare associated (HA) infection. Bacterial isolates from HA burn wound infection vary from one place to the other and also differ in terms of antimicrobial susceptibility pattern. The aim of our study was to assess the incidence of HA burn wound infection, risk factors and to determine the microbiological profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of isolated pathogens. Methods: This was a one-year retrospective descriptive study conducted between January 2017 and December 2017, in Al-Babtain Burn and Plastic Surgery center, Kuwait...
December 2018: Germs
Emad I Hussein, Jacob H Jacob, Muhamad Ali K Shakhatreh, Mutaz A Abd Al-Razaq, Abdul-Salam F Juhmani, Christopher T Cornelison
Introduction: Detection of new Actinobacteria is significant to discover new antibiotics because development of new antibiotics is connected to the characterization of novel bacterial taxa. This study has focused on the identification and isolation of antibiotic-producing Actinobacteria from the sediment and the water of Ma'in thermal springs (48-59°C) situated in the center area of Jordan. Methods: Samples of sediment and water were transferred to glucose yeast malt agar medium and Actinobacteria were cultivated, isolated and identified according to scanning electron microscopy and 16S rRNA gene analysis...
December 2018: Germs
Rasha El-Mahdy, Ahmed Mostafa, Ghada El-Kannishy
Introduction: Resistance to different antimicrobial agents is increasing in enterococci and effective treatment represents a major health concern. The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial resistance patterns and the frequency of high level aminoglycoside resistance (HLAR) among enterococci. Methods: A total of 80 enterococcal isolates, (73 Enterococcus faecalis, 7 Enterococcus faecium ) were collected from patients with hospital acquired urinary tract infections (UTI) at Mansoura University hospitals in Egypt...
December 2018: Germs
Jesús Tamariz, Víctor Guevara, Humberto Guerra
Introduction: The salmonelloses are among the commonest, most widespread human zoonotic infections. They have generated international networks to attempt their control, since they cause a spectrum of ailments, ranging from inapparent carrier states to full-blown, severe, sometimes deadly diarrheal and systemic disease. Rapid diagnosis is needed for a number of reasons. The aim of this study was to standardize and validate a phage amplification test for the identification of salmonellosis to be applied to infections of Cavia porcellus ...
December 2018: Germs
Mona Munteanu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Germs
Vasilios Papavasilopoulos, Vassiliki Pitiriga, Konstantinos Birbas, John Elefsiniotis, Gerasimos Bonatsos, Athanasios Tsakris
Background: Toxocara canis is one of the most widespread public health and economically important zoonotic parasitic infections humans share with canids, mainly dogs. Human infection occurs by the accidental ingestion of embryonated eggs or larvae from a range of wild and domestic paratenic hosts. The aim of the present study was to examine the soil contamination of public places by the parasitic ova and to estimate serologically the prevalence of T. canis human infection in the Attica region, Greece...
September 2018: Germs
Rawan H Rida, Nahed A Al Laham, Abdelraouf A Elmanama
Background: The world is threatened by the ongoing emergence of carbapenem resistant organisms, which are contributing to increasing morbidity and mortality rates. The main objective of this study was to highlight carbapenem resistance among clinical and environmental Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) isolates. Methods: A cross-sectional study wherein 210 clinical isolates, 150 environmental swabs, and 110 air samples were collected from three major hospitals in Gaza strip: Al-Shifa, AlNaser and the European Gaza hospitals...
September 2018: Germs
Rasha El-Mahdy, Ghada El-Kannishy, Hassan Salama
Introduction: Hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKP) are variants of K. pneumoniae that come up worldwide. hvKP is known in community-acquired infections but little is known about its role in hospital-acquired (HA) infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of hvKP among HA K. pneumoniae infections in the intensive care unit (ICU) and to compare virulence and antibiotic susceptibility between hvKP and classical K. pneumoniae (cKP). Methods: String test, biofilm formation, serum bactericidal assay, capsular polysaccharide genes ( K1, K2, K5, K20, K54, K57 ), virulence genes: rmpA , rmpA2 , iucA , iroB and antimicrobial susceptibility were assessed in HA K...
September 2018: Germs
Nada ElSayed, Medhat Ashour, Amira Ezzat Khamis Amine
Introduction: With the increased occurrence of methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA), the consumption of vancomycin, the drug of choice, has also increased. As a consequence, strains of S. aureus resistant to vancomycin have started to emerge. This study aimed to evaluate the level of vancomycin resistance among clinical and nasal S. aureus isolates in a rural town in Egypt. Methods: This cross-sectional study was held in the general hospital at the rural town of Kafr Eldawar in Egypt, during the period from January 2013 to January 2014...
September 2018: Germs
Maryam Arfaatabar, Farzaneh Aminharati, Ghasem Azimi, Abbas Ashtari, Seyed Ali Pourbakhsh, Ensieh Masoorian, Mohammad Reza Pourmand
Introduction: Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a major cause of atypical community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) with a prevalence range of 15-20% and up to 40% in adults and children, respectively. In Iran, the recorded frequency ranges between 1-6.15%. We aimed to investigate the frequency of M. pneumoniae among patients with atypical pneumonia acquired from the community. Methods: Over a period of 5 months between January and June 2017, 520 patients with suspected CAP, who had been to the hospital outpatient clinics of Tehran University, were enrolled in this study...
September 2018: Germs
Tahir Mehmood Khan, Yee Leng Kok, Allah Bukhsh, Learn-Han Lee, Kok-Gan Chan, Bey-Hing Goh
Background: Burn victims admitted in burn intensive care units (ICU) are at a high risk of nosocomial infections generated by methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). This systematic review aims to estimate the incidence of MRSA among burn patients admitted to the ICU setting, with an emphasis on the incidence rate and antibiotic resistance profile of the MRSA strains. Methods: A systematic literature search was performed in five electronic databases limited to publication dates from 1st January 2000 until 31st August 2017...
September 2018: Germs
Juan P Horcajada, Santiago Grau, José Ramón Paño-Pardo, Antonio López, Antonio Oliver, José M Cisneros, Jesús Rodriguez-Baño
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Germs
Bianca Lee, Kevin Yeroushalmi, Hay Me Me, Paresh Sojitra, Usman Jilani, Syed Iqbal, Shadab Ahmed, Janice Verley, Jagadish Akella
Introduction: Klebsiella pneumoniae meningitis is most commonly seen as a nosocomial infection and in post-neurosurgical patients. Reports of community acquired Klebsiella pneumoniae meningitis cases are rare in the United States. The objective of this case report is to discuss an uncommon pathogen causing meningitis, Klebsiella pneumoniae , its risk and prognostic factors and to emphasize the importance of early recognition and appropriate antibiotic treatment. Case report: We report a clinical case of adult community acquired Klebsiella pneumoniae meningitis with recovery...
June 2018: Germs
Steev Loyola, Luz Gutierrez, Estrella Avendaño, Nixon Severino, Jesus Tamariz
Introduction: Cell phones are susceptible to bacterial contamination. The aim of this study was to characterize the bacterial isolates and to explore their dispersion in five Intensive Care Units (ICUs) over the time. Methods: We performed a secondary analysis of non-fermenting Gram-negative bacteria and Gram-positive cocci isolated from a 5-month observational cohort study developed among health care workers' cell phones in five ICUs. Cell phones were sampled using a swab every 15 days...
June 2018: Germs
Aziz Bouymajane, Fouzia Rhazi Filali, Said Oulghazi, Abdelaziz Ed-Dra, Faouzia Benhallam, Abdallah El Allaoui, Jawad Anissi, Khalid Sendide, Bouchra Ouhmidou, Mohieddine Moumni
Background: Enterococcus spp. belongs to a group of pathogens which are responsible for serious infections. This study aims at highlighting the raw milk microbiological contamination and at providing data for prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Enterococcus spp. isolated from raw cow's milk marketed (without any pasteurization) by street traders. Methods: During the period of May 2015 through April 2016, 150 cow's raw milk samples were collected from street traders in Meknes city...
June 2018: Germs
Bazim V Ojeh, Isaac O Abah, Placid Ugoagwu, Patricia A Agaba, Oche O Agbaji, Steven S Gyang
Introduction: The use of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) in the treatment of HIV infection has been associated with renal dysfunction. In Nigeria, data on the incidence and risk factors of TDF nephrotoxicity is sparse. We determined the cumulative incidence of and risk factors for TDF-induced renal impairment in HIV-infected individuals accessing care at the antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinic of Jos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. Methods: This retrospective cohort analysis included patients aged ≥16 years that initiated ART between January 2008 and December 2011...
June 2018: Germs
Margherita Scapaticci, Andrea Bartolini, Federica Del Chierico, Cristel Accardi, Francesco Di Girolamo, Andrea Masotti, Maurizio Muraca, Lorenza Putignani
Introduction: Yeast pathogens are emerging agents of nosocomial as well as community-acquired infections and their rapid and accurate identification is crucial for a better management of high-risk patients and for an adequate treatment. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of 156 yeast isolates collected during a 17 months' period of regular clinical practice at the Microbiology Department of San Camillo Hospital in Treviso, Italy and analyzed by the traditional culture-based method combined with matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS)...
June 2018: Germs
Padraig M C McGettrick, Elena Alvarez Barco, Greg Kaminskiy, Patrick W G Mallon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Germs
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